Fordham (Metro-North station)

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Fordham
Fordham Station (11355254363).jpg
The station building in 2013.
Station statistics
Address 417 East Fordham Road (190th Street)
Fordham, Bronx, New York 10458
Coordinates 40°51′42″N 73°53′26″W / 40.861534°N 73.890561°W / 40.861534; -73.890561
Line(s)
Connections Local Transit NYCT Bus, MTA Bus and Bee-Line Bus (see Fordham Plaza Bus Terminal below)
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 4
Other information
Electrified 700V (DC) third rail
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Owned by Metro-North Railroad
Fare zone 2
Services
Preceding station   MTA NYC logo.svg Metro-North Railroad   Following station
Harlem Line
toward Wassaic
New Haven Line
  Former services  
New York Central Railroad
Harlem Division
toward Chatham

The Fordham (also known as Fordham – East 190th Street) Metro-North Railroad station serves the residents of the Fordham neighborhood of the Bronx, New York via the Harlem Line and New Haven Line. It is 8.9 miles (14.3 km) from Grand Central Terminal. The platforms are situated just below street level and feature two expanded side platforms that serve eight cars each, on the outer tracks. The station building sits above the tracks on the Fordham Road (East 190th Street) overpass, and still bears the name New York Central Railroad on its facade. This station is among the busiest in the Metro-North system.

Service[edit]

Harlem Line[edit]

Most service is provided to Grand Central Terminal by North White Plains locals. These trains run at least approximately every half-hour on weekdays and Saturdays, and hourly on Sundays. However, during the reverse peak (outbound from GCT mornings and inbound evenings) through trains to and from Southeast also serve this station. On early weekend mornings and late evenings, a few local trains direct to/from Southeast stop here as well.

New Haven Line[edit]

The station is partially used by many off-peak trains coming to/from Stamford, and some peak trains. It is the only station in the Bronx on the Harlem Line that New Haven Line trains serve. Grand Central-bound trains may stop at Fordham to discharge passengers; Stamford-bound trains may stop at Fordham to receive passengers. Travelers to/from Grand Central are expected to take the Harlem line instead. This is due to Metro-North's operating agreement with the Connecticut Department of Transportation.[1]

Neighborhood[edit]

This station is situated directly west of the Rose Hill campus of Fordham University. It is part of the Fordham Plaza complex which is served by several Bronx and Westchester bus routes. The area is a commercial hub with many shops, especially along Fordham Road going west (known as "Fordham Center").

This station is located in Zone 2.

History[edit]

The New York and Harlem Railroad laid tracks through Fordham as far back as 1842, and a station is known to have existed shortly afterwards.[2] The New York and Harlem was bought by the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad in 1864. A March 17, 1848 agreement gave the New York and New Haven Railroad trackage rights over the NY&H from Williamsbridge south into New York City. NY&NH was merged with the Hartford and New Haven Railroad to form the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad in 1872, and the trackage rights along the Harlem Division remained in tact. This aspect of the line would prove to be of little importance to the station until the next century. Throughout the late-19th Century, the Harlem Division was widened and rebuilt into an open cut line as part of a grade elimination project, and Fordham Station would be one of nearly several in the Bronx that would be rebuilt as a station house on a bridge over all four tracks, much like Melrose, the former Morrisania and Tremont stations, among others.[3][4]

Two major milestones of the early 20th Century brought an increase in ridership to the station. Interborough Rapid Transit extended the Third Avenue Elevated Line near Fordham Station, bringing a rapid transit connection on July 1, 1901. Pelham Avenue station was the northern terminus of the line until it was extended to Bronx Park Terminal over ten months later. Due to the popularity of football games between the Fordham Rams and Yale Bulldogs in the 1920's, joint service between the New York Central Railroad and New York, New Haven and Hartford was moved from Woodlawn station to Fordham, where it has remained to this day.[5]

