Ford C-Max

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Ford C-Max
Focus cmax.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Ford Motor Company
Production 2003–present
Body and chassis
Class Compact MPV
Body style 5-door MPV
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Electric range 21 mi (34 km) - Energi plug-in hybrid[1]
Chronology
Predecessor Ford Escape (hybrid models only)

The Ford C-Max (stylized as Ford C-MAX and often called the Ford Focus C-Max) is a compact MPV produced since 2003 for the European market by Ford in Saarlouis, Germany.[2] Ford introduced the C-Max in the United States as its first hybrid-only line of vehicles, which includes the C-Max Hybrid, released in September 2012, and the C-Max Energi plug-in hybrid, launched in October 2012. Although C-Max was initially available only in Europe, the first generation was partially available in New Zealand. With the introduction of the new large MPVs S-Max and Galaxy, the C-Max is the second smallest multi-purpose vehicle of Ford's lineup, after the new B-Max.

First generation (2003–2010)[edit]

First generation
Ford Focus C-Max Facelift front+side.jpg
Overview
Also called Ford Focus C-Max
Production 2003–2010
Assembly Saarlouis, Germany (Saarlouis Body & Assembly)
Body and chassis
Body style 5-door MPV
Platform Ford C1 platform
Related Ford Focus Mk II
Powertrain
Engine I4 1.6 L, 1.8, 2.0 Duratec
I4 1.6 L, 1.8 L, 2.0 L Duratorq TDCi
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual transmission
6-speed manual transmission
6-speed automatic
CVT automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,640 mm (103.9 in)
Length 4,371 mm (172.1 in)
Width 1,825 mm (71.9 in)
Height 1,588 mm (62.5 in)
Curb weight 1,372–1,527 kg (3,025–3,366 lb)

C-Max Mk I was the first product to use the Ford C1 platform, also used by the Ford Focus Mk II and the compact MPV Premacy/Mazda5. Its internal code name is C214.

It seats five passengers and has a large amount of cargo space, which can be increased by folding the rear seats flat. Some models feature diagonally sliding outer rear seats. It also shares the control blade independent rear suspension from the Focus.

Engines and transmissions[edit]

The available four-cylinder engines are the same as the Focus.
1.6 L Duratec was the basic engine for C-Max, 1.6 L Ti-VCT Duratec was also available.
1.8/2.0 L Duratec HE are the rest of available petrol engines
1.6/2.0 L Duratorq Ford/PSA made diesels were available along with Ford's 1.8 L Endura engine which is upgraded and named Duratorq

Model/Engine Capacity Cylinders/Valves Power/rpm Torque (Nm)/rpm
1.6 Duratec 1,596 cc 4/16 100 hp (75 kW; 101 PS) @6000 146 N·m (108 lb·ft) @4000
1.6 Duratec Ti-VCT 1,596 cc 4/16 115 hp (86 kW; 117 PS) @6000 155 N·m (114 lb·ft) @4150
1.8 Duratec HE 1,798 cc 4/16 125 hp (93 kW; 127 PS) @6000 165 N·m (122 lb·ft) @4000
2.0 Duratec HE 1,999 cc 4/16 145 hp (108 kW; 147 PS) @6000 185 N·m (136 lb·ft) @4500
1.6 Duratorq 1,560 cc 4/16 90 hp (67 kW; 91 PS) @4000 215 N·m (159 lb·ft) @1750
1.6 Duratorq 1,560 cc 4/16 109 hp (81 kW; 111 PS) @4000 240 N·m (180 lb·ft)/*260 N·m (190 lb·ft) @1750
1.8 Duratorq 1,753 cc 4/16 115 hp (86 kW; 117 PS) @3700 280 N·m (210 lb·ft) /*300 N·m (220 lb·ft) @1900
2.0 Duratorq 1,997 cc 4/16 136 hp (101 kW; 138 PS) @4000 320 N·m (240 lb·ft) /*340 N·m (250 lb·ft) @2000

*Overboost

Transmissions mated with engines are Ford IB5 (1.6/1.8 Duratec), Ford Durashift (2.0 Duratorq), MTX-75 (2.0 Duratec / 1.6-1.8 Duratorq) manual and Ford Powershift double-clutch transmission available with 2.0 Duratorq. The 4F27E mated with the 2.0 Duratec engine. A CVT automatic was also available[3]

Facelift[edit]

In December 2006, the facelifted version of the C-Max was revealed at the 2006 Bologna Motor Show and went on sale in late spring 2007.[4] The pre-facelift version of the car (2003–2007) was called the Ford Focus C-Max. The name change to C-Max is attributable to Ford's MPV strategy of creating a 'Max' branded line of MPVs, starting with the Ford S-Max, launched in 2006.

