Ford Taunus

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Not to be confused with Ford Taurus.
Ford Taunus (all series)
Overview
Manufacturer Ford Motor Company
Production 1939–1994
Body and chassis
Body style Mid-size car
Full-size car
Chronology
Predecessor Ford Eifel, Ford Köln (mid size)
Ford Rheinland (full size)
Successor Ford Sierra (midsize)
Ford Granada (full size)

The Ford Taunus is a family car sold by Ford in Germany and other countries. Models from 1970 onward were similar to the Ford Cortina in the United Kingdom. The model line was named after the Taunus mountain range in Germany and was first made in 1939 and continued through several versions until 1994.

Taunus G93A (1939–1942) / G73A (1948–1952)[edit]

1949 Ford Taunus

The Ford Taunus G93A was a development of the Ford Eifel and used the same 1172 cc four cylinder engine but in a longer chassis and a streamlined body. It was the first German Ford to have hydraulic brakes. Due to the war, production was interrupted from 1942 to 1948. 74,128 were made including estate cars and light vans.

Taunus M-series (1952–1968)[edit]

From 1952 to 1968 all German Fords were called the Taunus, using the model names 12M, 15M, 17M, 20M, and 26M (on some Scandinavian markets, for a short while the branding 10M was used on a slightly better equipped export version of the early Taunus which is said to be the precursor of later uses). The "M" is said to stand for "Meisterstück", in English "Masterpiece", but that word was found to be already registered by another German automaker. Taunus was also sometimes adopted as the brand-name in export markets, particularly where British and North American Fords were also available.

The 12, 15 and 17M models had a straight-4 which in the first 12M was a carryover of the sidevalve-engine from the first Taunus series, beginning with the 15M it was replaced by an overhead-valve design similar to the British Ford Consul engine. With the introduction of the new 12M line (internal code P4) for 1962 came the V4 engine, which starting in late 1964 with the larger 17/20M became the base engine for the Taunus M-series. The 20 and 26M models had the Ford Cologne V6 engine which is basically the same engine design with two extra cylinders added. The 12, 15, 17 etc. numbers refer to the engine displacement; 1200, 1500, 1700 cc etc. However,there was also a few exceptions from that rule such as 17M 1800 which was powered by the V6 in its smallest displacement of 1.8 litres and the 20M 2300S (in the later P7 series) which used a 2.3 litre version of the same engine.

From 1962 to 1970, the smaller models 12M (P4) and its successor 12M/15M (P6) had front wheel drive. All other models had rear wheel drive.

The following models were offered:

Smaller line: 12M, 15M[edit]

First generation 12M (G13) (1952–1959), 15M (1955–1959)[edit]

Main article: Ford Taunus P1
Ford Taunus 12M 1952–1955

The Taunus 12M presented in 1952 was the first new German Ford after World War II. It featured ponton styling, similar in style to British Ford Zephyr.

Something else the new Ford Taunus 12M had in common with its British Ford cousins was the retention of an old sidevalve engine at a time when competitors were increasingly moving over to overhead valve units.[1] The Taunus 15M used a new and more powerful engine:

  • 12M: 1172 cc, 38 hp (28 kW), 112 km/h (70 mph)
  • 15M: 1498 cc, 55 hp (40 kW), 128 km/h (80 mph)

Body styles were two door sedan, two door station wagon and sedan delivery.

Second generation 12M (1959–1962)[edit]

Main article: Ford Taunus P1
Ford Taunus 12M 1959–1962

Not a new car, but a rework of the 1952 model. All cars are called 12M, though both engines are continued (the car with the bigger engine is called "Taunus 12M 1.5 litre").

Body styles were the same as in the 1952 model.

