Ford EcoBoost engine

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Ford EcoBoost engine
Ford EcoBoost logo.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Ford Motor Company
Also called TwinForce (obsolete)
EcoBoost SCTi
GTDi
Production 2009–present
Combustion chamber
Configuration I-3, I-4 and 60° V6
Displacement V6: 3496 cc (213 CID)
I4 2.0: 1999 cc (122 CID)
I4 1.6: 1596 cc (97 CID)
I3 1.0: 995 cc (60.44 CID)
Cylinder bore V6: 3.64 in (92.5 mm)
I4 2.0: 3.4 in (87.5 mm)[3]
I4 1.6: 3.1 in (79.0 mm)[1]
I3 1.0: 2.83 in (71.9 mm)
Piston stroke V6: 3.49 in (86.7 mm)
I4 2.0: 3.27 in (83.1 mm)
I4 1.6: 3.2 in (81.4 mm)
I3 1.0: 3.2 in (82 mm)
Cylinder block alloy Aluminum (Iron for I3)
Cylinder head alloy Aluminum
Valvetrain DOHC with Direct Acting Mechanical Buckets (DAMB)
Variable camshaft timing
Compression ratio V6: 10.0:1
I4 2.0: 10.0:1
I4 1.6: 10.0:1
Combustion
Turbocharger V6: Dual Honeywell-Garrett GT15
I4 2.0: Borg Warner K03 low inertia integrated turbo system
I4 1.6: Borg Warner KP39 low inertia turbo
Management V6: ?
I4 2.0: Bosch MED17 with CAN-Bus and individual knock control
I4 1.6: Bosch MED17 with CAN-Bus and individual cylinder knock control
Fuel type Petrol direct injection
Dimensions
Dry weight V6: 449 lbs (203 kg)
I4 2.0: 328 lbs(149 kg)
I4 1.6: 251 lbs (114 kg)
I3 1.0: 213 lbs (97 kg)[2]
Chronology
Predecessor Ford Duratec 35, Ford Duratec
Ford Ecoboost race car

EcoBoost is a family of turbocharged, direct injected gasoline engines produced by the Ford Motor Company and co-developed by FEV engineering.[3][4]

Engines equipped with EcoBoost technology are designed to deliver power and torque consistent with those of larger engine displacement, naturally aspirated engines while achieving approximately 20% better fuel efficiency and 15% reduced greenhouse emissions than these same engines. Ford sees EcoBoost as an affordable and versatile alternative to the power output and fuel efficiency of Hybrid vehicle/hybrid and Diesel engine/diesel technologies and intends to use it extensively in future vehicle applications.[5]

Production: Global Family[edit]

EcoBoost petrol direct-injection turbocharged engine technology adds 125 patents and patent applications to Ford's 4,618 active and thousands of pending U.S. patents.[6]

The V6 EcoBoost engines are being assembled at Cleveland Engine Plant No. 1 in Brook Park, Ohio.[7] The 2.0 L I4 EcoBoost engines will be produced at the Ford Valencia Engine Plant in Spain in 2009.[8] The 1.6 L I4 EcoBoost engines will be made at the Ford Bridgend Engine Plant in the United Kingdom.[8] The future small displacement I3 EcoBoost engine will be produced both at the Ford Cologne Engine Plant in Germany and at Ford Romania.[8]

By 2012, the company plans to produce 750,000 EcoBoost units annually in the US and 1.3 million globally in the world market. Ford expected over 90-percent of its global vehicle lineup (includes North American lineup) to offer EcoBoost engine technology by 2013.[8][9] From the engine's beginning, to November 2012, 500,000 Ford Ecoboost vehicles have been sold.[10]

Marketing: GTDi[edit]

Volvo used the term PTDi (Petrol Turbocharged Direct injection) for the 1.6L I4 engine when introducing Volvo S60 Concept[11] and for the 2.0L I4 engine when introducing Volvo XC60.[12]

Engine Family List[edit]

