Foreign relations of Montenegro

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Coat of arms of Montenegro.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Montenegro
Constitution

In a referendum on 21 May 2006, the people of Montenegro opted to leave the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. This was confirmed with a declaration of independence by the Montenegrin parliament on 3 June 2006. It simultaneously requested international recognition and outlined foreign policy goals.

As enumerated in the parliamentary declaration of 3 June 2006, Montenegro's near-term primary foreign policy objectives are integration into the European Union, membership in the United Nations, to which it was admitted on 28 June 2006[1] and in NATO.[2]

The European Council of Ministers recognized Montenegrin independence on 12 June 2006, as did the United States. Russia gave official recognition on 11 June.[3] The United Kingdom extended recognition on 13 June. The last two permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, France and the People's Republic of China recognised the government of Montenegro on 14 June.

On 30 November 2006, the Government adopted the Memorandum of Agreement between the Republic of Montenegro and the Republic of Serbia on Consular Protection and Services to the Citizens of Montenegro. By this agreement, the Republic of Serbia, through its network of diplomatic and consular missions, provides consular services to the Montenegrin citizens on the territory of states in which Montenegro has no missions of its own. In October 2008, Montenegro recognized the independence of Kosovo.

Membership in international organizations[edit]

Organisation Application date Admission date
Flag of ITU.svg International Telecommunications Union (ITU) 21 June 2006 [4][5]
Energy Community Logo.jpg Energy Community 01 January 2007 [6]
OSCE logo.svg Organization for Security and
Co-operation in Europe
(OSCE) [7] [8]
5 June 2006 [9] 22 June 2006 [10]
 United Nations (UN) [11] 5 June 2006 28 June 2006 [12] [13]
Flag of ILO.svg International Labour Organization (ILO) 18 July 2006 [14]
Flag of UPU.svg Universal Postal Union (UPU) 26 July 2006 [15]
Central European Initiative (CEI) 2 August 2006 [16]
Stability Pact for Southeastern Europe 3 August 2006 [17] Green tickY [18]
Flag of WHO.svg World Health Organization (WHO) 29 August 2006 14 September 2006 [19]
Flag of IAEA.svg International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) 14 June 2006 [20] 18 September 2006 [21]
International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) 27 July 2006 [22] 22 September 2006 [23]
Flag of the International Maritime Organization.svgInternational Maritime Organisation (IMO) [24] 10 October 2006 [25]
Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) [26] 16 October 2006 [27]
International Criminal Court logo.svg International Criminal Court (ICCt) 23 October 2006 [28]
Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) 23 October 2006 [29]
World Customs Organization (WCO) 24 October 2006 [30]
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) 25 October 2006[31]
International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) Yes check.svg [32]
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) 22 November 2006 [33]
International Organisation for Migration (IOM) 28 November 2006 [34]
World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) 4 December 2006 [35]
NATO's Partnership for Peace [36] 30 August 2006 [37] 14 December 2006 [38]
International Monetary Fund (IMF) 18 July 2006 [39] 18 January 2007 [40]
World Bank Group (IBRD, IDA, IFC, MIGA) 3 August 2006 [41] 18 January 2007 [42]
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) 1 March 2007 [43]
Council of Europe (CoE) [44] 6 June 2006 [45] 11 May 2007 [46]
Southeast European Cooperation Process (SECP) 11 May 2007 [47]
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) Yes check.svg [48] [49]
Flag of the World Meteorological Organization.svg World Meteorological Organization (WMO) 25 May 2007 [50]
Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC) Green tickY [51]
World Trade Organization (WTO) 10 December 2004 [52] 29 April 2012[53]
World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) 30 November 2007 [54]
borfer International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRCS) 21 September 2006 [55]
International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
International Hydrographic Organization (crest).png International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Yes check.svg
Logo of the Permanent Court of Arbitration, The Hague.png Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) 3 June 2006 [56]
Southeast European Cooperative Initiative (SECI) June 2008 [57]
Black Sea Economic Co-operation (BSEC) not granted because of the Cyprus dispute [58]
European Civil Aviation Conference June 2008 [59]
Eurocontrol logo 2010.svg EUROCONTROL 1 July 2007 [60]
FAO logo.svg Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) 17 November 2007[61]
European Network of Transmission System Operators for Electricity (ENTSO-E) Yes check.svg [62]
Intergovernmental Organisation for International Carriage by Rail (OTIF) 1 July 2010 [63]
Council of Bureaux (CoBx) [64] 2012[65]
Union for the Mediterranean 13 July 2008
Full NATO Membership
Full European Union Membership
International Sports Organisations
International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) 27 July 2006 [66]
International Handball Federation (IHF) 7 August 2006 [67]
International Swimming Federation (FINA) 21 August 2006 [68]
International Tennis Federation (ITF) 24 August 2006 [69]
International Basketball Federation (FIBA) 27 August 2006 [70]
International Volleyball Federation (FIVB) 23 October 2006 [71]
Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) 30 June 2006 26 January 2007 [72]
World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) 17 May 2007 [73]
FIFA Logo (2010).svg International Football Federation (FIFA) 30 June 2006 31 May 2007 [74]
International Archery Federation (FITA) 5 July 2007 [75]
 International Olympic Committee (IOC) 6 July 2007 [76]
International Bowling Federation (FIQ) 30 August 2007 [77]
International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF)
International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF)
  • On June 28, 2006, Montenegro was added to the American Radio Relay League's DXCC List as the 336th entry based on membership in the UN. [78]
  • Montenegro acceded to the Geneva Conventions on August 2, 2006.[79]
  • 382 is Montenegro's telephone country code [80]
  • .me is an Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) that was assigned to Montenegro, following the decision on 26 September 2006 by the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency to allocate ME as the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for Montenegro.

