Foreign relations of Romania

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Diplomatic missions of Romania

The foreign relations of Romania are conducted by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Ministerul Afacerilor Externe). Romania is a member of NATO and the European Union.

Relations by region and country[edit]

Europe: European Union[edit]

Romania joined the European Union (EU) on January 1, 2007. Romania also declared its public support for Turkey and Croatia joining the European Union. Romania shares a privileged economic relation with Turkey. Romania has developed strong relations with Hungary, with the latter playing a key role in supporting Romania's bid to join the EU.[1]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Austria 1878-09-23 See Foreign relations of Austria

Austria (Austria-Hungary, in that era) was the first country who recognized Romania's independence from Turkey (the Ottoman Empire at that time). The relations were suspended on August 27, 1916 when Romania declared war on Austria-Hungary, entering the First World War. On August 27, 1920, the diplomatic relations were resumed, this time with Austria proper, due to the dissolution of the Austria-Hungary Empire. On April 5, 1938 relations were suspended again, few days before the annexation of Austria by Germany (Anschluss). Relations resumed on October 8, 1947, two years after Austria's secession from Germany.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: September 23 [O.S. September 11] 1878 - August 27 [O.S. August 14] 1916; August 27, 1920 - April 5, 1938.
  • Political mission: October 8, 1947 - August 1, 1955.
  • Legation: August 1, 1955 - September 26, 1963.
  • Embassy: since September 26, 1963.

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

 Belgium 1880-03-29 See Foreign relations of Belgium

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: March 29 [O.S. March 17] 1880 - February 11, 1941; July 4, 1946 - December 3, 1963
  • Embassy: since December 3, 1963

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • March 29 [O.S. March 17] 1880 - February 11, 1941
  • (between February 11, 1941 - August 23, 1944 Romania had diplomatic relations with Germany who was responsible for Belgium's foreign affairs)
  • since July 4, 1946
 Bulgaria 1879-07-28 See Bulgaria–Romania relations
 Cyprus 1960-08-16 See Foreign relations of Cyprus[2][3]

Cyprus joined the European Union as a full member on May 1, 2004, while Romania joined on January 1, 2007.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: August 16 - November 13, 1960
  • Embassy: since November 13, 1960

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since August 16, 1960
 Czech Republic 1919-04-06 See Foreign relations of the Czech Republic
  • Romania has an embassy in Prague and the Romanian Cultural Institute (Prague).
  • Czech Republic has an embassy in Bucharest and an honorary consulate in Timişoara.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Governmental mission: April 6 [O.S. March 25] 1919 - January 30, 1920
  • Legation: January 30, 1920 - July 1, 1939
  • Political Mission: June 7 - October 1, 1945
  • Legation: October 1, 1945 - December 1, 1947
  • Embassy: December 1, 1947 (after Czechoslovakia's dissolution on January 1, 1993 the embassy of Czechoslovakia became the embassy of the Czech Republic)

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

 Denmark 1917-04-26 See Denmark–Romania relations
 Estonia 1921-03-21 See Foreign relations of Estonia

Between 1924–1940, the diplomatic representation of Romania in Estonia was handled by the Romanian legation in Warsaw, Poland.

  • Romania has no diplomatic office in Estonia. The diplomatic representation of Romania is Estonia is handled by the Romanian embassy in Helsinki, in neighbouring Finland.
  • Estonia has no embassy in Romania, only an honorary consulate in Bucharest. The diplomatic representation of Estonia in Romania is handled by the Estonian embassy in Warsaw, Poland.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: March 21, 1924 - August 6, 1940
  • Embassy: since September 13, 1991

Diplomatic relations' timeline: March 21, 1924 - August 6, 1940 since September 13, 1991

 Finland 1920-06-28 See Foreign relations of Finland

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: June 28, 1920 - August 12, 1963
  • Embassy: since August 12, 1963

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • (between October 12 [O.S. September 30] 1878 – December 6, 1917, Romania had diplomatic relations with Russia, Finland being part of the Russian Empire as the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland)
  • since June 28, 1920
 France 1880-02-20 See France–Romania relations
 Germany 1880-02-20 See Foreign relations of Germany

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Diplomatic Agency: 1872 - February 20 [O.S. February 8] 1880
  • Legation: February 20 [O.S. February 8] 1880 - August 28 [O.S. August 15] 1916; September 29, 1920 - August 23, 1944
  • Embassy: since January 31, 1967 (embassy of West Germany)

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • February 20 [O.S. February 8] 1880 - August 28 [O.S. August 15] 1916
  • September 29, 1920 - August 23, 1944
  • since January 31, 1967 (Romania established diplomatic relations with West Germany; between 1949–1990, Romania had diplomatic relations with German Democratic Republic - commonly known as East Germany)
 Greece 1880-01-08 See Greco–Romanian relations
 Hungary 1920-08-21 See Hungary–Romania relations
 Ireland 1990-04-18 See Ireland–Romania relations
 Italy 1879-12-06 See Foreign relations of Italy

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: December 6 [O.S. November 24] 1879 - March 9, 1964
  • Embassy: since March 9, 1964

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since December 6 [O.S. November 24] 1879
 Latvia 1921-02-21 See Foreign relations of Latvia

Between June 2, 1922 - October 18, 1939, the diplomatic representation of Latvia in Romania was handled by the Latvian legation in Prague, in then neighbouring Czechoslovakia. In 1924, Latvia opened 3 honorary consulates in Romania (in Bucharest, Constanţa and Galaţi). On October 18, 1939, Latvia opened its legation in Bucharest. In May 1929, Romania opened its legation in Riga.

  • Romania has no embassy in Latvia, only an honorary consulate in Riga. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Latvia is handled by the Romanian embassy in Vilnius, in neighbouring Lithuania.
  • Latvia has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Latvia in Romania is handled by the Latvian embassy in Warsaw, Poland.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: June 2, 1922 - August 5, 1940
  • Embassy: since September 13, 1991

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • June 2, 1922 - August 5, 1940
  • since September 13, 1991
 Lithuania 1924-08-21[5][6] See Lithuania–Romania relations
 Luxembourg 1910-12-18 See Foreign relations of Luxembourg

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: December 18 [O.S. December 5] 1910 - July 15, 1940; July 4, 1946 - November 15, 1966
  • Embassy: since November 15, 1966

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • December 18 [O.S. December 5] 1910 - July 15, 1940
  • since July 4, 1946
 Malta 1968-06-07 See Foreign relations of Malta
  • Romania has an honorary consulate in Valletta. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Malta is handled by the Romanian embassy in Rome, in neighbouring Italy.
  • Malta has an honorary consulate in Bucharest. The diplomatic representation of Malta in Romania is handled by the Chancellory of Malta in Romania, oddly situated in Valletta, Malta (in the headquarters of the Maltese Foreign Affairs Office).