Name Family Displacements Year Features
EcoBoost 10 999 cc (61.0 cu in) 2012–present DOHC I3
EcoBoost 15 Sigma 1,500 cc (92 cu in) 2014–present DOHC I4
EcoBoost 16 Sigma 1,596 cc (97.4 cu in) 2010–present DOHC I4
EcoBoost 20 Mazda L engine 1,999 cc (122.0 cu in) 2010–present DOHC I4
EcoBoost 23 Mazda L engine 2,261 cc (138.0 cu in) 2015–present DOHC I4
EcoBoost 27 2,694 cc (164.4 cu in) 2015–present DOHC V6
EcoBoost 35 Cyclone V6 3,496 cc (213.3 cu in) 2010–present DOHC V6

EcoBoost I-3[edit]

1.0 L EcoBoost I-3[edit]

Ford currently produces a 1.0-litre turbocharged in-line three cylinder engine for the EcoBoost family developed at Ford's Dunton Technical Centre in the UK. Production started in April 2012. The 1.0 comes initially in two versions: 74 kW (101 PS; 99 hp) and 88 to 92 kW (120 to 125 PS; 118 to 123 hp). The more powerful version delivers a maximum of 170 N·m (125 lb·ft) from 1,400–4,500 rpm and 200 N·m (148 lb·ft) on overboost, which makes for a broad torque curve when compared to a naturally aspirated gasoline engine . The engine block is cast iron instead of aluminum for up to 50% faster warm-up, at the expense of additional weight.[13][14] Due to natural vibrations of a 3-cylinder design, the flywheel has been deliberately unbalanced to ensure smooth running, without the use of energy sapping balance shafts. The engine also features an internal timing belt, bathed in the engine oil, for long life and greater efficiency and reduced noise. The exhaust manifold is cast into the cylinder head, reducing warm up times and therefore further aiding efficiency. All this is packaged in an engine block the size of an A4 sheet of paper.[15] With the introduction of face lifted 2013 Ford Fiesta, Ford introduced naturally aspirated version of 1.0 Fox engine. There are two versions producing 65 hp and 80 hp, both engines uses Direct Injection and Ti-VCT like turbocharged versions, start-stop technology is also available.

The engines are produced in Cologne, Germany and Craiova, Romania with production to later expand in Chongqing, China. Production is expected to be 700,000–1,500,000 units per year. The engine is available in Ford Focus, the Ford Focus-based C-MAX and Grand C-MAX, and the Fiesta-based B-Max. Ford has claimed it may be available in the future for the North American markets.[16]

Ford has announced that the 1.0L Ecoboost engine will be available for the American market starting with the all-new 2014 Ford Fiesta Sedan and Hatchback. It was announced at the 2012 Los Angeles Auto Show, when the 2014 Fiesta was introduced.

Applications[edit]

(100 hp)

(125 hp)

EcoBoost I-4[edit]

There are three EcoBoost I4 engines in production. A 1.5L downsized version of the 1.6L, the 1.6L which replaces larger-displacement, naturally-aspirated I4 engines in Ford vehicles, and a 2.0L which replaces small-displacement, naturally-aspirated V6 engines. All three engines are turbocharged and direct injected. The production engine family was officially announced at the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show.[17]

1.5 L EcoBoost I-4[edit]

A 1.5L version of the EcoBoost engine family was first unveiled in the 2014 Ford Fusion as a downsized version of the 1.6L EcoBoost engine. [18] The downsized displacement is a result of Chinese vehicle tax regulations which tax vehicles with engine displacements of 1.5L or less at lower rates. The 1.5L EcoBoost adds new technology compared to the 1.6L on which it is based, including an integrated exhaust manifold and a computer-controlled water pump clutch to decrease warm up time. In the 2014 Fusion, the engine produces 181 hp (135 kW; 184 PS)and 185-lb ft .

The engine is produced at the Craiova Engine Plant in Craiova, Romania.

Applications[edit]

181 hp (135 kW; 184 PS)

1.6 L EcoBoost I-4[edit]


A 1.6 L version was first unveiled in the 2009 Lincoln C Concept. The engine is rated at 180 hp (134 kW; 182 PS) and 180 lb·ft (244.0 N·m).[19]

The European market version of the 1.6L provides 150 hp (112 kW; 152 PS) although a 160 hp (119 kW; 162 PS) version is used in the Ford Mondeo.