States that have explicitly recognized Montenegro and/ or establishment of diplomatic relations[edit]

# Country Recognition of the Republic of Montenegro[4] Establishment of Diplomatic Relations[4] Status of Diplomatic Mission in Montenegro 4 [5] Status of
Diplomatic
Mission
in the country[6]
Notes
1  Iceland 8 June 2006 26 September 2006
2   Switzerland 9 June 2006 5 July 2006 Embassy
3  Guinea-Bissau 9 June 2006 29 June 2006
4  Russia 10 June 2006 26 June 2006 Embassy 3 Embassy See Montenegro–Russia relations
5  Bulgaria1 12 June 2006 2 August 2006 Embassy3, 11 December 2006 See Bulgaria–Montenegro relations
6  Croatia1 12 June 2006 7 July 2006 Embassy, 12 January 2007
Consulate (Kotor)3
Embassy, 10 May 2007
7  Macedonia 12 June 2006 14 June 2006 Embassy, 31 July 2006 3 Embassy See Macedonia – Montenegro relations
2  European Union 12 June 2006[7] 2006[8][9] Delegation, 1 November 2007[10][11] Mission, 2006[8][12] Accession of Montenegro to the European Union
8  Estonia1 12 June 2006 13 June 2006
9  Latvia1 12 June 2006 19 June 2006
10  Austria1 12 June 2006 12 July 2006 Embassy, 12 July 2006
Consulate (Budva) 3
Embassy
11  Turkey 12 June 2006 3 July 2006 Embassy Embassy
12  Malta1 12 June 2006 19 July 2006
13  Hungary1 12 June 2006 14 June 2006 Embassy, 12 July 2006
Honorary Consulate (Herceg Novi)3
Embassy
14  Czech Republic1 12 June 2006 15 June 2006 Consular Agency
15  United States 12 June 2006 7 August 2006 Embassy
5 October 20063
Embassy5 See Montenegro–United States relations
16  United Kingdom1 13 June 2006 13 June 2006 Embassy3 Embassy See Montenegro-United Kingdom relations
17  Canada 13 June 2006 5 September 2006
18  Romania1 13 June 2006 9 August 2006 Embassy3
19  Slovakia1 13 June 2006 25 July 2006
20  Greece1 13 June 2006 18 December 2006 Embassy3 Embassy See Greece–Montenegro relations
21  Luxembourg1 13 June 2006 21 September 2006
22  France1 13 June 2006 13 June 2006 Embassy3 Embassy
23  Israel 13 June 2006 12 July 2006
24  Singapore 14 June 2006 30 June 2006
25  Sweden1 14 June 2006 26 June 2006
26  People's Republic of China 14 June 2006 6 July 2006 Embassy, 7 July 2006 Embassy
27  Italy1 14 June 2006 14 June 2006 Embassy 3 Embassy
28  Armenia 14 June 2006 7 November 2006
29  Germany1 14 June 2006 14 June 2006 Embassy, 22 June 20063 Embassy5 See Germany–Montenegro relations
30  Brazil 14 June 2006 20 October 2006
31  Denmark1 15 June 2006 15 June 2006 Consulate (Podgorica)3 See Denmark–Montenegro relations
32  Serbia 15 June 2006 22 June 2006 Embassy Embassy See Montenegro–Serbia relations
33  Japan 16 June 2006 24 July 2006
34  Norway 16 June 2006 21 June 2006
35  Spain1 16 June 2006 12 December 2006
36  Cyprus1 16 June 2006 12 March 2007
37  Netherlands1 16 June 2006 8 September 2006
38  Andorra 16 June 2006 28 July 2006
39  Bahrain 18 June 2006 25 September 2009
40  Mexico 19 June 2006 5 June 2007
41  Portugal1 19 June 2006 17 May 2007
42  Ukraine 19 June 2006 22 August 2006 See Montenegro–Ukraine relations
43  Democratic Republic of the Congo 19 June 2006 22 September 2010
 Holy See/Vatican City 19 June 2006 16 December 2006 Embassy
44  Algeria 20 June 2006 24 September 2007
45  Slovenia1 20 June 2006 21 June 2006 Embassy, 23 June 2006 Embassy5 See Montenegro–Slovenia relations