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since June 7, 1968

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since June 7, 1968
 Netherlands 1880-01-24 See Netherlands–Romania relations[7]
 Poland 1919-02-22 See Poland–Romania relations
 Portugal 1917-08-25 See Foreign relations of Portugal

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: August 25 [O.S. August 12] 1917 - November 7, 1947
  • Embassy: since May 31, 1974

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • August 25 [O.S. August 12] 1917 - November 7, 1947
  • since May 31, 1974
 Slovakia 1939-07-01 See Romania–Slovakia relations[8]
 Slovenia 1992-08-28 See Romania–Slovenia relations
 Spain 1881-07-05 See Romania–Spain relations
 Sweden 1916-03-18 See Romania–Sweden relations
 United Kingdom 1880-02-20 See Romania – United Kingdom relations[9]

Europe: European Free Trade Association (EFTA)[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Iceland 1956-05-16 See Foreign relations of Iceland
  • Romania has an honorary consulate in Reykjavík. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Iceland is handled by the Romanian embassy in Copenhagen, Denmark.
  • Iceland has an honorary consulate in Bucharest. The diplomatic representation of Iceland in Romania is handled by the Danish embassy in Bucharest.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: May 16, 1956 - December 31, 1963
  • Embassy: since December 31, 1963

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • (between December 1 [O.S. November 18] 1918 - June 17, 1944 Romania had diplomatic relations with Denmark who was responsible for Kingdom of Iceland's foreign affairs)
  • since May 16, 1956
 Liechtenstein 1997-12-12 See Foreign relations of Liechtenstein
  • Romania has an honorary consulate in Vaduz. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Liechtenstein is handled by the Romanian embassy in Bern, in neighbouring Switzerland.
  • Liechtenstein has no diplomatic office in Romania. Liechtenstein's diplomatic representation in Romania is handled by the Swiss embassy in Bucharest. Concerning European matters, the diplomatic representation of Liechtenstein in Romania is handled by Liechtenstein's mission to the European Union in Brussels, Belgium.
 Norway 1917-05-03 See Norway–Romania relations
  Switzerland 1911-05-09 See Romania–Switzerland relations[10][11]

Europe: Central European Free Trade Association (CEFTA)[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Albania 1913-12-28 See Foreign relations of Albania

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: December 28 [O.S. December 15] 1913 - August 20, 1919; November 7, 1924 - August 15, 1939.
  • Consulate: August 15, 1939 - March 17, 1948
  • Legation: March 17, 1948 - June 30, 1954
  • Embassy: since March 17, 1948

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • December 28 [O.S. December 15] 1913 - August 20, 1919
  • November 7, 1924 - August 15, 1939
  • (between August 15, 1939 - September 9, 1943 Romania had diplomatic relations with Italy, Albania being part of Italy as the autonomous Protectorate of Albania and Italy was responsible for Albania's foreign affairs, although in Bucharest was an Albanian Consulate and at Tirana was a Romanian Consulate)
  • (between September 9, 1943 - August 23, 1944 Romania had diplomatic relations with Germany, who was responsible for State of Albania's foreign affairs, although in Bucharest was and Albanian Consulate and in Tirana was a Romanian Consulate)
  • since March 17, 1948
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1996-03-01 See Bosnia and Herzegovina – Romania relations
 Croatia 1941-05-13 See Croatia–Romania relations
 Macedonia 1992 See Foreign relations of Macedonia

In November 1993, Romania opened its general consulate in Skopje. On January 11, 1995, Romania upgraded its general consulate in Skopje to an embassy. On April 19, 2007 Romania opened its honorary consulate in Bitola. On November 12, 2009 Macedonia opened its honorary consulate in Ploieşti.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: 1992 - November 1993
  • General consulate: November 1993 - January 11, 1995
  • Embassy: since January 11, 1995

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since 1992
 Republic of Moldova listed in Europe: Eastern Europe due to geopolitical reasons
 Montenegro 2006-08-09 See Montenegro–Romania relations[12]
 Serbia 1879-04-26 See Romania–Serbia relations

Europe: Eastern Europe (some part of EurAsEC)[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Belarus 1992-02-14 See Foreign relations of Belarus

Romania recognized Belarus' independence on December 20, 1991 and established diplomatic relations on February 14, 1992. Belarus opened a general consulate in Bucharest in 1993, turned into an embassy in 1995.

  • Romania has an embassy in Minsk.
  • Belarus has an embassy in Bucharest.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since February 14, 1992

Diploamtic relations' timeline:

  • since February 14, 1992
 Republic of Moldova 1991-08-29 See Moldovan-Romanian relations
 Russia 1878-10-12 See Romania–Russia relations
 Ukraine 1918-02-09 See Romania–Ukraine relations

Europe: Mediterranean microstates[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Andorra 1996-06-06 See Foreign relations of Andorra
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in Andorra. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Andorra is handled by the Romanian embassy in Paris, in neighbouring France.
  • Andorra has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Andorra in Romania is handled by the Andorran embassy in Vienna, Austria.
 Holy See (Vatican) 1920-06-12 See Holy See – Romania relations
 Monaco 1880-02-27 See Foreign relations of Monaco
  • Romania has a no diplomatic office in Monaco. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Monaco is handled by the Romanian embassy in Paris in neighbouring France.
  • Monaco has an honorary consulate in Bucharest. The diplomatic representation of Monaco in Romania is handled by the Monegasque embassy in Rome, Italy.
 San Marino 1968-11-15 See Foreign relations of San Marino

Romania opened its honorary consulate in San Marino in 2001. San Marino opened its honorary consulate in Romania in 2002.

  • Romania has an honorary consulate in the City of San Marino. The diplomatic representation of Romania in San Marino is handled by the Romanian embassy in Rome, in neighbouring Italy.
  • San Marino has an honorary consulate in Bucharest. The diplomatic representation of San Marino in Romania is handled by the Sanmarinese embassy oddly located in the City of San Marino, San Marino (in the headquarters of the Sanmarinese Foreign Affairs Office).

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Consulate: November 15, 1968 - February 6, 1974
  • General consulate: February 6, 1974 - June 20, 1995
  • Embassy: since June 20, 1995

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since November 15, 1968
 Sovereign Military Order of Malta[13] 1992 See Foreign relations of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta
  • The diplomatic representation of Romania with SMOM is handled by the Romanian embassy in the Vatican (Holy See).
  • Sovereign Military Order of Malta has an embassy in Bucharest.

Asia: Caucasus[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Armenia 1991-12-17 See Armenia–Romania relations
 Azerbaijan 1992-06-19 See Azerbaijan–Romania relations
 Georgia 1921-02-18 See Foreign relations of Georgia

Soon after the First World War and after the collapse of the Russian Empire, Romania recognized the independence of the short-lived Democratic Republic of Georgia. On August 27, 1991, Romania recognized again Georgia, as it restored its independence.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: February 18–25, 1921
  • Embassy: since June 25, 1992

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • February 18–25, 1921
  • since June 25, 1992

Asia: Middle East[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Bahrain 1991-02-01 See Foreign relations of Bahrain
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in Bahrain. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Bahrain in handled by the Romanian embassy in Riyadh, in neighbouring Saudi Arabia.
  • Bahrain has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Bahrain in Romania is unknown.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since February 1, 1991

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since February 1, 1991
 Cyprus listed in Europe: European Union due to political and economic reasons
 Iran 1902-07-24 See Foreign relations of Iran

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: July 24 [O.S. July 11] 1902 - October 14, 1941; June 27, 1946 - October 25, 1965
  • Embassy: since October 25, 1965

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • July 24 [O.S. July 11] 1902 - October 14, 1941
  • since June 27, 1946
 Iraq 1958-08-14 See Foreign relations of Iraq

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • Embassy: since August 14, 1958

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since August 14, 1958
 Israel 1948-06-11 See Israel–Romania relations
 Jordan 1965-04-02 See Foreign relations of Jordan
  • Romania has an embassy in Amman.
  • Jordan has an embassy in Bucharest and an honorary consulate in Braşov.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since April 2, 1965

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since April 2, 1965
 Kuwait 1963-06-10 See Foreign relations of Kuwait

The first Romanian ambassador was accredited in September 1974. The Kuwaiti embassy in Romania was opened on May 16, 2006.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since June 10, 1963

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since June 10, 1963
 Lebanon 1965-01-06 See Lebanon–Romania relations
 Oman 1971-05-01 See Foreign relations of Oman

The diplomatic representation of Romania in Oman was handled by the Romanian embassy in Tehran, Iran (between 1975–1979) and by the Romanian embassy in Kuwait City, Kuwait (between 1986–1995). Since 2002, the diplomatic representation of Romania in Oman is handled by the Romanian embassy in Riyadh, in nmeighbouring Saudi Arabia.