The 1.6L Ecoboost engine is raced in the British Formula Ford Championship. The units have replaced the original N/A 1.6 Duratec units, which in turn replaced the 1.8L Zetec-engined cars. The engine has also been used for the past couple of seasons in the WRC in the Ford Fiesta.

Ford has recalled certain Ford Escapes equipped with this engine due to the potential for them to catch fire after overheating.[20]

The 1.6L EcoBoost engine is produced at the Ford Bridgend Engine Plant in Bridgend, Wales.

Specifications[edit]

Type-Turbocharged, direct petrol injected inline four cylinder engine with Twin independent Variable Camshaft Timing
Displacement-1,596 cc (1.6 L; 97 cu in)

Applications[edit]

150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp)

160 PS (118 kW; 158 hp)

185 PS (136 kW; 182 hp)

200 PS (147 kW; 197 hp)

2.0 L EcoBoost I-4 (2010–2014)[edit]


A 2.0 L version was first seen in the 2008 Ford Explorer America Concept.[5] The engine was rated at 275 hp (205 kW; 279 PS) and 280 lb·ft (380 N·m).

It is the first EcoBoost engine to include Twin-Independent Variable Cam Timing (Ti-VCT), with advertised 10–20% better fuel economy while maintaining the performance of 3.0-litre V6 engines.[21][22]

The 2.0L EcoBoost engine is produced at the Ford Valencia Engine Plant in Valencia, Spain with future production planned at Cleveland Engine in Brook Park, Ohio.[23]

Specifications[edit]

Type-Turbocharged, direct petrol injected inline four cylinder engine with Twin independent Variable Camshaft Timing
Displacement-1,999 cc (2 L; 122 cu in)

Applications[edit]

  • 255 PS (188 kW; 252 hp) @5500 rpm, 270 lb·ft (366 N·m) @1750–4500 rpm[31]
  • 305 PS (224 kW; 301 hp) @??? rpm, (??? N·m) @??? rpm, Ford-RPE (Radical Performance Engines)

2.0 L EcoBoost I-4 (2014–)[edit]

A redesigned 2.0 L EcoBoost four-cylinder will be introduced with the second generation Ford Edge.[33]

Applications[edit]

  • 2014- Ford Edge

2.3 L EcoBoost I-4[edit]

The 2.3L version of the EcoBoost engine debuted in the 2015 Lincoln MKC crossover. Based upon the 2.0L EcoBoost, the 2.3L engine produces 289 PS (213 kW; 285 hp) @5600 rpm, 305 lb·ft (414 N·m) @3000 rpm. This engine will be available in the 2015 Ford Mustang, with power figures said to be greater than 310 hp (231 kW; 314 PS) @5500 rpm, 320 lb·ft (434 N·m) @2500 rpm[34]

The 2.3L EcoBoost engine is produced with the 2.0L EcoBoost at the Valencia Engine Plant in Valencia, Spain.

Applications[edit]

  • 289 PS (213 kW; 285 hp) @5600 rpm, 305 lb·ft (414 N·m) @3000 rpm

On July 17th, 2014, Ford confirmed official power numbers for the 2.3L EcoBoost in the new 2015 Mustang.

  • 310 hp (231 kW; 314 PS) @ ?? rpm, 320 lb·ft (434 N·m) @ ?? rpm

EcoBoost V-6[edit]

2.7 L EcoBoost V-6[edit]

The 2015 Ford F-150 has the option of a 2.7 liter Ecoboost engine. It is supposed to deliver 325 hp (242 kW) and 375 lb·ft (508 N·m).[35] The engine is built at the Lima Ford Engine Plant.[36] Ford has invested half a billion dollars in the Lima plant for the new engine. Ford also states that the new engine will bring 300 jobs to Allen County,[37] however transfers from other plants make the actual number hard to pin down.

