Foreign football players in Germany

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There are many foreign football players in the German professional football leagues. As of November 2009, there are 249 foreign players in the 1. Bundesliga, resulting in a foreigner ratio of 45%. In the 2. Bundesliga, there are 145 foreign players - a ratio of 31%.[1] In the 3. Bundesliga, the foreigner ratio is 15%.[2]

Rulings[edit]

For the 2006–07 season, the limits on foreign (non-EU) players were lifted, based on a decision of the German Football Association (DFB) and Deutsche Fußball Liga made on 21 December 2005. At the same time, the UEFA local player ruling was introduced. This ruling stipulates, that a certain number of locally produced players must be enrolled at each club. For the 2006–07 season, this was at least four such players, for the 2007–08 season six players and for the 2008–09 season eight such players.

A locally produced player is a player who, during the age of 15–21 years, was licenced to play for the club for three different seasons or years.[1]

Ratio of foreign players[edit]

Data from season 2009–10.[1]

Liga Players Ratio
1. Bundesliga 249 45%
2. Bundesliga 145 31%
3. Bundesliga 15%

Countries[edit]

With 42 players, Brazil is the country with the most nationals playing in the German professional football leagues. Thirty of them played for clubs in the highest level in 2009–10. Only four clubs in the 1. Bundesliga were totally without Brazilian players: VfL Bochum, SC Freiburg, 1. FSV Mainz 05 and 1. FC Nuremberg. Below the highest league level, the number of Brazilians drops rapidly: ten Brazilians play in the 2. Bundesliga, and only two in the 3. Liga.[3] In recent years, the Turks have been 43 players.

The following table lists the nationality of players in the three professional football leagues of Germany.[3]

Americas[edit]

Country Players
Brazil 42
Canada 8
USA 7
Trinidad and Tobago 1
Venezuela 2
Columbia 3
Ecuador 2
Peru 5
Bolivia 1
Chile 1
Paraguay 2
Uruguay 2
Argentina 8
Mexico 1

Europe[edit]

Country Players
Belgium 9
Hungary 9
Bulgaria 6
Romania 6
Serbia 6
Slovakia 6
Slovenia 6
Macedonia 4
Montenegro 4
Lithuania 2
Bosnia 19
Czech Republic 19
Croatia 18
Austria 17
Netherlands 14
Switzerland 14
Denmark 10
Poland 10
Finland 7
Sweden 4
Scotland 1
Ireland 1
France 19
Spain 4
Italy 12
Portugal 4
Greece 9
Turkey 43
Georgia 6
Ukraine 3
Belarus 1
Russia 1

Africa[edit]

Country Players
Tunisia 6
Algeria 4
Morocco 4
Mali 1
Burkina Faso 5
Senegal 1
Gambia 2
Liberia 1
Ivory Coast 5
Togo 1
Ghana 8
Nigeria 7
Cameroon 9
Congo DR 4
Angola 1
Sambia 2
Namibia 1
South Africa 2
Egypt 2

Middle East[edit]

Country Players
Israel Israel 2
IranIran 2
Lebanon Lebanon 5

Asia and Oceania[edit]

Country Players
China China 1
South Korea South Korea 4
Japan Japan 4
Australia Australia 3
Philippines Philippines 1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 1. Fragen zum Thema Spielbetrieb DFL Deutsche Fußball Liga GmbH, 2010
  2. ^ Kicker Sonderheft Saison 2009/10
  3. ^ a b Gürtler, Detlef: Wirtschaftsatlas Deutschland. Rowohlt Berlin, 2010. ISBN 978-3-87134-632-3. pp. 162-163