  • Romania has no diplomatic office in Oman. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Oman is handled by the Romanian embassy in Riyadh, in neighbouring Saudi Arabia.
  • Oman has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Oman in Romania is handled by the Omani embassy in Rome, Italy.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since May 1, 1971

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since May 1, 1971
 Palestinian Authority 1988-11-17 See Romania–Palestine relations
 Qatar 1990-10-22 See Foreign relations of Qatar

Qatar opened its embassy in Romania in 1997.

  • Romania has an embassy in Doha.
  • Qatar has an embassy in Bucharest.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since October 22, 1990

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since October 22, 1990
 Saudi Arabia 1995-03-13 See Romania – Saudi Arabia relations
 Syria 1955-08-09 See Romania–Syria relations
 Turkey 1879-10-22 See Romanian–Turkish relations[14]
 United Arab Emirates 1989-08-01 See Foreign relations of United Arab Emirates

Romania opened its commercial office in Dubai in 1974, its embassy in June 1990 in Abu Dhabi and its general consulate in Dubai in January 1992. UAE opened their embassy in Bucharest in December 2004.

  • Romania has an embassy in Abu Dhabi and a general consulate in Dubai.
  • United Arab Emirates have an embassy in Bucharest.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Commercial office: 1974 - August 1, 1989
  • Embassy: since August 1, 1989

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since August 1, 1989
 Yemen 1957-12-17 See Foreign relations of Yemen
  • Romania closed its embassy in Sana'a on July 3, 2003. Now, Romania has no diplomatic office in Yemen and the diplomatic representation of Romania in Yemen is handled by the Romanian embassy in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.
  • Yemen closed its embassy in Bucharest in June 2006. Now, Yemen has no diplomatic office in Romania and the diplomatic representation of Yemen in Romania is handled by the embassy of the United Arab Emirates in Bucharest.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: December 17, 1957 - July 24, 1968
  • Embassy: since July 24, 1968

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

Asia: Central Asia (mostly part of EurAsEC)[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Kazakhstan 1992-07-15 See Foreign relations of Kazakhstan

Romania recognized Kazakhstan's independence on December 17, 1991. In August 2009, Romania moved its embassy to the new Kazakh capital of Almaty.

  • Romania has an embassy in Almaty.
  • Kazakhstan has an embassy and an honorary consulate in Bucharest.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since July 15, 1992

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since July 15, 1992
 Kyrgyzstan 1992-06-15 See Foreign relations of Kyrgyzstan

Romania recognized Kyrgyzstan's independence on December 20, 1991. Romania opened its honorary consulate in Bishkek on May 25, 2006.

  • Romania has no embassy in Kyrgyzstan, only an honorary consulate in Bishkek. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Kyrgyzstan is handled by the Romanian embassy in Almaty, in neighbouring Kazakhstan.
  • Kyrgyzstan has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Kyrgyzstan in Romania is handled by the Kyrgyz embassy in Kiev, in neighbouring Ukraine.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since June 15, 1992

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since June 15, 1992
 Tajikistan 1992-07-20 See Foreign relations of Tajikistan

Romania recognized Tajikistan's independence on December 20, 1991.

  • Romania has no diplomatic office in Tajikistan. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Tajikistan is handled by the Romanian embassy in Almaty, Kazakhstan.
  • Tajikistan has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Tajikistan in Romania is unknown.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since July 7, 1992

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since July 7, 1992
 Turkmenistan 1992-07-20 See Foreign relations of Turkmenistan

Romania recognized Turkmenistan's independence on December 20, 1991.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since July 7, 1992

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since July 7, 1992
 Uzbekistan 1995-10-06 See Romania–Uzbekistan relations

Asia: South Asia (SAARC)[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Afghanistan 1958-06-05 See Foreign relations of Afghanistan
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in Afghanistan. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Afghanistan is handled by the Romanian embassy in Islamabad, in neighbouring Pakistan.
  • Afghanistan has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Afghanistan in Romania is handled by the Afghan embassy in Warsaw, Poland.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: June 5, 1958 - January 26, 1969
  • Embassy: since January 26, 1969

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since June 5, 1958
 Bangladesh 1972-06-29 See Foreign relations of Bangladesh

Romania has temporary closed its embassy in Bangladesh. Bangladesh has temporary closed its embassy in Romania.

  • Romania has no embassy in Bangladesh, only an honorary consulate in Dhaka. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Bangladesh is handled by the Romanian embassy in New Delhi, in neighbouring India.
  • Bangladesh has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Bangladesh in Romania is handled by the Bangladeshi embassy in Paris, France.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since June 29, 1972

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since June 29, 1972
 India 1948-12-14 See Foreign relations of India

Romania opened its embassy in New Delhi in 1955 and India opened its embassy in Bucharest in 1959.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: December 14, 1948 - November 11, 1957
  • Embassy: since November 11, 1957

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since December 14, 1948
 Maldives 1979-11-01 See Foreign relations of Maldives
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Maldives. The diplomatic representation of Romania in the Maldives is handled by the Romanian embassy in New Delhi, India.
  • The Maldives have no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of the Maldives in Romania is handled by the Maldivian embassy in London, United Kingdom.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since November 11, 1979

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since November 11, 1979
   Nepal 1968-04-20 See Foreign relations of Nepal
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in Nepal. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Nepal is handled by the Romanian embassy in New Delhi, in neighbouring India.
  • Nepal has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Nepal in Romania is handled by the Nepalese embassy in Moscow, Russia.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since April 20, 1968

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since April 20, 1968
 Pakistan 1964-10-15 See Pakistan–Romania relations
 Sri Lanka 1957-09-15 See Foreign relations of Sri Lanka
  • Romania has an embassy in Colombo.
  • Sri Kanka has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Sri Lanka Mission in Romania is handled by the Sri Lankan embassy in Warsaw, Poland.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: September 15, 1957 - March 23, 1966
  • Embassy: since March 23, 1966

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since September 15, 1957

Asia: East Asia[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 People's Republic of China 1949-10-05 See People's Republic of China – Romania relations[15]
 Japan 1902-06-18 See Foreign relations of Japan

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: June 18 [O.S. June 5] 1902 - October 31, 1944; September 1, 1959 - June 1, 1964
  • Embassy: since June 1, 1964

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • June 18 [O.S. June 5] 1902 - October 31, 1944
  • since September 1, 1959
 North Korea 1948-10-26 See Foreign relations of North Korea
  • Romania has an embassy in Pyongyang.
  • Democratic People's Republic of Korea has an embassy in Bucharest.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since October 26, 1948

