Football in Uganda

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Young boys playing a casual game of football (soccer) in Arua District.

Football is the national sport in Uganda.[1][2][3][4][5][6] The Uganda national football team, nicknamed The Cranes, is the national team of Uganda and is controlled by the Federation of Uganda Football Associations. They have never qualified for the FIFA World Cup finals; their best finish in the African Nations Cup was second in 1978.

History of Ugandan football[edit]

Early development of the game[edit]

In the late 19th century the sport of association football first obtained a foothold in the major port cities of Eastern Africa before spreading into the interior with the establishment of railway lines, missionary schools and military bases for the colonial armies.[7]

In the words of the to Sev A. Obura, the former General Secretary of the Uganda Olympic Committee, football was introduced into Uganda "by missionaries from the United Kingdom, our former colonial masters".[8] These missionaries included Robert Henry Walker, George Lawrence Pilkington and Alexander Gordon Fraser. Foremost is Rev. Archdeacon R. H. Walker of the Namirembe Church Missionary Society who in 1897 introduced the game of football in Uganda having arranged for a football to be sent out from England.[9][10] Walker was supported by G. L. Pilkington who diligently coached the boys at the Mengo school with games being first played at Kakeeka in Mengo on a large grass field situated between Kampala and Rubaga.[9][10][11] The second playing field established was near Old Kampala hill below Lord Lugard's palace. Another missionary was A. G. Fraser who carried a football to Uganda in 1900 and four years later laid out a soccer field at King's School in Budo, a school established for the sons of Ugandan chiefs.[8]

An officer of the British Army, Captain William Pulteney, also gave an early stimulus to the development of the football in Uganda while serving with the Uganda Rifles from February 1895 to September 1897.[12]

United Old Budonians Club[edit]

The King’s School Budo was at the forefront in the development of football in Uganda. Following the early work of A. G. Fraser, the Budo Old Boys was established around 1909 including the development of an alumni football team. Football practices took place regularly at the Coronation Ground at the Old Kampala, which became the Old Kampala Senior Secondary School Sports Ground. After the move of the Mengo High School from Namirembe to Budo Hill soon after 1927, the Budo Old Boys became the United Old Budonians Club.[13] Over the next two decades the United Budonians remained a dominant force in Ugandan football and won the Kampala and District League as late as 1949.[14]

Kabaka's Cup[edit]

The Kampala Football Association (KFA) was established in 1924 and a major cup competition followed known as the Kabaka's Cup presented by Kabaka Chwa II.[9][15] Both the Budo School and the Old Boys fielded separate sides in the competition, each winning the trophy on a number of occasions. The nature of the competition eventually changed with teams like Public Works Department (PWD or Piida), Entebbe Government Printing Press (Puleesi), Kenya and Uganda Railways and Harbours (Leerwe) coming to prominence in the tournament. The game became more physical and as a consequence school teams like Budo School dropped out of the competition.[13]

In the 1950s the Kabaka's Cup was administered by the Uganda Football Association and more than 30 teams entered the competition.[16] By 1957 political problems had arisen when the Buganda Football Association were refused permission by the parent body to run the Kabaka's Cup competition. In turn the Buganda Football Association suspended all clubs which entered for the Kabaka's Cup.

Up until to the launch of the Ugandan Cup in 1971 the Kabaka's Cup remained the most prestigious cup competition in the country. Other cup tournaments in the pre-independence years were the Aspro Cup, Buganda FA Challenge Cup, Coronation Cup, Luwangula Cup, Victory Cup and Wardle Cup.

Kampala and District Football League (KDFL)[edit]

The main league in Uganda spanning at least three decades was the Kampala and District Football League (KDFL). By 1966 the league had three tiers with a First Division, Second Division and a Third Division which was divided into two sections comprising a North Zone and a South Zone. Kampala City Council FC competed in the Third Division South and gained promotion to the next level for the 1967 season. Other teams that are known to have played in the KDFL include Aggrey Memorial, Army FC, Bitumastic, Coffee Kakira, Express FC, Kampala Police FC, KDS (Kampala District Bus Services), Kitegombwa, Luo Union, Mengo Old Boys, Mulago Hospital, Old Agrarians, Prisons FC Kampala, Railways, Nsambya, Sudanese FC, UEB, United Budonians and Young Salumbey. Little is known about champion clubs in the KDFL other than United Budonians winning the league in 1949 and Police taking the title in 1953 and the Railway African Club football team winning the second division in the same season. Express FC clinched the Division One title in the 1964 season.

The demise of the KDFL began with the formation of the National Football League in 1968 but the two competitions were run concurrently for a few seasons and the KDFL was still operating in 1971. The KDFL was then abandoned to allow room to a wider national competition with several divisions. Teams like Kampala City Council FC, Nsambya and NIC became members of the newly formed second division of the National League. In terms of records the highest goalscorer in KDFL history was Ali Kitonsa of Express FC who scored 54 goals in 18 appearances during the 1964 season. In terms of high scores Express defeated Kitegombwa 17-0 in the 1960 season although this result has probably been surpassed.