The facelift brought the car in line with Ford's 'Kinetic Design' design language, evidenced through its twin trapezoidal grilles, large wheel arches and angular headlights. However, as the car does not have a bodyshell originally designed for 'Kinetic Design,' Ford officially states that the car contains only 'elements' of the design language.

Second generation (2010–present)[edit]

Second generation
Ford C-Max.JPG
Overview
Also called Ford C-Max Hybrid and Ford C-Max Energi (North America)
Production 2010–present (Europe)
2012–present (U.S.)
Model years 2011–present (Europe)
2013–present (North America)
Assembly Valencia, Spain (Ford Valencia)
Wayne, Michigan (hybrids)
Body and chassis
Body style 5-door MPV
Platform Ford Global C platform
Related Ford Focus Mk III
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L Duratec Ti-VCT I4
1.6 L EcoBoost I4
1.6 L Duratorq TDCi I4
2.0 L Duratorq TDCi I4
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
6-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,648 mm (104.3 in)
Length 4,380 mm (172.4 in)
Width 1,828 mm (72.0 in)
Height 1,626 mm (64.0 in)
Curb weight 1,374–1,550 kg (3,029–3,417 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Ford Escape Hybrid (North America)
Ford Grand C-Max
Ford Grand C-Max 1.6 TDCi Titanium (II) – Frontansicht, 27. März 2011, Velbert.jpg
Overview
Production 2010–present
Assembly Valencia, Spain (Ford Valencia)
Body and chassis
Body style 5-door Minivan
Platform Ford Global C platform
Related Ford Focus Mk III
Mazda5
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L Duratec Ti-VCT I4
1.6 L EcoBoost I4
1.6 L Duratorq TDCi I4
2.0 L Duratorq TDCi I4
2.5 L iVCT (NA only)
Transmission 6-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,788 mm (109.8 in)
Length 4,520 mm (178.0 in)
Width 1,828 mm (72.0 in)
Height 1,684 mm (66.3 in)
Curb weight 1,477–1,697 kg (3,256–3,741 lb)

Alongside the third generation Ford Focus Mk III, the second generation C-Max (C344) is built on Ford's new Global C platform. The appearance is inspired by the Iosis Max concept, shown at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show. In addition, Ford added a long wheelbase, seven-seat minivan variant of the C-Max, the Ford Grand C-Max[5]

The vehicle was unveiled at the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show.[6] Early European models include 5 seats, and 7-seat models entered the market at the end of 2010 (except Russia, where there is only the 7-seat model). At the 2011 North American International Auto Show, Ford announced a 7-seat C-MAX for the North American market.[7] However, this model was cancelled prior to launch.[8]

Features[edit]

The new Mk III platform is the first in its class to support Torque Vectoring Control (TVC).[9]

The redesigned C-Max features flat folding third row seats, a hands free power lift gate, rear view camera, park assist, and panoramic sunroof. HD Radio, Sirius XM, Sync, dual-zone climate control system, and navigation system come as standard or as available options on the different trim lines.

The aerodynamics (drag coefficient, cw) of the car has been improved, being 0,30 for the 5 seater and 0,32 for the Grand C-Max.[9]

Engines and transmissions[edit]

Like the previous C-Max, the new C-Max also comes with a range of petrol and diesel four-cylinder engines which are shared with the Focus.
1.6 L Duratec Ti-VCT is available in three spec, 85PS, 105 hp (78 kW) and 125PS
1.6 L EcoBoost comes with 150 hp (112 kW) or 182 hp (136 kW) variant, same as in Focus
1.6/2.0 L Duratorq Ford/PSA made diesels are upgraded, Ford's 1.8 L Endura engine is not available any more