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since October 26, 1948
 South Korea 1990-03-30 See Romania – South Korea relations THIS NEEDS TO BE EXPANDED This link is a loop leading back to this article.
 Mongolia 1950-04-29 See Foreign relations of Mongolia
  • Romania has an honorary consulate in Ulan Bator. Romania's diplomatic representation in Mongolia is handled by the Romanian embassy in Beijing, in neighbouring People's Republic of China.
  • Mongolia has an honorary consulate in Bucharest. Mongolia's diplomatic representation in Romania is handled by the Mongolian embassy in Sofia, in neighbouring Bulgaria.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since April 29, 1950

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since April 29, 1950

Asia: South-East Asia (mostly ASEAN)[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Brunei 1994-04-15 See Foreign relations of Brunei
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in Brunei. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Brunei is handled by the Romanian embassy in Kuala Lumpur, in neighbouring Malaysia.
  • Brunei has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Brunei in Romania is unknown.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • since April 15, 1994

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since April 15, 1994
 Cambodia 1963-01-10 See Foreign relations of Cambodia
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in Cambodia. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Cambodia is handled by the Romanian embassy in Hanoi, in neighbouring Vietnam.
  • Cambodia has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Cambodia in Romania is handled by the Cambodian embassy in Moscow, Russia.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • since January 10, 1963

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since January 10, 1963
 Indonesia 1950-02-20 See Foreign relations of Indonesia

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: February 20, 1950 - June 9, 1960
  • Embassy: since June 9, 1960

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since February 20, 1950
 Laos 1962-11-28 See Foreign relations of Laos
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in Laos. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Laos is handled by the Romanian embassy in Bangkok, in neighbouring Thailand.
  • Laos has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Laos in Romania is handled by the Laotian embassy in Moscow, Russia.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since November 28, 1962

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • since November 28, 1962
 Malaysia 1969-03-22 See Malaysia–Romania relations
 Myanmar 1956-03-15 See Foreign relations of Myanmar
  • Romania had an embassy in Yangon, but it was closed. Now, there is no diplomatic office of Romania in Myanmar and the diplomatic representation of Romania in Myanmar is handled by the Romanian embassy in Bangkok, in neighbouring Thailand.
  • Myanmar has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Myanmar in Romania is handled by the Burmese embassy in Belgrade, in neighbouring Serbia.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: March 15, 1956 - January 3, 1962
  • Embassy: since January 3, 1962

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since March 15, 1956
 Philippines 1972-03-10 See Philippines–Romania relations
 Singapore 1967-05-30[16] See Foreign relations of Singapore

In February 2002 the Romanian president Ion Iliescu made an official visit to Singapore.[17] In March 2002 Romania and Singapore signed a double-taxation agreement.[18] In November 2008, Singapore signed an open skies agreement (OSA) with Romania to allow greater flexibility on air services.[19]

In 2000, trade between Romania and Singapore was US$15.5 million, roughly balanced.[16] The Romanian market, with a relatively cheap and skilled labor force and advantageous tax laws, has been attractive to several Singapore companies who have established joint ventures in Romania. Forte, created in 1990 as a Romanian-Singapore joint venture for computer assembly, is an example.[20] (However, in 2006 Forte was acquired by Siemens.[21])

  • Romania has an embassy in Singapore.[22]
  • Singapore has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Singapore in Romania is handled by the Singaporean embassy in Moscow, Russia.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since May 30, 1967

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since May 30, 1967
 Thailand 1973-06-01 See Foreign relations of Thailand

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since June 1, 1973

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since June 1, 1973
 East Timor See Foreign relations of East Timor
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in East Timor. The diplomatic representation of Romania in East Timor is handled by the Romanian embassy in Jakarta, in neighbouring Indonesia.
  • East Timor has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of East Timor in Romania is unknown.
 Vietnam 1950-02-03 See Foreign relations of Vietnam

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since February 3, 1950

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since February 3, 1950 (between June 26, 1969 - July 2, 1976, Romania also had diplomatic relations at embassy level with Republic of Vietnam, commonly known as South Vietnam)

Africa: Arab Maghreb Union (AMU)[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Algeria 1962-04-14 See Foreign relations of Algeria

The Romanian embassy in Algeria was opened in 1963. The first Romanian ambassador took office on May 5, 1963. Algeria opened its embassy in Bucharest in 1982.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since April 14, 1962

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • (between February 20 [O.S. February 8] 1880 - August 9, 1944 and March 1, 1945 - April 14, 1962, Romania had diplomatic relations with France, French Algeria being part of France)
  • since April 14, 1962
 Libya 1974-02-14 See Foreign relations of Libya

On July 25, 2007 Libya closed its embassy (listed as "Popular Bureau") in Romania due to financial issues. In July 2010, Libya re-opened its embassy (listed as "Popular Bureau") in Romania. In September 2009, due to its lack of embassy in Romania (previously closed on July 25, 2007), Libya opened a general consulate (listed as "Economic Cooperation Bureau") in Bucharest. The general consulate was turned into an embassy in July 2010, when Libya re-opened its embassy in Romania.

  • Romania has and embassy in Tripoli.
  • Libya has an embassy (listed as "Popular Bureau") in Bucharest.

Diplomatic relations' level (for Libya):

  • Embassy (listed as "Popular Bureau"): February 14, 1974 - July 25, 2007
  • General consulate (listed as "Economic Cooperation Bureau"): July 25, 2007 - September 2009
  • Embassy (listed as "Popular Bureau"): since September 2009

Diplomatic relations' level (for Romania):

  • Embassy: since February 14, 1974

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • (between December 6 [O.S. November 24] 1879 - October 5 [O.S. October 18] 1912 Romania had diplomatic relations with Turkey (commonly known as Ottoman Empire), Libya being part of the Ottoman Empire as Vilayet of Tripolitania and Kaimakamlik of Fezzan
  • (between October 5 [O.S. October 18] 1912 - 1943, Romania had diplomatic relations with Italy, Italian Libya being administrated by Italy as an Italian protectorate (October 5 [O.S. October 18] 1912 - May 17, 1919 in Cyrenaica, October 5 [O.S. October 18] 1912 - June 26, 1927 in Tripolitania and October 5 [O.S. October 18] 1912 - January 1, 1934 in Fezzan), as separate colonies (Cyrenaica colony between May 17, 1919 - January 24, 1929 when it was merged into the Tripolitania colony and Tripolitania colony between June 26, 1927 - January 1, 1934), as a single colony (Libya colony encompassing Tripolitania, Cyrenaica and Fezzan between January 1, 1934 - July 1, 1937) and as a colony and a territory (Fezzan was split from Libya colony as Territorio Sahara Libico or "Southern Military Territory" with military administration on July 1, 1934; Libya colony continue to exist encompassing only Tripolitania and Cyrenaica until January 9, 1939 when it was integrated in metropolitan Italy). Between January 9, 1939 - 1942/1943, Tripolitania (occupied by United Kingdom on January 23, 1943) and Cyrenaica (occupied by United Kingdom on November 20, 1942) were part of Italy as the Tripoli Province, Benghazi Province, Derna Province and Misrata Province. Fezzan was administrated as Territorio Sahara Libico or "Southern Military Territory" until January 16, 1943 when it was occupied by France)
  • (between February 7, 1946 - March 1, 1949 Romania had diplomatic relations with United Kingdom who administrated Cyrenaica as part of the Italian territory until September 15, 1947 and as direct British occupation between September 15, 1947 - March 1, 1949 when Emirate of Cyrenaica was founded; only United Kingdom recognized the Emirate of Cyrenaica)
  • (between February 7, 1946 - December 24, 1951 Romania had diplomatic relations with United Kingdom who administrated Tripolitania as part of Italian territory until September 15, 1947, as direct British occupation between September 15, 1947 - November 21, 1949, and under UN supervision between November 21, 1949 - December 24, 1951 when Kingdom of Libya was founded)
  • (between January 16, 1943 - August 9, 1944 and March 1, 1945 - December 24, 1951 Romania had diplomatic relations with France who administrated Fezzan as the Italian Territorio Sahara Libico or "Southern Military Territory" until September 15, 1947, as direct French occupation between September 15, 1947 - November 21, 1949 and December 24, and under UN supervision between November 21, 1949 - December 24, 1951)
  • since February 14, 1974
 Mauritania 1965-01-15 See Foreign relations of Mauritania

Romania opened its embassy in Mauritania in 1972, but closed it due to financial issues in 1997. Mauritania opened its embassy in Romania in 1977, but closed it due to financial issues in February 1996.

