Ford Fox platform
|Ford Fox platform|
|Manufacturer||Ford Motor Company|
|Production||1978–1993 model years|
|Body and chassis|
Personal luxury car
|Body style(s)||2-door convertible
5-door station wagon
|Successor||Ford SN-95 platform
Ford D2C platform
Ford MN12 platform
Ford D186 platform
Ford CE14 platform
The Ford Fox platform is a rear wheel drive, unitized-chassis, automobile architecture used by Ford Motor Company in North America. Introduced for the 1978 model year, it would go on to be produced until 1993 in its original version; a substantial redesign of the Ford Mustang in 1994 extended its life another 11 years. Designed to be relatively lightweight and simple, in keeping with the general downsizing of Detroit designs in the late 1970s, the Fox platform served as a replacement for many models derived from the original Ford Falcon (dating from 1960). The Ford Fairmont and Mercury Zephyr were introduced as the replacements for the Ford Maverick and Mercury Comet.
Eventually, thirteen distinct Ford models in several market segments would be built off it, with multiple bodystyles and powertrains. As downsizing became more common in the American automotive industry in the late 1970s and early 1980s, the Fox platform was used for many nameplates that underwent downsizing. As the industry shifted to front-wheel drive, the Fox platform was used less for family cars and more for sporty cars; from 1989 to 1993, it was used exclusively by the Mustang.
The Fox platform, like most compact and mid-size cars of the late 1970s, was designed with a rear-wheel drive layout. In contrast to the full-size Fords and Mercurys of the time, the Fox platform used unibody construction. Due to the wide variety of cars using the Fox platform from its introduction, it was designed to accommodate 4-cylinder (naturally aspirated and turbocharged), inline-6, V6, and V8 engines. During the 1980s, the Fox platform would be adapted for the use of diesel engines.
In 1983, the Fox platform was involved in a major shift of the Ford, Mercury, and Lincoln product ranges. The 1980 redesign of the Ford Granada, Ford Thunderbird, and Mercury Cougar had been poorly received by buyers; due to popular demand, Ford had also reversed its decision to discontinue its full-size, rear-wheel drive cars in the early 1980s. To rectify this, the midsize car range was facelifted. In an act of downsizing, the base model of the full-size model range became a midsize car while the upper-trim car became the sole full-size car. The Ford LTD replaced the Granada while the Marquis replaced the Cougar sedan and wagon. In addition, the Fox platform became the home of the Lincoln Continental (both replacing the Versailles and splitting it from the Town Car). Returning solely to the personal-luxury segment, the Thunderbird and Cougar personal-luxury coupes were redesigned for 1983, becoming the first aerodynamic-bodied Fords.
The introductory Ford Fairmont and Mercury Zephyr were discontinued at the end of the model year and replaced by the front-wheel drive 1984 Ford Tempo and Mercury Topaz. Their replacement was part of a growing trend among American car manufacturers towards the adoption of front-wheel drive; most Fox-platform cars either adopted front-wheel drive or were eventually discontinued. After the 1989 redesign of the Ford Thunderbird and Mercury Cougar, the Fox platform had been pared down to two models: the Ford Mustang and the Lincoln Continental Mark VII.
The Fox-platform Ford Mustang was redesigned for the 1994 model year under the body family program code name Fox-4. This version was wider and approximately 60% of the parts were redesigned. The SN-95 platform finally ended production with the last 2004 Mustang. This platform was replaced for the 2005 Mustang (code named S-197), with the new Ford D2C platform.
|Fox-platform vehicles (Compact)|
|Ford Fairmont||1978–1983||Ford Maverick||Ford Tempo|
|Mercury Zephyr||1978–1983||Mercury Comet||Mercury Topaz|
|Ford Durango||1981||Ford Ranchero||
|Fox-platform vehicles (Mid-Size)|
|Ford Granada||1980–1982||Ford Granada (1975–1979)||Ford LTD||
|Ford LTD||1983–1986||Ford Granada||Ford Taurus||LTD was an updated version of the 1980-1982 Ford Granada|
|1980–1982||Mercury Monarch||Mercury Marquis||Cougar sedan / wagon models discontinued after 1982 model year.|
|Mercury Marquis||1983–1986||Mercury Cougar||Mercury Sable|
|1982–1987||Lincoln Versailles||Lincoln Continental (D186/seventh generation)|
|Fox-platform vehicles (Pony Car)|
|Ford Mustang||1979–1993||Ford Mustang II||Ford Mustang (SN-95)|
|Ford Mustang (SN-95)||1994–2004||Ford Mustang||Ford Mustang (D2C)|
|Mercury Capri||1979–1986||Mercury Capri II (1976–1978)|
|Fox-platform vehicles (Personal Luxury Car)|
(eighth and ninth generations)
|1980–1988||Ford Thunderbird (seventh generation)||Ford Thunderbird (tenth generation/MN-12)||Produced in two generations (1980-1982 "Box Birds" and 1983-1988 "Aero Birds")|
(fifth and sixth generation)
|1980–1988||Mercury Cougar coupe (fourth generation)||Mercury Cougar (seventh generation/MN12)||Same as Thunderbirds|
|Lincoln Continental Mark VII||1984–1992||Lincoln Continental Mark VI||Lincoln Mark VIII||The Mark VII was the first American-market car sold with composite headlamps and anti-lock brakes.|
|Ford Motor Company Fox Platform timeline|
|mid-size||Ford Granada (second generation)||Ford LTD (fifth generation)|
|Mercury Cougar (fifth generation)||Mercury Marquis (fifth generation)|
|Lincoln Continental (seventh generation)|
|pony car||Ford Mustang (third generation)||Ford Mustang (fourth generation)|
|Mercury Capri (second generation)|
|personal luxury||Ford Thunderbird (eighth generation)||Ford Thunderbird (ninth generation)|
|Mercury Cougar (sixth generation)|
|Lincoln Continental Mark VII|
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