U.S. State Department list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations
"Foreign Terrorist Organization" is a designation of non-United States-based organizations declared terrorist by the United States Secretary of State in accordance with section 219 of the U.S. Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). Most of the organizations as of 2007[update] on the list are Islamist extremist groups, with the remainder being mainly communist groups, followed by nationalist/separatist groups.
Identification of candidates 
The Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism (S/CT) in the U.S. State Department continually monitors the activities of groups active around the world considered potentially terrorist to identify potential targets for designation. When reviewing potential targets, S/CT looks not only at the actual terrorist attacks that a group has carried out, but also at whether the group has engaged in planning and preparations for possible future acts of terrorism or retains the capability and intent to carry out such acts.
Designation process 
Once a target is identified, the Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism prepares a detailed "administrative record," which is a compilation of information, typically including both classified and open sources information, demonstrating that the statutory criteria for designation have been satisfied. If the Secretary of State, in consultation with the Attorney General and the Secretary of the Treasury, decides to make the designation, United States Congress is notified of the Secretary's intent to designate the organization and given seven days to review the designation, as the INA requires. Upon the expiration of the seven-day waiting period, notice of the designation is published in the Federal Register, at which point the designation takes effect. An organization designated as an FTO may seek judicial review of the designation in the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit not later than 30 days after the designation is published in the Federal Register.
Under the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 the FTO may file a petition for revocation two years after the designation date (or in the case of redesignated FTOs, its most recent redesignation date) or two years after the determination date on its most recent petition for revocation. In order to provide a basis for revocation, the petitioning FTO must provide evidence that the circumstances forming the basis for the designation are sufficiently different as to warrant revocation. If no such review has been conducted during a five-year period with respect to a designation, then the Secretary of State is required to review the designation to determine whether revocation would be appropriate.
The procedural requirements for designating an organization as an FTO also apply to any redesignation of that organization. The Secretary of State may revoke a designation or redesignation at any time upon a finding that the circumstances that were the basis for the designation or redesignation have changed in such a manner as to warrant revocation, or that the national security of the United States warrants a revocation. The same procedural requirements apply to revocations made by the Secretary of State as apply to designations or redesignations. A designation may also be revoked by an Act of Congress, or set aside by a Court order.
Legal criteria for designation 
(Reflecting Amendments to Section 219 of the INA in the 2001 USA PATRIOT Act)
- It must be a foreign organization.
- The organization must engage in terrorist activity, as defined in section 212 (a)(3)(B) of the INA (8 U.S.C. § 1182(a) (3)(B)),* or terrorism, as defined in section 140(d)(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (22 U.S.C. § 2656f(d) (2)),** or retain the capability and intent to engage in terrorist activity or terrorism.
- The organization’s terrorist activity or terrorism must threaten the security of U.S. nationals or the national security (national defense, foreign relations, or the economic interests) of the United States.
Legal ramifications of designation 
- It is unlawful for a person in the United States or subject to the jurisdiction of the United States to knowingly provide "material support or resources" to a designated FTO. (The term "material support or resources" is defined in 18 U.S.C. § 2339A(b) as "currency or monetary instruments or financial securities, financial services, lodging, training, expert advice or assistance, safehouses, false documentation or identification, communications equipment, facilities, weapons, lethal substances, explosives, personnel, transportation, and other physical assets, except medicine or religious materials.")
- Representatives and members of a designated FTO, if they are aliens, are inadmissible to and, in certain circumstances, removable from the United States (see 8 U.S.C. §§ 1182 (a)(3)(B)(i)(IV)-(V), 1227 (a)(1)(A)).
- Any U.S. financial institution that becomes aware that it has possession of or control over funds in which a designated FTO or its agent has an interest must retain possession of or control over the funds and report the funds to the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the U.S. Department of the Treasury.
Other effects of designation 
The U.S. Department of State lists the following items as additional considered beneficial effects of designation:
- Supports efforts to curb terrorism financing and to encourage other nations to do the same.
- Stigmatizes and isolates designated terrorist organizations internationally.
- Deters donations or contributions to and economic transactions with named organizations.
- Heightens public awareness and knowledge of terrorist organizations.
- Signals to other governments U.S. concern about named organizations.
