Forbach

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For other uses, see Forbach (disambiguation).
Forbach
Town centre
Town centre
Coat of arms of Forbach
Coat of arms
Forbach is located in France
Forbach
Forbach
Coordinates: 49°11′N 6°54′E / 49.19°N 6.90°E / 49.19; 6.90Coordinates: 49°11′N 6°54′E / 49.19°N 6.90°E / 49.19; 6.90
Country France
Region Lorraine
Department Moselle
Arrondissement Forbach
Canton Forbach and Stiring-Wendel
Intercommunality Forbach Porte de France
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Laurent Kalinowski
Area
 • Land1 16.32 km2 (6.30 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Population2 21,954
 • Population2 density 1,300/km2 (3,500/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 57227 / 57600
Elevation 192–388 m (630–1,273 ft)
(avg. 222 m or 728 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Forbach (French pronunciation: ​[fɔʁbak], Lorraine Franconian: Fuerboch) is a commune in the department of Moselle in the northeastern French Region of Lorraine.

It is located on the German border approximately 15 minutes from the center of Saarbrücken, Germany, with which it constitutes a cross-border conurbation, and is part of the Saar-Moselle Eurodistrict. According to the 2011 national census, Forbach had a population of 21,954 inhabitants,[1] which, including its greater urban area, makes it the largest town in the eastern Moselle area.

Before the Schengen Treaty, Forbach was a major border crossing at which customs procedures were carried out, both for road and for rail transport and travel.[2] Here, trains also change track sides from right-hand running (Germany) to left-hand running (France). Since 2007, the TGV and ICE high speed trains connecting Paris and Frankfurt have stopped at the station in Forbach, and passengers can now travel to Paris Gare de l'Est in 1 hour and 45 minutes and to the German financial center and airport in the Frankfurt and Rhine-Main metropolis in 2 hours.

Its location in the Saar-Warndt coal mining basin,[3] which extends into eastern Moselle, made Forbach an important mining town, with offices of the Houillères du Bassin de Lorraine (Lorraine coal mining board), a section of the French Coal Board. When the mining operations were permanently shut down in 2004,[4] Forbach turned to activities in the tourism, service, energy and other industries to rebuild the local economy.[5] The "Musée des Mineurs - Wendel" in the neighboring village of Petite-Rosselle is a coal mining museum which preserves the industrial and cultural heritage from the coal mining era in the Forbach region. It was awarded the "Musées de France" quality label in 2002.[6]

Notable people from Forbach[edit]

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Data from the official 2011 French census, published January 1, 2014.
  2. ^ Assemblée Nationale de France, Compte-rendu des séances de l'Assemblée nationale législative. Tome Dix-Septième, du 4 novembre au 1 décembre 1851. Addition à la séance du jeudi 6 novembre 1851, p 23.
  3. ^ This basin lies 44 km east of Longeville-les-Metz, under the Franco-German border extending into the Warndt region of Saarland in Germany.See map
  4. ^ "France ends coal mining with tears but not a single protest". The Independent, April 24, 2004.
  5. ^ Lorraine Regional Council: Territoires 2020: Moselle-Est. Synthèse des propositions issues du travail d'expérimentation, pp 17-25.
  6. ^ List of French museums awarded the label of "Musées de France"
  7. ^ 2nd Prize, Cinéfoundation 2008
  8. ^ Un Certain Regard 2014 Awards

External links[edit]