Third generation 12M (P4) (1962–1966)[edit]

Main article: Ford Taunus P4
Ford Taunus 12M P4

The new Ford Taunus 12M P4 was similar in size, but a completely new car based on the Ford Cardinal project. New body, new V4 engine, front wheel drive. The first Ford car with front wheel drive (second is Ford Corcel, third is Ford Fiesta). Engines:

  • 1.2 litre: 1183 cc, 40 hp (29 kW), 123 km/h (77 mph)
  • 1.5 litre: 1498 cc, 50, 55 or 65 hp (37, 40 or 48 kW), 135, 139 or 144 km/h (84, 87 or 90 mph)

Body styles were two door sedan, four door sedan, two door coupé, two door station wagon and sedan delivery.

Fourth generation 12M (P6) (1966–1970), 15M (P6) (1966–1970)[edit]

Main article: Ford Taunus P6
Ford Taunus 12M P6
Ford Taunus 15M P6

The Ford Taunus P6 came with new bodies: engines and platform are continued. Again, the car with the bigger engine is called 15M. Engines:

  • 12M 1.2 litre: 1183 cc, 45 hp (33 kW), 125 km/h (78 mph)
  • 12M 1.3 litre: 1305 cc, 50 or 53 hp (37 or 39 kW), 130 or 134 km/h (81 or 84 mph)
  • 15M 1.5 litre: 1498 cc, 55 or 65 hp (40 or 47 kW), 136 or 145 km/h (85 or 90 mph)
  • 15M 1.7 litre: 1699 cc, 70 or 75 hp (51 or 55 kW), 153 or 158 km/h (95 or 98 mph)

Body styles were unchanged from the P4.

In 1970, the P6 is replaced by the Taunus TC (see below).

Bigger line: 17M, 20M, 26M[edit]

First generation 17M (P2) (1957–1960)[edit]

Main article: Ford Taunus P2
Ford Taunus 17M P2

Growing prosperity in postwar Germany encouraged Ford to offer a line of bigger and more expensive cars. The Ford Taunus 17M of 1957 was as long as (though significantly narrower than) the British Consul Mk2, but a different car. It presented a style similar to American 1956 Fords, featuring substantial (at least by European standards) tailfins. The transatlantic flamboyance of the car's styling gained it the sobriquet "Baroque Taunus". Unusually for middle class German cars of this period, it was available with either two or four doors.[2] The competition noticed, and from 1959 it would become possible to buy an Opel Rekord with four doors.

The P2 used an ohv engine with 1698 cc and 60 hp (44 kW). A maximum speed of 128 km/h (80 mph) was quoted. A road test of the time commended the smoothness of the three speed all-synchromesh manual transmission system.[2]

Second generation 17M (P3) (1960–1964)[edit]

Main article: Ford Taunus P3
1961 Ford Taunus 17M P3

The Ford Taunus P3 had a completely new body in a very modern style. The look of car reminded some critics of a bath tub, and it consequently gained the soubriquet "Taunus Badewanne".[3] At a time when competitors boasted that all four corners of the vehicles were visible from the driver's seat, the new Taunus instead offered a streamlined form.[4] However, in Germany the concept of streamlining in cars was associated with narrow passenger cabins reminiscent of the 1930s and of the still popular Volkswagen Beetle.[4] The new Taunus, however, provided greater interior width than its predecessor despite being no wider on the outside.[4] Although the 1.7 litre version was launched with the same 60 PS power output as the outgoing model, the new model was a full 10 km/h (6 mph) faster, which was attributed to improved aerodynamics and a lighter body-shell.[4] The front end styling is reminiscent of the 1961 U.S. Ford Thunderbird and Lincoln Continental.

Three engine sizes were now offered:

  • 1.5 litre: 1498 cc, 55 hp (40 kW), 136 km/h (85 mph)
  • 1.7 litre: 1698 cc, 60 or 65 hp (44 or 48 kW), 138 or 140 km/h (86 or 88 mph)
  • 1.8 litre: 1758 cc, 70 or 75 hp (51 or 55 kW), 148 or 154 km/h (92 or 96 mph).

A very successful car.

