Foreign relations of Grenada

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politics and government of
Grenada
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Foreign relations

The United States, Venezuela, Cuba, and the People's Republic of China have embassies in Grenada. Grenada has been recognized by most members of the United Nations and maintains diplomatic missions in the United Kingdom, the United States, Venezuela, and Canada.

Grenada is a member of the Caribbean Development Bank, CARICOM, the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS), and the Commonwealth of Nations. It joined the United Nations in 1974, and the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and the Organization of American States in 1975. Grenada also is a member of the Eastern Caribbean's Regional Security System (RSS).

Bilateral relations[edit]

Canada[edit]

Grenada has a consulate general in Toronto, Canada.[1]

China[edit]

Grenada announced the resumption of diplomatic ties with the People's Republic of China on January 20, 2005.

Cuba[edit]

Haiti[edit]

As a member of CARICOM Grenada strongly backed efforts by the United States to implement United Nations Security Council Resolution 940, designed to facilitate the departure of Haiti's de facto authorities from power. Grenada subsequently contributed personnel to the multinational force which restored the democratically elected government of Haiti in October 1994.

Pakistan[edit]

Palestine[edit]

Grenada officially recognised the independence of the State of Palestine on 25 September 2011 and established diplomatic relations on 27 September 2013.[2]

Soviet Union[edit]

During the New Jewel Movement, the Soviet Union tried to make the island of Grenada to function as a Soviet base, and also by getting supplies from Cuba. On October 1983, during the U.S. invasion of Grenada, U.S. President Ronald Reagan maintained that US Marines arrived on the island of Grenada, which was considered a Soviet-Cuban ally that would export communist revolution throughout the Caribbean. In November, at a joint hearing of Congressional Subcommittee, it was told that Grenada could be used as a staging area for subversion of the nearby countries, for intersection of shipping lanes, and for the transit of troops and supplies from Cuba to Africa, and from Eastern Europe and Libya to Central America. In December, the State Department published a preliminary report on Grenada, in which was claimed as an "Island of Soviet Internationalism". When the US Marines landed on the island, they discovered a large amount of documents, which included agreements between the Soviet Government, and the New Jewel Movement, recorded minutes of the Committee meetings, and reports from the Grenadian embassy in Moscow.[3] Diplomatic relations between Grenada and the Soviet Union were severed in 1983 by the Governor General of Grenada. Eventually in 2002, Grenada re-established diplomatic relations with the newly formed Russian Federation.[4]

Romania[edit]

Grenadian–Romanian relations are foreign relations between Grenada and Romania. Both countries are full members of the United Nations. The relations were formal diplomatic relations between Grenada and Romania. Grenada and Romania full diplomatic relations were established on the Thursday 3 April 1975.[5]

Venezuela[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

The United Kingdom is represented by a resident commissioner (as opposed to the governor general who represents the British monarch).

United States[edit]

The U.S. Government established an embassy in Grenada in November 1983. The U.S. Ambassador to Grenada is resident in Bridgetown, Barbados. The embassy in Grenada is staffed by a chargé d'affaires who reports to the ambassador in Bridgetown. Grenada has an embassy in Washington, D.C. and a consulate general in New York City.[6][7]

The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) played a major role in Grenada's development. In addition to the $45 million emergency aid for reconstruction from 2004's Hurricane Ivan, USAID provided more than $120 million in economic assistance from 1984 to 1993. About 25 Peace Corps volunteers in Grenada teach special education, remedial reading, and vocational training and assist with HIV/AIDS work. Grenada receives counter-narcotics assistance from the United States and benefits from U.S. military exercise-related construction and humanitarian civic action projects.

Prime Minister Keith Mitchell joined President Bill Clinton, in May 1997, for a meeting with 14 other Caribbean leaders during the first-ever U.S.-regional summit in Bridgetown, Barbados. The summit strengthened the basis for regional cooperation on justice and counter-narcotics issues, finance and development, and trade.

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Department of State (Background Notes).[1]

International recognition of Grenada[edit]

UN member states[edit]

State Date of recognition Date of diplomatic relations Date of withdrawn Notes
 Argentina 3 February 1975
 Armenia 3 April 2012
 Azerbaijan 23 September 2010
 Barbados 3 March 1974 Barbados–Grenada relations
 Belize 21 September 1981
 Brunei Darussalam 29 January 2010
 Canada 7 February 1974 Canada–Grenada relations
 Colombia 9 January 1981
 Costa Rica 15 December 1977
 Croatia 19 May 2000
 Cuba 1994 November 1983 Cuba–Grenada relations
 Cyprus 29 April 1980
 Egypt 14 September 1976
 Estonia 12 May 2006
 Finland 22 November 1974 1 June 1980
 Georgia 23 November 2011
 Iceland 1983
 Indonesia 28 February 1992
 Israel January 1975
 Japan April 1975 Grenada–Japan relations
 Kazakhstan 16 October 2012
 Kuwait 18 May 2013
 Latvia 19 September 2012
 Libya 1979 November 1983 Grenada–Libya relations
 Malta 27 May 2011
 Mongolia 25 July 1980
 Morocco 27 May 2011
 People's Republic of China 20 January 2005 China–Grenada relations
 Republic of Korea May 1984 March 1975 Grenada–South Korea relations
 Romania 3 April 1975
 Russian Federation 17 September 2002
 Serbia 19 August 1974 June 1978
 Singapore 15 December 2000
 South Africa 25 February 1998
 Sri Lanka 19 December 2012
  Switzerland 1981
 United Arab Emirates March 1975
 United States 7 February 1974 29 November 1974 Grenada–United States relations
 Venezuela 1977

Non-UN member states[edit]

State Date of recognition Date of diplomatic relations Date of withdrawn Notes
 State of Palestine Yes No -
 Republic of China 1989 1989 2005 Changed relationship to the People's Republic of China.
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic 20 August 1979 20 August 1979 16 August 2010 [8]
  Vatican City 17 February 1979 17 February 1979 L'Attività della Santa Sede 1979, p. 136[8]

Illicit drugs[edit]

Small-scale cannabis cultivation; lesser transshipment point for cannabis and cocaine to the US.

See also[edit]

References[edit]