Ford Fiesta

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Not to be confused with the Ford Festiva.
Ford Fiesta
Ford Fiesta - Mondial de l'Automobile de Paris 2012 - 003 (image modifié).jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Ford
Production 1976–present
Body and chassis
Class Supermini
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel drive

The Ford Fiesta is a supermini car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company since 1976, now in its sixth generation. The Fiesta has been manufactured in Europe, Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, Venezuela, China, India, Taiwan, Thailand, and South Africa.

In 2010, the sixth generation Fiesta (Mark VI)[1] was introduced worldwide, making it the first Fiesta model to be sold in North America since the Fiesta Mark I was discontinued at the end of 1980.

The Fiesta has sold over 16 million units since 1976,[2][3][4] making it one of the best selling Ford marques behind the Escort and the F-series.

Development[edit]

The Fiesta was originally developed under the project name "Bobcat" (not to be confused with the subsequent rebadged Mercury variant of the Ford Pinto) and approved for development by Henry Ford II in September 1972. Development targets indicated a production cost US$100 less than the current Escort.[1] The car was to have a wheelbase longer than that of the Fiat 127, but with overall length shorter than that of Ford's Escort. The final proposal was developed by Tom Tjaarda at Ghia. The project was approved for production in autumn 1973, with Ford's engineering centres in Cologne and Dunton (Essex) collaborating.

Ford estimated that 500,000 Fiestas a year would be produced, and built an all-new factory near Valencia, Spain; a trans-axle factory near Bordeaux, France; factory extensions for the assembly plants in Dagenham, UK. Final assembly also took place in Valencia.[5]

The name Fiesta belonged to General Motors when the car was designed; however, it was freely given for Ford to use on their new B-class car. After years of speculation by the motoring press about Ford's new car, it was subject to a succession of carefully crafted press leaks from the end of 1975. A Fiesta was on display at the Le Mans 24 Hour Race in June 1976, and the car went on sale in France and Germany in September 1976; to the frustration of UK dealerships, right hand drive versions only began to appear in the UK in January 1977.[6]

First generation (1976–1983)[edit]

First generation
Ford Fiesta MK1 front 20071023.jpg
Overview
Production 1976–1983
Assembly Almussafes, Spain (Ford Valencia)
Dagenham, United Kingdom (Ford Dagenham)
Cologne, Germany (CB&A)
Saarlouis, Germany (SB&A)
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door hatchback
3-door panel van
Powertrain
Engine 957 cc (58.4 cu in) Kent/Valencia I4
1,117 cc (68.2 cu in) Kent/Valencia I4
1,298 cc (79.2 cu in) Kent/Crossflow I4
1,597 cc (97.5 cu in) Kent/Crossflow I4
Transmission 4-speed BC4 manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,286 mm (90.0 in)
Length 3,565 mm (140.4 in)
Width 1,567 mm (61.7 in)
Height 1,360 mm (54 in)

Mechanically, the Ford Fiesta followed tradition, with an end-on four-speed Manual transmission of the Ford BC-Series mounted to a new version of the Ford Kent OHV engine, dubbed "Valencia" after the brand new Spanish factory in Almussafes, Valencia, developed especially to produce the new car. Ford's plants in Dagenham, England, and Saarlouis and Cologne (from 1979) in Germany, also manufactured Fiestas. To cut costs and speed up the research and development, the new powertrain package destined for the Fiesta was tested in Fiat 127 development "mules" – at the time considered the benchmark car in the class, with which the Fiesta shares styling similarities. This also allowed covert road testing across Europe.

Although not the first Ford vehicle to feature front-wheel drive (the 1960s Taunus produced by Ford of Germany laid claim to that title), the Fiesta is widely credited as being Ford's first globally successful front-wheel-drive model. UK sales began in January 1977, where it was available from £1,856 for the basic 950 cc-engined model.[7]

It was only the second hatchback mini-car to have been built in the UK at this stage, being launched a year after the Vauxhall Chevette, but a year before the Chrysler Sunbeam and four years before the Austin Metro. The millionth Fiesta was produced on 9 January 1979.

MKI rear

The car was initially available in Europe with the Valencia 957 cc (58.4 cu in) I4 (high compression and low compression options), and 1,117 cc (68.2 cu in) engines and in Base, Popular, L, GL (1978 onward), Ghia and S trim, as well as a van. The U.S. Mark I Fiesta was built in Cologne, Germany but to slightly different specifications; U.S. models were Base, Decor, Sport, and Ghia, the Ghia having the highest level of trim.[8] These trim levels changed very little in the Fiesta's three-year run in the USA, from 1978 to 1980. All U.S. models featured the more powerful 1,596 cc (97.4 cu in) engine, (which was the older "Crossflow" version of the Kent, rather than the Valencia) fitted with a catalytic converter and air pump to satisfy strict Californian emission regulations), energy-absorbing bumpers, side-marker lamps, round sealed-beam headlamps, improved crash dynamics and fuel system integrity as well as optional air conditioning (a/c was not available in Europe). In the U.S. market, the Ford Escort replaced both the Fiesta and the compact Pinto in 1981.

At the beginning of the British government's Motability scheme for disabled motorists in 1978, the Fiesta was one of the key cars to be available on the scheme.[9]

The Mark 1 Fiesta won the 1978 Design Council Award.

A sporting derivative (1.3 L Supersport) was offered in Europe for the 1980 model year, using the 1.3 L (79 cu in) Kent Crossflow engine, effectively to test the market for the similar XR2 introduced a year later, which featured a 1.6 L version of the same engine. Black plastic trim was added to the exterior and interior. The small square headlights were replaced with larger circular ones resulting in the front indicators being moved into the bumper to accommodate the change. With a quoted performance of 0–60 mph (0–97 km/h) in 9.3 seconds and 105 mph (169 km/h) top speed, the XR2 hot hatch became a cult car beloved of boy racers throughout the 1980s.

MKI

For the 1979 auto show season, Ford in conjunction with its Ghia Operations in Turin, Italy, produced the Ford Fiesta Tuareg off-road car. It was touted in press materials as "a concept vehicle designed and equipped for practical, off-road recreational use."[10]

Minor revisions appeared across the range in late 1981, with larger bumpers to meet crash worthiness regulations and other small improvements in a bid to maintain showroom appeal ahead of the forthcoming second generation.

In 1978, the Fiesta overtook the Vauxhall Chevette as Britain's best-selling supermini, but in 1981 it was knocked off the top spot by British Leyland's Austin Metro and was still in second place at the end of 1982.

Specifications[edit]

Engine type(s) Inline-4: Petrol, Ford Kent/Valencia OHV
Capacity 957–1,597 cc (58.4–97.5 cu in)
Power 40–84 bhp (30–63 kW)
Max. speed 85–106 mph (137–171 km/h)
Acceleration 0–60 mph (97 km/h): 9.3–17.6 seconds

Crayford convertibles[edit]

In 1982, coachbuilders Crayford produced the Fiesta "Fly"—a convertible version of the Fiesta 1300 Ghia, and a total of just sixteen vehicles were produced. The following year the more powerful 1600 Fiesta XR2 was the donor car, and a further seven convertibles were produced. The conversion involved welding the boot shut. EDIT. Crayford built around twenty Fly convertibles, any Fiesta model could be handed over to be converted. Due to other projects Crayford did not have the capacity to continue production so the licence to produce the Fiesta Fly went to Bournemouth Ford dealer F English in March 1982. Records are sketchy, but an estimated 150-200 cars were built by F English, the owners register currently has 83 survivors recorded.

Second generation (1983–1989)[edit]

Second generation
Ford Fiesta front 20070920.jpg
Overview
Production 1983–1989
Assembly Almussafes, Spain (Ford Valencia)
Dagenham, United Kingdom (Ford Dagenham)
Cologne, Germany (CB&A)
Saarlouis, Germany (SB&A)
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door hatchback
3-door panel van
Powertrain
Engine 957 cc (58.4 cu in) Kent/Valencia I4
1,117 cc (68.2 cu in) Kent/Valencia I4
1,298 cc (79.2 cu in) Kent/Valencia I4
1,298 cc (79.2 cu in) CVH I4
1,368 cc (83.5 cu in) CVH I4
1,597 cc (97.5 cu in) CVH I4
1,608 cc (98.1 cu in) Diesel I4
Transmission 4-speed BC4 manual
5-speed BC5 manual
CVT automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,286 mm (90.0 in)
Length 3,565 mm (140.4 in)
Width 1,567 mm (61.7 in)
Height 1,360 mm (54 in)
Ford Fiesta Mk2 rear

The Fiesta Mark II appeared towards the end of summer 1983 with a revised front end and interior, and a bootlid mirroring the swage lines from the sides of the car. The 1.3 L OHV engine was dropped, being replaced in 1984 by a CVH powerplant of similar capacity, itself superseded by the lean burn 1.4 L two years later. The 957 and 1,117 cc Kent/Valencia engines continued with only slight alterations and for the first time a Fiesta diesel was produced with a 1600 cc engine adapted from the Escort.

