Foreign relations of El Salvador
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politics and government of
El Salvador is a member of the United Nations and several of its specialized agencies, the Organization of American States (OAS), the Central American Common Market (CACM), the Central American Parliament (PARLACEN), and the Central American Integration System (SICA). It actively participates in the Central American Security Commission (CASC), which seeks to promote regional arms control.
El Salvador also is a member of the World Trade Organization and is pursuing regional free trade agreements. An active participant in the Summit of the Americas process, El Salvador chairs a working group on market access under the Free Trade Area of the Americas initiative.
El Salvador has joined its six Central American neighbors in signing the Alliance for Sustainable Development, known as the Conjunta Centroamerica-USA or CONCAUSA to promote sustainable economic development in the region.
Republic of China (Taiwan)
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (November 2011)|
El Salvador maintains diplomatic relations with the Republic of China (Taiwan) instead of the People's Republic of China. President Mauricio Funes stated El Salvador will only have commercial ties with the People's Republic of China and promised to the ROC president that El Salvador will maintain their diplomatic ties. As part of its military ties with El Salvador, the ROC sold T-65 Assault Rifles to El Salvador during the 1970s and 1980s, which are used by the National Civilian Police, and trained Salvadorian military officers during the civil war. It was one of the first countries that aided Salvadorian government and people during the 2011 floods. The ROC ambassador to El Salvador is Jaime Chen and the Salvadorian ambassador to the ROC is Marta Chang de Tsien. Ambassadorial relations began in 1961. El Salvador is one of the ROC's strongest supporters in the UN and the National Legislative Assembly's President Silfrido Reyes visited Taiwan recently to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the Republic of China.
Cuba and El Salvador have resumed diplomatic relations on June 1, 2009. El Salvador previously suspended diplomatic relations with Cuba 50 years ago due to the Cuban Revolution. The diplomatic ties have started after El Salvador's new president Mauricio Funes has been sworn into office, and pledged to re-establish diplomatic relations with Cuba. El Salvador is also the very last Latin American nation to do so.
In July 1969, El Salvador and Honduras fought the 100-hour Football War over disputed border areas and friction resulting from the 300,000 Salvadorans who had emigrated to Honduras in search of land and employment. The catalyst was nationalistic feelings aroused by a series of soccer matches between the two countries. The two countries formally signed a peace treaty on October 30, 1980, which put the border dispute before the International Court of Justice. In September 1992, the court issued a 400-page ruling, awarding much of the disputed land to Honduras. Although there have been tensions between citizens on both sides of the border, the two countries have worked to maintain stability and signed an agreement in November 1996 to establish a framework for negotiating the final disposition of citizens and property in the affected areas. El Salvador and Honduras share normal diplomatic and trade relations.
The Honduras-El Salvador Border Protocol ratified by Honduras in May 1999 established a framework for a long-delayed border demarcation, which is currently underway; with respect to the maritime boundary in the Golfo de Fonseca, the ICJ referred to the line determined by the 1900 Honduras-Nicaragua Mixed Boundary Commission and advised that some tripartite resolution among El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua likely would be required.
Diplomatic relations between Mexico and El Salvador were established in 1838.
- Mexico has an embassy in San Salvador.
- El Salvador has an embassy in Mexico City.
- Both countries are members of the Organization of American States and the Organization of Ibero-American States.
El Salvador, which is home to a sizeable ethnic Palestinian community, was widely expected to join the succession of South American governments that recognised Palestine in the end of 2010. In May 2011, members of the country's Legislative Assembly including its president Sigfrido Reyes presented a proposal to the Cabinet to issue a statement formally recognising the State of Palestine.
The Central American Integration System (SICA) was expected to adopt a co-ordinated position on the issue at its summit in San Salvador on 18 August. However, El Salvador, as the nation presiding over the summit, refused to include the matter on the official agenda, insisting that discussion should retain a regional focus. Despite this, the government officially recognised the Palestinian state on 25 August.
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
El Salvador recognized the SADR on July 31, 1989. On April 1997, El Salvador cancelled relations with the SADR. On June 2009, and during a visit of SADR's president, Mohamed Abdelaziz, relations were restored. On November 30, 2010, the SADR and El Salvador upgrade their relations to ambassadorial level.
U.S. policy towards the country promotes the strengthening of El Salvador's democratic institutions, rule of law, judicial reform, and civilian police; national reconciliation and reconstruction; and economic opportunity and growth. El Salvador has been a committed member of the coalition of nations fighting against terrorism and has sent 10 rotations of troops to Iraq to support Operation Iraqi Freedom.
- El Salvador and Cuba reestablish diplomatic ties
- Mexican embassy in San Salvador (in Spanish only).
- Ministry of foreign affairs of El Salvador (in multiple languages).
- Luxner, Larry (22 November 2010). "Push for Diplomatic Recognition Creates Tricky Precedents, Strange Bedfellows". The Washington Diplomat. Retrieved 2011-08-01.
- Government of El Salvador (2 May 2011). "Iniciativa para reconocer a Palestina como Estado independiente". Legislative Assembly. Retrieved 2011-08-01.
- Government of El Salvador (6 May 2011). "Analizarán emitir pronunciamiento en apoyo a Palestina". Legislative Assembly. Retrieved 2011-08-01.
- Government of Honduras (2 August 2011). "Presidente Lobo Sosa pide de nuevo a empresarios tocarse el corazón" (in Spanish). Office of the President. Retrieved 2011-03-10.
- Staff writer (6 August 2011). "CARICOM-Palestine seeking CARICOM support for homeland". Caricom News Network (CSME Network News). Retrieved 2011-08-15.
- Medzini, Ronen (22 August 2011). "Central America 'battles' over PA's UN bid". Ynet News. Retrieved 2011-08-27.
- Government of El Salvador (25 August 2011). "El Salvador reconoce a Palestina como Estado libre, soberano e independiente" (in Spanish). Ministry of Exterior Relations. Retrieved 2011-08-26.
- SADR and El Salvador establish diplomatic relations at ambassadorial level