46  Ireland1 20 June 2006 20 June 2006
47  Tajikistan 20 June 2006 23 August 2006
48  Poland1 20 June 2006 14 August 2006 Embassy, 10 December 2008 Embassy
49  Bosnia and Herzegovina 21 June 2006 14 September 2006 Embassy Embassy
50  South Korea 21 June 2006 4 September 2006
51  Liechtenstein 21 June 2006 26 March 2007
52  Moldova 21 June 2006 9 March 2007
53  Belarus 21 June 2006 8 August 2006
54  North Korea 21 June 2006 16 July 2007
55  Lithuania1 22 June 2006 18 July 2006
56  Libya[13] 22 June 2006 9 February 2011 See Libya-Montenegro relations
57  Belgium1 23 June 2006 25 July 2006 Embassy 5
58  Argentina 23 June 2006 13 September 2006
59  San Marino 26 June 2006 29 March 2007
60  Australia 27 June 2006 1 September 2006
61  Chile 27 June 2006 24 July 2006
62  Vietnam 28 June 2006 4 August 2006
63  Samoa 28 June 2006 28 January 2011
64  Finland1 29 June 2006 12 July 2006
65  Cambodia 29 June 2006 12 October 2009
66  Morocco 30 June 2006 8 September 2009
67  Pakistan 30 June 2006 23 October 2006
6  Sovereign Military Order of Malta 30 June 2006 5 September 2006 Embassy
68  Peru 3 July 2006 12 September 2006
69  Cuba 5 July 2006 20 October 2006
70  South Africa 6 July 2006 11 October 2006
71  Iran 7 July 2006 28 July 2006
72  Albania 12 July 2006 1 August 2006 Embassy Embassy
73  Seychelles 13 July 2006 19 May 2010
74  New Zealand 17 July 2006 17 July 2006
75  Tunisia 20 July 2006 7 March 2007
76  Sudan 20 July 2006 31 October 2006
77  Indonesia[14] 24 July 2006 21 September 2011
78  Azerbaijan 24 July 2006 24 April 2008
7  State of Palestine 24 July 2006 1 August 2006
79  Kazakhstan 25 July 2006 16 January 2007
80  Malaysia 25 July 2006 17 August 2006
81  Turkmenistan July 2006 26 November 2008[15]
or December 2008[16]
82  India 2 August 2006 2 August 2006
83  Laos 10 August 2006 4 February 2010
84  Afghanistan 10 August 2006 21 September 2010
85  Thailand 16 August 2006 6 June 2007
86  Brunei 19 August 2006 19 January 2010
87  Iraq[17] 23 August 2006 29 December 2010
88  Panama 25 August 2006 9 May 2008
89  Syria August 2006 30 October 2008
90  Suriname 1 September 2006 14 May 2010
91  Qatar 26 September 2006 16 November 2006
92  Guatemala 27 September 2006 27 September 2006
93  Egypt 27 September 2006 27 September 2006
94  Guinea 4 October 2006 17 November 2006
95  Oman 6 October 2006 11 April 2007
96  Burma 10 October 2006 27 November 2006
97  Mongolia 30 November 2006 30 November 2006
98  Uzbekistan 19 December 2006 19 December 2006
99  Bangladesh 2 March 2007 2 March 2007
100  Costa Rica 24 May 2007 24 May 2007
101  Paraguay 5 June 2007 5 June 2007
102  Namibia 6 September 2007 16 November 2009
103  Monaco 17 October 2007 17 October 2007
104  Georgia 29 October 2007 29 October 2007
105  Eritrea 18 March 2008 18 March 2008
106  United Arab Emirates 4 April 2008 4 April 2008 Embassy Embassy
107  Uruguay 1 December 2008 25 February 2009
108  Lebanon 4 December 2008 4 December 2008
109  Dominican Republic 10 March 2009 10 March 2009
110  Kyrgyzstan 24 June 2009 24 June 2009
111  Togo 10 September 2009 21 December 2012[18]
112  Ecuador 26 September 2009 26 September 2009
113  Philippines 26 September 2009 26 September 2009
114  Nicaragua 26 September 2009 26 September 2009
