Football at the 1952 Summer Olympics

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Football at the 1952 Summer Olympics
Tournament details
Host country Finland
Dates July 15-August 2
Teams 25 (from 5 (plus Great Britain) confederations)
Venue(s) (in 5 host cities)
Final positions
Champions  Hungary
Runners-up  Yugoslavia
Third place  Sweden
Tournament statistics
Matches played 26
Goals scored 135 (5.19 per match)
1948
1956

The 1952 Olympic football tournament signalled the arrival (to Western Europeans at least) of the Hungarian national football team - the "Magical Magyars". Ferenc Puskás later said of the 1952 competition: "It was during the Olympics that our football first started to flow with real power."[1] It was during the Games that Stanley Rous of English Football Association invited the Hungarians to play a friendly at Wembley the following year.

Background[edit]

By the time of the competition the Hungarians had been undefeated since May 14, 1950, but had been largely confined to the Eastern European Communist satellite states. The competition also saw the first mass entry from Eastern Europe; six nations from beyond the Iron Curtain were competing - the Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Romania, Poland, Yugoslavia and Hungary. The Scandinavian countries - Finland, Sweden and Norway - were exempted in the Preliminary round.

Squads[edit]

The tournament[edit]

Preliminary round highlights[edit]

The preliminary round saw Hungary record a narrow victory against Romania, whilst there was an 8-0 victory for Italy against the United States, and a 5-1 victory for Brazil against The Netherlands. Great Britain succumbed to Luxembourg 5-3, whilst Egypt defeated Chile 5-4. Yugoslavia were drawn against the Indians, who decided to play without boots; Yugoslavia won 10-1.

First round highlights[edit]

The First round saw Scandinavian countries join the competition; the hosts Finland were beaten 3-4 by Austria, whilst Sweden defeated neighbours Norway 4-1. The game of the round was between Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union; Yugoslavia had been 5-1 ahead with 30 minutes of the match to go, only for the Soviet captain Bobrov to score a hat-trick and inspire his team to an eventual 5-5 draw. A replay resulted in a 3-1 victory for Yugoslavia; the Soviet side had been expected by Moscow to win the 1952 Games, and their defeat by Yugoslavia was not mentioned in the Soviet press until after Stalin's death the following year.

Quarter finals[edit]

Sweden defeated Austria to ensure a Scandinavian presence in the semi-finals. Germany surprisingly beat Brazil 4-2 after extra time, whilst Yugoslavia won comfortably in a 5-3 defeat of Denmark. Hungary demolished Turkey 7-1 to complete the four semi-finalists.

Semi finals[edit]

In the first semi final, Hungary saw off Sweden with a comprehensive 6-0 victory, whilst Yugoslavia beat Germany 3-1 to set up a Hungary-Yugoslavia final.

Bronze Medal[edit]

There was some consolation for the Scandinavian countries as Sweden defeated Germany 2-0 in the third place play-off to secure the bronze medal.

Gold and Silver Medals[edit]

Two goals from Puskás and Zoltán Czibor saw Hungary beat Yugoslavia and take the gold medal.

Results[edit]

Preliminary round results[edit]

July 15, 1952
19:00
Poland  2–1  France
Trampisz Goal 31'
Krasówka Goal 49'
Report Leblond Goal 30'
Lahden kisapuisto, Lahti

Referee: Karel van der Meer (NED)

Attendance:

July 15, 1952
19:00
Hungary  2–1  Romania
Czibor Goal 21'
Kocsis Goal 73'
Report Suru Goal 86'
Kupittaa, Turku

Referee: Nikolay Latyshev (URS)

Attendance: 14.000

July 15, 1952
19:00
Yugoslavia  10–1  India
Vukas Goal 2' Goal 62'
Mitić Goal 14' Goal 43'
Zebec Goal 17' Goal 23' Goal 60' Goal 87'
Ognjanov Goal 52' Goal 67'
Report Ahmed Khan Goal 89'
Töölön Pallokenttä, Helsinki

Referee: John Best (USA)

Attendance: 20.000

July 15, 1952
19:00
Denmark  2–1  Greece
Petersen Goal 36' Goal 37' Report Emmanouilides Goal 85'
Ratina Stadion, Tampere

Referee: Waldemar Karni (FIN)

Attendance: 7.000

July 15, 1952
19:00
Soviet Union  2–1 (a.e.t.)  Bulgaria
Bobrov Goal 100'
Trofimov Goal 104'
Report Kolev Goal 95'
Kotkan Urheilukeskus, Kotka

Referee: Istvan Zsolt (HUN)

Attendance: 10.000

July 16, 1952
19:00
Italy  8–0  United States
Gimona Goal 3' Goal 51' Goal 75'
Pandolfini Goal 16' Goal 62'
Venturi Goal 27'
Fontanesi Goal 52'
Mariani Goal 87'
Report
Ratina Stadion, Tampere