Model/Engine Capacity Cylinders/Valves Power/rpm Torque/rpm
1.6 Duratec Ti-VCT 1,596 4/16 85 hp (63 kW; 86 PS)
1.6 Duratec Ti-VCT 1,596 4/16 105 hp (78 kW; 106 PS) @6000 150 N·m (110 lb·ft) @4000-4500
1.6 Duratec Ti-VCT 1,596 4/16 125 hp (93 kW; 127 PS) @6000 159 N·m (117 lb·ft) @4000
1.6 EcoBoost 1,596 4/16 150 hp (112 kW; 152 PS) @5700 240 N·m (180 lb·ft) /270 N·m (200 lb·ft) @1600-4000
1.6 EcoBoost 1,596 4/16 182 hp (136 kW; 185 PS) @5700 240 N·m (180 lb·ft) /270 N·m (200 lb·ft) @1600-5000
1.6 Duratorq 1,560 4/8 95 hp (71 kW; 96 PS) @3600 230 N·m (170 lb·ft) @1500-2000
1.6 Duratorq 1,560 4/8 115 hp (86 kW; 117 PS) @3600 270 N·m (200 lb·ft) /285 N·m (210 lb·ft) @1750-2500
2.0 Duratorq 1,997 4/16 115 hp (86 kW; 117 PS) @3750 300 N·m (220 lb·ft) @1500-2250
2.0 Duratorq 1,997 4/16 140 hp (104 kW; 142 PS) @3750 320 N·m (240 lb·ft) @1750-2750
2.0 Duratorq 1,997 4/16 163 hp (122 kW; 165 PS) @3750 340 N·m (250 lb·ft) @2000-3250

*Overboost

Transmissions mated with engines are Ford IB5 (1.6 Duratec Ti-VCT), B6 (1.6 EcoBoost/1.6 Duratorq), Durashift MMT6 (2.0 Duratorq) manual and Ford Powershift double-clutch transmission available with the 2.0 Duratorq engine.

Hybrid and plug-in hybrid[edit]

Ford unveiled the Ford C-Max Energi plug-in hybrid and the C-Max Hybrid at the 2011 North American International Auto Show, and both are expected to be released in North America and Europe. Like the conventional C-Max, the C-Max Energi and Hybrid are five-seat only. They replace the Ford Escape Hybrid and Mercury Mariner Hybrid since Ford discontinued the Mercury brand after the 2011 model year and the Escape Hybrid after the 2012 year model. The C-Max is Ford's first hybrid-only line of vehicles. Both the plug-in and hybrid version designs are based on the European gasoline- and diesel-powered versions.[10]

Ford C-Max Energi plug-in hybrid at the 2012 Washington Auto Show.

For the North American market, the C-Max Hybrid is assembled alongside the 2012 Focus and Ford Focus Electric at Ford's Wayne plant in Michigan. The C-Max Energi will also be assembled in Michigan. All European versions will be built in Valencia, Spain.[11][12] The C-Max Hybrid was released in the United States in September 2012 as a 2013 model year,[13] followed by the release of the plug-in Energi version by mid October 2012.[14]

C-Max Hybrid[edit]

Ford developed the C-Max Hybrid with the aim to become "America’s most affordable hybrid utility vehicle.” The gasoline-electric hybrid model base pricing starts at US$25,995, including destination and delivery.[15]

Specifications

The front-wheel drive hybrid has a 2-liter four-cylinder Atkinson cycle engine mated to an electric motor and a 1.4 kWh lithium-ion battery for total power output of 188 hp (140 kW). The top speed in all-electric mode of 62 mph (100 km/h) and the car's top speed in hybrid mode is 115 mph (185 km/h).[10][16][17]

The hybrid has a maximum cargo volume of 52.6 cu ft (1,490 L) with rear seats folded flat, and 24.5 cu ft (690 L) in the cargo area behind the rear seats, providing more room than the regular Prius liftback, but less cargo room than the Prius v, which provides 67.3 cu ft (1,910 L) with the rear seats folded.[10][18]

The Hybrid is offered in two trims:

The SE features Eco-Friendly cloth seating surfaces, Ford SYNC system with A/M-F/M stereo with single-disc CD/MP3 player, USB and auxiliary input jacks, six speakers, a multi-informational gauge cluster and color display screen, keyless entry, alloy wheels, and split-folding rear bench seat, plus a security alarm.