The new CTX continuously variable transmission, also fitted in the Fiat Uno, eventually appeared early in 1987 on 1.1 L models only. This gearbox provided a quick and economic driving experience, despite the resemblance of the sensation of the continuously variable transmission to that of a slipping clutch.

The second generation Fiesta featured a different dashboard on the lower-series trim levels compared to the more expensive variants.

1984 Ford Fiesta XR2

The XR2 model was thoroughly updated with a larger bodykit. It also featured a 96 bhp (72 kW) 1.6 L CVH engine as previously seen in the Ford Escort XR3, and five-speed gearbox (also standard on the 1.3 L CVH models). The engine was replaced by a lean-burn variant in 1986 which featured a revised cylinder head and carburettor; it was significantly cleaner from an environmental viewpoint but was slightly less powerful as a result (95 bhp (71 kW)).

A truly "hot" Fiesta was never produced by the factory to avoid impacting on sales of performance Ford Escort variants but many aftermarket conversions were available, the best-known being that by the English firm Turbo Technics boosting power to a well documented 125 bhp (93 kW), which easily outclassed its "standard" rivals. Ford appreciated the high quality of this conversion and was keen to look after its customers: the installation was undertaken by approved fitting centres and all the warranties remained valid after.

The face-lifted Fiesta, facing competition from the Vauxhall Nova and Austin Metro, was one of the UK's top superminis. In its best-ever year, 1987, over 150,000 Fiesta models were sold in the UK,[1] though it finished second in the sales charts to the Ford Escort.

The second generation Fiesta lives on as the donor vehicle for Quantum Sports Cars' 2+2 convertible[11] with several hundred manufactured at the factory in Stourbridge before production moved to Kingsbridge.

Specifications[edit]

Engine type(s) Inline-4: Petrol, Ford Kent/Valencia OHV, Ford CVH, and Diesel
Capacity 957–1,608 cc (58.4–98.1 cu in)
Power 45–96 bhp (34–72 kW)
Max. speed 88–101 mph (142–163 km/h)
Acceleration 0–60 mph (97 km/h) 8.7–19.0 seconds

Third generation (1989–1997)[edit]

Third generation
Ford Fiesta MK3 front 20070926.jpg
Overview
Production 1988–1997
Assembly Almussafes, Spain (Ford Valencia)
Dagenham, United Kingdom (Ford Dagenham)
Cologne, Germany (CB&A)
Saarlouis, Germany (SB&A)
Body and chassis
Body style 3/5-door hatchback
3-door panel van
3-door high cube panel van
Platform Ford B platform
Related Ford Ka
Ford Courier
Powertrain
Engine 999 cc Kent/HCS OHV I4
1,118 cc Kent/HCS OHV I4
1,297 cc Kent/HCS OHV I4
1,392 cc CVH I4
1,596 cc CVH I4
1,596 cc CVH Turbo I4
1,598 cc Zetec I4
1,796 cc Zetec I4
1,753 cc LT/Lynx Diesel I4
Transmission 4-speed IB4 manual
5-speed IB5 manual
CVT automatic

The third generation Fiesta Mark III, codenamed BE-13 was unveiled at the end of 1988 and officially went on sale in the February of the following year. Although it was essentially a reskin of the second generation Fiesta (which in turn was a facelift of the 1976 original), it looked radically different, and did address the principal weakness of the previous generation – the lack of a 5-door derivative, something that was by then available in its major rivals such as the Fiat Uno, Peugeot 205 and Opel Corsa/Vauxhall Nova. The other main change was to the running gear – the improved HCS (High Compression Swirl) version of the Kent/Valencia powerplant. The CVH units from the second generation were carried over largely unmodified. The diesel engine was enlarged to a 1.8L capacity.

Ford Fiesta MK3 rear

This model had the longest production life of any Fiesta to date, achieved the highest yearly sales of any Fiesta in the early 1990s – achieving a sales volume of 1 million units inside the first two years of production, and underwent numerous changes in its life. For example, the car had four different versions of standard steering wheels during its lifetime (the launch wheel, then updated in 1992, 1994 and 1995) and the most changes to standard UK trim levels of any Fiesta (examples across the years show the large line-up: Popular, Popular Plus, L, LX, Ghia, 1.6S, XR2i, RS Turbo, RS1800, Fiesta, Louisiana, LA, DL, SX, Azura, Si, Classic, Classic Quartz, Classic Cabaret, Saphire). A Fiesta-derived van, the Ford Courier, was launched in 1991. (Sept:1992 new "LA" (L with Automatic gearbox) and "DL" (Diesel L) models introduced) both with Spar Raven seat fabric.

Fuel injection engines became available in 1991. Major changes were introduced to the range in 1994. Major structural improvements were made to improve safety, as well as a new immobiliser being fitted to petrol models. The UK trim line-up was also simplified to Fiesta, LX, Si (which also had a new bumper and seat designs) and Ghia. Revised door mirrors were also fitted, as were a line-up of fresh wheel trim designs.

In 1992 a number of prototype cars were produced by Ford fitted with direct injection two stroke engines produced by the Orbital Engine Corporation of Australia, with full scale production anticipated by Ford in "two to three years time".[12] The cars were tested extensively in the UK, but ultimately it was decided not to go ahead with production versions.

Fiesta RS Turbo

As for sports models, the XR2i was launched in 1989[1] with an eight-valve CVH (standing for "compound valve-angle hemispherical combustion chamber") engine with 104 PS (76 kW). This was then replaced by a Zetec 16 valve version in 1992, which also saw the RS Turbo being supplanted by the RS1800 as the CVH engine was being phased out. The RS1800 shared its 1.8 litre Zetec fuel-injected engine with the 130 PS (96 kW; 130 bhp) version of the then-current Ford Escort XR3i and had a top speed of 125 mph (201 km/h). The XR2i name was also dropped in early 1994, and the insurance-friendly "Si" badge appeared in its place on a slightly less sporty-looking model with either the 1.4 L PTE (a development of the CVH) or the 1.6 L Zetec engine.

From 1995 the vehicle was built and sold at the same time as the new Mark IV. To distinguish the car, trim levels were revised, and it was marketed as the "Fiesta Classic". This version continued until production finally ceased in 1997.

Specifications[edit]

Engine type(s)
 (Inline-4)
Petrol Diesel
Ford Kent/HCS Ford CVH Ford Zetec LT/Lynx
OHV OHC Turbo OHC DOHC OHC
Capacity
(cc/cu in)
999 cc (61.0 cu in) 1,118 cc (68.2 cu in) 1,297 cc (79.1 cu in)[13] 1,392 cc (84.9 cu in) 1,596 cc (97.4 cu in) 1,598 cc (97.5 cu in) 1,796 cc (109.6 cu in) 1,753 cc (107.0 cu in)
Power 45 PS (33 kW) 50–55 PS (37–40 kW) 60 PS (44 kW) 71–75 PS (52–55 kW) 104 PS (76 kW) 133 PS (98 kW) 90 PS (66 kW) 105–130 PS (77–96 kW) 60 PS (44 kW)
Max. speed 86 mph (138 km/h) 89 mph (143 km/h) 93–95 mph (149–153 km/h) 101–104 mph (162–167 km/h) 129 mph (208 km/h) 110 mph (177 km/h) 113–124 mph (182–200 km/h) 94 mph (152 km/h)
Acceleration 0–60 mph (97 km/h) 7.9–19.0 seconds

Fourth generation (1995–1999)[edit]

Fourth generation
Ford Fiesta MK4 front 20070926.jpg
Overview
Also called Mazda 121
Mazda Soho
Ford Fiesta Street (Brazil)
Production 1995–2002
Assembly Almussafes, Spain (Ford Valencia)
Dagenham, United Kingdom (Ford Dagenham)
Cologne, Germany (CB&A)
Saarlouis, Germany (SB&A)
São Bernardo do Campo, Brazil (Ford Brazil)
Port Elizabeth, South Africa
Body and chassis
Body style 3/5-door hatchback
3-door panel van
3-door high cube panel van
2 door coupé utility
Platform Ford B platform
Related Ford Ka
Ford Puma
Ford Ikon
Powertrain
Engine 1,299 cc (79.3 cu in) Kent/Endura-E I4
1,242 cc (75.8 cu in) Zetec-SE I4
1,388 cc (84.7 cu in) Zetec-SE I4
1,753 cc (107.0 cu in) Endura-D I4
1,753 cc (107.0 cu in) Endura-D I4
Transmission 5-speed IB5 manual
CVT automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,446 mm (96.3 in)
Length 3,828 mm (150.7 in)
Width 1,634 mm (64.3 in)
Height 1,320 mm (52 in)
Curb weight 924–1,465 kg (2,037–3,230 lb)
Mk4 rear

The all new Fiesta Mark IV (internal code name was BE91) was launched in 1995[1] and became Britain's best-selling car from 1996 to 1998.

