Football at the 1924 Summer Olympics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Men's football
at the Games of the VIII Olympiad
Football pictogram.svg
Venues Stade Olympique, Stade Bergeyre, Stade Pershing, Stade de Paris
Dates May 25–June 13
Competitors 279 from 22 nations
Medalists
Gold medal 
Silver medal 
Bronze medal 
«1920 1928»

At the 1924 Summer Olympics held in Paris, Uruguay dominated the Football (soccer) tournament winning the Gold.[1]

Amateur Status[edit]

In 1921, the Belgium Football Association first allowed for payments to players for time lost from work; in the months that followed four other Associations (Switzerland and Italy amongst them) permitted similar subsidies. The Football Association, perhaps, with foresight considered their statement of 1884 to be one which FIFA should hereafter follow. They had stated: "Any player registered with this Association ... receiving remuneration ... of any sort above ... necessary expenses actually paid, shall be considered to be a professional."

In 1923 the four British Associations sought an assurance that FIFA accept this definition; the four FIFA representatives on the International Football Association Board refused and, consequently, both the United Kingdom and Denmark withdrew their footballers from representing their nations at the 1924 Olympic Games.

Entries[edit]

In Association Football (1960), Bernard Joy wrote about the 1912 Games that the authorities in Sweden "had debated for a long time whether to include football ... because its popularity was not yet world wide". Twelve years later, in Paris, football had become so important to the Games that a 1/3 of the income generated came from football. In terms of international development these Games signalled the first participation in a major Championship of a team from South America, a continent which would provide the main competition to Europe from that moment on.

In Paris, Uruguay, who had paid their third class passage to Paris and gone on a dazzlingly successful tour of Spain beforehand,[2] would join as many as 18 European teams; the United States, Turkey and Egypt. In terms of the numbers of participating teams this would be the biggest international football tournament until the 1982 FIFA World Cup in Spain.

The Uruguayans had comfortably won the 1923 South American Championship by maximum points in the December of the previous year to qualify for the tournament as their continent's sole participants; defeating bitter rivals Argentina 2-0 in the final game in which Pedro Petrone scored halfway through the first half. They would bring to Paris a revolution in ideas. Joy would write: "A doctor and a physical expert were as important elements of the staff as the coach himself. They saw to it that their charges reached perfect physical condition. They were kept that way by staying away from the attractions of Paris at a villa in the quiet village of Argenteuil". Once they arrived, once they started playing they would amaze and attract. The way their forwards would pass the ball between themselves would captivate, belittling their early doubters. In Paris Jose Leandro Andrade would be dubbed La Marveille Noire.[3]

Despite all this little was known about them; they had never played outside of South America and their international experience had mainly been spent travelling across the harbour from Buenos Aires to Montevideo.[4] It is understandable therefore that, given the general lack of knowledge of the Uruguayans that the Italians and the Hungarians should have been considered favourites, however, both, though strong, had suffered a difficult season.

Italy, having remained unbeaten since 1922, now found themselves beaten 4-0 by an early incantation of Hugo Meisl's Wunderteam (who, tantalisingly, would absent themselves from the Games).[5] With just six weeks to go before the Games Italy had been walloped 7-1 by Hungary.).[6] Other than dropping Giampiero Combi, Vittorio Pozzo would not make major changes; Italy would not prevail.[6] The same policy was adopted by Yugoslavia. Rather than considering dropping players they had sacked their manager Dr Veljko Ugrinic instead (following a 4-1 wiping by those Austrians in Zagreb) but would find his replacement Todor Sekulic just as hapless.[7]

The Hungarians had just come off a good run of results in the previous year, but had been beaten, convincingly, by the Swiss in the days leading up to the Games; Max Abegglen, who had only been playing international football for two years, scoring his 7th international goal that day for the Swiss.[8] He and they would become quite a feature of the Games. The Swiss, ironically, had been on the verge of withdrawing from the Games due to their continued success. The team's train ticket was valid for only 10 days and their money had run out. An appeal by a newspaper, Sport, brought in the needed funds.[9]

Entering for the second time Egypt would cause a shocking defeat in their opening game; their true worth exposed not only by the drubbing that eventually signalled their exit but by the comprehensive defeats they experienced on a short European tour after the Games.[10] The concept of warm-up matches lay far into the future.

