Forch

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Lake Zürich, Küsnacht, Küsnachter Tobel valley and Forch as seen from nearby Felsenegg (April 2010)
The village of Forch and Forchautobahn (highway), Maur and Glatt Valley to the right

Forch is a village and a mountain pass (el. 682 metres (2,238 ft)) located in the municipalities of Küsnacht and Maur in the canton of Zürich, Switzerland.

Geography[edit]

Forch is located approximately 10 km (6.2 mi) in the southeast of Zürich, nearby Zumikon and Maur. It includes the hamlets Aesch and Scheuren (villages of the municipality Maur), and Kaltenstein in the east of the pass, Wangen and Neue Forch, which are villages of the municipality of Küsnacht. The forested hill called Guldenen on Pfannenstiel belongs to the Forch area, Hinter Guldenen to the municipality of Maur and Vorder Guldenen is part of the municipality of Egg.

The mountain pass named Forch connects Küsnacht on Lake Zürich and Maur on Greifensee respectively in the Glatt Valley.

A monument called Wehrmännerdenkmal commemorating World War I is located nearby Neue Forch and Wassberg hill (el. 851 metres (2,792 ft)),[1] which is also a popular recreation area for the people of the city of Zürich.

Village of Forch[edit]

The population of the village of Forch is about 2,815 (as of 2008).[2] The village has preserved its rural character. Since 1912, Forch is a stop of the Forchbahn, a tramway of the S-Bahn Zürich, between the Zürich Stadelhofen railway station and the municipality of Esslingen. Forch village is connected by the A52 highway to Zumikon (to the west) and Hinwil (to the east) heading to the Zürcher Oberland. Thanks to these good conditions, Forch is the biggest village within the municipality of Maur. Nevertheless, its infrastructure, apart from Kindergarten, primary school, post office, retail facilities and hospitality is modest, i.e. most infrastructure facilities are located in Maur and Küsnacht.

History[edit]

The tavern "Zur Krone" (crown) was built in 1783 on the summit of the Forch pass,[3] 1836-1901 a horse's station, on the post route from Zürich to the municipality of Egg, which was in 1905 replaced by a bus line. Around 1900, a small settlement of eight houses was established, 12 years later the train station of the Forchbahn was built. The war memorial was built in 1922. Around 1960 the region became part of the growing agglomeration of the city of Zürich, and the villages of Forch, Scheuren and Aesch turned to an upscale residential district.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

The Forch, a small motor ship of the Zürichsee-Schifffahrtsgesellschaft, is named after the region.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Forch at Wikimedia Commons Media related to Forch monument at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 47°19′30″N 8°39′10″E / 47.32500°N 8.65278°E / 47.32500; 8.65278