Ford Cyclone engine

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Ford Cyclone engine
Ford Duratec 35 engine.PNG
Overview
Manufacturer Ford Motor Company
Also called
Production 2006–present
Combustion chamber
Displacement 213 CID (3496 cc)
227 CID (3721 cc)
Cylinder bore 3.64 in (92.5 mm)
3.76 in (95.5 mm)
Piston stroke 3.41 in (86.7 mm)
Cylinder block alloy Aluminum
Cylinder head alloy Aluminum
Valvetrain DOHC with Direct Acting Mechanical Buckets
Chronology
Predecessor Ford Duratec V6

The Cyclone engine is Ford Motor Company's latest DOHC V6 family of gasoline engines introduced in 2006,[1] and Ford's only V6 engine currently in production.

The Cyclone engine succeeds Ford's previous V6 engine families, the Ford Essex engine introduced in 1981, the Ford Vulcan engine introduced in 1985, the Duratec V6 introduced in 1993, and the Ford Cologne V6 engine, whose original design dates back to 1962. The first version of the Cyclone engine, a 3.5 L V6, appeared in the 2007 Lincoln MKZ. Mazda badges its versions of the Cyclone MZI as it did with its versions of the Duratec V6.

Notable Cyclone features include a capacity for displacements ranging up to 4.0 L,[1] DOHC 4-valve per cylinder heads, direct acting mechanical bucket (DAMB) camshaft tappets, variable cam timing (iVCT) on the intake camshafts, and twin-independent variable cam timing (Ti-VCT) on some later versions. Features such as Gasoline direct injection and turbocharging were considerations in the design phase and have been added to the engine as part of EcoBoost. The 3.5 L is ULEV-II compliant and is capable of meeting the PZEV requirement.

3.5 L[edit]

The Duratec 35 displaces 3.5 L (3496 cc, 213 CID) with a 92.5 mm (3.64 in) bore and 86.7 mm (3.41 in) stroke. Due to packaging differences (primarily the relocation of the water pump to the valley), the 3.5 L engine will fit into any engine bay the smaller Duratec 3.0 L will, and replaced it in some applications (notably the Ford Taurus) in the 2008 model year. Production began in 2006 for the Ford Edge, Lincoln MKX, and Lincoln MKZ. Ford expects the engine to be available in 20% of its vehicles by the end of the decade.

Official SAE certified engine output is 265 hp (198 kW) and 250 lb·ft (339 N·m) on 87 octane gas. This is a substantial upgrade in power from the Duratec 30 and bested all comparable 87 octane rated V6 engines at the time of its launch.[2] For 2011, the 3.5 L received Ti-VCT, helping to boost output to 285 hp (213 kW) and 253 lb·ft (343 N·m).[3] The 3.5 L's highest output to date is 290 bhp (216 kW; 294 PS). This version is used in the redesigned Ford Explorer.

The engine is assembled at Lima Engine in Lima, Ohio, with expansion planned in Cleveland Engine Plant #1.

The 3.5 L was on the Ward's 10 Best Engines list for 2007.

The 3.5 L Duratec 35 installed in a 2007 Lincoln MKZ

Applications[edit]

  • 265 hp (198 kW) at 6250 rpm and 250 lb·ft (339 N·m) at 4500 rpm
  • 263 hp (196 kW) at 6250 rpm and 249 lb·ft (338 N·m) at 4500 rpm
  • 262 hp (195 kW) at 6250 rpm and 248 lb·ft (336 N·m) at 4500 rpm
  • Ti-VCT 283 hp (211 kW) at 6500 rpm and 255 lb·ft (346 N·m) at 4000 rpm
  • Ti-VCT 285 hp (213 kW) at 6500 rpm and 253 lb·ft (343 N·m) at 4000 rpm
  • Ti-VCT 287 hp (214 kW) at 6500 rpm and 254 lb·ft (344 N·m) at 4000 rpm
  • Ti-VCT 288 hp (215 kW) at 6500 rpm and 254 lb·ft (344 N·m) at 4000 rpm
  • Ti-VCT 290 hp (216 kW) at 6500 rpm and 255 lb·ft (346 N·m) at 4000 rpm

EcoBoost[edit]

Main article: Ford EcoBoost engine

It is a twin turbocharged, gasoline direct injected (GTDI) version of the 3.5 L.


3.7 L[edit]

The Duratec 37 is a 3.7 L (3726 cc/227 CID) version of the Cyclone V6 intended to power heavier or premium vehicles. The 3.7 L's additional displacement comes from an increase in bore diameter to 95.5 mm (3.76 in), stroke remains identical to the 3.5 L at 86.7 mm (3.41 in).

A Hiroshima, Japan assembled Mazda MZI 3.7 was installed in the 2008 Mazda CX-9 and was the first 3.7 L Cyclone V6 to see production. The first Ford application of the 3.7 L was the 2009 Lincoln MKS.

A few days before the 2009 Los Angeles International Auto Show, Ford unveiled a new version of the 3.7 L for the 2011 Mustang, making it the first Duratec-badged V6 since the Lincoln LS to be used in a production rear-wheel drive car. This version of the 3.7 L features Twin Independent Variable Cam Timing (Ti-VCT); delivers 31 mpg-US (7.6 L/100 km; 37 mpg-imp) highway mileage in the Mustang, and was the first production engine to deliver in excess of 300 hp (224 kW) and 30 MPG.[6]

Applications[edit]

  • 273 hp (204 kW) at 6250 rpm and 270 lb·ft (366 N·m) at 4250 rpm
  • 272 hp (203 kW) at 6250 rpm and 269 lb·ft (365 N·m) at 4250 rpm
  • 275 hp (205 kW) at 6250 rpm and 276 lb·ft (374 N·m) at 4250 rpm
  • 268 hp (200 kW) at 6250 rpm and 267 lb·ft (362 N·m) at 4250 rpm
  • 300 hp (224 kW) at 6500 rpm and 270 lb·ft (366 N·m) at 4000 rpm
  • Ti-VCT 302 hp (225 kW) at 6500 rpm and 278 lb·ft (377 N·m) at 4000 rpm
  • Ti-VCT 305 hp (227 kW) at 6500 rpm and 280 lb·ft (380 N·m) at 4250 rpm
  • Ti-VCT 304hp at 6500 rpm and 279 lb-ft at 4000rpm
    • 2013 Lincoln MKS
  • Ti-VCT 310 hp (231 kW) at 6500 rpm and 288 lb·ft (390 N·m) at 4500 rpm

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]