  • Romania has no embassy in Mauritania, only an honorary consulate in Nouakchott. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Mauritania is handled by the Romanian embassy in Dakar, in neighbouring Senegal.
  • Mauritania has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Mauritania in Romania is handled by the Mauritanian embassy in Rome, Italy.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since January 15, 1965

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since January 15, 1965
 Morocco 1962-02-20 See Morocco–Romania relations
 Tunisia 1963-12-16 See Romania–Tunisia relations[25]

Africa: Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Benin 1962-06-29 See Foreign relations of Benin
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in Benin. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Benin is handled by the Romanian embassy in Abuja, in neighbouring Nigeria.
  • Benin has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Benin in Romania is handled by the Beninese embassy in Moscow, Russia.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since June 29, 1962

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since June 29, 1962
 Burkina Faso 1968-04-13 See Foreign relations of Burkina Faso

Romania recognized Burkina Faso's independence on August 7, 1960, two days after the country declared independence. On March 17, 2003, Romania opened in Ouagadougou its honorary consulate.

  • Romania has no embassy in Burkina Faso, only an honorary consulate in Ouagadougou. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Burkina Faso is handled by the Romanian embassy in Dakar, Senegal.
  • Burkina Faso has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Burkina Faso in Romania is handled by the Burkinabé embassy in Paris, France.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since April 13, 1968

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since April 13, 1968
 Cape Verde 1975-09-17 See Foreign relations of Cape Verde

Initially, the diplomatic representation of Romania in Cape Verde was handled by the Romanian embassy in Conakry, Guinea, but after the closure of this embassy on July 10, 1999, the diplomatic representation of Romania in Cape Verde is handled by the Romanian embassy in Dakar, in neighbouring Senegal.

  • Romania has no embassy in Cape Verde, only an honorary consulate in Praia. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Cape Verde is handled by the Romanian embassy in Dakar, in neighbouring Senegal.
  • Cape Verde has no diplomatic embassy in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Cape Verde in Romania is handled by the Cape Verdean embassy in Moscow, Russia.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since September 17, 1975

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since September 17, 1975
 Côte d'Ivoire 1967-05-17 See Foreign relations of Côte d'Ivoire

Romania closed its embassy in Abidjan in May 1983, due to financial issues.

  • Romania has no embassy in Côte d'Ivoire, only an honorary consulate in Abidjan. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Côte d'Ivoire is handled by the Romanian embassy in Dakar, Senegal.
  • Côte d'Ivoire has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Côte d'Ivoire in Romania is handled by the Ivorian embassy in Berlin, Germany.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since May 17, 1967

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since May 17, 1967
 Gambia 1971-07-30 See Foreign relations of Gambia
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Gambia. The diplomatic representation of Romania in the Gambia is handled by the Romanian embassy in Dakar, in neighbouring Senegal.
  • The Gambia has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of the Gambia in Romania is handled by the Gambian embassy in Paris, France.

Diploamtic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since July 30, 1971

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since July 30, 1971
 Ghana 1961-08-10 See Foreign relations of Ghana
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in Ghana. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Ghana is handled by the Romanian embassy in Abuja, Nigeria.
  • Ghana has no embassy in Romania, only an honorary consulate in Bucharest. The diplomatic representation of Ghana in Romania is handled by the Ghanaian embassy in Belgrade, in neighbouring Serbia.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since August 10, 1961

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since August 10, 1961
 Guinea 1958-11-14 See Foreign relations of Guinea

Romania recognized Guinea's independence on October 9, 1958. The two countries established diplomatic relations on November 14, 1958. The Romanian embassy in Conakry was opened on November 14, 1961, as the first Romanian embassy in Sub-Saharan Africa. Due to financial issues, the Romanian embassy was closed on July 10, 1999. Guinea opened its embassy in Bucharest on April 14, 1974, but closed it in June 1988 due to financial issues.

  • Romania has no embassy in Guinea, only an honorary consulate in Conakry. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Guinea is handled by the Romanian embassy in Dakar, in neighbouring Senegal.
  • Guinea has no embassy in Romania, only an honorary consulate in Bucharest. The diplomatic representation of Guinea in Romania is handled by the Guinean embassy in Belgrade, in neighbouring Serbia.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since November 14, 1958

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since November 14, 1958
 Guinea-Bissau 1973-11-16 See Foreign relations of Guinea-Bissau

Romania opened its honorary consulate in Guinea-Bissau on September 2, 2005.

  • Romania has no embassy in Guinea-Bissau, only an honorary consulate in Bissau. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Guinea-Bissau is handled by the Romanian embassy in Dakar, in neighbouring Senegal.
  • Guinea Bissau has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Guinea-Bissau in Romania is handled by the Bissau-Guinean embassy in Moscow, Russia.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since November 16, 1973

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since November 16, 1973
 Liberia 1972-04-30 See Foreign relations of Liberia
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in Liberia. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Liberia is handled by the Romanian embassy in Abuja, Nigeria.
  • Liberia has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Liberia in Romania is handled by the Liberian embassy in Paris, France.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since April 30, 1972

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since April 30, 1972
 Mali 1960-12-01 See Foreign relations of Mali

Romania recognized Mali's independence on October 10, 1960 and established diplomatic relations on December 1, 1960.

  • Romania has no embassy in Mali, only an honorary consulate in Bamako. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Mali is handled by the Romanian embassy in Dakar, in neighbouring Senegal.
  • Mali has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Mali in Romania is handled by the Malien embassy in Paris, France.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since December 1, 1960

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since December 1, 1960
 Niger 1969-06-20 See Foreign relations of Niger
  • Romania has no embassy in Niger, only an honorary consulate in Niamey. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Niger is handled by the Romanian embassy in Tripoli, in neighbouring Libya.
  • Niger has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Niger in Romania is handled by the Nigerian embassy in Berlin, Germany.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since June 20, 1969

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since June 20, 1969
 Nigeria 1966-11-12 See Foreign relations of Nigeria

Romania opened its embassy in Nigeria in 1968 and moved it in Abuja in 2001. Nigeria opened its embassy in Romania in 1974.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since November 12, 1966

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since November 12, 1966
 Senegal 1965-11-05 See Foreign relations of Senegal

Romania opened its embassy in Senegal in February 1977.