Both finalists from the previous Games would be present; Belgium being afforded a bye into the first round; the Czechs drawn against Turkey in the Preliminary Round.

Final tournament[edit]

The Games competition was assisted by a Preliminary Round which featured the silver-medallists from the 1920 Games, Spain in a game with Italy. Since that time Spain had only lost once and that by a single goal away to Belgium and had drawn 0-0 with the Italians in March 1924.[11] There was hardly anything between themselves and Italy when they met, this time, at the Colombes Stadium; Pedro Vallana's own goal handing victory to Italy.

Otherwise there were wildly lopsided results in the opening round. Hungary put five past Poland, the Swiss sent poor Lithuania on their way, 9-0. But the big talking point was the play of the Uruguayans [they] played first-rate football, combining speed, skill and perfect ball-control. By marrying short passing to intelligent positional play, they made the ball do all the work, and so kept their opponents on the run wrote Joy. The Uruguayans sailed past Yugoslavia by seven clear goals, then overcame the United States by three goals to nil; only after the Americans had shut bolt their defence. Their team was fundamentally that with which they would dominate World football for the next 6 years.

In the first round Czechoslovakia (following their ill-judged decision to walk off the field in 1920) enhanced their reputation as Olympic 'bad sports' during an ill-tempered fixture against an equally unforgiving Swiss; the game went fruitlessly to extra-time. One Czech was sent off, and the Norwegian referee had to call for order during a break. For the replay, Abegllen took the captain's duties and all was different; Switzerland winning by the single goal. Otherwise there were two big shocks, the first went Egypt's way; 3-0 to the good against Hungary. The second saw Sweden annihilate the reigning gold-medallists, Belgium, quite improbably, 8-1. Oscar Verbeeck's own goal set the Swedes on their way; Sven Rydell's hat-trick the feature of the match.

The Swedish outside-left Rudolf Kock (who would become chairman of the selectors in 1948 working alongside George Raynor), would have another fine game against Egypt where Sweden won 5-0. France and Holland had been similarly dominant in the first round but that was put into perspective when Uruguay beat France 5-1 to claim a semi-final place.

In another quarter-final Italy went out to Switzerland disputing a winner by Max Abegglen, who converted a break-away goal. The Italians protested that he had been off-side. The referee Johannes Mutters, refused to alter the decision of his linesman; a jury upheld the judgement.

There was further dispute in the semi-final where Holland (coached by the old Blackburn Rovers' Cup hero William Townley) took a first half lead against Uruguay through Feyenoord's Kees Pijl. With twenty minutes to go Pedro Cea scored an equaliser and with less than ten Georges Vallat, the French referee, awarded Uruguay a penalty. Suddenly bedlam. FIFA reports: "the Netherlands protested the ruling of a penalty kick that turned out to be the winning goal but then Uruguay protested against the Olympic Committee's selection of a Dutch referee for the final. To appease the South Americans, the committee pulled the name of a final referee out of a hat and picked out a Frenchman, Marcel Slawick".[12] In the other semi-final between Switzerland and Sweden the Swiss prevailed.

In the final the Swiss proved no match, ultimately, for the Uruguayans whose two goals in the second half put paid to their opponent's ambitions, Uruguay eventually prevailing 3-0. Interest in the final had been considerable, such was the draw of the Uruguayan side; 60,000 watched and 10,000 were locked out.[13]

First round[edit]

May 25, 1924
15:30
Italy  1–0  Spain
Vallana Goal 84' (o.g.) Report
Stade Olympique, Colombes
Attendance: 18,991
Referee: Marcel Slawik (FRA)

May 25, 1924
15:30
Czechoslovakia  5–2  Turkey
Sloup Goal 21'
Sedláček Goal 28'37'
Novák Goal 64'
Čapek Goal 74'
Report Refet Goal 63'82'
Stade Bergeyre, Paris
Attendance: 4,344
Referee: P. Chr. Andersen (NOR)