The SEL adds leather seating surfaces, MyFord Touch with AM/FM HD Radio stereo with single-disc CD/MP3 player and USB and auxiliary input jacks, a Sony premium surround-sound system, SIRIUS Satellite Radio, power dual front seats, keyless access, push-button start system, and other luxury features.

The Energi Plug-In Hybrid is only available in SEL trim.

EPA ratings

Ford's design aimed for the C-Max Hybrid to deliver better fuel economy than the Toyota Prius v.[19] The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) initially rated the hybrid model at 47 mpg-US (5.0 L/100 km; 56 mpg-imp) with the same rating for combined/city/highway cycles. These ratings allowed the C-Max Hybrid to improve the fuel economy of the Toyota Prius v by 3 mpg-US on the city cycle, by 7 mpg-US on the highway cycle and by 5 mpg-US combined.[16] However, after criticism and lawsuits about worse-than-expected real-world fuel economy, in August 2013 Ford voluntarily lowered the EPA ratings and issued customer rebates. The revised fuel economy ratings were reduced to 45 mpg-US (5.2 L/100 km; 54 mpg-imp) for combined driving, 43 mpg-US (5.5 L/100 km; 52 mpg-imp) for city and 40 mpg-US (5.9 L/100 km; 48 mpg-imp) for highway.[20] The revised rating for the updated 2013 C-Max Hybrid is still better than the 42 mpg-US (5.6 L/100 km; 50 mpg-imp) combined rating for the Toyota Prius v.[21]

Ford also announced in July 2013 that it would boost the on-road fuel efficiency of its three 2013 model year hybrids through changes in the cars' vehicle control software in an effort to improve customer satisfaction. The upgrade will be offered free of charge to existing owners of these hybrids. Some of the changes include:[22]

  • Increasing the maximum pure electric speed from 62 to 85 mph (100 to 137 km/h), allowing increased use of electric-only mode on the highway
  • Optimizing the use of Active Grille Shutters to reduce aerodynamic drag under more driving and temperature conditions including cold weather, during air conditioner use and when the engine coolant temperature is higher
  • Reducing the electric fan speed as a function of coolant temperature to minimize the fan’s energy consumption
  • Shortening engine warm-up time by up to 50% to enable electric-only driving and engine shutdown at stops sooner after cold starts
  • Optimizing the climate control system to minimize use of the air conditioning compressor and reduce the energy used in cold weather operation.
Sales

A total of 969 units were sold during September 2012, allowing the C-Max Hybrid to rank as the ninth-best selling hybrid car in the United States that month.[13] During October, its first full month in the market, 3,182 units were sold, outselling the Prius v by more than 400 units, which had ranked as the fourth most sold hybrid in the previous months. Sales of the C-Max Hybrid also led Ford to achieve its best October hybrid sales month ever with a total of 4,612 sales, up 142% over October 2011. Ford reported that 25% of C-Max Hybrid sales took place in California, with Los Angeles and San Francisco as the top selling regional markets.[23][24] A total of 10,935 C-Max Hybrids were sold during 2012.[25] An additional 20,125 units have been sold during the first seven months of 2013.[26] After Ford cut the car's EPA fuel economy rating by 4 miles (6.4 kilometers) per gallon to 43 mpg in the middle of 2012, the car experienced its three worst sales months since it debuted in the U.S.[27]

Ford C-Max Hybrid fuel economy controversies[edit]

In December 2012, Motor Trend reported that Consumer Reports and Green Car Reports have found that the 2013 Ford C-Max Hybrid and 2013 Ford Fusion Hybrid, which share the same powertrain, do not deliver their triple 47 mpg-US (5.0 L/100 km; 56 mpg-imp) EPA ratings in real-world use.[28][29][30] After running both vehicles through Consumer Reports real-world tests, the magazine found that C-Max hybrid achieved a combined fuel economy average of 37 mpg-US (6.4 L/100 km; 44 mpg-imp), with 35 mpg-US (6.7 L/100 km; 42 mpg-imp) and 38 mpg-US (6.2 L/100 km; 46 mpg-imp) for city and highway.[29] Green Car Reports found that the C-Max delivered 37 mpg-US (6.4 L/100 km; 44 mpg-imp) over 50 mi (80 km) of mixed freeway and urban driving, and 40 mpg-US (5.9 L/100 km; 48 mpg-imp) over 240 mi (390 km) mostly at freeway speeds.[30]