The model used the chassis of the Mark III car[citation needed], but most components were heavily revised, including a new suspension system, which gave the Fiesta one of the best handling abilities in its class.

The model featured a range of new Zetec-SE engines, available in 1.25 L and 1.4 L forms, the 1.8 diesel engine was slightly modified for the Mark IV, now marketed as the "Endura DE". Lower specification models remained available with what would be the final edition of the Kent 1.3 L OHV engine, now known as Endura-E. As well as the major changes to the chassis, the Mark IV also benefited from a new interior and exterior styling, including a soft painted instrument panel for the first year of production, albeit maintaining a similar dimensions to the Mark III. The RS1800 and RS Turbo models were not carried over to the updated Fiesta range.

The Mark IV Fiesta shared a production line and design with the Mazda 121, which sold in much lower volumes and was not produced for the British market after 1999 because of a major restyling to the Fiesta. The Mazda 121 however continued in old styling when it was rebadged Mk4 Fiesta and sold outside the British market until 2002.

In Brazil a 1.0-litre version was available, in L, LX and GL trim levels; it was sold in Argentina and Chile. The UK trim level line up had relatively few changes over the years: (1995, Encore, LX, Si, Ghia; 1996, Ghia X added as range-topper; 1998, Si replaced by Zetec, petrol LX models briefly renamed Zetec LX, Ghia X models axed; 1999, Finesse added between Encore and Zetec).

In 1997, the Mark IV was introduced in South Africa, the first time the Fiesta had been sold in that market. Only one engine was available, the 1.3 L Endura E. It subsequently won the South African Car of the Year award. The 1.3 L engine was replaced with the 1.4 L PTE (CVH) engine in 1999.

The Mark IV was not sold in North America.

The German-built Ford Puma was based on the Mark IV, sharing its underpinnings. For this reason the 1.7 VCT engine from the Ford Puma has become an extremely popular engine swap into the Mark IV and Mark IV facelift Fiesta. This gives the popular hatchback an extra 100 cc over the previous largest engine size available, variable cam timing and better ratio gearbox while still retaining a factory finish as all components are a direct swap.

As an exercise in badge engineering, the Mazda 121 and Ford Fiesta were built on the same production lines and used almost all the same parts. In the JD Power reliability surveys at the time, the Mazda was reported to be significantly more reliable and attracted higher levels of customer satisfaction.

Specifications[edit]

Engine type(s) Inline-4: Petrol, Ford Kent/Endura-E (OHV), Zetec-SE (OHC), and Diesel (OHC)
Capacity Petrol: 1,242–1,596 cc (75.8–97.4 cu in) Diesel: 1,753 cc (107.0 cu in)
Power 59–91 bhp (44–68 kW)
Max. speed 96–112 mph (154–180 km/h)
Acceleration 0-62 mph (100 km/h):

1.25 Zetec: 11.9 s
1.3: 16.4 s
1.4 Zetec: 10.8 s
1.8D: 14.7 s
1.8D: 16.2 s

Fuel efficiency 38–46 mpg-UK (32–38 mpg-US or 7.4–6.1 L/100 km)

Fifth Generation (1999-2004)[edit]

Ford Fiesta Mark IV facelift (2000) 5-door
Ford Fiesta Mark IV facelift (2000) 3-door
Ford Courier coupe utility

In 1999, the Fiesta received a minor facelift[1][8] aimed at giving the car a New Edge look, with a Focus-inspired face, new bumpers and wheel designs. Facelift known as Mark V in United Kingdom and elsewhere.

Other changes include 1.6i 16V Zetec engine, fitted to the new Zetec S model, and later available in Ghia and Freestyle trims. New features such as side airbags and (after launch) the reintroduction of leather trim. An environmentally friendly E-Diesel model for 2001, with CO2 emissions of 120 g/km. The Lynx 1.8 TDDi engine (also introduced after launch).

The fourth generation facelift[1] was the last generation of Fiesta to be built at Dagenham in England, and was indeed the final Ford model to be built at Dagenham following the closure of the car assembly plant in 2002. The internal code name of this Fiesta was still BE91. The UK trim level line-up consisted of: 1999, Encore, Finesse, Zetec, LX, Ghia; 2000, Zetec S added; 2001, E-Diesel added at bottom of range, Flight and Freestyle respectively replace Finesse and Zetec.

In South Africa, the facelift used the Port Elizabeth-built 1.3 L and 1.6 L Rocam engines, instead of the European Sigma 16-valve engines. This model formed the basis of the Ford Ikon (code name C195), which is a four-door saloon designed for India, where Ford was then producing cars in a joint venture with Mahindra.[citation needed] The Ikon was also introduced in other developing countries, such as Brazil (where it is known as the Fiesta Sedan), South Africa, Mexico and China, where saloons are preferred to hatchbacks. They are extremely reliable, and became one of Ford's successes. There were also four utility variants, the simplest being the "Fiesta Van" which was a three-door hatchback with the rear quarter windows blanked over and the rear seat omitted (in other words, a sedan delivery). Another van with a boxy rear body and stretched wheelbase used the Courier nameplate and formed the basis of two coupe utility models, one with the short doors of the 5-door hatchback and small quarterlights in the style of larger extended cab pick-ups, made in South Africa; and another with the 3-door's longer doors and no quarter windows, made in Brazil.

The Fiesta was still Britain's best-selling supermini in 2001, by which time it was making use of a design over a decade old (though heavily updated visually and mechanically). In three-door form, it was sold alongside the fifth generation Fiesta from April to December 2002 and in its final years in Brazil, it was sold as the Fiesta Street until 2006.

Zetec S[edit]

The Zetec S was the highest Fiesta trim, and although its 1.6 L 16v Sigma engine was available in other Fiestas (such as the Freestyle) the Zetec S pushed out 101 bhp (75 kW; 102 PS),[14] and had major alterations to the suspension, with stiffer anti-roll bars and uprated brakes shared with the Puma.

The fifth generation facelift Zetec S [1] has a sizeable following, with many websites dedicated to the vehicle. There is also a tuning culture devoted to this model, with reputable companies such as Milltek Sport and Shawspeed developing performance parts solely for the Sigma engine.

Specifications[edit]

Engine type(s) Inline-4: Petrol, Ford Kent/Endura-E (OHV), Zetec-SE (OHC), and Diesel (OHC)
Capacity Petrol: 1,242–1,596 cc (75.8–97.4 cu in) Diesel: 1,753 cc (107.0 cu in)
Power 59–135 bhp (44–101 kW)
Max. speed 95–142 mph (153–229 km/h)
Acceleration 0–60 mph (97 km/h) 9.9–16.9 seconds
Fuel efficiency 38–53 mpg-UK (32–52 mpg-US or 7.4–4.6 L/100 km)

Sixth generation (2001–2009)[edit]

Fifth generation
2006-2008 Ford Fiesta (WQ) LX 3-door hatchback 02.jpg
Overview
Also called Ford Classic
Ford Ikon
Production 2002–2009
2002–2010 (Mexico)
2002–2014 (Brazil)
Model years 2003–2008
2003–2010 (Mexico)
2003–2014 (Brazil)
Assembly Almussafes, Spain (Ford Valencia)
Cologne, Germany (CB&A)
Saarlouis, Germany (SB&A)
Camaçari, Brazil (Ford Brazil)
Valencia, Venezuela
Chennai, India (Ford India)
Chongqing, China (Changan Ford Mazda, General Pacheco[disambiguation needed] (Argentina)
Body and chassis
Body style 3/5-door hatchback
4-door saloon
3-door panel van
Platform Ford B3 platform
Related Ford Fusion
Ford Ecosport
Ford Figo
Mazda2
Powertrain
Engine Petrol:
1,299 cc (79.3 cu in) Duratec I4
1,242 cc (75.8 cu in) Zetec-SE I4
1,398 cc (85.3 cu in) Zetec-SE I4
1,596 cc (97.4 cu in) Zetec-SE I4
1,998 cc (121.9 cu in) Duratec 20 I4
Diesel:
1,398 cc (85.3 cu in) Duratorq DLD-414 TDCi I4
1,560 cc (95 cu in) Duratorq DLD-416 TDCi I4 (2005 on)
Transmission 5-speed IB5 manual
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,486 mm (97.9 in)
2,488 mm (98.0 in) (Brazil)
Length 3,918–3,924 mm (154.3–154.5 in)
3,930 mm (155 in) (Brazil, hatchback)
4,221 mm (166.2 in) (Brazil, saloon)
4,030 mm (159 in) (Trail)
Width 1,685 mm (66.3 in)
Height 1,464–1,468 mm (57.6–57.8 in)
1,451 mm (57.1 in) (Brazil, hatchback)
1,550 mm (61 in) (Trail)
Curb weight 1,096–1,178 kg (2,416–2,597 lb)
2005 Ford Fiesta ST