115  Colombia[19] 30 September 2009 12 August 2011
116  Maldives 11 October 2009 26 November 2009
117  Mozambique 17 November 2009 27 May 2010
118  Angola 21 December 2009 21 December 2009
119  Mauritania 21 December 2009 21 December 2009
7  Kosovo 15 January 2010 15 January 2010 Embassy[20] See Kosovo–Montenegro relations
120  Jordan 19 May 2010 19 May 2010
121  Fiji 15 June 2010 15 June 2010
122  Zambia 29 June 2010 29 June 2010
123  Honduras 8 July 2010 8 July 2010
124  Botswana 16 July 2010 16 July 2010
125  Kuwait 27 July 2010 27 July 2010
126  Senegal 22 September 2010 22 September 2010
127  Saint Lucia 25 September 2010 25 September 2010
128  Timor-Leste 25 September 2010 25 September 2010
129  Bolivia 18 October 2010 18 October 2010
130  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[21] 8 November 2010 8 November 2010
131  Jamaica 12 November 2010 12 November 2010
132  Zimbabwe 22 November 2010 22 November 2010
133  Cape Verde[22] 17 December 2010 17 December 2010
134  Solomon Islands[16] 23 December 2010 23 December 2010
135  Nauru[23] 25 January 2011 25 January 2011
136  Republic of the Congo 1 February 2011 1 February 2011
137  Comoros 9 February 2011 9 February 2011
138  Dominica 25 February 2011 25 February 2011
139  Sri Lanka[16][24] 4 April 2011 4 April 2011
140  Antigua and Barbuda[16][25] 11 April 2011 11 April 2011
141  Trinidad and Tobago[16][26] 15 April 2011 15 April 2011
142  Tuvalu 4 May 2011 4 May 2011
143  Ethiopia[16][27] 10 June 2011 10 June 2011
144  Uganda 14 July 2011 14 July 2011
145    Nepal 18 July 2011 18 July 2011
146  Benin 15 September 2011 15 September 2011
147  Saudi Arabia 16 September 2011 16 September 2011
148  Malawi 16 September 2011 16 September 2011
149  Guyana 19 September 2011 19 September 2011
150  Kenya[16][28] 6 October 2011 6 October 2011
151  Djibouti[16][29] 6 October 2011 6 October 2011
152  South Sudan 21 November 2011 21 November 2011
153  Burkina Faso 20 December 2011 20 December 2011
154  Mali 10 April 2012 10 April 2012
155  Gambia[16][30] 16 August 2012 16 August 2012
156  Burundi[16] 17 August 2012 17 August 2012
157  Ghana[31] 20 September 2012 20 September 2012
158  Mauritius[32] 26 September 2012 26 September 2012
159  Haiti[33] 17 October 2012 17 October 2012
160  Saint Kitts and Nevis[34] 19 October 2012 19 October 2012
161  Gabon[35] 12 November 2012 12 November 2012
162  Swaziland[16][36] 28 February 2013 28 February 2013
163  Rwanda[37] 12 April 2013 12 April 2013
164  Federated States of Micronesia[38] 10 September 2013 10 September 2013
165  Lesotho[39] 23 September 2013 23 September 2013
166  Palau 25 September 2013 25 September 2013
167  Vanuatu[40] 26 September 2013 26 September 2013
168  El Salvador[41] 27 September 2013 27 September 2013
169  Yemen[41] 28 September 2013 28 September 2013
170  Kiribati[42] 17 January 2014 17 January 2014
171  Grenada[43] 17 March 2014 17 March 2014
172  Liberia[44] 7 April 2014 7 April 2014
173  Venezuela[45] 4 September 2014 4 September 2014
174  Niger[46] 15 September 2014 15 September 2014
175  Sierra Leone[47] 8 October 2014 8 October 2014
176  Ivory Coast[48] 29 October 2014 29 October 2014
Foreign relation of Montenegro
  recognition and diplomatic relations
  recognition