As with many NYCRR stations in the Bronx, the station became a Penn Central station once the NYC & Pennsylvania Railroads merged in 1968. Penn Central acquired the New Haven Railroad in 1969, thus transforming the station into a full Penn Central station. However the railroad's continuous financial despair throughout the 1970s forced them to turn over their commuter service to the Metropolitan Transportation Authority. To make matters worse, the connection to the Fordham Road – 190th Street station as well as the rest of the IRT Third Avenue Line was eliminated in 1973, although the station still had a major mass transit connection in the form of Fordham Plaza. The station and the railroad were turned over to Conrail in 1976, and eventually became part of the MTA's Metro-North Railroad in 1983. Metro-North extended the platforms to handle longer trains in the 1990's, and removed the luncheonette and other local businesses that operated from the station.

Platform and track configuration[edit]

3 Harlem Line for Grand Central
New Haven Line for Grand Central
1 New Haven Line no stop
2 New Haven Line no stop
4 Harlem Line for Southeast, Wassaic
New Haven Line for New Haven – State Street

This station has two high-level side platforms each eight cars long. Both are accessible via stairways from the station building and from Fordham Plaza.

The western platform, adjacent to Track 4, is generally used by southbound trains. The eastern platform, adjacent to Track 3, is generally used by northbound trains.

Metro-North has four tracks at this location. The two inner tracks not adjacent to either platform are used only by express trains.


Fordham Plaza Bus Terminal[edit]

The nearby Fordham Bus Plaza at Fordham Metro-North station.

The following bus routes are served at Fordham Plaza;

Route Terminal1 Terminal2 via notes
NYCT Bus
Mott Haven Riverdale 3rd Avenue, 138th Street,
Grand Concourse, Mosholu Parkway,
Sedgwick Avenue, 231st Street
Mott Haven Kingsbridge Heights 3rd Avenue, 149th Street, Grand Concourse,
Mosholu Parkway, Sedgwick Avenue
Riverdale West Farms Broadway, Kingsbridge Road,
Fordham Road, Southern Boulevard
University Heights Pelham Bay or Orchard Beach Fordham Road, Pelham Parkway
Inwood Co-Op City 207th Street, Fordham Road, Pelham Parkway The first Select Bus Service line in New York City; Originally the 207th Street Crosstown Line trolley.
to Manhattanville
125th Street, Willis Avenue, Third Avenue
to Mott Haven
St. Ann's Avenue, Prospect Avenue, Crotona Avenue
Castle Hill Bedford Park Castle Hill Avenue, Unionport Road,
White Plains Road, Fordham Road,
Kingsbridge Road, Goulden Avenue
to Woodlawn
Bainbridge Avenue, East 233rd Street
The Hub Williamsbridge Melrose Avenue, Webster Avenue
The Hub Williamsbridge Melrose Avenue, Webster Avenue Former Bx55, which replaced the IRT Third Avenue Line in 1973
MTA Bus
Midtown Manhattan Woodlawn 5th & Madison Avenues, Grand Concourse, Bainbridge Avenue, Katonah Avenue
Bee-Line Bus
60
Fordham Road Subway station White Plains TransCenter Boston Post Road, Palmer Avenue, Mamaroneck Avenue
61
Fordham Road Subway station Port Chester Boston Post Road, Fifth Avenue, Halstead Avenue U-Turns at NY-CT line
62
Fordham Road Subway station White Plains TransCenter Boston Post Road, New England Thruway, Westchester Avenue Express to White Plains

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jaccarino, Mike (May 18, 2009). "Wait for train in vain: Fordham riders vent: Metro-North won't let them on New Haven line". Daily News (New York). Retrieved July 4, 2013. 
  2. ^ ["The traveler's guide to the Hudson river, Saratoga Springs, lake George, falls of Niagara and Thousand islands; Montreal, Quebec, and the Saguenay river; also, to the Green and White mountains, and other parts of New England; forming the fashionable northern tour through the United States and Canada," By John Disturnell (1864)]
  3. ^ Tour of the Harlem Line - Melrose
  4. ^ Melrose Station, in the late 1800′s
  5. ^ Station Reporter web-site: Harlem Line

External links[edit]