Foreign forced labor in the Soviet Union

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Foreign forced labor was used by the Soviet Union during and in the aftermath of World War II, which continued up to 1950s.

There have been two categories of foreigners amassed for forced labor: prisoners of war and civilians. Both of them were handled by GUPVI, a special department of NKVD, analogous to GULAG, which was established in September 1939, after the start of the Soviet invasion of Poland. It was noted[1] that Polish military personnel could not have been formally classified as POW, since there was no war announced by either side, and with some exceptions Polish forces did not resist the Soviet invasion,[citation needed] hence the title of the department.

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  1. ^ POW in the USSR 1939-1956:Documents and Materials Moscow Logos Publishers (2000) (Военнопленные в СССР. 1939-1956: Документы и материалы. Науч.-исслед. ин-т проблем экон. истории ХХ века и др.; Под ред. М.М. Загорулько. - М.: Логос, 2000. - 1118 с.: ил.)