Referee: Arthur Ellis (GBR)

Attendance: 10.000

July 16, 1952
19:00
Brazil  5–1  Netherlands
Humberto Tozzi Goal 25'
Larry Goal 33' (p.k.) Goal 36'
Jansen Goal 81'
Vavá Goal 86'
Report van Roessel Goal 15'
Kupittaa, Turku

Referee: Giorgio Bernardi (ITA)

Attendance: 16.000

July 16, 1952
12:00
Luxembourg  5–3 (a.e.t.)  Great Britain
Roller Goal 60' Goal 95' Goal 97'
Letsch Goal 91'
Gales Goal 102'
Report Robb Goal 12'
Slater Goal 101'
Lewis Goal 118'
Lahden kisapuisto, Lahti

Referee: Vincenzo Orlandini (ITA)

Attendance:

July 16, 1952
19:00
Egypt  5–4  Chile
Elfar Goal 27'
Mechaury Goal 43'
Eldizwi Goal 66' Goal 75' Goal 80'
Report Jara Goal 7' Goal 78'
Vial Goal 14' Goal 88'
Kotkan Urheilukeskus, Kotka

Referee: John Nilsson (SWE)

Attendance:

First round results[edit]

July 19, 1952
19:00
Finland  3–4  Austria
Stolpe Goal 11' Goal 34'
Rytkönen Goal 36'
Report Gollnhuber Goal 8' (p.k.) Goal 30'
Stumpf Goal 59'
Grohs Goal 79'
Olympic Stadium, Helsinki

Referee: William Ling (GBR)

Attendance: 33.053

July 20, 1952
19:00
Brazil  2–1  Luxembourg
Larry Goal 42'
Humberto Tozzi Goal 49'
Report Gales Goal 86'
Kotkan Urheilukeskus, Kotka

Referee: Marijan Macancic (YUG)

Attendance:

July 20, 1952
19:00
Yugoslavia  5–5 (a.e.t.)  Soviet Union
Mitić Goal 29'
Ognjanov Goal 33'
Zebec Goal 44' Goal 59'
Bobek Goal 46'
Report Bobrov Goal 53' Goal 77' Goal 87'
Trofimov Goal 75'
Petrov Goal 89'
Ratina Stadion, Tampere

Referee: Arthur Ellis (GBR)

Attendance: 17.000
July 22, 1952
19:00
Yugoslavia  3–1  Soviet Union
Mitić Goal 19'
Bobek Goal 29' (p.k.)
Čajkovski Goal 54'
Report Bobrov Goal 6'
Ratina Stadion, Tampere

Referee: Arthur Ellis (GBR)

Attendance: 17.000

July 20, 1952
12:00
Germany  3–1  Egypt
Klug Goal 33'
Schröder Goal 38' Goal 61'
Report Eldizmwi Goal 64'
Kupittaa, Turku

Referee: Giorgio Bernardi (ITA)

Attendance:

July 21, 1952
19:00
Denmark  2–0  Poland
Seebach Goal 17'
S. Nielsen Goal 69'
Report
Kupittaa, Turku

Referee: Folke Bålstad (NOR)

Attendance: 8.000

July 21, 1952
19:00
Sweden  4–1  Norway
Brodd Goal 23' Goal 35'
Rydell Goal 81'
Bengtsson Goal 89'
Report Sørensen Goal 83'
Ratina Stadion, Tampere

Referee: Johan Aksel Alho (FIN)

Attendance: 4.200

July 21, 1952
19:00
Hungary  3–0  Italy
Palotás Goal 11' Goal 20'
Kocsis Goal 83'
Report
Töölön Pallokenttä, Helsinki

Referee: Karel van der Meer (NED)

Attendance: 20.000

July 21, 1952
19:00
Turkey  2–1 Netherlands Antilles
Tokaç Goal 9'
Bilge Goal 76' (p.k.)
Report Briezen Goal 79'
Lahden kisapuisto, Lahti

Referee: Carl Jorgensen (DEN)

Attendance:

Quarter-finals results[edit]

July 23, 1952
19:00
Sweden  3–1  Austria
Sandberg Goal 80'
Brodd Goal 85'
Rydell Goal 87'
Report Grohs Goal 40'
Töölön Pallokenttä, Helsinki

Referee: Vincenzo Orlandini (ITA)

Attendance: 10.000

July 24, 1952
12:00
Germany  4–2 (a.e.t.)  Brazil
Schröder Goal 75' Goal 96'
Klug Goal 89'
Zeitler Goal 120'
Report Larry Goal 12'
Zózimo Goal 74'
Töölön Pallokenttä, Helsinki