Consumer Reports concluded that the overall fuel economy for the C-Max Hybrid is off by 10 mpg, representing a deviation of about 20%. The consumer magazine said that their overall fuel economy results are usually close to the EPA's combined-mpg estimate, and among current models tested, more than 80% fall within 2 mpg margin. The largest discrepancy the magazine has previously found was 7 and 6 mpg for the Toyota Prius C and the Prius hatchback, respectively.[29][31] Ford responded in a statement, saying that, "Early C-MAX Hybrid and Fusion Hybrid customers praise the vehicles and report a range of fuel economy figures, including some reports above 47 mpg. This reinforces the fact that driving styles, driving conditions, and other factors can cause mileage to vary."[31][32]

A few days later the Environmental Protection Agency(EPA) said it will review claims that two new Ford hybrid vehicles are not delivering the advertised 47 mpg. Linc Wehrly, Director of Light-duty Vehicle Center Compliance Division at EPA's National Vehicle and Fuel Emissions Laboratory in Ann Arbor, Michigan commented that hybrids have far more variability in miles per gallon than a conventional vehicle. All vehicles are run through the same EPA fuel-efficiency test but the test is not administered by the EPA, instead the automakers conduct the test and EPA often conducts reviews. Most vehicles' real-world gas mileage is less than the EPA sticker number, and can often be 20% less than the sticker number depending on speed, temperature and other factors. The EPA explained that with hybrids the gap is much wider, as high as a 30% drop.[32]

The problem lies that EPA's rules allow automakers to group similar vehicles together and apply the same ratings and Ford did exactly that with the Fusion hybrid and C-Max hybrids.[33]

Ford Motor Co. officials said the real-world fuel-efficiency in the C-Max Hybrid depends on driving style and other outside factors, and the company does not expect the car's fuel efficiency numbers to change, as they followed EPA's test guidelines. A Ford spokesman also said they are working closely with the EPA to determine if any changes are needed for the industry relative to hybrid vehicle testing. The carmaker explained that several factors can affect hybrid fuel economy more than regular gasoline engines, and among the differences highlighted were speed, as the difference between 75 mph and 65 mph can produce a 7 mpg difference in fuel economy; outside temperature, the difference between 40 °F and 70 °F can result in a 5 mpg difference; and vehicle break-in, the difference from 0 miles to 6,000 miles can be a 5 mpg difference.[34][35]

Due to the criticism and lawsuits, in July 2013 Ford announced that it would boost the on-road fuel efficiency of the C-Max and the other two 2013 hybrids through changes in the vehicle control software in an effort to improve customer satisfaction.[22] In August 2013, the carmaker voluntarily reduced the official EPA ratings in August 2013.[20] Ford also announced it will issue rebates to some 32,000 C-Max owners who will be notify by mail. The payment will be US$550 to U.S. customers who purchased a C-Max and US$325 to customers who have leased the hybrid car.[20]

After Ford announcement, the EPA stated that it will update the test procedures used to assign fuel economy ratings to cars "to ensure that the requirements keep pace with industry trends and innovations in advanced high-efficiency vehicles." Ford used the Fusion Hybrid test to generate the fuel economy label for the C-Max Hybrid following EPA's rules. These, which date to the 1970s, specify that automakers can use the same fuel economy numbers for similar-size vehicles equipped with the same engines and transmissions. The EPA requires automakers to test the fuel economy of the biggest-selling model in a specific category. In its midsize hybrid class, Ford tested the Fusion sedan version because it was the top seller, and Ford was allowed to apply the 47 mpg-US (5.0 L/100 km; 56 mpg-imp) achieved with the Fusion Hybrid in combined, city and highway driving to the C-Max hybrid. Ford has no plans to change the fuel economy ratings on the 2013 Fusion hybrid.[20][36]

