For Human Rights in United Latvia
|For Human Rights in United Latvia
Latvian: Par cilvēka tiesībām vienotā Latvijā
Russian: За права человека в единой Латвии
|Leader||Co-chairpersons of its Ruling Board are Tatjana Ždanoka, Jakovs Pliners and Miroslav Mitrofanov|
Russian minority politics
|European affiliation||European Free Alliance|
|European Parliament group||European Greens–European Free Alliance|
|Politics of Latvia
For Human Rights in United Latvia (Latvian: Par cilvēka tiesībām vienotā Latvijā, PCTVL; Russian: За права человека в единой Латвии, ЗаПЧЕЛ) is a left-wing political party in Latvia, supported mainly by ethnic Russians and other ethnic minorities. Co-chairpersons of its Ruling Board are Tatjana Ždanoka, Jakovs Pliners and Miroslav Mitrofanov.
PCTVL emphasizes issues important to the Russian community. It supports Russian and Latgalian as co-official languages in those municipalities where more than 20% of native speakers exists, and requests the granting of Latvian citizenship to all non-citizens of Latvia. It supports stronger ties with Russia and was the only major political organization to oppose Latvia's membership in NATO. Economic issues are less emphasized but PCTVL's economic positions tend to be left-wing.
PCTVL was established in May 1998 by three political parties: Tautas Saskaņas Partija (People's Harmony Party), Līdztiesība (Equal Rights) and Latvijas Sociālistiskā Partija (Socialist Party of Latvia), all of which were mainly supported by Russian-speaking voters. They won 16 out of 100 seats in the 1998 elections and 25 seats in the 2002 elections. As well as winning 13 out of 60 seats on Riga city council in the municipal elections in 2001. After the municipal elections, PCTVL became part of Riga's city government and its member Sergejs Dolgopolovs became the vice-mayor of Riga. At the municipal elections in 2005 the party won 13.68% of the votes and 9 seats on Riga city council.
During this period, PCTVL's most prominent leaders were Jānis Jurkāns, Alfrēds Rubiks and Tatjana Ždanoka. Rubiks and Ždanoka were previously prominent as the leaders of Latvian Communist Party and federalist movement in Latvia in the early 1990s. They are fairly popular in the Russian community but very unpopular among ethnic Latvians. This is one of the reasons for PCTVL remaining in opposition nationally, because any other party could face a massive backlash from their ethnically Latvian voters if they entered into a coalition with Rubiks and Ždanoka.
PCTVL partially broke up in 2003. Tautas Saskaņas Partija was the first to leave the alliance and Latvijas Sociālistiskā Partija followed half a year later. The remnant of PCTVL had only 6 members of the Latvian parliament (out of 25 that the alliance had before the breakup) but, according to public opinion polls, remained more popular than any of the parties that left the alliance in the 2004 European and 2005 municipal elections. PCTVL was the main force supporting Russian School Defense Staff activities in 2003-2005.
At the elections for the European Parliament PCTVL gained 9.66% of the vote and one seat, held by Tatjana Ždanoka, who sat with the Greens/EFA grouping in the European Parliament. It also proposed the idea of a Europe-wide party of ethnic Russians. PCTVL supports a federal Europe, with a "common economical and political space from Lisbon to Vladivostok".
In the 2006 parliamentary elections PCTVL won 6 seats. In 2007 the alliance was transformed into one party. In recent years the party's support has declined as ethnic Russian voters have switched allegiance to Harmony Centre and in the Latvian parliamentary election, 2010, the party lost its representation in the Latvian Parliament.
In 2011, the party launched a popular initiative on amending the citizenship law.
- Giulietto Chiesa, an Italian candidate on the ForHRUL list for the 2009 European Parliament elections.
- Official site — also in Russian and Latvian