On 1 April 2002, the all new fifth-generation car was unveiled. Of this Fiesta Mark V, most engines were carried over from the previous Fiesta, but renamed "Duratec", as the "Zetec" name was now solely used for sportier models. The previous push-rod 1.3 L engine was initially available in the UK, but this was quickly replaced with a Rocam 1.3 L, both under the name Duratec 8v.[15] Trim levels available initially were Finesse, LX, Zetec and Ghia, with limited edition variants soon following. The fifth generation was also the first Fiesta to feature the Anti-lock Braking System and passenger airbags as standard. The fifth generation was known as Mark VI in United Kingdom and elsewhere due to the fourth generation facelift being commonly referred to as the Mark V. This generation became the best-selling Ford Fiesta generation to date.

Engines available include 1.25 L, 1.3 L, 1.4 L, 1.6 L, 2.0 L petrol, plus 1.4 L 8v and 1.6 L 16v Duratorq TDCi common-rail diesels built in a joint venture with PSA.

This was also the first Fiesta to be sold in Asia and Australasia (all 1.6 L LX 3dr/5dr, Zetec 3dr, Ghia 5dr), replacing the Kia-based Festiva. In Brazil and Argentina, a Fiesta saloon version was introduced in late 2004. A similar Fiesta saloon model, with a different front end, was released in India in late 2005. This Fiesta generation was ergonomically and mechanically more advanced than any previous generation. The 2005 facelift came with an even improved exterior.

Marketing[edit]

South America[edit]

2008 Ford Fiesta facelift in South America

In Brazil, the engine options also include 1.0 L 8v Flex and 1.6 L 8v Flex engines called Rocam, that runs on ethanol, petrol or any mixture of both. The internal codename of this model is B256 (5-door) and B257 (3-door). In other Mercosur countries the Fiesta features a 1.6 L 98 bhp (73 kW) SOHC Zetec engine has a standard with the choice of either a 4-speed automatic or 5-speed manual transmission. There is also a 1.4 L 68 bhp (51 kW) diesel engine available. For the Colombian market a 1.0 L 8v Rocam engine was sold with a supercharger, producing 96 bhp (72 kW). This was discontinued on 2009 and replaced by the Mark VI imported from Mexico. In Chile the model is imported from Mexico because the Mercosur model does not meet the requirements of the country.

The South American market Fiesta was facelifted in early 2007 as a 2008 model, with new rectangular headlights and grille. And again, in early 2010 the Fiesta was facelifted as a 2011 model, with new headlights and grille, very similar to those on the mark VI Fiesta available in other markets around the world, but keeping all other features nearly the same as the previous model. Its name varies from country to country, called "Fiesta One" in Argentina, "Fiesta Move" in Venezuela, and "Fiesta Rocam" in Brazil.[16][17][18]

Mexico[edit]

This generation was sold in Mexico until 2010, when it was replaced with the Ikon Hatch (a Ford Figo imported from India and still based on the fifth generation Fiesta). This new model coincided with the 2010 facelift and re-branding of the Fiesta Sedan to Ikon. Since the Ikon's discontinuation in 2012, the Ikon Hatch is sold alongside the sixth generation Fiesta.

India[edit]

Ford Fiesta saloon in Delhi

In the Indian market Ford produced the Ford Ikon and fifth generation Fiesta (with four-door, three-box bodywork only) in parallel for the saloon market until April 2011. The Fiesta was sold in India since September 2005, with either a 1.6 litre Duratec petrol engine or with a 1.4 TDCi diesel engine. The bodywork was specific to the Indian market, not related to the Mark V sedan as sold in Latin America.[19] The car sold well from the beginning, with more than two thirds of initial sales being of the more economic diesel model.[20]

Production of the Ford Ikon was discontinued when the Bharat IV emission requirements came into effect for metropolitan areas.[21] Ford then announced the launch of the Fiesta Mark VI at a lower price and new features, including dual airbags, bringing the Fiesta in line with competitors such as the Honda City, Suzuki SX4, Volkswagen Vento and Hyundai Verna. In July, Ford introduced the sixth generation Fiesta, marketed in India only with saloon bodywork.[22]

Classic[edit]

Around the time of the introduction of the Mark VI, in April 2011, the name of the Mark V was changed to "Ford Fiesta Classic".[23]

After about a year on the market as the Ford Fiesta Classic, the rebodied version dropped the "Fiesta" portion and simply became the Ford Classic in July 2012. This coincided with a drop in prices and the introduction of a new variant called "Titanium".[23] It is offered with a 1.6 litre Duratec petrol engine or with a 1.4 TDCi diesel engine. The petrol version offers 101 PS (74 kW) while the diesel has 68 PS (50 kW).[24]

Japan[edit]

The Fiesta was briefly sold from 2004 through 2007, sharing its platform with the Mazda Demio. The only bodystyle was the 5-door hatchback, with the 1.6 L engine in GLX trim, with the Fiesta ST offered only in 2005.

Fiesta ST/XR4[edit]

The Fiesta ST/XR4 was the performance model of this Fiesta. It includes a 2.0 L Duratec petrol engine rated at 150 PS (110 kW; 150 bhp) in standard form, with a top speed of 129 mph (208 km/h).[25] The Fiesta ST also features 17 in (43 cm) alloy wheels, different front and rear bumpers, side skirts, body colour handles and bump strips, partial leather seats and a ST logo on the front seat backs and on the steering wheel.

In Australia, the Fiesta ST was sold as the Fiesta XR4. To stay in line with all sports model Fords sold in Australia it received the 'XR' badging, instead of the 'ST' badging used in Europe.

The vehicle was unveiled at the 2004 Geneva Motor Show.[26]

Fiesta RallyeConcept[edit]

This is a British 3-door concept car designed by Ford RallyeSport and Ford Design Europe, designed for the Super 1600 rally. The 1.6 L Duratec engine was rated 200 bhp (150 kW; 200 PS). It includes four-two-one Arvin Meritor exhaust, 6-speed Hewland sequential gearbox, MacPherson strut front and twist-beam rear suspensions, 15-spoke magnesium wheels with 18" Pirelli P-Zero tyres.

The car was unveiled at the Birmingham Auto Show.[27]

Fiesta RS concept[edit]

This is a concept model based on the 2002 Fiesta RallyeConcept. It includes many of the RallyeConcept Fiesta features such as the cooling vents in the front bumper, deep side rockers, white ceramic-coated brake calipers and exhaust tips, and a large rear spoiler. It also includes 18-inch alloy wheels with low-profile tyres, extended wheel arches, and lowered and stiffened suspension. The engine is rated at over 180 bhp (130 kW).[28]

Facelift[edit]

2007 Front Facelift Fiesta Zetec-S
2007 Rear Facelift Fiesta Zetec-S
2007 Front Facelift Fiesta Style

In 2006, a revised version of the fifth generation Fiesta went on sale, also known as the Mk 6 facelift. A number of cosmetic changes were introduced: front and rear lights featured new detailing, and bumpers, side mouldings and door mirrors were altered. A bright new colour palette was introduced.

Inside, the dashboard was redesigned with better quality soft touch materials, following criticisms of the hard, cheaply textured original. A new analogue instrument display is included in a style similar to the Mk 2 Ford Focus. The facelift also includes new technology, including power folding mirrors, automatic and 'home-safe' headlights, automatic windscreen wipers, Bluetooth with voice control, Trip computer, MP3 player connectivity and the Electronic Stability Program.