C-Max Energi[edit]

The C-Max Energi plug-in hybrid starts at US$33,745 including the destination fee. According to its battery size, the plug-in car qualifies for a federal tax credit of US$4,007,[37] and it is eligible for additional incentives at the state and local level, such as California's US$1,500 rebate.[38]

Specifications

The C-Max Energi was designed with total 188 hp (140 kW) in hybrid mode delivered by a 2.0 liter Atkinson cycle four-cylinder gasoline engine plus an electric motor powered by a 7.6 kWh lithium-ion battery pack, which is smaller and lighter than nickel metal hydride batteries used in previous Ford generation hybrids.[17][39] The electric drivetrain can produce a peak power of 68 kW, limited by the size of the electric motor and the power delivery capability of the battery pack, and delivers a total system power of 195 hp (150 kW) in charge-depleting mode (EV mode).[17] The C-Max Energi is capable of reaching a top electric-only speed of 85 mph (137 km/h), exceeding the Prius Plug-in Hybrid by more than 20 mph (32 km/h).[16] The top speed in hybrid mode is 115 mph (185 km/h).[17]

Ford C-Max Energi badge

The C-Max Energi uses a regenerative braking system capable of capturing and reusing more than 95% of the braking energy normally lost during the braking process. The charging time for the C-Max Energi is 7 hours with a 120 volt charger, and 2.5 hours with a 240 volt charger. The charge port has a LED light ring like the Ford Focus Electric and is located on the driver’s side and near the front of the car. The light ring illuminates to indicate charge status. The battery is covered by an eight years or 100,000 mi (160,000 km) component warranty.[17][39][40]

Ford equipped the C-Max Energi with a button mounted in the center stack that enables drivers to choose an electric-only driving mode, and allows the driver to switch vehicle operation between three modes: electric-only driving without gasoline engine power ("EV Now" setting); normal hybrid mode where the powertrain blends electric and gasoline engine power as appropriate ("EV Auto" setting); or a battery-saving mode that reserves the battery power for later use ("EV Later" setting).[16] Like the Ford Fusion Hybrid, the C-Max Energi comes with a SmartGauge with EcoGuide that provides in-vehicle customizable displays, including instantaneous fuel economy readings and coaching functions to help drivers understand and optimize their fuel efficiency. The plug-in hybrid also features ECO Cruise which saves energy by relaxing acceleration compared to standard cruise control.[17][39]

EPA ratings

Ford designed the C-Max Energi plug-in hybrid to deliver better miles per gallon equivalent (MPG-e) in all-electric mode than the Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid.[15][19] The EPA rated the Energi combined city/highway fuel economy in all-electric mode at 100 MPG-e (2.4 L/100 km), and 108 MPG-e (2.2 L/100 km) for city driving and 92 MPG-e (2.6 L/100 km) in highway.[41] The C-Max Energi combined rating is 5 MPG-e better than the 2012 Toyota Prius Plug-in, and 2 MPG-e better than the 2013 Chevrolet Volt, allowing the C-Max Energi to become America’s most fuel-efficient plug-in hybrid in all-electric mode.[39][42] The EPA rating in hybrid-gasoline mode is 43 mpg-US (5.5 L/100 km; 52 mpg-imp), 4 mpg-US less than the C-Max Hybrid and 7 mpg less than a standard Toyota Prius.[39] C-Max Energi has an all-electric range of 21 mi (34 km), for a total EPA certified range of 620 mi (1,000 km), surpassing both the Chevrolet Volt (380 mi (610 km)), and the Prius Plug-in Hybrid (540 mi (870 km)).[1] The overall combined gasoline-electricity fuel economy rating for the 2013 model year C-Max Energy is 58 mpg-US (4.1 L/100 km; 70 mpg-imp) equivalent, the same rating as the Prius PHV and the Ford Fusion Energi, making all three PHEVs the most fuel efficient cars in EPA's midsize class.[43]

Sales
Ford C-Max Solar Energi concept exhibited at the 2014 Geneva Motor Show,

Ford released the C-Max Energi in the U.S. market by mid October 2012, and during that month 144 units were delivered to U.S. retail customers.[44] The C-Max Energi ranked as the fifth top selling plug-in electric car in the U.S. during 2013.[45] Over 11,300 units have been sold in North America, with 11,161 units delivered in the U.S. through March 2014[45][46] and 199 units in Canada through December 2013.[47]

