Forced Labour Convention

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Forced Labour Convention (No.29)
Convention concerning Forced or Compulsory Labour
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Member States (green) of the Convention. ILO members that did not ratify are shown in red.
Signed 28 June 1930
Effective 1 May 1932
Condition 2 ratifications
Parties 177[1]
Depositary Director-General of the International Labour Office
Languages French and English

The Forced Labour Convention, the full title of which is the Convention Concerning Forced or Compulsory Labour, 1930 (No.29), is one of 8 ILO fundamental conventions[2] of the International Labour Organization. The Convention commits parties to prohibit the use of forced labour, admitting only five exceptions to it. Its object and purpose is to suppress the use of forced labour in all its forms irrespective of the nature of the work or the sector of activity in which it may be performed. The Convention defines forced labour as "all work or service which is exacted from any person under the menace of any penalty and for which the said person has not offered himself voluntarily".[3]

The Convention was adoption in Geneva 28 June 1930 and came into force on 1 May 1932. Portugal, under the rule of António de Oliveira Salazar, was an important absentee from the original signatories. The continued pursuit of forced labour policies in the Portuguese colonies of Angola and Mozambique meant it was unable to ratify the treaty.

The Convention was supplemented by the Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 1957 which canceled a number of exceptions to abolishment in the 1930 Convention, such as punishment for strikes and as a punishment for holding certain political views.

Exceptions to Convention[edit]

The Convention excepts from the term "forced or compulsory labour" the following:

Ratifications[edit]

As of 2013, the Convention has been ratified by 177 of the 185 ILO members.[1] The ILO members that have not ratified the convention are:[4]

UN member states which are not members of the ILO are Andorra, Bhutan, Liechtenstein, Micronesia, Monaco, Nauru, North Korea and Tonga.

Protocol[edit]

In 2014, a protocol was adopted by the International Labour Conference: P29, Protocol of 2014 to the Forced Labour Convention, 1930. The Protocol was adopted with 437 votes in favour, 8 agains and 27 abstentions (there are 3 votes per member state: one for the Government, one for employees, and one for employers). The Government of Thailand was the only country to vote against adoption[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Ratifications of the Convention". International Labour Organization. 26 May 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 
  2. ^ "Conventions and recommendations". International Labour Organization. 27 May 2011. 
  3. ^ Article 2.
  4. ^ "Members who have not ratified". International Labour Organization. 26 May 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 
  5. ^ http://thinkprogress.org/world/2014/06/12/3447958/thailand-military-regime-slavery/

External links[edit]