Referee: Arthur Ellis (GBR)

Attendance:

July 24, 1952
19:00
Hungary  7–1  Turkey
Palotás Goal 18'
Kocsis Goal 32' Goal 90'
Lantos Goal 48'
Puskás Goal 54' Goal 72'
Bozsik Goal 70'
Report Guder Goal 57'
Kotkan Urheilukeskus, Kotka

Referee: Waldemar Karni (FIN)

Attendance: 20.000

July 25, 1952
19:00
Yugoslavia  5–3  Denmark
Čajkovski Goal 19'
Ognjanov Goal 35'
Vukas Goal 41'
Bobek Goal 78'
Zebec Goal 81'
Report Lundberg Goal 63'
Seebach Goal 85'
J. Hansen Goal 87'
Töölön Pallokenttä, Helsinki

Referee: Waldemar Karni (FIN)

Attendance: 10.000

Semi-finals results[edit]

July 28, 1952
19:00
Hungary  6–0  Sweden
Puskás Goal 1'
Palotás Goal 16'
Lindh Goal 36' (o.g.)
Kocsis Goal 65' Goal 69'
Hidegkuti Goal 67'
Report
Olympic Stadium, Helsinki

Referee: William Ling (GBR)

Attendance: 22.000

July 29, 1952
19:00
Yugoslavia  3–1  Germany
Mitić Goal 3' Goal 24'
Čajkovski Goal 30'
Report Stollenwerk Goal 12'
Olympic Stadium, Helsinki

Referee: Waldemar Karni (FIN)

Attendance: 20.000

Bronze Medal match result[edit]

August 1, 1952
19:00
Sweden  2–0  Germany
Rydell Goal 11'
Löfgren Goal 86'
Report
Olympic Stadium, Helsinki

Referee: Vincenzo Orlandini (ITA)

Attendance: 20.000

Gold Medal match result[edit]

August 2, 1952
19:00
Hungary  2–0  Yugoslavia
Puskás Goal 70'
Czibor Goal 88'
Report
Olympic Stadium, Helsinki

Referee: Arthur Ellis (GBR)

Attendance: 60,000

Bracket[edit]

  Preliminary Round First Round Quarterfinals Semifinals Finals
                                               
  Hungary 2  
  Romania 1  
    Hungary 3  
      Italy 1  
  Italy 8
  United States 0  
    Hungary 7  
    Turkey 1  
   
   
    Turkey 2
      Netherlands Antilles 1  
 
   
    Hungary 6  
    Sweden 0  
   
   
    Sweden 4
      Norway 1  
 
   
    Sweden 3
    Austria 1  
   
   
    Finland 3
      Austria 4  
 
   
  Hungary 2
  Yugoslavia 0
  Denmark 2  
  Greece 1  
    Denmark 2  
      Poland 0  
  Poland 2
  France 1  
    Denmark 3  
    Yugoslavia 5  
  Yugoslavia 10  
  India 1  
    Yugoslavia 5-3
      Soviet Union 5-1  
  Soviet Union 2 (AET)
  Bulgaria 1  
    Yugoslavia 3
    Germany 1  
  Luxembourg 5 (AET)  
  Great Britain 3  
    Luxembourg 1
      Brazil 2  
  Brazil 5
  Netherlands 1  
    Brazil 2       
    Germany 4 (AET)         
   
   
    Germany 3
      Egypt 1  
  Egypt 5
  Chile 4  

Medalists[edit]

Gold: Silver: Bronze:
 Hungary
Gyula Grosics
Jenő Dálnoki
Imre Kovács
László Budai
Ferenc Puskás
Zoltán Czibor
Lajos Csordás
Jenő Buzánszky
Gyula Lóránt
Mihály Lantos
József Bozsik
József Zakariás
Nándor Hidegkuti
Sándor Kocsis
Péter Palotás
 Yugoslavia
Vladimir Beara
Branko Stanković
Tomislav Crnković
Zlatko Čajkovski
Ivan Horvat
Vujadin Boškov
Tihomir Ognjanov
Rajko Mitić
Bernard Vukas
Stjepan Bobek
Branko Zebec
Dušan Cvetković
Milorad Diskić
Ratko Čolić
Slavko Luštica
Zdravko Rajkov
Vladimir Čonč
Vladimir Firm
 Sweden
Karl Svensson
Lennart Samuelsson
Erik Nilsson
Holger Hansson
Bengt Gustavsson
Gösta Lindh
Sylve Bengtsson
Gösta Löfgren
Ingvar Rydell
Yngve Brodd
Gösta Sandberg
Olof Ahlund

Goalscorers[edit]

7 goals
6 goals
5 goals
4 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Puskas on life and football". The Guardian. 19 November 2006. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 

External links[edit]