Football in Norway

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Football is the most popular sport in Norway in terms of active membership (by television viewership football comes third, behind biathlon and cross-country skiing).[1] The Football Association of Norway was founded in 1902 and the first international match was played in 1908. There are 1,822 registered football clubs and about 25,000 teams. There are 393,801 (104,597 of them are girls/women) registered football players,[2] which means that 8.5% of the population play organized football.[3][4]

History[edit]

The first football team in Norway was probably started by a buekorps in Bergen, Nygaards Bataljon, in 1883.[5] In 1885 the first Norwegian club however, Idrætsforeningen Odd, was founded in Skien. The footballing interest was very low, and was put on ice after a few months. However, the club Odd Grenland started up with football again in 1894, and are now Norway’s oldest football club. The Football Association of Norway (the NFF), was founded in 1902, and quickly established a cup competition. After the NFF joined FIFA in 1908, Norway had its first ever international match, away against Sweden in Gothenburg; despite Norway taking the lead after a mere 45 seconds, Sweden went on to win 11-3. In 1911 Norway hosted its first international in Oslo, again against Sweden; this time Norway lost 4-0. In 1912 the Norwegian national football team attended the Olympic Games, and were knocked out after losing to Denmark and Austria 7-0 and 1-0 respectively. The NFF hosted the FIFA congress in Oslo in 1914, where a national league was established with six teams competed for the title Drafn, Frigg, Kvik/Halden, Larvik Turn, Mercantile and Odd, who went on to be the first league winners. The Norwegian national men’s team won their only medal at an international championship in 1936 at the Germany Olympic Games. In the relatively successful tournament Norway beat Turkey and hosts Germany 4-0 and 2-0 respectively, losing to Italy in the semi-final, then beating Poland 3-2 in the third-place play-off to take the bronze medal. The team is known in Norway as "Bronselaget" meaning the Bronze team.

League system[edit]

The current national league system administered by the football association is organised as 1-1-4-12, where Tippeligaen is the highest Norwegian level and Adeccoligaen the second highest, followed by four third level (2. Divisjon) and 12 fourth level (3. Divisjon).

Division Promotion Relegation
Tippeligaen N/A 15th, 16th
Adeccoligaen Winner, runner-up 13th, 14th, 15th, 16th
2. Divisjon Winners in four groups 14th, 15th, 16th in four groups
3. Divisjon Winners in twelve groups 14th, 15th, 16th in twelve groups

From the 2011-season on, there will be no play-off matches for promotion to Tippeligaen. The play-off matches between Norwegian Third Division winners is also defunct, due to the reduction from 24 to 12 groups.

Level League(s)/Division(s)
1 Tippeligaen
16 clubs
2 Adeccoligaen
16 clubs
3 2. Divisjon
Group 1
14 clubs
2. Divisjon
Group 2
14 clubs
2. Divisjon
Group 3
14 clubs
2. Divisjon
Group 4
14 clubs
4 3. Divisjon
Group 1
14 clubs
3. Divisjon
Group 2
14 clubs
3. Divisjon
Group 3
14 clubs
3. Divisjon
Group 4
14 clubs
3. Divisjon
Group 5
14 clubs
3. Divisjon
Group 6
14 clubs
3. Divisjon
Group 7
14 clubs
3. Divisjon
Group 8
14 clubs
3. Divisjon
Group 9
14 clubs
3. Divisjon
Group 10
14 clubs
3. Divisjon
Group 11
12 clubs
3. Divisjon
Group 12
12 clubs
5–9 4. Divisjon through 8. Divisjon are regional divisions administered by the various regional football associations.

Cup system[edit]

European competitions[edit]

UEFA Champions League[edit]

The following teams have qualified for elimination rounds in the UEFA Champions League.

Rosenborg played in the Champions League on 10 further occasions.

National team[edit]

Women's national team[edit]

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Sletten, Torstein (1972), Buekorpsene i Bergen: i tekst og bilder gjennom hundre år, ED.B. GIERTSENS FORLAG, ISBN 82-90073-00-3 

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ [2][dead link]
  3. ^ "Football Fever in Norway - Norwegians Worldwide". Nww.no. 2012-05-10. Retrieved 2013-11-15. 
  4. ^ 11:09. "The next generation by Michael Yokhin". Espn Fc. Retrieved 2013-11-15. 
  5. ^ Sletten, 1972, p.58.