Applications[edit]

3.5 L EcoBoost V-6[edit]

The first Ford Vehicle to feature this engine was the 2007 Lincoln MKR Concept under the name TwinForce.[38] The engine was designed to deliver power and torque output equivalent to a typical 6.0 L or larger displacement V8 while achieving at least 15% better fuel efficiency and reduced greenhouse emissions. In the MKR the concept TwinForce engine was rated 415 hp (309 kW) and 400 lb·ft (542 N·m) of torque, as well as run on E85 fuel.[39] When the same prototype engine reappeared in the Lincoln MKT concept in 2008 North American International Auto Show, the name was changed to EcoBoost. Official EcoBoost production began on May 19, 2009 at Ford's Cleveland Engine Plant No. 1.

The production engines use the Duratec 35 V6 engine block. The fuel charging and delivery systems can attain high fuel pressures of up to 2150 PSI, necessary for efficient operation of the direct fuel injection system. It uses two BorgWarner turbochargers which can spin at up to 170,000 rpm and provide 12 PSI of boost. The turbos are set up in a twin-turbo configuration. The engine can consume up to 25% more air over the naturally aspirated counterpart. Through the use of direct injection, the engine needs only regular-grade petrol to run, though premium fuel is recommended. The EcoBoost V6 was first available as an engine option for 2010 Lincoln MKS, followed by 2010 Ford Flex, 2010 Ford Taurus SHO, and 2010 Lincoln MKT.[40] The fuel charging and delivery systems were co-developed with Robert Bosch GmbH.[41]

In 2009 Ford modified an experimental 3.5 V6 EcoBoost engine with both E85 direct injection and petrol indirect fuel injection, which achieved a BMEP (brake mean effective pressure) of 395 psi (27 bar), which translates to approximately 553 pound-feet (750 N·m) of torque and 316 horsepower (236 kW)@3000 rpm (flat torque curve from 1500–3000 rpm).[42]

Applications[edit]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "::: Ford of Europe Press Kit – All-new Ford Focus – January 2011 :::". All-newfordfocus.fordmedia.eu. Retrieved 2012-01-24. 
  2. ^ http://www.autoexpress.co.uk/carreviews/firstdrives/278503/ford_focus_10litre_ecoboost.html
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ http://www.fuelly.com/car/ford/explorer/2013/gas%20l4
  5. ^ a b "Ford to Equip Half A Million Vehicles with EcoBoost Engine Technology for Up To 20% Better Fuel Economy". Media.Ford.com. January 6, 2008. 
  6. ^ "EcoBoost contributes 980 new U.S. patents, continues Ford tradition of patent quality". Media.Ford.com. October 2, 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-24. 
  7. ^ Kroll, Kathie (May 18, 2009). "Ford Cleveland Engine Plant No. 1 in Brook Park reopens after about 2 years". Cleveland.com. Retrieved 2009-11-24. 
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  9. ^ "Pump it Up: EcoBoost Twin Turbos Pack Power to Give V-6 Engines V-8 Performance Feel". Ford Media. Ford Motor Company. January 11, 2009. 
  10. ^ "500,000 Ford Ecoboost Sold". Ford Media. ScoopCar. November 21, 2012. 
  11. ^ "2010 Volvo S60 Concept Offers Look at EcoBoosted 1.6-liter Engine". KBB Green. Kelley Blue Book. 
  12. ^ "Volvo V70 and S80, Now with 2.0 GTDi". autoevolution. Retrieved 2011-03-18. 
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  16. ^ "Ford B-MAX Revealed Before 2012 Geneva Motor Show". http://www.autoguide.com. Retrieved February 11, 2012. 
  17. ^ Abuelsamid, Sam (September 15, 2009). "Frankfurt 2009: Ford unveils smallest EcoBoost engine yet at 1.6 litres". Autoblog. Retrieved 2009-11-24. 
  18. ^ "Ford Launches New Fuel-Efficient 1.5-Liter EcoBoost Engine". Retrieved 2013-04-12. 
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  20. ^ "Ecoboost fires". Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
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  31. ^ http://jalopnik.com/5906627/ford-focus-st-now-with-252-hp-overboost-and-a-free-gopro-camera
  32. ^ [2]
  33. ^ http://www.autonews.com/article/20140630/OEM06/306309977/ford-to-replace-2-0-liter-ecoboost-after-just-4-years
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  35. ^ "2.7 final stats". Retrieved 22 July 2014. 
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External links[edit]