  • Romania has an embassy and an honorary consulate in Dakar.
  • Senegal has no embassy in Romania, only an honorary consulate in Bucharest. The diplomatic representation of Senegal in Romania is handled by the Senegalese embassy in Berlin, Germany.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since November 5, 1965

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since November 5, 1965
 Sierra Leone 1964-01-15 See Foreign relations of Sierra Leone
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in Sierra Leone. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Sierra Leone is handled by the Romanian embassy in Abuja, Nigeria.
  • Sierra Leone has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Sierra Leone in Romania is handled by the Sierra Leonean embassy in Moscow, Russia.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since January 15, 1964

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since January 15, 1964
 Togo 1971-01-12 See Foreign relations of Togo
  • Romania has no embassy in Togo, only an honorary consulate in Lomé. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Togo is handled by the Romanian embassy in Abuja, Nigeria.
  • Togo has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Togo in Romania is handled by the Togolese embassy in Moscow, Russia.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: January 12, 1971

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since January 12, 1971

Africa: Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Angola listed in Africa: Southern African Development Community (SADC) due to geographical reasons. Angola is member of both communities.
 Burundi listed in Africa: East African Community (EAC) due to political and economic reasons. Burundi is member of both communities.
 Cameroon 1970-05-15 See Foreign relations of Cameroon
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Republic of Cameroon. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Cameroon is handled by the Romanian embassy in Abuja, in neighbouring Nigeria.
  • The Republic of Cameroon has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Cameroon in Romania is handled by the Cameroonian embassy in Moscow, Russia.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since May 15, 1970

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since May 15, 1970
 Central African Republic 1969-02-06 See Foreign relations of Central African Republic

The Romanian embassy in Bangui was opened in 1970 and closed in 1996. The Romanian honorary consulate in Bangui was opened a year later, in 1997. The Central African embassy in Bucharest was opened in 1970 and closed in 1980.

  • Romania has no embassy in the Central African Republic, only an honorary consulate in Bangui. The diplomatic representation of Romania in the Central African Republic is handled by the Romanian embassy in Khartoum, in neighbouring Sudan.
  • The Central African Republic has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of the Central African Republic in Romania is handled by the Central African embassy in Belgrade, in neighbouring Serbia.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since February 6, 1969

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since February 6, 1969
 Chad 1969-07-15 See Chad–Romania relations
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 1966-10-14 See Foreign relations of Democratic Republic of the Congo

Romania had temporary closed its embassy in Kinshasa on October 17, 1999.

  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The diplomatic representation of Romania in DR Congo is handled by the Romanian embassy in Luanda, in neighbouring Angola.
  • The Democratic Republic of the Congo has an embassy in Bucharest.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since October 14, 1966

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since October 14, 1966
 Republic of the Congo 1968-08-21 See Foreign relations of Republic of the Congo
  • Romania has no embassy in the Republic of the Congo, only an honorary consulate in Pointe-Noire. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Congo is handled by the Romanian embassy in Luanda, in neighbouring Angola.
  • The Republic of the Congo has an embassy in Bucharest.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since August 21, 1968

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since August 21, 1968
 Equatorial Guinea 1972-03-09 See Foreign relations of Equatorial Guinea
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Republic of Equatorial Guinea. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Equatorial Guinea is handled by the Romanian embassy in Abuja, in Nigeria.
  • The Republic of Equatorial Guinea has no embassy in Romania, only an honorary consulate in Bucharest. The diplomatic representation of Equatorial Guinea in Romania is unknown.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since March 3, 1972

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since March 3, 1972
 Gabon 1972-10-19 See Foreign relations of Gabon
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Gabonese Republic. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Gabon is handled by the Romanian embassy in Abuja, in Nigeria.
  • The Gabonese Republic has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Gabon in Romania is handled by the Gabonese embassy in Moscow, in Russia.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since October 19, 1972

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since October 19, 1972
 Rwanda listed in Africa: East African Community due to political and economic reasons. Rwanda is member of both communities.
 São Tomé and Príncipe 1975-07-12 See Foreign relations of São Tomé and Príncipe
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe. The diplomatic representation of Romania in São Tomé and Príncipe is handled by the Romanian embassy in Luanda, Angola.
  • The Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of São Tomé and Príncipe in Romania is unknown.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since July 12, 1975

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since July 12, 1975

Africa: Northwest and Horn of Africa (mostly IGAD)[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Djibouti 1978-05-18 See Foreign relations of Djibouti
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Republic of Djibouti. Diplomatic representation for Romania is handled by the embassy in Cairo, Egypt.
  • The Republic of Djibouti has no diplomatic office in Romania. Diplomatic representation for Djibouti is handled by the embassy in Paris, France.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since May 18, 1978

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since May 18, 1978
 Egypt 1906-04-01 See Foreign relations of Egypt
  • Romania has an embassy in Cairo.
  • The Arab Republic of Egypt has an embassy in Bucharest.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Diplomatic Agency: April 1 [O.S. March 19] 1906 - April 3, 1926
  • Legation: April 3, 1926 - December 15, 1941; April 2, 1947 - April 1, 1957
  • Embassy: since April 1, 1957

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • (between December 6, 1879 - April 1, 1906, Romania had diplomatic relations with Turkey - as the Ottoman Empire - who was responsible for Khedivate of Egypt's foreign affairs)
  • April 1 [O.S. March 19] 1906 - December 15, 1941
  • since April 2, 1947
 Eritrea 1993-11-23 See Foreign relations of Eritrea
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the State of Eritrea. Diplomatic representation for Romania is handled by the Romanian embassy in Cairo, Egypt.
  • The State of Eritrea has no diplomatic office in Romania. Diplomatic representation for Eritrea is handled by the Eritrean embassy in Moscow, Russia.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since November 23, 1993

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since November 23, 1993
 Ethiopia 1957-07-02 See Foreign relations of Ethiopia
  • Romania has an embassy in Addis Abeba.
  • The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia has no diplomatic office in Romania. Diplomatic representation for Ethiopia is handled by the Ethiopian embassy in Vienna, Austria.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: July 2, 1957 - December 11, 1966
  • Embassy: since December 11, 1966

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • (between 1936–1941, Romania had diplomatic relations with Italy who was responsible for Italian East Africa's foreign affairs)
  • since July 2, 1957
 Somalia 1965-07-10 See Foreign relations of Somalia

Romania opened its embassy in Somalia in 1983. Somalia opened its embassy in Romania in January 1988. Both countries closed their embassies in January 1991.

  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Republic of Somalia. Diplomatic representation for Romania is handled by the Romanian embassy in Khartoum, Sudan.
  • The Republic of Somalia has no diplomatic office in Romania. Diplomatic representation for Somalia is handled by the Somalian embassy in Moscow, Russia.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since July 10, 1965

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • (between 1884 - August 1940 and February 7, 1946 - June 26, 1960, Romania had diplomatic relations with the United Kingdom who was responsible for British Somaliland's foreign affairs)
  • (between 1889–1936, Romania had diplomatic relations with Italy, who was responsible for Italian Somaliland's foreign affairs)
  • (between 1936–1941, Romania had diplomatic relations with Italy who was responsible for Italian East Africa's foreign affairs)
  • (between February 7, 1946 - November 1949, Romania had diplomatic relations with the United Kingdom who was responsible for Italian Somaliland's foreign affairs)
  • between November 1949 - July 1, 1960, Romania had diplomatic relations with Italy who was responsible for Trust Territory of Somalia's foreign affairs)
  • since July 10, 1965
 South Sudan 2011-07-09 See Foreign relations of South Sudan
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the State of Eritrea. Diplomatic representation for Romania in South Sudan is handled by the Romanian embassy in Khartoum, in neighbouring Sudan.
  • The Republic of South Sudan has no diplomatic office in Romania. Diplomatic representation for South Sudan is handled by the Sudanese embassy in Bucharest.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since July 9, 2011

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since July 9, 2011
 Sudan 1956-01-17 See Foreign relations of Sudan

As with most of the Eastern European countries, Sudan has enjoyed a historically close and strongly friendly relationship with Romania. The two countries have a long history of political and cultural contact and the East African country is home to a sizable population of Romanian immigrants. Romania and Sudan also have productive economic ties.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: January 17, 1956 - August 20, 1969; since December 25, 1971

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

Africa: East African Community (EAC)[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Burundi 1968-09-19 See Foreign relations of Burundi

In October 1996, due to financial issues, Romania closed its embassy in Bujumbura, Burundi. On October 31, 1997, the Romanian minister of Foreign Affairs signed the document that stipulated the opening of a Romanian honorary consulate in Burundi.