The changes had immediate effects on sales. After years being outsold by Vauxhall's Corsa, among others, in February 2006 Ford announced sales in the preceding month were up 25% on January 2005 for the previous model. Furthermore, the Fiesta captured the title of Britain's most popular supermini in both 2006 and 2007, for the first time since 2001.[29]

In the UK, the car is available in Studio, Style, Style Climate, Zetec, Zetec Climate, Zetec S, ST and Ghia trim levels with what was called a 'Tech Pack' available to all trim levels above the Style Climate, this featured the power folding mirrors, automatic wipers, automatic and home safe lights and an advanced trip computer.

In 2007, more limited editions were added—the Fiesta Zetec Blue, and (following on from the hugely successful Fiesta Zetec S "Anniversary" edition), the Fiesta Zetec S 'Celebration'. In 2008, the Fiesta Zetec S Red was added, as well as an ST500 model.

Limited editions[edit]

The Zetec S "Anniversary" was a limited edition of 400 cars based on the Zetec S and included a Radian Yellow body, chequered roof, black mirrors and door handles, tinted glass, 16 in (41 cm) alloy wheels, black roof spoiler, sports seats, leather trim, an alarm, and an iPod socket.[30]

The car went on sale in the UK on March 2007 for £12,595. Despite the name, the Ford Fiesta was 31 years old when the anniversary model was released.[31]

The Zetec S "Celebration" was a limited (400 cars) edition based on the Zetec S and included a Celebration Green body, black and white chequered roof decal, unique identity number, chequered scuff plates and mats, full 'Ebony Haze' leather interior, privacy glass and Panther Black door mirrors, bodyside mouldings, roof spoiler, tailgate handle, 16 in (41 cm) alloy wheels, air conditioning, trip computer, electric windows, CD player with portable music connection socket, sports front seats and lowered sports suspension.

The car went on sale in the UK for £12,595.[32]

The Zetec S Red was a limited (500 cars) edition based on the Zetec S and included a Colorado Red body, black-and-white chequered roof decal, dark privacy glass on the rear windows, panther black door mirrors, door handles, bodyside mouldings, roof spoiler and tailgate handle; Quickclear heated front windscreen, ebony leather seats, 16 in (41 cm) alloy wheels, air conditioning and heated electrically operated door mirrors.

The car went on sale in the UK for £13,000.[33]

Fiesta ST[edit]

In 2008, Ford offered Mountune Performance options for Fiesta ST vehicles, available at specialist British Ford dealers beginning in March 2008. These were developed by Roush Technologies Ltd, which owns the Mountune Racing motorsport brand. The Mountune Performance Stage 1 (£1,435) includes a high flow catalyst and tubular manifold, and re-calibration of the engine to produce 165 PS (121 kW; 163 bhp). The Mountune Performance Stage 2 package (£1,838) adds new camshafts and valve springs to the basic package to deliver 185 PS (136 kW; 182 bhp).[34]

The ST 500 was a limited production (500 vehicles) model of the Fiesta ST. It includes 17 in (43 cm) 11-spoke black alloy wheels, red brake callipers and carbon fibre pattern interior trim. The interior also features a Sony audio system and ebony leather heated seats. The vehicle cost £15,000.[35]

Specifications[edit]

Engine type(s) Inline-4: Petrol, Duratec (OHV), Zetec-SE and Duratec 20 (OHC), and Diesel, Duratorq DLD-414 and Duratorq DLD-416 (OHC)
Capacity 1,242–1,998 cc (75.8–121.9 cu in)
Power 60–150 bhp (45–112 kW)
Max. speed 94–130 mph (151–209 km/h)
Acceleration 0–60 mph (97 km/h) 7.9–18.8 seconds

Advertising[edit]

Since the launch of the 2005+ model, the advertising motto has been "StupidDogbot, CleverFiesta", with the car showing a new gadget, while the robotic dog does something stupid; e.g., the Fiesta showing MP3 connectivity, while the Dogbot sticks its head into an old record player.

The September 2008 advert for the UK-spec Fiesta used Transient by Pluxus as backing track.

Seventh generation (2008–present)[edit]

Sixth generation
Ford Fiesta VII front 20100919.jpg
Overview
Production 2008–present
Assembly Almussafes, Spain (Ford Valencia)
Nanjing, China (Changan Ford Mazda)
Cologne, Germany (CB&A)
Cuautitlán Izcalli, Mexico
Rayong, Thailand (AAT) (2010 on)[36]
Hai Duong, Vietnam (Ford Vietnam)
Valencia, Venezuela
Chennai, India (Ford India)[22]
Tao-Yuan, Taiwan (2012 on)
São Bernardo do Campo, Brazil (Ford Brazil) (2013 on)
Body and chassis
Body style 3/5-door hatchback
4-door saloon
3-door van
Platform Ford global B-car platform
Related Ford EcoSport
Mazda2
Powertrain
Engine 1.4 L Duratec I4
1.5 L Duratec I4
1.6 L I4
1.25 L I4
1.0 L Ecoboost I3
1.4 L Diesel I4
1.6 L Diesel I4
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
6-speed PowerShift
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,489 mm (98.0 in)
2,487 mm (97.9 in) (van)
Length 3,950 mm (156 in) (2008–2010)
4,067 mm (160.1 in) (2011 on)
4,409 mm (173.6 in) (saloon)
3,917 mm (154.2 in) (van)
Width 1,722 mm (67.8 in)
1,683 mm (66.3 in) (van)
Height 1,481 mm (58.3 in) (2008–2010)
1,473 mm (58.0 in) (2011 on)
1,467 mm (57.8 in) (van)
Curb weight 1,041–1,100 kg (2,295–2,425 lb)

The sixth generation, or Ford Fiesta Mark VI,[8] was shown in concept form as the Ford Verve at the Frankfurt Motor Show in September 2007 and marketed in principal European markets,[37] Australia and the United States. This model is based on Ford's new global B-car platform. The sixth generation is known as Mark VII in the United Kingdom.[38] Production started at Ford's Cologne plant in Germany in August 2008. A second plant in Valencia, Spain started production in early 2009. Productions in China, Thailand and Mexico started from late 2008 to 2010.[39]

A saloon version was launched in November 2008 at the Guangzhou Auto Show.[40] It started sales the following year in China and from 2010 it became available across Asia and North America.[40] It is not marketed in Europe.[40]

Verve concepts[edit]

Ford Verve Concept (European three door, 2007)

The Ford Verve concepts are a series of subcompact car concepts from Ford Motor Company which the sixth generation Ford Fiesta (Mark VI-VII) is based upon.[41] Upon its presentation, Ford Verve was intended to meet market demands for smaller, more fuel-efficient cars.[42] The 3-door hatchback and 4-door saloon versions of Fiesta are all based on the Verve, with the 5-door hatchback and the 3-door van being their derivatives.[43] The concept itself was shown at the 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show.

Verve comes in both four- and three-door body styles. The four-door is the basis for the production vehicle that will be sold in North America beginning in 2010. The European three-door is being shown to test market reaction to the body style – as a possible additional small car for the North American market.

First Verve Concept

The Verve continues Ford's Kinetic Design family styling theme, first seen on the Ford S-MAX.

Ford Verve concept (North American saloon, 2008)

Martin Smith, executive director of design for Ford of Europe, described the Verve as "a chic, modern and individualistic statement for a sophisticated, fashion-aware generation."[44] The concept was created by a team of designers from Ford studios in Dunton, England, and Cologne, Germany.

The interior features leather in different hues, along with multimedia equipment. The three-door hatchback features a panoramic glass roof, pillarless side glass, LED headlamps, high-mounted LED taillamps, integrated tailgate spoiler and dark-chrome lower diffuser with integrated center exhaust outlet. The car rides on 18-inch low-profile tyres mounted on two-piece, 12-spoke alloy wheels.

Second Verve Concept

On 19 November 2007, Ford unveiled its second Verve concept. This second version took the form of a four-door notchback and was styled similarly to the Frankfurt version of the car. It was finished in frosted grape.[45]

Third Verve Concept

An further four-door Verve concept car for North America was revealed at the North American International Auto Show in January 2008.[46][47] It was finished in Rouge Red, and unique to this version, featured a modified front fascia. The most notable changes were in a deeper upper grille, with Ford of North America's trademark 'three-bar' graphic, and a downsized lower inverted trapezoidal grille.