May 25, 1924
15:30
Switzerland   9–0  Lithuania
Sturzenegger Goal 2'43'68'85'
Dietrich Goal 14'
Abegglen Goal 41'50'58'
Ramseyer Goal 63' (pen.)
Report
Stade Pershing, Vincennes
Attendance: 8,110
Referee: Antonio Scamoni (ITA)

May 25, 1924
17:15
United States  1–0  Estonia
Straden Goal 15' (pen.) Report
Stade Pershing, Vincennes
Attendance: 8,110
Referee: Paul Putz (BEL)

May 26, 1924
16:00
Uruguay  7–0  Yugoslavia
Vidal Goal 20'
Scarone Goal 23'
Cea Goal 50'80'
Petrone Goal 35'61'
Romano Goal 58'
Report
Stade Olympique, Colombes
Attendance: 3,025
Referee: Georges Vallat (FRA)

May 26, 1924
17:00
Hungary  5–0  Poland
Eisenhoffer Goal 14'
Hirzer Goal 51'58'
Opata Goal 70'87'
Report
Stade Bergeyre, Paris
Attendance: 3,578
Referee: Johannes Mutters (NED)

Second round[edit]

May 27, 1924
17:00
France  7–0  Latvia
Crut Goal 17'28'55'
Nicolas Goal 25'50'
Boyer Goal 71'87'
Report
Stade de Paris
Attendance: 15,000
Referee: Henri Christophe (BEL)

May 27, 1924
16:00
Netherlands  6–0  Romania
Hurgronje Goal 8'
Pijl Goal 32'52'66'68'
de Natris Goal 69' (pen.)
Report
Stade Olympique, Colombes
Attendance: 1,000
Referee: Felix Herren (SUI)

May 28, 1924
17:00
Switzerland   1–1 (a.e.t.)  Czechoslovakia
Dietrich Goal 79' Report Sloup Goal 21' (pen.)
Stade Bergeyre
Attendance: 12,000
Referee: P. Chr. Andersen (NOR)
May 30, 1924
17:00
Switzerland   1–0  Czechoslovakia
Pache Goal 87' Report
Stade Bergeyre
Attendance: 10,000
Referee: Marcel Slawik (FRA)

May 28, 1924
16:00
Ireland  1–0  Bulgaria
Duncan Goal 75' Report
Stade Olympique, Colombes
Attendance: 1,500
Referee: A. Henriot (FRA)

May 29, 1924
14:15
Italy  2–0  Luxembourg
Baloncieri Goal 20'
Della Valle Goal 38'
Report
Stade Pershing
Attendance: 2,000
Referee: Jean Richard (FRA)

May 29, 1924
16:00
Sweden  8–1  Belgium
Kock Goal 8'24'77'
Rydell Goal 20'61'83'
Brommesson Goal 30'
Keller Goal 46'
Report Larnoe Goal 67'
Stade Olympique, Colombes
Attendance: 8,532
Referee: Heinrich Retschury (AUT)

May 29, 1924
17:00
Egypt  3–0  Hungary
Yakan Goal 4'58'
Hegazi Goal 40'
Report
Stade de Paris
Attendance: 8,000
Referee: Luis Collina (ESP)

May 29, 1924
17:00
Uruguay  3–0  United States
Petrone Goal 10'44'
Scarone Goal 15'
Report
Stade Bergeyre
Attendance: 10,455
Referee: Charles Barette (BEL)

Quarter-finals[edit]

June 1, 1924
16:00
France  1–5  Uruguay
Nicolas Goal 12' Report Scarone Goal 2'24'
Petrone Goal 58'68'
Romano Goal 83'
Stade Olympique, Colombes
Attendance: 45,000
Referee: P. Chr. Andersen (NOR)

June 1, 1924
16:00
Sweden  5–0  Egypt
Kaufeldt Goal 5'71'
Brommesson Goal 31'34'
Rydell Goal 49'
Report
Stade Pershing
Attendance: 6,484
Referee: Henri Christophe (BEL)

June 2, 1924
17:00
Switzerland   2–1  Italy
Sturzenegger Goal 47'
Abegglen Goal 60'
Report Della Valle Goal 52'
Stade Bergeyre
Attendance: 12,000
Referee: Johannes Mutters (NED)