Key dates[edit]

Leading figures[edit]

Prince Badru Kakungulu Wasajja[edit]

Prince Badru Kakungulu was a member of the Buganda Royal Family, and leading political figure and leader of the Muslim community in Uganda in the twentieth century.[17] In 1925, he played in the famous football match between Budo and Makerere for the Kabaka's Cup. He was vice-president of the Uganda Football Association and president of the Buganda Football Association.[17] FUFA changed the title of the Uganda Cup to Kakungulu in 1992 as a sign of recognition for the late Prince Badru Kakungulu’s selfless work for Uganda football from the 1920s until his death in April 1991.[18]

Reverend Canon Polycarp Kibuuka Kakooza[edit]

Polycarp Kakooza was a man endowed with many outstanding talents. He was a distinguished author, musician, sportsman, sports administrator, artist and teacher.[19] He composed the Buganda anthem in 1939 at the age of 25[19] and was secretary of the Uganda Football Association from 1949 to 1952. He was manager of the Ugandan team which traveled to England on the nation's first overseas tour in 1956.[20] He later managed the Ugandan side in the African Nations Cup 1962 which reached the semi-finals of the competition.[21] He was also former Secretary General of the Uganda Amateur Athletic Association (UAAA) and President of the Uganda Amateur Boxing Association (UABA). He died in Kampala on 12 January 2003, aged 90.[22]

Football association[edit]

In 1924 the Kampala Football Association (KFA) was formed, and Kabaka Chwa II was its first President. One of the first new clubs to affiliate to the KFA was the Nsambya Football Club in 1926.[9]

In the late 1940s the Kampala Football Association (KFA) became the Uganda Football Association (UFA), Polycarp Kibuuka Kakooza being the secretary of the organisation from 1949 to 1952.

In 1967 the Uganda Football Association (UFA) was changed to the Federation of Uganda Football Associations (FUFA). [9]

Seasons in Ugandan football[edit]

Decade
1960s: 1968-69 1969
1970s: 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979
1980s: 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
1990s: 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
2000s: 2000 2001 2002 2002-03 2004 2005 2006 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09
2010s: 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Real Madrid extends assistance to Uganda - Soccer". monitor.co.ug. Retrieved 2013-12-01. 
  2. ^ "Uganda's football standards worry Onyango - Soccer". monitor.co.ug. Retrieved 2013-12-01. 
  3. ^ Richard M Kavuma (2009-05-05). "Ugandan football struggles to compete with English Premier League | Katine". theguardian.com. Retrieved 2013-12-01. 
  4. ^ Bushira, Namirimu. "SPORTS FEATURE: Uganda's ailing football". Nbs.ug. Retrieved 2013-12-01. 
  5. ^ "The Observer - Flashback: When Pele lauded Uganda football". Observer.ug. Retrieved 2013-12-01. 
  6. ^ "Sports Review : Football in Uganda - The Eye Magazine". Theeye.co.ug. 2013-07-29. Retrieved 2013-12-01. 
  7. ^ John Nauright and Charles Parrish, ed. (2012). Sports around the World; History, Culture and Practice - Volume 1: General Topics, Africa, Asia, Middle East and Oceania. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, LLC. p. 100. ISBN 978-1-59884-300-2. 
  8. ^ a b Allen Guttmann, ed. (2007). Sports: The First Five Millennia. United States: Univ of Massachusetts Press. p. 241. ISBN 1-55849-470-7. 
  9. ^ a b c d e Kaddu Sserunkuma, ed. (2002). A Life Member to Remember: At Wankulukuku - over thirty years back was it football or wrestling?. Uganda. p. 3. OCLC 52640555. 
  10. ^ a b Charles Harford-Battersby, ed. (1899). Pilkington of Uganda. London: The Richmond Press. 
  11. ^ Peter Alegi, ed. (2010). African Soccerscapes: How a Continent Changed the World's Game. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-89680-472-2. 
  12. ^ Adrian Harvey, ed. (2005). Football: The First Hundred Years - The untold story. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. p. 234. ISBN 0-415-35018-2. 
  13. ^ a b "Background". Old Budonians Club. Retrieved 2014-01-27. 
  14. ^ John Iliffe, ed. (2005). Honour in African History. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. p. 300. ISBN 0-521-83785-5. 
  15. ^ Colonial Office, ed. (1957). Uganda: Report for the year. Great Britain: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 137. 
  16. ^ Public Relations and Social Welfare Department, ed. (1950). Annual Report of the Public Relations and Social Welfare Department. Uganda. p. 9. 
  17. ^ a b Abdu Basajabaka Kawalya Kasozi, Muhammad Ssebulime, ed. (2005). The life of Prince Badru Kakungulu Wasajja: and the development of a forward looking Muslim community in Uganda, 1907-1991. Uganda: Fountain Publishers. ISBN 9789970401017. 
  18. ^ "The Knowledge: Why did Fufa change Kakungulu Cup to Uganda Cup". The Observer. 2010-11-21. Retrieved 2014-01-28. 
  19. ^ a b "We celebrate Uganda’s music legends". New Vision. Retrieved 2014-01-28. 
  20. ^ Jozef Sevuma Brazio Muwanga, ed. (2005). On the Kabaka's road for Uganda: a contribution to the positive mind of Buganda. Kampala,Uganda: LDC Publishers. p. 132. OCLC 70660521. 
  21. ^ "African Nations Cup 1962". RSSSF (Khaled Abul-Oyoun, Mark Cruickshank, Ken Knight, Neil Morrison, Karel Stokkermans). 1995/2013. Retrieved 2014-01-28. 
  22. ^ "Uganda: Veteran Administrator Kakooza, 91, Dead". allAfrica. 2003-01-14. Retrieved 2014-01-28.