Fordwich

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Fordwich
Town Hall, Fordwich, Kent.jpg
Fordwich Town Hall
Fordwich is located in Kent
Fordwich
Fordwich
 Fordwich shown within Kent
Area  1.81 km2 (0.70 sq mi)
Population 381 (Civil Parish)[1]
   – density  210/km2 (540/sq mi)
OS grid reference TR179597
   – London  65.8 miles 
Civil parish Fordwich
District City of Canterbury
Shire county Kent
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CANTERBURY
Postcode district CT2
Dialling code 01227
Police Kent
Fire Kent
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Canterbury
List of places
UK
England
Kent

Coordinates: 51°17′42″N 1°07′34″E / 51.295°N 1.126°E / 51.295; 1.126

Fordwich /ˈfɔrdwɪ/ is a very small town surrounded by its own fields and a civil parish in east Kent, on the River Stour, northeast of Canterbury.

It proclaims itself a town making it the smallest community in numbers in Britain with a town council.[2] Its population increased by 30 between 2001 and 2011.[1]

Although many miles inland, it was the main port for Canterbury, which traded directly with London and channel ports and indirectly with the near continent, before the Wantsum Channel silted up making the Isle of Thanet part of mainland England.

History[edit]

The town grew in the Middle Ages as a port for boats on their way upriver to Canterbury. All of the Caen stone used by the Normans to rebuild Canterbury Cathedral in the 12th and 13th centuries was landed at Fordwich. It later became a limb of the Cinque Ports. It lost its status as a town in 1880 when it no longer had a Mayor and Corporation. However, in a reorganisation in 1972, Fordwich was again made a Town as much as anything because of its prior importance in what is now a rather sleepy corner of Kent. Fordwich Town Hall, supposedly the smallest in England, dates from the earlier period, having been rebuilt in 1555.

The ancient Church of St Mary the Virgin, now redundant but open to the public, and in the care of the Churches Conservation Trust, contains part of a carved sarcophagus reputed to have contained the remains of St Augustine of Canterbury. The 16th-century building next the Town Hall, now known as Watergate House, was the family home of John and Gregory Blaxland, early 19th-century pioneers of Australia.

Culture and community[edit]

There are two pubs in the town, the George & Dragon and Fordwich Arms. Fordwich gained angling and fishing repute (from Izaak Walton) for its 'Fordwich trout', one of the largest types found. Fordwich has also been the subject for a series of children's books by author F.J. Beerling. Inspired by the beautiful Kentish countryside and against the backdrop of the river Stour, Ms beerling fell in love with the olde-worlde charm that Fordwich has to offer, along with the even older charm of the Fordwich Town Hall building itself.

See also[edit]

  • Manningtree in Essex, the other claimant for smallest town in England, with 700 people in 20 hectares
  • Yarmouth on the Isle of Wight, also one of the smallest towns of England (the civil parish has 791 inhabitants)
  • Llanwrtyd Wells in Wales has a population of 601

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
  2. ^ Matthews, Peter (1992), The Guinness Book of Records, 1993, Guinness World Records Limited, ISBN 978-0-85112-978-5 

External links[edit]