June 2, 1924
17:00
Netherlands  2–1 (a.e.t.)  Ireland
Formenoy Goal 7'104' Report Ghent Goal 33'
Stade de Paris
Attendance: 2,000
Referee: Heinrich Retschury (AUT)

Semi-finals[edit]

June 5, 1924
17:00
Switzerland   2–1  Sweden
Abegglen Goal 15'77' Report Kock Goal 41'
Stade Olympique, Colombes
Attendance: 7,448
Referee: Mihaly Ivancsics (HUN)

June 6, 1924
17:00
Uruguay  2–1  Netherlands
Cea Goal 62'
Scarone Goal 81' (pen.)
Report Pijl Goal 32'
Stade Olympique, Colombes
Attendance: 40,000
Referee: Georges Vallat (FRA)

Bronze medal match[edit]

June 8, 1924
16:00
Sweden  1–1  Netherlands
Kaufeldt Goal 44' Report le Fèvre Goal 77'
Stade Olympique, Colombes
Attendance: 9,915
Referee: Heinrich Retschury (AUT)

June 9, 1924
14:30
Sweden  3–1  Netherlands
Rydell Goal 34'77'
Lundquist Goal 42'
Report Formenoy Goal 43' (pen.)
Stade Olympique, Colombes
Attendance: 40,522
Referee: Youssuf Mohamed (EGY)

Gold medal match[edit]

June 9, 1924
16:30
Uruguay  3–0   Switzerland
Petrone Goal 9'
Cea Goal 65'
Romano Goal 82'
Report
Stade Olympique, Colombes
Attendance: 41,000
Referee: Marcel Slawik (FRA)

Players :
Andrés Mazali
Pedro Arispe
José Nasazzi
Alfredo Ghierra
José Vidal
José Leandro Andrade
Angel Romano
Pedro Cea
Pedro Petrone
Hector Scarone
Santos Urdinarán

Manager :
Ernesto Figoli Uruguay

Finale des JO 1924 Andrés Mazali José Nasazzi Pedro Arispe José Leandro Andrade José Vidal Alfredo Ghiarra Santos Urdinarán Héctor Scarone Pedro Petrone José Cea Angel Romano Hans Pulver Rudolf Ramseyer Adolphe Reymond Aron Pollitz Paul Schmiedlin August Oberhauser Paul Fässler Max Abegglen Robert Pache Karl Ehrenbolger Walter Dietrich
About this image

Players :
Hans Pulver
Rudolf Ramseyer
Adolphe Reymond
Aron Pollitz
Paul Schmiedlin
August Oberhauser
Paul Fässler
Max Abegglen
Walter Dietrich
Robert Pache
Karl Ehrenbolger

Manager :
England Edward Duckworth

Bracket[edit]

Round of 16 Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
                           
29 May - Paris            
   Uruguay  3
1 June - Colombes
   United States  0  
   Uruguay  5
27 May - Saint-Ouen
     France  1  
   France  7
6 June - Colombes
   Latvia  0  
   Uruguay  2
27 May - Colombes
     Netherlands  1  
   Netherlands  6
2 June - Saint-Ouen
   Romania  0  
   Netherlands  2
28 May - Colombes
     Republic of Ireland  1  
   Republic of Ireland  1
9 June - Colombes
   Bulgaria  0  
   Uruguay  3
28 and 30 May - Paris
      Switzerland  0
    Switzerland (Rem)  1 (1)
2 June - Paris
   Czechoslovakia  1 (0)  
    Switzerland  2
29 May - Vincennes
     Italy  1  
   Italy  2
5 June - Colombes
   Luxembourg  0  
    Switzerland  2
29 May - Colombes
     Sweden  1   Third place
   Sweden  8
1 June - Vincennes 8 and 9 June - Colombes
   Belgium  1  
   Sweden  5    Sweden (Rematch)  1 (3)
29 May - Saint-Ouen
     Egypt  0      Netherlands  1 (1)
   Egypt  3
   Hungary  0  

Goalscorers[edit]

7 goals
6 goals
5 goals
4 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal
Own goals

Trivia[edit]

  • Sweden, surprisingly, won Bronze. Their 8-1 defeat of the reigning champions, Belgium, in the opening round is still considered one of the biggest upsets in World football by criteria laid down by ELO.[14]
  • Some of the games took place at the Vélodrome de Vincennes.
  • The lap of honour (or previously called "Olympic turn"), the celebration ritual that any proclaimed champion team do when winning a tournament, was invented by Uruguay team after winning this Olympic title, to salute the attendance by running all around the athletics field.
  • Uruguay's Pedro Petrone was two days shy of his 19th birthday when he accepted his gold medal; still the youngest football gold-medallist in the history of the Games.