Reception[edit]

In late 2008 Motor Trend called the new generation of Fiesta a "superb little car" whose "greatest problem is that it's still a year away",[48] a reference to the fact that the Fiesta would not arrive in the USA until early 2010. British magazine Auto Express called the car a "new class leader";[49] UK's Car Magazine said it was a "huge achievement" which will "please just about everyone".[50] The February 2009 issue of Britain's What Car? magazine named the new Fiesta "Car of the Year" and the Ford Mondeo "Best Family Car" and "Best Estate."[51] According to What Car?, there is plenty of space in the front of the cabin, however, the rear knee space is rather limited and the backrests do not fold flat onto the base, making an uneven floor for the expanded boot.[52] The Fiesta was featured on episode 6 of series 12 of Top Gear in a series of "serious" road tests conducted by presenter Jeremy Clarkson, from escaping 'baddies' driving a Chevrolet Corvette C6 in the Festival Place Basingstoke shopping mall, to participating in an amphibious beach assault with the Royal Marines.[53]

In its first two years since the latest generation Fiesta went on sale in October 2008, more than 940,000 Fiestas had been purchased by customers around the world, with 810,000 (86%) being sold in Europe (September 2010).[54]

Body styles[edit]

2009–2010 Ford Fiesta (WS) Zetec 5-door hatchback (Australia)
Ford Fiesta (WS) Trend 3 door Hatchback (Europe)

There are four body styles, including three- and five-door hatchbacks, four-door saloon, and a three-door van. They are sold separately depending on the country.

Five-door hatchback
Sold globally except India.
Four-door saloon
Originally available in China and North and South American market, later in other parts of Asia, and then in Australasia.
Three-door hatchback
Sold in Europe, Australasia, and select parts of Asia such as Singapore.
Three-door van
Sold only in Europe. Uses the same bodyshell as the three-door hatchback, modified with solid panels in place of the rear quarter windows and a flat load floor replacing the rear seat.

Equipment[edit]

The 2008 Fiesta includes Ford's Convers+ menu system, as seen on the Mondeo, S-MAX and Galaxy, and complemented by steering wheel button controls. Ford initially anticipated that over 85% of Fiesta orders would include this multifunction display. Other new equipment includes keyless entry with a 'Ford Power' starter button, reach and rake adjustable steering wheel, electric power steering, and a USB port for portable music players. Ford Easyfuel, the capless refuelling system recently introduced with the Ford Mondeo, will also be a feature, while 'ambient lighting,' casting a soft red glow over the interior, will be an option. For the 2011 US market model, the Ford Sync in-car communications and entertainment system will be available as an option.

UK trim levels for the new Fiesta include Studio, Edge, Metal, Style, Style Plus, ECONetic, Zetec, Zetec S, Titanium and Titanium Individual.

ECOnetic model[edit]

Main article: ECOnetic

In 2008 Ford revealed details of an ECOnetic model, which Ford stated would emit 98g/km of carbon dioxide. The car was launched in 2009. It uses the 1.6 Duratorq TDCi diesel engine, but with an added diesel particulate filter. The Fiesta ECOnetic achieves its environmental credentials through weight loss and aerodynamic adjustments, and its emission figure exempts the car from UK vehicle excise duty. The ECOnetic gets an estimated fuel consumption of 65 mpg-US (3.6 L/100 km; 78 mpg-imp).[55] When tested on the highway mileage and emissions test schedules, on which hybrids are designed to perform well,[56] the ECOnetic outperforms the Toyota Prius.[57] The model will not be available in the U.S. because, as Business Week noted, the company "doesn't believe it could charge enough to make money on an imported ECOnetic" and doesn't think it would sell enough of the model (350,000/year) to justify the $350 million in upgrades required at their Mexico plant to manufacture it in North America.[55]

Fiesta ST (2013–)[edit]

In 2011, Ford revealed the Fiesta ST concept based on the Fiesta MK7.[58] The final production model was announced at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2012, and was largely unchanged from the concept model except for the lack of LED headlights.

The Fiesta ST is powered by a 1.6-litre Ford EcoBoost engine to deliver performance while still providing good fuel efficiency. The 1.6-litre Ford EcoBoost Turbocharged engine will feature Twin-independent Variable Camshaft Timing (Ti-VCT) and put out 182 PS (134 kW; 180 hp) with 177 lb·ft (240 N·m) of torque providing an acceleration time of under 7 seconds (0–100 km/h) and a top speed of 136 mph. This engine features "overboost," allowing delivery of up to 197bhp[59] for a maximum of 15 seconds.[59] In the USA, Ford is permitted to market the engine offering its overboost power figure. By contrast, in other countries such as the UK, a manufacturer is not permitted to market an engine's temporary output.[59]) The engine is mated to a 6-speed manual transmission which features Ford’s Torque Vectoring Control system to brake the inside front wheel to aid agility, and has three ESP modes. The car is expected to provide high fuel economy while not sacrificing performance, with Ford claiming higher fuel economy than the Volkswagen GTI. The ST features a redesigned front fascia similar to the one seen on the Focus ST, a large rear spoiler, aggressive rear diffuser with a dual exhaust system, completed with 17-inch wheels on Bridgestone Potenza tires. On the inside, the ST provides heavily bolstered Recaro front seats (optional in North America) and sportier décor; North American versions will also be offered with the MyFord Touch infotainment system.

The Fiesta ST production model went on sale in both Europe and North America in 2013. In the North American market, the Fiesta ST became available in spring 2013 for the 2014 model year, unveiled at the 2012 Los Angeles Auto Show as part of a larger mid-cycle refresh for the Fiesta.[60]The North American Fiesta ST is offered as a five-door hatchback variant instead of the three-door hatchback offered in Europe.

The North American model is sold in hatchback body, and includes a 1.6-litre EcoBoost four-cylinder engine, six-speed manual transmission, overall steering ratio of 13.6:1, increased roll stiffness at rear axle, 15 millimeters lower body height than base model, electronic Torque Vectoring Control and 3-mode electronic stability control (standard, sport or off).

Powertrain[edit]

Model Years Type Power, torque@rpm
Petrol engines[61]
1.0 L Duratec Ti-VCT 80 PS From 2013 998 cc (60.9 cu in) I3 80 PS (59 kW; 79 bhp), 105 N·m (77 lb·ft)
1.0 L EcoBoost 100 PS From 2013 998 cc (60.9 cu in) Turbo I3 100 PS (74 kW; 99 bhp), 170 N·m (130 lb·ft)
1.0 L EcoBoost 125 PS From 2013 998 cc (60.9 cu in) Turbo I3 125 PS (92 kW; 123 bhp), 200 N·m (150 lb·ft)
1.25 L Duratec 60 PS From 2008 1,242 cc (75.8 cu in) I4 60 PS (44 kW; 59 bhp), 109 N·m (80 lb·ft)
1.25 L Duratec 82 PS From 2008 1,242 cc (75.8 cu in) I4 82 PS (60 kW; 81 bhp), 114 N·m (84 lb·ft)
1.4 L Duratec From 2008 1,388 cc (84.7 cu in) I4 96 PS (71 kW; 95 bhp), 128 N·m (94 lb·ft)
1.5 L Duratec Ti-VCT From 2013 1,499 cc (91.5 cu in) I4 112 PS (82 kW; 110 bhp), 140 N·m (100 lb·ft)
1.6 L Duratec Ti-VCT From 2008 1,596 cc (97.4 cu in) I4 120 PS (88 kW; 120 bhp) @ 6,000 rpm, 152 N·m (112 lb·ft) @ 4,050 rpm
1.6 L EcoBoost Ti-VCT From 2013 1,598 cc (97.5 cu in) Turbo I4 199 PS (146 kW; 196 bhp) @ 6,500 rpm, 214 lb·ft (290 N·m) @ 3,500 rpm
Diesel engines
1.4 L Duratorq TDCi From 2008 1,398 cc (85.3 cu in) I4 68 PS (50 kW; 67 bhp) @ 4,500 rpm, 160 N·m (120 lb·ft) @ 2,000 rpm
1.6 L Duratorq TDCi From 2008 1,560 cc (95 cu in) I4 75 PS (55 kW; 74 bhp), 185 N·m (136 lb·ft)
1.6 L Duratorq TDCi From 2008 1,560 cc (95 cu in) I4 90 PS (66 kW; 89 bhp), 212 N·m (156 lb·ft)
1.6 L Duratorq TDCi From 2010 1,560 cc (95 cu in) I4 95 PS (70 kW; 94 bhp), 205 N·m (151 lb·ft)
1.6 L Duratorq TDCi ECOnetic From 2008 1,560 cc (95 cu in) I4 90 PS (66 kW; 89 bhp), 200 N·m (150 lb·ft)
1.6 L Duratorq TDCi ECOnetic From 2010 1,560 cc (95 cu in) I4 95 PS (70 kW; 94 bhp), 205 N·m (151 lb·ft)

The 1.6 L Duratorq TDCi with 75 PS (55 kW; 74 bhp) is sold instead of, in some countries alongside with the 1.4 L TDCi.

