Forch railway (S18)
|Locale||Canton of Zürich, Switzerland|
|Termini||Zürich Stadelhofen station
|Line length||13 km (8.1 mi) (railway)
3 km (1.9 mi) (tramway)
|No. of tracks||Single and double track|
|Track gauge||1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in)|
|Electrification||600/1200 V DC Overhead line|
The Forch railway (German: Forchbahn, FB) is a local railway line in the Swiss canton of Zürich. It is owned and operated by the Forchbahn AG, and is branded as line S18 of the Zürich S-Bahn. The standard Zürcher Verkehrsverbund (ZVV) zonal fare tariffs apply to the line.
The line opened in 1912 and links the towns of Esslingen and Forch to Rehalp, an outer suburb of the city of Zürich. From Rehalp, trains continue over the Zürich tram system to a terminus outside Zürich Stadelhofen railway station in central Zürich.
The line has a gauge of 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in). Between Esslingen and Rehalp the line has a length of some 13 km (8.1 mi), with the continuation over the Zürich tram system adding an extra 3 km (1.9 mi) of route.
The Forch railway line opened on November 27, 1912, with the trip taking 67 minutes. As built, the line from the Zürich city boundary to Esslingen was a single track tramway, largely mixed in with road traffic. At Esslingen, the Forch line connected with the Uster-Oetwil line and, indirectly via that, with the Wetzikon-Meilen line. These two metre gauge tramway lines had both closed by 1950.
In 1950 it was proposed that the line should be replaced by buses, and a two-week test bus operation was undertaken with moderate success. The conclusion of the experiment was that retaining the line was the best solution provided that the line could be separated from the street and modernized. In the following decade separation of rail and road traffic was increased. New bogie rolling stock was acquired, similar to two cars built for the line in the late 1940s.
In 1970, a new depot and station was built at Forch, together with a new section of line and underpass under the new main road. Between 1973 and 1976 a tunnel was built under the village of Zumikon, eliminating the street section through that village. In 1976, new Tram 2000 trains were introduced and a regular 15-minute train frequency was introduced. By 1979 the line had been doubled as far as Neue Forch.
Projected extensions to Zürich Hauptbahnhof and Wetzikon were under consideration as early as 1979, but have yet to become reality. In 1990, the line was added to the ZVV transportation network, and in 1995 a new terminus was built at Esslingen. In 2004, new low floor cars were acquired from Stadler to replace the 1950s stock. In 2007, the terminus at Stadelhofen was realigned.
The line starts from a stop in Stadelhofenplatz, outside the main line Stadelhofen station, where the line terminates on a loop with its own platforms. The Forchbahn platforms are flanked by platforms for tram routes 11 and 15 of the Zürich tram system, which share tracks with the initial stretch of the Forchbahn.
Between Stadelhofen and Rehalp, the Forchbahn trains use the tracks of the tram system, owned by the Verkehrsbetriebe Zürich (VBZ), which are electrified at 600 V DC and are largely situated in the street. Between these two points, Forchbahn trains serve intermediate tram stops at Kreuzplatz (where tram route 15 diverges), Hegibachplatz and Balgrist.
At Rehalp tram route 11 has its terminus, and the Forchbahn trains enter the line's separate Rehalp stop. Here they join the Forchbahn proper, which is electrified on the overhead system at 1200 V DC. From Rehalp to the stop at Waltikon the line uses a roadside double track alignment, and serves intermediate stops at Waldburg, Spital Zollikerberg and Zollikerberg.
Immediately after leaving Waltikon stop, the line enters a double track tunnel under the village of Zumikon, serving underground stations in the centre of Zumikon and at Maiacher. The line surfaces just before entering Neue Forch stop, where it resumes its roadside alignment. The next section of line, between Neue Forch and Forch, is single track. The line's headquarters is situated at Forch, which has a modern station and depot complex.
After Forch the line passes under the new main road before returning to its alignment alongside the old road. The remainder of the line is single track, and serves intermediate stops at Scheuren, Neuhaus bei Hinteregg, Hinteregg, Egg, Langwies and Emmat. All these stops include passing loops, with the exception of Langwies and Emmat. The line terminates at Esslingen, which has a modern station with three tracks and an overall roof.
During the day, trains calling at all stops run every 15 minutes from Stadelhofen to Forch, with every second train continuing to Esslingen. At peak periods, four express trains per hour run to Esslingen without stopping between Rehalp and Forch, whilst another four trains per hour provide a stopping service as far as Forch. Stopping trains take about 35 minutes to cover the full journey, with express trains some 5 minutes faster.
The line uses the following rolling stock:
|4||CFe 2/2||1912||Four wheeled motor car from the original fleet purchased for the opening of the line. Preserved in the line's original blue livery, and used on special services.|
|10||BDe 4/4||1948||Bogie motor car from the generation of vehicles that formed part of the renewal of the line in the 1950s. Preserved and used on special services.|
|11||C||1912||Four wheeled trailer car from the original fleet purchased for the opening of the line. Preserved in the line's original blue livery, and used on special services.|
|21/22-31/32||Tram 2000||Be 8/8||1976-1986||Units comprising pairs of motor cars permanently coupled back-to-back with a drivers cab at each end of the unit, and doors on both sides.|
|51-58||Tram 2000||Be 4/4||1994||Motor cars, with a cab at one end and doors on both sides.|
|201-204||Tram 2000||Bt||1981-1982||Unpowered driving trailer cars, for use with units 21/22-31/32, with a cab at one end and doors on both sides.|
|61-73||Stadler||Be 4/6||2004||Articulated motor cars, with a cab at one end and doors on both sides. Cars have a partial low flow, with low level entry. The cars were built by Stadler Rail to a custom design, but including components from their GTW standard product.|
After they were rendered surplus by the new Stadler cars, the 1950s built Forchbahn motor cars BDe 4/4 11 to 16, and driving trailers Bt 101 to 106, were donated to the municipality of Antananarivo in Madagascar. The vehicles were shipped to Madagascar in 2004/5, for use in creating a suburban train service, but by 2012 they were reported still in store there.
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- Official website (German)
- ZVV official website: Routes & zones (German)