Third generation 17M (P5) (1964–1967), 20M (P5) (1964–1967)[edit]

Main article: Ford Taunus P5
1966 Ford Taunus 20M P5

The Ford Taunus P5 came with a new body and new engines. 17M now gets a V4 engine:

  • 1.5 litre: 1498 cc, 60 hp (44 kW), 140 km/h (88 mph)
  • 1.7 litre: 1699 cc, 65 or 70 hp (48 or 51 kW), 145 or 150 km/h (91 or 94 mph).

New 20M gets a V6 engine with 1.8 litres and 82 hp, or 2.0 litres (1998 cc) and 85 or 90 hp (63 or 66 kW) with a top speed of 158 or 161 km/h (99 or 101 mph). Again, a good selling car.

Fourth generation 17M (P7) (1967–1968), 20M (P7) (1967–1968)[edit]

Main article: Ford P7
1968 Ford Taunus 20M P7 hardtop coupé

For the new Ford P7 there was a new body: engines and platform were carried over from the P5. Rear lights no longer mounted at corners. 20M-model with fake air scoop on bonnet and new bigger engine.

The engines of the 17M/20M P5 are continued with only one addition on the top end. It is the

  • 20M 2.3 litre: 2293 cc, 108 hp (79 kW), 170 km/h (106 mph).

Fifth generation 17M (P7.2) (1968–1971), 20M (P7.2) (1968–1971), 26M (1969–1971)[edit]

Shrinking sales of the P7 are forcing Ford to offer a restyled car only one year later and the new car is again called P7. Rear lights again mounted on corners. Here, to avoid confusion, it is called P7.2, sometimes it is called P7b. The name "Taunus" no longer used.

26M, introduced in 1969, is the top of the line version with new bigger engine (2.6 litres), bigger brakes, dual headlight, power steering, and the most luxurious trim level. V6-engines slightly revised. The engine programme is enlarged; now there are two base engines (V4 and V6) in six displacement sizes and nine power stages:

  • V4
    • 17M 1.5 litre: 1498 cc, 60 hp (44 kW), 135 km/h (85 mph)
    • 17M 1.7 litre: 1699 cc, 65 or 75 hp (48 or 55 kW), 140 or 150 km/h (88 or 94 mph)
  • V6
    • 17M 1.8 litre: 1812 cc, 82 hp (60 kW), 153 km/h (96 mph)
    • 20M 2.0 litre: 1998 cc, 85 or 90 hp (63 or 66 kW), 155 or 160 km/h (97 or 100 mph)
    • 20M 2.3 litre: 2293 cc, 108 or 125 hp (79 or 92 kW), 170 or 180 km/h (106 or 112 mph)
    • 20M 2.6 litre, 26M: 2550 cc, 125 hp (92 kW), 180 km/h (112 mph), optional on 20M, but standard on 26M.
Ford 20M RS[edit]

Ford 20M RS Coupé made in Germany as a (2300 S) P7b and (2600) P7b. In the 1968 London-Sydney Marathon Ford used three Ford 20M RS from Germany and Belgium. In 1969 a Ford 20M RS won the Safari and as well occasionally a Capri was seen with works involvement.

This is the last specifically German Ford. In early 1972, it is replaced by the new Consul and Granada.

Taunus TC (1970–1976)[edit]

Main article: Ford Taunus TC
1970 - 1975 Ford Taunus Saloon (pre facelift)

In 1970 a new Taunus, the Taunus Cortina (TC), was introduced. Ford offered a two- or four-door sedan or a five-foor station wagon/estate (identified like previous Taunus estates as the Turnier). Between 1970 and 1975, for the first Taunus TC, a fashionable fast-back coupé was also included in the Taunus range.

This model also formed the basis of the Cortina Mk.III, but with different door skins and rear wing pressings from the "coke-bottle" styling of the Cortina. In addition, there was never a Cortina III equivalent to the fast-back bodied Taunus TC coupé. The Taunus TC and Cortina Mk.III were both developed under the auspices of Ford of Europe, and most major components including key parts of the bodyshell were identical.