The 1.6 Duratorq TDCi with 212 N·m (156 lb·ft) torque is used on non-van models only. Vans with the 1.6 Duratorq TDCi are rated 200 N·m (150 lb·ft) torque.

Transmission choices include a 5-speed manual, a 4-speed automatic and a dual-clutch 6-speed automatic. The 4-speed automatic is only offered with the 1.4 L Duratec engine. The Powershift 6-speed dual-clutch gearbox is available in North America as an option in addition to the 5-speed manual, which may be sold with a diesel in Europe in the future. This dual-clutch gearbox is also standard on some models in Thailand.

Thailand was the last plant to start assembling Ford Fiesta for ASEAN countries.[62] A 6-speed Powershift dual-clutch transmission was made available as standard transmission initially for the 1.6L Ti-VCT engines in 2011 and 2012 in Thailand, and currently also for the 1.5 Ti-VCT variant (officially from March 2012 onwards).[63] Curiously, the Thai-made Fiesta versions – both saloon and five-door hatch – feature a 100 mm pitch circle diameter (PCD) wheel lug mount measurement identical to the Mazda2, as opposed to the 108 mm one as found in other global versions. There were 3 models at launch; 1.4 "Style", 1.6 "Trend" and 1.6 "Sport". All models feature ABS, driver airbag, air conditioning, electric windows and mirrors; the top-of-the-range 1.6 Ti-VCT 'Sport' and (from 2013) 1.5 Ti-VCT 'Sport' models featuring front passenger airbag, alloy wheels and stability control across the range, along with voice command in-car entertainment system and Bluetooth connectivity. Some of the paint options available for the Fiesta in Thailand (such as 'True Red' (a colour shared with the new Ford Ranger Pick-up)) are also shared with the Mazda2 (known as 'Race Red').

Later, the "Sport+" models with added features was added to the line-up, as was "Sport Ultimate" model with 7 airbags (dual front, side, curtain and driver knee) as standard, which was a first in the subcompact segment in Thailand. They both used 1.6-litre engine with automatic transmission.

In March 2012, the 1.5-litre Ti-VCT engine with 109ps replaced the 1.6-litre Ti-VCT engine in "Trend" and "Sport" but with no change on automatic transmissions.

In Brazil, the Mexican Fiesta is named New Fiesta and is sold both in 4-door version and 5-door version. The Brazilian-made Sigma 1.6-litre engine is flex fuel. The power output and torque are 110 bhp (82 kW) and 155 N·m (114 lb·ft) with petrol and 115 bhp (86 kW) and 159 N·m (117 lb·ft) with ethanol.

2014 model year update (2013–)[edit]

The 2014 Ford Fiesta is to feature redesigned front and rear fascias.[64] Base model includes a 1.0-litre three-cylinder EcoBoost engine.[65] As of February 2014, the 2014 Fiesta ranked number one among Affordable Subcompact Cars according to U.S. News & World Report.[66]

North American market[edit]

2011 Ford Fiesta S sedan (US)
2011 Ford Fiesta SES 5-door (US)

Unveiled at the 2009 Los Angeles Auto Show in December,[67] the sixth generation subcompact Fiesta is available in North America as a four-door saloon and five-door hatchback, with manual transmission or Ford's dual clutch automatic transmission. All models are manufactured at Ford's Cuautitlán Assembly Plant.

Ford dealers in the US will offer optional laminated vinyl graphics applied to the car's exterior, expected to last 3 to 5 years before replacement.[68] Also, certain dealers partaking in a new Ford Retail program will provide an "unwrapping" digital package loaded with a photograph of the buyer taking delivery of his/her new car. A 19-minute audio description of the car and its features is included, which can be played on the way home, then loaded along with its interactive program into the home computer via its USB connection.[69]

Preliminary marketing[edit]

For the North American Fiesta, Ford initiated a marketing campaign in the spring of 2009 called the Fiesta Movement, distributing examples of European Fiestas to applicants across the United States—to have the test drivers use popular Internet sites to share their experiences.[70] Subsequently, Ford brought the cars to public venues nationwide to offer 100,000 test drives over eight months.[71] One such event was offering free shuttle service in Chicago from a site near the Union Station commuter rail terminal to the Taste of Chicago event in Grant Park the week starting 29 June 2009. Late in July, six European Fiestas arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia, to begin a similar demonstration tour across Canada.[72]

Following on the success of Fiesta Movement, Ford initiated Fiesta Movement 2 in December 2009 by calling for video applications to be submitted by the end of January 2010 for activities to begin mid-February.[73]

In March 2010, Ford worked with the television series American Idol to promote the Ford Fiesta in North America. Working with Ford designers, the final 12 contestants of the show created their own custom graphics on a Ford Fiesta, which were subsequently revealed on the show with fans given the chance to win one of the personalised cars.[74]

Launch[edit]

Ford Fiesta MK7

Production of Ford Fiesta for the North American market started in May 2010. Ford planned to have cars available for sale soon after in summer. On 18 June 2010, it was reported that although dealers took deposits from over 2,000 customers for Fiesta and placed large orders as the car was heavily marketed, dealers and customers had not received cars that they expected to have arrived weeks ago in May.[75] In July, Ford said initial shipments were delayed for up to two weeks by Hurricane Alex that hit Northern Mexico in late June, and subsequently by Tropical Storm Bonnie.[76] As a result of the delays, Ford sent out US$50 gift certificates. By August 2010, Ford delayed some shipments because of a 'quality problem'. Ford claimed the issue was fixed and it was unlikely cars with defective parts would reach customers.[77]

Running changes[edit]

For the start of the 2012 model year, two new premium leather trim options and a sport exterior appearance package were made available for SES/SEL models, while several new colours were added for all models. At midyear, the hatchback became available in the previously saloon-only S trim level; as it includes a rear wiper and the same body colour one-slot grille as fancier models, externally only badging and a limited choice of colours distinguish it from the SE. For 2013 option packages have been simplified and a Titanium trim level replaces the former SES/SEL.

Canada

Fiesta sales for Canada began in June 2010 for model year 2011.[78] The 5-door hatchback will also be sold in Mexico starting 2011.[79]

Other markets[edit]

The sixth generation saloon was launched in India in July 2011 with both petrol and diesel variants.[22][80] The Fiesta received a September 2012 facelift with changes to the front, back and the interior.

Ford Fiesta for the Indian market has been finalised in both saloon and hatchback versions. It was put on show on 15 April 2011 in a Delhi mall. The model on show was a TDCi 1.6 Fiesta saloon but the variant was not disclosed. The sedan version has been launched in India. The top model comes with Bluetooth, Cruise control, Pull control, USB and Bluetooth / Voice Control as standard features. The other cars it will compete against will include Fiat Linea and Volkswagen Vento both of which have extended wheelbases, which the Fiesta does not.

Commercial variants[edit]

All six generations of the Fiesta have been available in sedan delivery/panel van format, although not available in all markets. The Mark I, II and III versions feature the standard 3-door bodyshell with the rear side glass replaced by body coloured metal and a flat floorpan instead of the rear seats.

In 1991, a "high-cube" style van based on the Mark III chassis was introduced and was named the Ford Courier. The Courier continued in the Mark IV style through until 2002, when it was replaced by the Ford Transit Connect.

For the Mark V, the standard Fiestavan version was based on the 3-door bodyshell rather than the taller 5-door version. The Mark VI Fiesta van was first introduced in the European market in the summer of 2009, a year after the original launch.

Motorsport[edit]

Rallying[edit]

Ford Fiesta Group N rally car by M-Sport
Ford Fiesta S2000 in the 2012 New Zealand Rally.

Two Ford Fiestas famously starred in the 1979 Monte Carlo Rally—the British entry driven by Roger Clark and aided by co-driver Jim Porter, and a German entry piloted by Ari Vatanen and co-driven by David Richards.

Both cars were highly modified with special motorsport components throughout and featured pioneering Limited-slip differential (LSD) technology. The cars were powered by competition tuned versions of the 1600 cc Kent crossflow engine—a later version of which appeared in the Mk 1 Fiesta XR2.

The 2 cars worked well in the arduous ice and snow that year. Roger Clark did not set any records but the German car achieved 9th position overall—a very encouraging result which sparked demand for sportier Fiestas.

Since this there have been sporting and "hot hatch" editions. Versions include Supersport, XR2, S(Sport), XR2i, Si, RS Turbo, RS1800, Zetec S, Zetec RS, and ST. All of these were powered by a range of engines from the Ford Kent engine to the Ford Duratec engine.