Notes:
^Note 1 : EU member state.
^Note 2 : Despite the official recognition by European Union's foreign ministers, every member state had to recognise Montenegro individually, as well.
^Note 3 : Formerly Embassy Branch Office of a Belgrade resident embassy, Consulate-General, Consulate or honorary missions without diplomatic status established during the former Union State of Serbia and Montenegro). Current mission formally accredited to Montenegro. Pre-independence Consulate-General of Italy in Bar and of India in Podgorica are now closed.
^Note 4 : Situated in Podgorica unless otherwise noted. Established after gaining independence unless otherwise noted.
^Note 5 : Formerly a trade or cooperation office or mission (sometimes without diplomatic accreditation) established during the former Union State of Serbia and Montenegro). Current mission formally accredited to the host state.
^Note 6 : Not a sovereign state, but a sovereign non-state entity.
^Note 7 : A state with limited recognition.

Montenegro is recognized by 176 UN member states, the Holy See, Kosovo, Palestine and the Order of Malta. It has diplomatic relations with all of them.

Montenegro is not recognized by and has no diplomatic relations with the following 16 UN member states:

Montenegro-United States of America relations[edit]

The United States recognized the Republic of Montenegro on June 12, 2006, being among the first states to do so. Diplomatic relations between the two countries were established on August 15, and have since rapidly developed. On August 28, six U.S. Senators, John McCain (R-AZ), Saxby Chambliss (R-GA), Mel Martinez (R-FL), Lindsey Graham (R-SC), Richard Burr (R-NC) and John E. Sununu (R-NH), made an official visit to Montenegro. Their activities included a meeting with President Vujanovic and with the speaker of the Montenegrin parliament.[49]

Soon after the congressional visit, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld paid an official visit to Montenegro, seeking support for the War on Terror and overall American geopolitical goals in Europe.[50] Following the Secretary's meeting with Montenegrin Prime Minister Milo Đukanović, it was announced that Montenegro had agreed in principle to aid the US efforts in Iraq and Afghanistan, although no specific pledges of aid were made.[51] For his part, Secretary Rumsfeld stated that the United States supported Montenegro's desire to join NATO and would also assist in its acquiring membership in the Partnership for Peace programme.

Bilateral relations turned a new page on October 5 when the United States opened an embassy in Podgorica at a ceremony attended by Deputy Assistant Secretary of State Rosemary DiCarlo, Montenegrin Foreign Minister Miodrag Vlahović, Mayor Miomir Mugoša and US Charge d'affaires Arlene Ferrill. Roderick W. Moore, the first-ever Ambassador of the United States of America to the Republic of Montenegro, presented his credentials to Montenegrin President Vujanovic on September 19, 2007.

Montenegro currently maintains an embassy in Washington, D.C. and a consulate in New York City.

Montenegro-Canada relations[edit]

Canadian Foreign Minister Peter MacKay wrote to Foreign Minister Miodrag Vlahović extending diplomatic recognition and agreeing to hold discussions on the establishment of diplomatic relations, which occurred later in 2007.[52]

