Foreign relations of Latvia
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politics and government of
Today's Republic of Latvia regards itself as a continuation of the 1918–1940 republic. After the declaration on the restoration of its full independence on August 21, 1991, Latvia became a member of the United Nations on September 17, 1991, and is a signatory to a number of UN organizations and other international agreements, including Council of Europe, CERCO, International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, International Civil Aviation Organization, International Atomic Energy Agency, UNESCO, UNICEF, International Criminal Court, the World Bank, International Monetary Fund, and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. It also is a member of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and of the North Atlantic Coordinating Council. On 20 September 2003, in a nationwide referendum, the Latvians voted to join the European Union and Latvia's EU membership took effect on 1 May 2004. Latvia became a member state of NATO on March 29, 2004. Latvia welcomes further cooperation and integration with NATO, European Union, and other Western organizations. It also seeks more active participation in UN peacekeeping efforts worldwide.
Through its Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Latvia maintains embassies in Argentina, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Canada, the People's Republic of China, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy, Lithuania, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, South Africa, Sweden, Ukraine, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Uzbekistan.
It also operates missions to the United Nations in New York City and Geneva, the European Council, and non-member representation to the European Union, Chemical Weapons Nonproliferation Organization, the OSCE, NATO, World Trade Organization, and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Latvia has a Consulate General in Russia; Consulates in Belarus and Russia; Honorary Consulates General in Australia, Cyprus, India, Israel, and Norway; and Honorary Consulates in Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Cyprus, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Mexico, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway, Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, and Venezuela.
Russia expresses concern for how Latvia's language and naturalization laws effect Latvia's Russian-speaking population. Russians comprised 27.6% of the population in 2010. In turn, Latvia is interested in the welfare of ethnic Latvians still residing in Russia. The latest Russian census shows about 40,000 still living in Russia, but sources indicate that given the probability of an undercount, Latvians in Russia probably number about 50,000-60,000.
Disputes - international: Treaty delimiting the boundary with Russia has been signed and ratified in 2007, under the treaty the Abrene district passes to Russia; ongoing talks over maritime boundary dispute with Lithuania (primary concern is oil exploration rights)
Illicit drugs: transshipment point for opiates and cannabis from Central and Southwest Asia to Western Europe and Scandinavia and Latin American cocaine and some synthetics from Western Europe to CIS; limited production of illicit amphetamines, ephedrine, and ecstasy for export.
Relations by country
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
|Austria||See Foreign relations of Austria|
|Azerbaijan||See Foreign relations of Azerbaijan|
|Belarus||See Foreign relations of Belarus|
|Bulgaria||See Bulgaria–Latvia relations
Bulgaria is represented in Latvia through its embassy in Warsaw (Poland) and through an honorary consulate in Riga. Latvia is represented in Bulgaria through its embassy in Warsaw (Poland) and through an honorary consulate in Sofia. Both countries are full members of NATO and of the European Union.
|Canada||1991-08-26||See Canada–Latvia relations|
|Croatia||See Foreign relations of Croatia|
|Czech Republic||See Foreign relations of the Czech Republic|
|Denmark||See Denmark-Latvia relations|
|Estonia||See Estonia–Latvia relations
|Finland||See Foreign relations of Finland|
|France||See Foreign relations of France|
|Georgia||See Foreign relations of Georgia|
|Germany||See Foreign relations of Germany|
|Greece||See Foreign relations of Greece|
|Hungary||See Foreign relations of Hungary|
|Iceland||See Iceland–Latvia relations
Iceland was the first country to recognise the independence of Latvia in August 1991. Both countries re-established diplomatic relations on August 22, 1991. Iceland is represented in Latvia through its embassy in Helsinki (Finland). Latvia is represented in Iceland through its embassy in Oslo (Norway) and an honorary consulate in Reykjavik. Both countries are full members of the Council of the Baltic Sea States, of NATO, and of the Council of Europe.
|Ireland||See Foreign relations of the Republic of Ireland|
|Israel||1992-01-06||See Israel–Latvia relations
|Italy||See Foreign relations of Italy|
|Kosovo||See Kosovan–Latvian relations
Latvia recognized it on 20 February 2008. Latvian and Kosovan governments established diplomatic relations on 10 June 2008. However, Latvia's involvement in Kosovo date back to 2000 when it first sent peacekeeping troops.
|Lithuania||1991-10-05||See also Foreign relations of Lithuania|
|Poland||1991-08-30||See Latvia–Poland relations
|Russia||1920-10-04 and again 1991-10-04||
|United States||1922-07-28||See Latvia – United States relations
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Latvia)
- List of diplomatic missions in Latvia
- List of diplomatic missions of Latvia
- Latvian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: direction if the Latvian representation in Armenia
- Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Latvia
- Israeli embassy in Riga
- Latvian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: directions of Latvian representations in Israel
- Kazakh embassy in Vilnius (also accredited to Latvia)
- "Announcement by Minister of Foreign Affairs of Republic of Latvia on recognition of Kosovo's independence". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Republic of Latvia. 2008-02-20. Retrieved 2008-02-20.
- "Kosovo & Latvia Open Diplomatic Ties" balkaninsight.com 10 June 2008 Link accessed 10/06/08
- Embassy of the Republic of Latvia in the Republic of Lithuania
- Embassy of the Republic of Lithuania in the Republic of Latvia
- Latvian embassy in Warsaw (in Latvian and Polish only)
- Polish embassy in Riga
- Romanian embassy in Vilnius, also accredited to Latvia (new version)
- Text in League of Nations Treaty Series, vol. 2, pp. 196-231
- "Latvian, Slovak foreign ministers praise ties, discuss EU, NATO integration". BNS. November 6, 2000. Retrieved 2009-06-11. "Relations between Latvia and Slovakia are good and have a potential for development, Latvian Foreign Minister Indulis Berzins and his Slovak counterpart Eduard Kukan agreed in the talks in Riga today. Latvia and Slovakia have common foreign policy aims which facilitate bilateral relations and discussions. Berzins and Kukan agreed that both countries were interested in development of a political dialogue, cooperation between foreign and defence ministries, as well as..."
- Latvian embassy in Kiev
- Ukrainian embassy in Riga
- UK embassy in Riga
- Latvian embassy in London
- Office of National Statistics, Population survey 2010 accessed 18 September 2010