The Ford RallyeConcept in 2002 and Fiesta JWRC. Ford RallyeConcept has been realised through an intensely close collaboration between Ford RallyeSport, the motorsport experts behind the Puma Super 1600 and the Focus WRC rally cars, and Ford Design Europe, the creative team responsible for the new three-door Fiesta on which the RallyeConcept is based. Ford RallyeConcept's marriage of the motorsport engineer's objective for performance functionality with the eye for detail of the designer has been so effective that Ford has committed to an engineering development programme to bring a Fiesta-based rally car to reality. Aiming for FIA homologation by the summer of 2003, Ford RallyeSport is hoping that it will become Ford's next success story in national and international rallying. Fiesta Super 1600 debut Rally Greece 2004.

The "Fiesta Sporting Trophy" is a One Make Championship; beginning its 1st season in March 2006. It combines keen competition with equal performance and leaves the decision about winning or losing to the drivers and co-drivers capabilities. The driver, co-driver and mechanics work as a team to compete against the toughest adversary of all—the clock.

The Fiesta Sporting Trophy will be based around the Fiesta ST Group N car. The car has 165 PS (121 kW; 163 bhp) from the 2 L Duratec ST engine which when combined with the conversion kit from M-Sport, has been designed to provide all of the safety equipment and performance upgrades to enable the car to be competitive and reliable at any event around the world.

In March 2007, the Pirtek Rally Team introduced the Ford Fiesta Super 2000 rally car, which will compete in the Australian Rally Championship.

On 18 November 2009, Ford with M-Sport unveiled the Ford Fiesta S2000 Mark VI. Although not due for homologation until January 2010 it is set to make its debut as course car on the final round of the IRC series, Rally Scotland. The car has been built to compete mainly in the Super 2000 World Rally Championship and World Rally Championship when the new rules come into place for 2011 but it is expected to make appearances in the IRC as well. In 2013 M-Sport, developed the Ford Fiesta R5; this was based on the 1.6-litre Fiesta ST, and was designed for the Group R5 class of rallying.[81]

Fiesta ST Group N specifications[edit]

Engine 1,999 cc (122.0 cu in) Duratec engine. Four cylinders in line, DOHC, 16 valves, alloy cylinder head and block.
Electronic multipoint fuel injection.
Power 165 PS (121 kW; 163 bhp) at 5,800 rpm
Torque 202 N·m (149 lb·ft) at 4,500 rpm
Transmission Five-speed 'dog' engagement gearkit fitted to standard ST road car casing.
Upgraded driveshafts fitted as standard. Plated LSD.
Suspension Upgraded suspension of ST road car includes revised front knuckles and strengthened twist beam rear axle.
Reiger dampers, adjustable for rebound, and revised spring rates. Uprated suspension bushes.
Brakes Standard ST road car front and rear disc brakes.
Wheels Gravel: 15-inch OZ Racing wheels

Asphalt: 17-inch OZ Racing wheels Wheels manufactured in both Super T and Rally Racing style.

Bodyshell Multipoint roll cage designed by M-Sport, complying with FIA regulations.
Includes three X braces in rear and twin tube door bars with no cross-over.
Electronics 'Piggy back' loom supplements standard loom.
Includes electronic circuit breaker and wiring for additional requirements.
Fuel tank Standard 45 L (9.9 imp gal; 12 U.S. gal) tank with Kevlar composite moulded guard.
Dimensions Length: 3,921 mm (154.4 in).
Width: 1,683 mm (66.3 in).
Height: 1,468 mm (57.8 in).
Wheelbase: 2,486 mm (97.9 in).

Rallycross[edit]

Ford Fiesta Mk6 rallycross cars of Swedish rallycross team OMSE

The Fiesta Mk5 Rallycross Division 1 version is a racecar with a 2.0 L Duratec turbocharged four-cylinder engine, running on petrol or E85 (85% ethanol/15% petrol). It produces over 550 bhp (410 kW; 560 PS) and 820 N·m (600 lb·ft). That propels the 2,600 lb (1,200 kg) rallycross-prepped Fiesta up to sixty in 2.2 seconds. The car was driven by former rally driver Andréas Eriksson, double World Rally Champion Marcus Grönholm, X Games medalist Tanner Foust and several others. The cars were more powerful (another 200bhp) than WRC cars.

The Fiesta Mk7 Rallycross cars made their U.S. debuts in the 2009 Pikes Peak International Hill Climb in Colorado. Swedish Olsbergs Motor Sport Evolution (OMSE) team announced the cars would later appear in ESPN's X Games 15 on 2009-08-02.[82] The two Olsbergs MSE Fiesta Mk7 Rallycross cars were based on the Fiesta hatchback model road cars, one with 3 doors, the other one a 5-doors version, but with all-wheel drive, powered by 2.0 L Duratec Ford engines capable of more than 800 bhp (600 kW) (for PPIHC only).

Circuit racing[edit]

In the UK, the Fiesta is commonly used in numerous club level motorsport series but has its national one-make series called the Ford Fiesta Championship. During its peak in the 1980s and 1990s, it had manufacturer support and it even was a support race to the British Grand Prix and numerous British Touring Car Championship rounds. The series has gone through numerous name changes including Ford Credit Fiesta Championship, Ford Fiesta Zetec Championship and BRSCC Ford Si Challenge and is nowadays run by the BRSCC (British Racing and Sports Car Club) as a club racing championship. The organisation also run the other series that consists of Fiestas.[83]

  • Ford XR Challenge, for XR2 and XR2i models, also consists of the Escort XR models.[83]
  • Ford Saloon Championship, mainly for a wider range of Ford models but Fiestas are mostly seen in classes C and E with a Mk 4 example winning the title outright in 2006 at the hands of Ollie Allen.[83][citation needed]

The car has also been raced in the Russian Touring Car Championship.

Sales and Popularity[edit]

Year UK Sales US Sales
2001 98,221[84]
2002 93,591[85]
2003 95,887[86]
2004 89,295[87]
2005 83,803[88]
2009 117,296[89]
2010 103,013[citation needed] 23,273[90]
2011 68,574[90]
2012 56,775[91]
2013 121,929 71,073[92]

The Fiesta has been Britain's most popular new car in 1990, 1991, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2009, 2010, 2011[93][94] 2012[95] and 2013.[96]

By the time of the MK2 Fiesta's demise in the spring of 1989, just under 1,300,000 had been sold in Britain since its launch 12 years earlier. By July 2014, the Fiesta became the UK's best selling car of all time, with 4,115,000 sold.[97]

In the US Ford sold 23,273 Fiestas in 2010.[98]

Awards and Recognition[edit]

The 2011 Fiesta was one of the five finalists for the 2011 Green Car of the Year awarded by the Green Car Journal in November 2010, competing with two plug-in electric vehicles, the Nissan Leaf and the Chevrolet Volt (the winner), and two hybrid electric vehicles.[99]

  • Winner of UK Design Council Efficiency Award for "exemplary contribution to the reduction of running and maintenance costs" in 1978. The award was presented by Prince Philip.
  • Winner Australia's Best Small Car in 2004.
  • Winner of Business Standard Motoring Jury Award, 2006.
  • What Car's Best Used Supermini for 2006 – 1.4 Zetec 3dr 2003 – Runner Up Toyota Yaris 1.0 T2 3dr 2003.
  • Winner of Brazilian Auto Esporte magazine Car of the Year in 2005 (Fiesta Sedan).
  • Named Scottish Car of the Year 2008 at the 11th annual Association of Scottish Motoring Writers (ASMW) awards dinner in St Andrew's, Scotland.
  • Named 'Car of the Year 1989' by Britain's What Car? magazine
  • Named 'Car of the Year 2009' by Britain's What Car? magazine[51]
  • Named 'Semperit Irish Small car of the Year' by tyre mafacturer Semperit
  • Named 'Car of the Year' and 'Best Supermini' in Auto Express magazine's New Car Awards 2009
  • Fiesta ECOnetic named 'Least boring green car' of 2009 by Top Gear's James May
  • First minicar to achieve Top Safety Pick by the U.S. Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) based on front-, side- and rear-impact crash testing and roof-strength.
  • Winner of the 2011 AJAC Car of the year award for Best Small Car under $21,000.
  • Named 'Supermini of the Year 2013' by Britain's What Car? [100]
  • Named 'Used Car of the Year 2012' by UK's CAP Black Book Car Guide.[101]
  • Fiesta ST chosen Top Gear's Car of the Year 2013[102]

See also[edit]

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External links[edit]