  • Romania has no embassy in the Republic of Burundi, only an honorary consulate in Bujumbura. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Burundi is handled by the Romanian embassy in Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Republic of Burundi has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Burundi in Romania is handled by the Burundian embassy in Moscow, Russia.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since September 19, 1968

Diplomatic relations timeline:

  • since September 19, 1968
 Kenya 1968-06-22 See Foreign relations of Kenya

Romania opened its embassy in Kenya in 1974.

  • Romania has an embassy in Nairobi.[27]
  • Republic of Kenya has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Kenya in Romania is handled by the Kenyan embassy in Berlin, Germany.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since June 22, 1968

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since June 22, 1968
 Rwanda 1965-07-15 See Foreign relations of Rwanda
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Republic of Rwanda. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Rwanda is handled by the Romanian embassy in Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Republic of Rwanda has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Rwanda in Romania is handled by the Rwandan embassy in Berlin, Germany.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since July 15, 1965

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

 Tanzania 1964-05-05 See Foreign relations of Tanzania

Romania has temporary closed its embassy in Dar es Salaam on November 18, 1999.

  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the United Republic of Tanzania. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Tanzania is handled by the Romanian embassy in Nairobi, in neighbouring Kenya.
  • United Republic of Tanzania has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Tanzania in Romania is handled by the Tanzanian embassy in Berlin, Germany.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since May 5, 1964

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • (between February 27, 1885 - August 28, 1916, Romania had diplomatic relations with Germany, who was responsible for German East Africa's foreign relations)
  • (between 1919 - February 15, 1941 and February 7, 1946 - December 9, 1961, Romania had diplomatic relations with the United Kingdom who was responsible for Tanganyika Territory's foreign relations)
  • since May 5, 1964
 Uganda 1969-04-27 See Foreign relations of Uganda
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Republic of Uganda. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Uganda is handled by the Romanian embassy in Nairobi, in neighbouring Kenya.
  • Republic of Uganda has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Uganda in Romania is handled by the Ugandan embassy in Moscow, Russia.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since April 27, 1969

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since April 27, 1969

Africa: Southern African Development Community (SADC)[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Angola 1975-12-13 See Foreign relations of Angola
  • Romania has an embassy in Luanda.
  • The Republic of Angola has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Angola in Romania is handled by the Angolan embassy in Belgrade, in neighbouring Serbia.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since December 13, 1975

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since December 13, 1975
 Botswana 1971-10-07 See Foreign relations of Botswana
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Republic of Botswana. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Botswana is handled by the Romanian embassy in Pretoria, in neighbouring South Africa.
  • The Republic of Botswana has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Botswana in Romania is handled by the Botswana embassy in London, in the United Kingdom.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since October 7, 1971

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since October 7, 1971
 DR Congo listed in Africa: Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) due to geographical reasons. DR Congo is member of both communities.
 Lesotho 1975-05-01 See Foreign relations of Lesotho

The diplomatic representation of Romania in Lesotho was handled by the Romanian embassy in Lusaka, Zambia (between 1978–1980), the Romanian embassy in Maputo, Mozambique (between 1980 - April 1990). From November 1991, the diplomatic representation of Romania in Lesotho is handled by the Romanian embassy in Pretoria, in neighbouring South Africa.

  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Kingdom of Lesotho. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Lesotho is handled by the Romanian embassy in Pretoria, in neighbouring South Africa.
  • The Kingdom of Lesotho has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Lesotho in Romania is handled by the Mosotho embassy in Rome, Italy.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since May 1, 1975

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since May 1, 1975
 Madagascar listed in Africa: Indian Ocean's islands due to geographical reasons
 Malawi 1985-07-15 See Foreign relations of Malawi
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Republic of Malawi. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Malawi is handled by the Romanian embassy in Harare, Zimbabwe.
  • The Republic of Malawi has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Malawi in Romania ins handled by the Malawian embassy in Berlin, Germany.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since July 15, 1985

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since July 15, 1985
 Mauritius listed in Africa: Indian Ocean's islands due to geographical reasons
 Mozambique 1975-06-25 See Foreign relations of Mozambique

Romania temporary closed its embassy in Maputo, Mozambique on August 10, 1999.

  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Republic of Mozambique. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Mozambique is handled by the Romanian embassy in Pretoria, in neighbouring South Africa.
  • The Republic of Mozambique has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Mozambique in Romania ins handled by the Mozambican embassy in Moscow, Russia.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since June 25, 1975

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since June 25, 1975
 Namibia 1990-10-19 See Foreign relations of Namibia

Romania has temporary closed its embassy in Windhoek, on July 1, 1999, due to financial issues.

  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Republic of Namibia. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Namibia is handled by the Romanian embassy in Pretoria, in neighbouring South Africa.
  • The Republic of Namibia has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Namibia in Romania ins handled by the Namibian embassy in Vienna, Austria.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since October 19, 1990

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since October 19, 1990
 Seychelles listed in Africa: Indian Ocean's islands due to geographical reasons
 South Africa 1991-11-21 See South African-Romanian relations[28] and Foreign relations of South Africa

South Africa temporary closed its embassy in Romania in 1998. The embassy was reopened in December 2006 (the official ceremony took place in March 2008 due to logistical issues).

  • Romania has an embassy in Pretoria and a consulate-general in Cape Town.
  • The Republic of South Africa has an embassy in Bucharest.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since November 21, 1991

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since November 21, 1991
 Swaziland 1991-02-01 See Foreign relations of Swaziland
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Kingdom of Swaziland. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Swaziland is handled by the Romanian embassy in Pretoria, in neighbouring South Africa.
  • The Kingdom of Swaziland has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Swaziland in Romania is handled by the Swazi embassy in London, United Kingdom.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since February 1, 1991

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since February 1, 1991
 Tanzania listed in Africa: East African Community due to political and economic reasons. Tanzania is member of both communities.
 Zambia 1968-05-28 See Foreign relations of Zambia
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Republic of Zambia. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Zambia is handled by the Romanian embassy in Pretoria, in South Africa.
  • The Republic of Zambia has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Zambia in Romania is handled by the Zambian embassy in Rome, Italy.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since May 28, 1968

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since May 28, 1968
 Zimbabwe 1980-04-18 See Foreign relations of Zimbabwe
  • Romania has an embassy in Harare.
  • The Republic of Zimbabwe has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Zimbabwe in Romania is handled by the Zimbabwean embassy in Vienna, Austria.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since April 18, 1980

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since April 18, 1980

Africa: Indian Ocean's islands[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Comoros 1976-08-02 See Foreign relations of Comoros
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Union of the Comoros. The diplomatic representation of Romania in the Comoros is handled by the Romanian embassy in Pretoria, South Africa.
  • The Union of the Comoros have no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of the Comoros in Romania is unknown.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since August 2, 1976

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since August 2, 1976
 Madagascar 1968-09-10 See Foreign relations of Madagascar

Madagascar opened its honorary consulate in Romania in September 1996.