C-Max Solar Energi concept

Ford Motor Company announced the C-MAX Solar Energi concept, a sun-powered vehicle to run electrically without depending on the electric grid for fuel. The C-MAX Solar Energi Concept was unveiled at the 2014 International CES in Las Vegas. This is a collaborative project of Ford, SunPower Corp. and the Georgia Institute of Technology.[48][49]

Recognition[edit]

Production[edit]

C-Max production takes place in Valencia, Spain. To allow for lower production costs, the production of the electric hybrid and plug-in hybrid electric versions will take place in Wayne, Michigan.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Jim Motavalli (2012-10-11). "Ford C-Max Energi Plug-in Hybrid Is Certified at 620 Miles of Range". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-10-17. 
  2. ^ "New Ford C-Max production begins in Saarlouis, Germany". Media.ford.com. Retrieved 2010-10-05. 
  3. ^ http://www.autoexpress.co.uk/ford/c-max/15743/ford-c-max-zetec-durashift-cvt
  4. ^ Ford Motor Company - Press Release - Ford Previews New C-Max At Bologna Motor Show[dead link]
  5. ^ "New Focus on horizon". autoexpress.co.uk. 2009-03-30. Retrieved 2009-07-18. 
  6. ^ Paukert, Chris (2009-09-03). "Ford teases 2011 five-seat C-Max people mover ahead of Frankfurt debut". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-10-05. 
  7. ^ Abuelsamid, Sam (2009-09-15). "All new 2011 Ford Focus to debut at Detroit Auto Show". Auto blog.com. Retrieved 2010-10-05. 
  8. ^ Korzeniewski, Jeremy (2011-06-09). "Official: Ford cancels seven-passenger C-Max for U.S., focuses solely on Hybrid and Energi models". Auto Blog. Retrieved 2011-06-09. 
  9. ^ a b "Ford Grand C-MAX / FordHighlights / FordCars / Ford Fan Site". Fordfan.de. 2010-09-15. Retrieved 2011-06-18. 
  10. ^ a b c Ann M. Job (2012-10-12). "C-Max Hybrid: A Ford challenges Prius". The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  11. ^ "Ford C-Max Energi and C-Max Hybrid: 2011 Detroit Auto Show". Edmunds.com Inside Line. 2011-01-11. Retrieved 2011-01-28. 
  12. ^ "Ford Supercharges Electric Vehicle Plan, Unveiling New C-Max Energi And C-Max Hybrid Products". Media.ford.com. 2011-01-10. Retrieved 2011-06-18. 
  13. ^ a b HybridCars.com and Baum & Associates (2012-10-04). "September 2012 Dashboard". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2012-11-02.  See September 2012 Hybrid Car Sales Numbers
  14. ^ Jim Motavalli (2012-11-02). "Ford's Electric Cars: Starting Slow, and Waiting for the Market". PluginCars.com. Retrieved 2012-11-03. 
  15. ^ a b Suzanne Kane (2012-07-05). "2013 Ford C-Max Hybrid: 47 MPG City, Better Than Prius V?". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2012-07-21. 
  16. ^ a b c d Ford Media (2012-08-07). "Ford C-MAX Hybrid EPA-rated at 47 mpg city, 47 mpg highway; plug-in Energi version offers 85 mph top electric speed". Green Car Congress. Retrieved 2012-08-07. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f Ford Motor Co. "2013 C-MAX Specifications - Engine". Ford. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  18. ^ Ford Motor Co. "2013 C-MAX Specifications - Capacities". Ford. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  19. ^ a b "Ford begins production of 2012 Focus Electric at Michigan Assembly, C-MAX models on deck". Green Car Congress. 2011-12-14. Retrieved 2011-12-17. 
  20. ^ a b c d Nick Bunkley, Bradford Wernle and Gabe Nelson (2013-08-15). "Ford lowers fuel economy rating on C-Max hybrid 8.5% to 43 mpg". Automotive News. Retrieved 2013-08-16. 
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