The Canadian Embassy in Belgrade is accredited to Montenegro.[52] There is currently no resident Montenegrin mission or representative in Canada.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://news.yahoo.com/s/nm/20060628/wl_nm/montenegro_un_dc_2
  2. ^ http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20060604/ap_on_re_eu/montenegro_independence_4
  3. ^ JTW News - Kacin: EU will recognize Montenegro on June 12
  4. ^ a b "Dates of Recognition and Establishment of Diplomatic Relations". Montenegro Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  5. ^ Diplomatic Missions to Montenegro
  6. ^ Embassies and consulates of Montenegro
  7. ^ European Council decision
  8. ^ a b Delegation of the European Union to Montenegro: "Diplomatic relations between Montenegro and the European Communities are conducted through the Montengrin Mission to the EU in Brussels, which has been fully functional since 2006, and the EU Delegation to Montenegro in Podgorica, which has been open since November 2007."
  9. ^ Order of Precedence of Heads of Mission
  10. ^ Montenegro - EU Montenegro relations: "The European Commission Delegation in Podgorica starts to function."
  11. ^ Delegation of the European Commission in Podgorica
  12. ^ Permanent Mission of Montenegro to the European Union
  13. ^ Establishment of diplomatic relations between Montenegro and Libya
  14. ^ Establishiment of diplomatic relations between Montenegro and Indonesia
  15. ^ "States with which Turkmenistan established diplomatic relations". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan. Retrieved 2014-01-25. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Tabela priznanja i uspostavljanja diplomatskih odnosa" (in Montenegrin). Montenegro Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration. Retrieved 2012-02-25. 
  17. ^ Establishiment of diplomatic relations between Montenegro and Iraq
  18. ^ [1]
  19. ^ establece relaciones diplomáticas con Montenegro in Spanish only)
  20. ^ "Montenegro opens embassy in Kosovo". Kosovo MFA. 30 July 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 
  21. ^ Press release: Establishment of diplomatic relations between Montenegro and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  22. ^ Establishment of diplomatic relations between Montenegro and Cape Verde
  23. ^ Establishment of diplomatic relations between Montenegro and the Republic of Nauru
  24. ^ "Establishment of diplomatic relations between Montenegro and Sri Lanka". Montenegro Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration. 2011-04-05. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  25. ^ "Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Montenegro and Antigua and Barbuda". Montenegro Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration. 2011-04-11. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  26. ^ "Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Montenegro and Trinidad and Tobago". Montenegro Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration. 2011-04-17. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  27. ^ "Press release". Montenegro Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration. 2011-11-06. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  28. ^ "Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Montenegro and the Republic of Kenya". Montenegro Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration. 2011-10-06. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  29. ^ "Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Montenegro and the Republic of Djibouti". Montenegro Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration. 2011-10-06. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  30. ^ "Press release Friday, 17 August 2012". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Montenegro. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Montenegro. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  31. ^ "Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Montenegro and Ghana". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 20 September 2012. 