Groups designated as Foreign Terrorist Organizations 
List is current as of September 28, 2012, organized by region and country of origin:
Middle East 
- Abu Nidal Organization (ANO) (International, Palestinian)
- Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades (Palestinian)
- Hamas (Islamic Resistance Movement) (Palestinian)
- Army of Islam (Palestinian)
- Islamic Jihad Group (Palestinian)
- Palestine Liberation Front (PLF) (Palestinian)
- Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) (Palestinian)
- PFLP-General Command (PFLP-GC) (Palestinian)
- Abdullah Azzam Brigades (International, Jordan, Syria)
- Al-Qaeda Kurdish Battalions (formerly Ansar al-Islam) (Iraqi Kurdistan)
- Kata'ib Hezbollah (Iraq)
- Kongra-Gel (formerly Kurdistan Workers' Party) (KGK, formerly PKK, KADEK, Kongra-Gel) (Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Syria)
- Tanzim Qa'idat al-Jihad fi Bilad al-Rafidayn (QJBR) (al-Qaida in Iraq) (formerly Jama'at al-Tawhid wa'al-Jihad, JTJ, al-Zarqawi Network) (Iraq)
- Kahane Chai (Kach) (Israel)
- Party of Free Life of Kurdistan (PJAK) (Iran)
- Jundallah (People's Resistance Movement of Iran, or PRMI) (Iran)
- al-Qa’ida (Global)
- al-Qa'ida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP)
- al-Qa’ida in the Islamic Maghreb (formerly GSPC) (The Maghreb)
- Harkat-ul-Jihad al-Islami (HUJI-B)
- Aum Shinrikyo (Japan)
- Harakat ul-Mujahidin (HUM) (Pakistan)
- Jaish-e-Mohammed (Army of Mohammed) (JEM) (Pakistan)
- Lashkar-e Tayyiba (Army of the Righteous) (LET) (Muridke, Pakistan)
- Lashkar i Jhangvi (Pakistan)
- Tehrik-i-Taliban (TTP) (Pakistan)
- Jemaah Anshorut Tauhid (JAT) (Indonesia)
- Jemaah Islamiya organization (JI) (Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines, Singapore)
- Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG) (Philippines)
- Communist Party of the Philippines/New People's Army (CPP/NPA) (Philippines)
- Al-Shabaab (Somalia)
- Gama’a al-Islamiyya (Egypt)
- Other countries
- Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG) (Libya)
- Lord's Resistance Army (Uganda)
- Moroccan Islamic Combatant Group (MICG) (Morocco)
- Ansar Dine (AAD) (Mali)
- United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland
- Continuity Irish Republican Army (CIRA) (United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland)
- Real Irish Republican Army (RIRA) (United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland)
- Revolutionary People's Liberation Party/Front (DHKP/C) (Turkey)
- Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) (Turkey)
- Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (Basque Fatherland and Liberty) (ETA) (Spain, France)
South America 
- National Liberation Army (ELN) (Colombia)
- Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) (Colombia)
- United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC) (Colombia)
- Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso, SL) (Peru)
Delisted Foreign Terrorist Organizations 
The following groups have been removed from the State Department list, as of Sept. 28, 2012,
- DFLP-Hawatmeh Faction (DFLP) (Palestinian) - Removed Oct. 8, 1999
- Khmer Rouge (Cambodia) - Removed Oct. 8, 1999
- Manuel Rodríguez Patriotic Front - Dissidents (FPMR-D) (Chile) - Removed Oct. 8, 1999
- Japanese Red Army (JRA) (Japan) - Removed Oct. 8, 2001
- Tupac Amaru Revolution Movement (MRTA) (Peru) - Removed Oct. 8, 2001
- Revolutionary Nuclei (Greece) - Removed May 18, 2009
- Armed Islamic Group (GIA) (Algeria) - Removed Oct. 15, 2010
- Mujahedin-e Khalq (MEK) (Iraq & Iran) - Removed Sept. 28, 2012
See also 
- Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism (September 28, 2012). "Foreign Terrorist Organizations". state.gov. U.S. State Department. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
- "US Designates Iran's Jundallah as Terrorist Organization – CNN.com." CNN.com. Nov 3, 2010. Web. Nov 3, 2010. <http://www.cnn.com/2010/WORLD/meast/11/03/jundallah.terrorist.designation/index.html
- SCHMITT, ERIC. "U.S. Backs Blacklisting Militant Organization". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 September 2012.
- "US places Indian Mujahideen on terror list". Express Tribune. September 15, 2011. Retrieved September 17, 2011.
- "Terrorist Designations of Ansar al-Dine". United States Department of State. 21 March 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
- , Current list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations at the United States Department of State.web site
- US Department of State's Foreign Terrorist Organizations, released April 8, 2008 Fact Sheet, upon which this article is based, which also contains the legal references.
- US Department of the Treasury, Office of Foreign Assets Control, 'What you need to know about U.S. Sanctions'
- European Union list of terrorist groups and individuals, 2007
- European Union list of terrorist groups and individuals, january 2009
- Kurth Cronin, Audrey; Huda Aden, Adam Frost, and Benjamin Jones (2004-02-06) (PDF). Foreign Terrorist Organizations. Congressional Research Service. http://www.fas.org/irp/crs/RL32223.pdf. Retrieved on 2009-03-04.
-  Indictment of John Walker Lindh.