Taunus TC2 (1976–1979) and TC3 (1979–1982/1994)[edit]

Main article: Ford Taunus TC
Ford Taunus TC2 (1976–1979)
Ford Taunus TC3 (1979–1982 )

At the end of November 1975, in time for the 1976 model year, production began of the Taunus series "GBTS". The Taunus and Cortina Mk IV were in most cases now almost identical, apart from regional variations (in terms of specification changes and trim levels).

The Taunus TC along with the Cortina Mk III and their successors have been produced in slightly updated forms in Europe, Argentina and widely across Asia by Ford or their local co-operators. Cortinas were also built in small numbers starting with the predecessor Cortina Mk II throughout the model series' European/east Asian lifespan under license by Korean automaker Hyundai. This led to the Cortina 80 at the end of its production life serving as a starting point for the first Hyundai Stellar which succeeded the Cortina line in South Korea, handing over some major technical components such as the steering rack and the transmission propelling shaft to the otherwise non-Ford successor.

In 1982 production of the Taunus ceased in Europe; it was replaced by the Ford Sierra. The Sierra carried over the Cortina/Taunus OHC Pinto Engines and RWD configuration but was otherwise an all new car with independent suspension all round.

Production in Argentina and Turkey[edit]

Main article: Ford Taunus TC
Taunus 2300GT coupe in Argentina with its unique bumpers built from 1974 up until the end of 1984
Ford Taunus, last edition produced in Turkey until 1994

The Taunus was produced in Argentina from 1974 up until the end of 1984, when the production assembly was sold to Turkey to manufacture the Otosan Taunus. The Turkish car, easily distinguishable because of its remoulded front and back panels continued in production till 1993.

Notable media appearances[edit]

One of the main characters of the short film Une histoire d'eau by Jean-Luc Godard and François Truffaut is a proud Taunus owner. [5]

A black 1976 model Taunus was driven by henchman chasing James Bond (Roger Moore) - in his Lotus Esprit - in the 1977 film The Spy Who Loved Me on the roads of Sardinia. A notable passenger of the Taunus was the iconic Jaws (Richard Kiel), who was presumably the only survivor when Bond managed to shake off the pursuing car and cause it to overshoot a cliff and plough into the roof of a barn. A blue 1948 model Taunus was driven by Steve Forrest in the very first episode of the 1965 TV series The Baron. [1] A 1979 Ford Taunus is a main feature of the Swedish classic television show Ronny&Ragge.

Modified Taunus TCs are used as the Omega forces patrol vehicles in the spaghetti Mad Max film Warrior of the Lost World[2]

References[edit]

  • Oswald, Werner (2003). Deutsche Autos 1945-1990, Band (vol) 3 (in German). Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3-613-02116-1. 
  1. ^ "Not und Spiele: Die 50er Jahre...". Auto Motor u. Sport. Heft 13 1996: Seite 58–65. 14 June 1996. 
  2. ^ a b "Vor 20 Jahren (ie extracts from the same magazine of twenty years earlier)". Auto Motor u. Sport. Heft 25 1977: Seite 112. 7 December 1977. 
  3. ^ "Youngtimer". Auto-Occasion. Heft 2 1996: Pages 64–65. March–April 1996. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Rueckblick (ie extracts from the same magazine of forty years earlier)". Auto Motor u. Sport. Heft 22 2000: Seite 268. November 1000. 
  5. ^ "La Taunus, c'est la reine" Jean-Claude Brialy with Godard's voice in Une histoire d'eau

External links[edit]

Preceded by:
Ford V8 G78
Ford Rheinland
Taunus 17M/20M/26M
(1957–1971)
Succeeded by:
Ford Granada
Preceded by:
Ford Eifel
Ford Köln
Taunus G73A/G93A
(1939–1951)
Taunus 12M/15M
(1952–1970)
Ford Taunus
(1970–1982)
Succeeded by:
Ford Sierra