Forbes' Batteries

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Forbes' Batteries
Part of Fortifications of Gibraltar
Gibraltar
Upper Forbes Battery.JPG
Upper Forbes Battery
Northern defences jungmap.gif
Forbes' Batteries is located in Gibraltar
Forbes' Batteries
Forbes' Batteries
Type Artillery batteries
Site information
Owner Government of Gibraltar

Forbes' Batteries are a pair of artillery batteries in the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar. The batteries are casemated.[1]

Description[edit]

The Forbes' Batteries are on the eastern end of the Northern Defences. These batteries had five guns arranged on two levels.[2] There is a famous quarry behind the batteries which shares the same name.[3]

Stairs up to Forbes Lookout and Upper All's Well

This complex group of fortifications is located at the end of Princes Lines and was named after Lt. George Forbes RN, ADC to Prince George of Hesse-Darmstadt, third Earl of Granard (1685-1765) who took part as a midshipman in the attack of 1704 and who fought on shore in the siege of 1727.[4]

In 1727 the battery mounted two 6-pdr guns. In 1761 the British constructed Upper and Lower Forbes' Batteries.[4]

Upper Forbes' Battery has two fine magazines, one brick and one stone, built against the cliff wall. Above the two batteries is Forbes' Lookout. During the Second World War a 40-mm Mark 3 gun on a mobile mounting was placed in Upper Forbes Battery in 1942 and remained there until December 1944. A Second World War iron cupola cantilevered out from the rock face housed a searchlight.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ehlen, Judy; Harmon, Russell S. (2001). The Environmental Legacy of Military Operations. Geological Society of America. p. 110. ISBN 978-0-8137-4114-7. Retrieved 29 March 2013. 
  2. ^ "1859 Map of the Fortifications of Gibraltar". UK National Archives MPH 1/23. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  3. ^ Wilder, Hawthorne Harris (31 October 2007). Man's Prehistoric Past. Wildside Press LLC. p. 415. ISBN 978-1-4344-9439-9. Retrieved 29 March 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c Crone, Jim. "Forbes Battery - index to fortifications". Discover Gibraltar. Retrieved 23 May 2013.