Medalists[edit]

Gold Silver Bronze
 Uruguay

José Leandro Andrade
Pedro Arispe
Pedro Casella
Pedro Cea
Luis Chiappara
Pedro Etchegoyen
Alfredo Ghierra
Andrés Mazali
José Nasazzi
José Naya
Pedro Petrone
Ángel Romano
Zoilo Saldombide
Héctor Scarone
Pascual Somma
Humberto Tomasina
Antonio Urdinarán
Santos Urdinarán
Fermín Uriarte
José Vidal
Alfredo Zibechi
Pedro Zingone

  Switzerland

Max Abegglen
Félix Bédouret
Charles Bouvier
Walter Dietrich
Karl Ehrenbolger
Paul Fässler
Gustav Gottenkieny
Jean Haag
Marcel Katz
Edmond Kramer
Adolphe Mengotti
August Oberhauser
Robert Pache
Aron Pollitz
Hans Pulver
Rudolf Ramseyer
Adolphe Reymond
Louis Richard
Teo Schär
Paul Schmiedlin
Paul Sturzenegger
Walter Weiler

 Sweden

Axel Alfredsson
Charles Brommesson
Gustaf Carlsson
Albin Dahl
Sven Friberg
Karl Gustafsson
Fritjof Hillén
Konrad Hirsch
Gunnar Holmberg
Per Kaufeldt
Tore Keller
Rudolf Kock
Sigfrid Lindberg
Vigor Lindberg
Sven Lindqvist
Evert Lundquist
Sten Mellgren
Gunnar Olsson
Sven Rydell
Harry Sundberg
Thorsten Svensson
Robert Zander

Final ranking[edit]

  1.  Uruguay
  2.   Switzerland
  3.  Sweden
  4.  Netherlands
  5.  Republic of Ireland
  6.  France
  7.  Italy
  8.  Egypt
  9.  Czechoslovakia
  10.  Bulgaria
  11.  Luxembourg
  12.  Hungary
  13.  United States
  14.  Romania
  15.  Belgium
  16.  Latvia
  17.  Spain
  18.  Estonia
  19.  Turkey
  20.  Poland
  21.  Yugoslavia
  22.  Lithuania

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ www.fourfourtwo.premiumtv.co.uk
  3. ^ www.fourfourtwo.premiumtv.co.uk
  4. ^ Tabeira, Martin, Uruguay - International Results, rsssf.com, retrieved 2008-05-25 
  5. ^ Kutschera, Ambrosius, Länderspiele Österreich 1920-1929, austriasoccer.at (German), retrieved 2008-05-25 
  6. ^ a b Mariani, Maurizio, Italy - International Matches 1920-1929, rsssf.com, retrieved 2008-05-25 
  7. ^ Miladinovich, Misha, Yugoslavia National Team List of Results 1920-1929, rsssf.com, retrieved 2008-05-25 
  8. ^ Garin, Erik, Switzerland - International Matches since 1905, rsssf.com, retrieved 2008-05-25 
  9. ^ Paris, 1924, fifa.com, retrieved 2008-05-25 
  10. ^ Said, Tarek, Egyptian International First Team Results Since 1920, egyptianfootball.net, retrieved 2008-05-25 
  11. ^ Tejedor Carnicero, José Vicente; Torre, Raúl; Di Maggio, Roberto, Spain - List of Results National Team, rsssf.com, retrieved 2008-06-18 
  12. ^ Paris, 1924, fifa.com, retrieved 2008-06-18 
  13. ^ [2]
  14. ^ World Football Elo Ratings: Biggest Upsets, eloratings.net, retrieved 2008-06-18