  32. ^ "Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Montenegro and Mauritius". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 27 September 2012. 
  33. ^ "Uspostavljeni diplomatski odnosi između Crne Gore i Republike Haiti". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 17 October 2012. 
  34. ^ "Uspostavljeni diplomatski odnosi između Crne Gore i Saint Kitts i Nevis". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  35. ^ "Uspostavljeni diplomatski odnosi između Crne Gore i Republike Gabon" (in Montenegrin). Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 2012-11-11. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  36. ^ "Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Montenegro and the Kingdom of Swaziland". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 28 February 2013. 
  37. ^ "Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Montenegro and the Republik of Rwanda" (in montenegrói). Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 2013-04-15. Retrieved 2013-04-15. 
  38. ^ "Potpisan protokol o uspostavljanju diplomatskih odnosa između Crne Gore i Federalnih Država Mikronezije" (in Montenegrin). Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2013-09-12. 
  39. ^ "Montenegro’s head diplomat also met with his counterpart from Lesotho, Mohlabi Kenneth Tsekoa, when the two officials signed a protocol on the establishment of diplomatic relations" (in angol). Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 2013-09-24. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  40. ^ "Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Montenegro and the Republik of Vanuatu" (in Montenegrin). Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 2013-09-26. Retrieved 2013-09-26. 
  41. ^ a b "Ministar Lukšić imao je i odvojene susrete sa ministrima vanjskih poslova Salvadora sa kojima je potpisao protokole o uspostavljanju diplomatskih odnosa." (in Montenegrin). Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 2013-09-28. Retrieved 2013-09-28. 
  42. ^ "Establishment of diplomatic relations between Montenegro and the Republic of Kiribati" (in angol). Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 2014-01-17. Retrieved 2014-01-18. 
  43. ^ "Establishment of diplomatic relations between Montenegro and Grenada" (in angol). Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 2014-03-18. Retrieved 2014-03-18. 
  44. ^ "Protocol on the establishment of diplomatic relations between Montenegro and the Republic of Liberia". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 2014-04-07. Retrieved 2014-04-07. 
  45. ^ "Montenegro and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela establish diplomatic relations" (in angol). Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 2014-09-04. Retrieved 2014-09-04. 
  46. ^ "Establishment of diplomatic relations between Montenegro and the Republic of Niger". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 2014-09-15. Retrieved 2014-09-15. 
  47. ^ http://www.mvpei.gov.me/vijesti/142370/Uspostavljanje-diplomatskih-odnosa-izmedu-Crne-Gore-i-Republike-Sierra-Leone.html
  48. ^ "Uspostavljeni diplomatski odnosi između Crne Gore i Republike Obale Slonovače" (in montenegrin). Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 2014-10-29. Retrieved 2014-10-30. 
  49. ^ [2]
  50. ^ "Rumsfeld Arrives in Montenegro to Meet With Leaders". U.S. Department of Defence. Retrieved 27 June 2012. 
  51. ^ Western Balkans Policy Review 2010. Center For Strategic & International Studies (CSIS). 2010. p. 30. Retrieved 27 June 2012. 
  52. ^ a b [3]

External links[edit]