1990 Ford P100 Pickup
|Manufacturer||Ford Motor Company|
|Also called||Ford Cortina Pickup 
Ford 1-Tonner 
|Production||1971 to 1993|
|Assembly||Port Elizabeth, South Africa 
Azambuja, Portugal 
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||2-door pickup|
|Successor||Ford Courier (South Africa)|
The Ford P100 is a car-based Pickup truck built by the Ford Motor Company from 1971 to 1993, initially in South Africa, and later Portugal. It was based on medium-sized Ford passenger cars, originally the Ford Cortina and from 1988 the Ford Sierra. Initially marketed as the Ford Cortina Pickup, the P100 name was adopted in 1982. The P-100 name had previously been used on a small North American panel van in the 1960s.
- 1 Cortina-based model
- 2 Sierra-based model
- 3 Differences to the Cortina and Sierra
- 4 Engine options
- 5 Modifications
- 6 References
- 7 External links
The P100 is a car-based pickup truck, introduced in South Africa in 1971, based on the Ford Cortina Mk3. Initially marketed as the Ford Cortina Pickup, its overall bodywork closely followed that of the Cortina. The cab used the doors of the Cortina 2-door sedan models, giving it a lengthy, yet truncated look, due to the use of a vertical rear window and B-pillar. The rear tray could be had as a wellside, styled with the Cortina Mk3 estate's tail lights, or fitted with a flatdeck or purpose built body. A fibreglass canopy was offered as an option. It soon proved a popular seller in its home market of South Africa.
The bodywork was changed for 1977, to correspond with that of the Ford Cortina Mk4. The cab was redesigned, using the shorter front doors from the Mk4 four-door models. A further change occurred for 1980, when the Mk5's front sheetmetal was introduced. The Ford 1-Tonner name was used in the South African market. From 1986 the Mazda-based Ford Courier replaced the P100 pick-up in South Africa. The Courier was available with the Ford Essex V6 through to April 2000.
From 1982 the P100 name was adopted, and the model was exported from South Africa to Europe. For Europe, the chassis and tray were lengthened, whilst in South Africa it was available in both short wheelbase and long wheelbase variants. The P100 was released to Europe in Mk5 form, just as the parent Cortina Mk5 was being replaced by the Sierra. Ford had considered selling a rebadged Mazda pickup, which would have been lower priced, but rejected this on political grounds as there was a lot of fear over Japanese imports at this time. Ford UK considered being made in Apartheid South Africa as less of a liability than being made in Japan, and also managed to achieve 35 percent local parts content. Country of origin and outdated styling proved to be no effect on sales however, with the P100 continuing in its Cortina Mk5 based form until 1988. In 1986 the "hi cap" was released with a taller roof and door tops and a more upright windscreen specific to the last of the Cortina-based P100s.
Turkey's Otosan also produced a P100 variant, with a separate bed and using the shorter doors from the four-door sedan to achieve parts commonality - Otosan did not build any other two-door models. The Otosan P100 is based on the Ford Taunus TC, which was built in Turkey in sedan form until 1994. The Otosan P100 was produced until 1996.
In late 1987, for the 1988 model year, the P100 was re-bodied with a new Ford Sierra-based cab. Engine choices were originally the Sierra's 2.0 litre "Pinto" carburetted petrol engine, with a 1.8 L turbo-diesel following soon thereafter. The range was now built in Portugal for the European market, to a design set out by Ford UK. It proved a strong seller, particularly on the UK market. The later P100's petrol engine, while a 2.0 L Pinto engine, differed from the units in the passenger Sierra and Granada models in that it was a low compression version of the 205 block Pinto, the Cosworth engine is based on this block. Single choke carburettors were used along with the lower compression to raise torque whilst lowering maximum power, which was now at 74 PS (54 kW; 73 hp).
Differences to the Cortina and Sierra
The P100, while it appeared similar to the models that it was based upon, had several key differences under its skin. While it used the front bodywork of the Cortina, and later Sierra, only the front half of the underbody was utilized - the rear, from the middle of the front seats backward, utilized a ladder chassis for which the pickup tray was mounted to, which could accept a payload of 1000 kg.
The P100 was longer than the corresponding Cortina and Sierra models, and had a higher ride height due to having a multi leaf spring suspension in the rear and larger five-stud wheels all round. The hub design on the Cortina was a SA specific pattern and actually a Rover PCD, hence Rover SD1 alloys and steel wheels fit. The later Sierra front hubs were from the Granada with adapter plates to allow fitment of the heavier duty Ford Transit wheel. Its rear axle was lifted directly from the SWB Transit 80, hence the need for the front adapters to match.
The later P100's gearbox was simply a lower ratio version of the popular Ford T9 gearbox which was also fitted in some earlier Transits, unlike the car version of the Sierra the Type 9 was used up until production ceased - the cars had been updated in 1989 to the MT75 box. While this was a stronger box, it did not use a slip joint yoke so was unsuitable for use on the P100, as it had a live axle compared to the cars independent rear setups with non-moving diff units.
Ford Cortina Pickup (Mark III)
- 1.6 L 4-cylinder OHV 
Ford 1-Tonner (Mark IV)
- 3.0 L V6 
Ford 1-Tonner (Mark V)
Ford P100 (Cortina Mark V based)
- 1.6 L 4-cylinder OHC petrol, 72 bhp (54 kW; 73 PS)
Ford P100 (Sierra based)
- 1.8 L 4-cylinder turbo diesel
- 2.0 L Pinto 4-cylinder petrol
In recent years the Sierra based P100 has gained a following in drifting and modifying circles, and many are becoming modified to include Cosworth engines, which are based on the truck version of the Pinto block.
There are many Ford P100 Pickups which have been modified by their owners. The running gear from any Sierra and certain running gear from the Ford Granada can fitted to the front of the P100. The rear suspension is vehicle specific, with the Capri/Mk1/2 Escort atlas axles being interchangeable, however it requires much more modification (other than simply bolting in) to fit Sierra independent or any other rear running gear. Many modifiers have converted their P100 to Sierra XR/Cosworth drivetrain and running gear. The very fact that they are so easily modified under the bonnet and inside the cab has made the P100 extremely popular in modifying and cruise circles. The Cosworth BOA 24v and YB 16v engines are a popular choice with the YB offering tuning potential for a price while the BOA boasts unbeatable reliability and an astonishing engine note. Rover and Ford V8's are also a common swap, the former being the same weight as the Pinto unit.
Other modifications include:
- Changing front hubs from Transit style wide spaced 5 stud to standard 4 stud Sierra hubs and fitting the back axle from a similar width 4-stud Ford vehicle - e.g. Ford Sierra XR4x4 to allow lowering and 4 stud standard alloys.
- Replacing the fabricated steel bed with a lighter fibreglass body to reduce weight.
- Cover of sales brochure for 1972 Ford Cortina Pickup (South Africa), www.flickr.com Retrieved on 4 June 2014
- Sales brochure for South African Ford 1-Tonner, www.fordcortina.net via web.archive.org Retrieved on 4 June 2014
- Portuguese Pickup, archive.commercialmotor.com Retrieved on 4 June 2014
- Walker, Alan (September 1982). Kennett, Pat, ed. "The great European retreat". TRUCK (London, UK: FF Publishing Ltd): 36–37.
- Liberali, Sandro, ed. (1987-12-17). "Brevissime" [In short]. Auto Oggi (in Italian) (Verona, Italy: Arnoldo Mondadori) 2 (54): 4.
- "Ford Cortina Pickup (Mark III) sales brochure (South Africa), page 5". www.fordcortina.net via web.archive.org. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
- "From The Archives: Ford 3000 Leisure Bakkie". www.carmag.co.za. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
- "Magazine Scans". www.fordaustraliaforums.com. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
- "Ford P100 sales brochure, page 19". www.fordcortina.net via web.archive.org. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
- "This Ford Pick-Up Is The Fastest Coffee-Powered Vehicle In The World". Jalopnik. 24 February 2013. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
- "Co-op revs up for Fairtrade Fortnight with coffee-powered car". The Grocer. 20 February 2013. Retrieved 25 February 2013.