  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Republic of Madagascar. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Madagascar is handled by the Romanian embassy in Pretoria, South Africa.
  • The Republic of Madagascar has no embassy in Romania, only an honorary consulate in Bucharest. The diplomatic representation of Madagascar in Romania is handled by the Malagasy embassy in Rome, Italy.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since September 10, 1968

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since September 10, 1968
 Mauritius 1974-06-25 See Foreign relations of Mauritius
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Republic of Mauritius. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Mauritius is handled by the Romanian embassy in Pretoria, South Africa.
  • The Republic of Mauritius has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Mauritius in Romania ins handled by the Mauritian embassy in Paris, France.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since June 25, 1974

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since June 25, 1974
 Seychelles 1976-07-30 See Foreign relations of Seychelles
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Republic of Seychelles. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Seychelles is handled by the Romanian embassy in Pretoria, in South Africa.
  • The Republic of Seychelles has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Seychelles in Romania is handled by the Seychellois embassy in Paris, France.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since July 30, 1976

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since July 30, 1976

Americas: North America (NAFTA)[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Canada 1919-08-19 See Canada–Romania relations
 Mexico 1935-07-20 See Mexico-Romania relations[29]
 United States 1880-06-14 See Romania – United States relations

Americas: Central America (Central American Integration System)[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Belize 1993-03-25 See Foreign relations of Belize
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in Belize. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Belize is handled by the Romanian embassy in Mexico City, in neighbouring Mexico.
  • Belize has no embassy in Romania, only an honorary consulate in Bucharest. The diplomatic representation of Belize in Romania in unknown.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since March 25, 1993

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since March 25, 1993
 Costa Rica 1970-07-04 See Foreign relations of Costa Rica

Costa Rica has temporary closed its embassy in Romania in 1999. Romania has temporary closed its embassy in Costa Rica in May 2000.

  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Republic of Costa Rica. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Costa Rica is handled by the Romanian embassy in Mexico City, Mexico.
  • The Republic of Costa Rica has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Costa Rica in Romania is handled by the Costa Rican embassy in Moscow, Russia.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since July 4, 1970

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since July 4, 1970
 El Salvador 1979-12-17 See Foreign relations of El Salvador
  • Romania has no embassy in the Republic of El Salvador, only an honorary consulate in San Salvador. The diplomatic representation of Romania in El Salvador is handled by the Romanian embassy in Mexico City, Mexico.
  • The Republic of El Salvador has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of El Salvador in Romania is handled by the Salvadorian embassy in Vienna, Austria.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since December 17, 1979

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since May December 17, 1979
 Guatemala 1990-12-07 See Foreign relations of Guatemala
  • Romania has no embassy in the Republic of Guatemala, only an honorary consulate in Guatemala City. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Guatemala is handled by the Romanian embassy in Mexico City, in neighbouring Mexico.
  • The Republic of Guatemala has no embassy in Romania, only an honorary consulate in Bucharest. The diplomatic representation of Guatemala in Romania is handled by the Guatemalan embassy in Vienna, Austria.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since May 18, 1978

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since May 18, 1978
 Honduras 1973-07-11 See Foreign relations of Honduras
  • Romania has no embassy in the Republic of Honduras, only an honorary consulate in San Pedro Sula. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Honduras is handled by the Romanian embassy in Mexico City, Mexico.
  • The Republic of Honduras has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Honduras in Romania is handled by the Honduran embassy in Rome, Italy.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since July 11, 1973

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since July 11, 1973
 Nicaragua 1979-09-06 See Foreign relations of Nicaragua
  • Romania has no embassy in the Republic of Nicaragua, only an honorary consulate in Managua. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Nicaragua is handled by the Romanian embassy in Mexico City, Mexico.
  • The Republic of Nicaragua has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Nicaragua in Romania is handled by the Nicaraguan embassy in Rome, Italy.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since September 6, 1979

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since September 6, 1979
 Panama 1971-10-05 See Foreign relations of Panama

On April 23, 1996, Romania opened its honorary consulate in Panama.

  • Romania has no embassy in the Republic of TPanama, only an honorary consulate in Panama City. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Panama is handled by the Romanian embassy in Caracas, Venezuela.
  • The Republic of Panama has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Panama in Romania is handled by the Panamian embassy in Athens, Greece.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since October 5, 1971

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since October 5, 1971

Americas: Caribbean (mostly CARICOM)[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Antigua and Barbuda No relations|See Foreign relations of Antigua and Barbuda
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in Antigua and Barbuda. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Antigua and Barbuda is handled by the Romanian embassy in Caracas, Venezuela.
  • Antigua and Barbuda has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Antigua and Barbuda in Romania is handled by the Antiguan High Commission in London, United Kingdom.
 Bahamas 2007-07-18|See Foreign relations of the Bahamas
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Commonwealth of the Bahamas. The diplomatic representation of Romania in the Bahamas is handled by the Romanian embassy in Caracas, Venezuela.
  • The Commonwealth of the Bahamas has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of the Bahamas in Romania is handled by the Bahamian High Commission in London, United Kingdom.
 Barbados 1977-09-01 See Foreign relations of Barbados
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in Barbados. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Barbados is handled by the Romanian embassy in Caracas, Venezuela.
  • Barbados has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Barbados in Romania is handled by the Barbadian embassy in Brussels, Belgium.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since September 1, 1977

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since September 1, 1977
 Cuba 1927-04-13 See Foreign relations of Cuba
  • Romania has an embassy in Havana.
  • The Republic of Cuba has an embassy in Bucharest.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: April 13, 1927 - September 27, 1942
  • Embassy: since October 26, 1960

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • April 13, 1927 - September 27, 1942
  • since October 26, 1960
 Dominica 2009-01-30|See Foreign relations of Dominica
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Commonwealth of Dominica. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Dominica is handled by the Romanian embassy in Caracas, Venezuela.
  • The Commonwealth of Dominica has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Dominica in Romania is handled by the Dominican embassy in Brussels, Belgium.
 Dominican Republic 1984-07-21 See Foreign relations of the Dominican Republic

In April 1996, Romania opened its first honorary consulate, in Santo Domingo. Since October 14, 2002, the diplomatic representation of Romania in the Dominican Republic is handled by the Romanian embassy in Caracas, Venezuela. In 2007, Romania opened its second honorary consulate, in Santiago de los Caballeros.

  • Romania has no embassy in the Dominican Republic, only 2 honorary consulates (in Santiago de los Caballeros and in Santo Domingo). The diplomatic representation of Romania in the Dominican Republic is handled by the Romanian embassy in Caracas, Venezuela.
  • The Dominican Republic has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of the Dominican Republic in Romania is handled by the Dominican embassy in Rome, Italy.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since July 21, 1984

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since July 21, 1984
 Grenada 1975-04-03 See Foreign relations of Grenada
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in Grenada. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Grenada is handled by the Romanian embassy in Caracas, Venezuela.
  • Grenada has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Grenada in Romania is handled by the Grenadian embassy in Brussels, Belgium.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since April 3, 1975

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since April 3, 1975
 Haiti 1980-05-09 See Foreign relations of Haiti
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Republic of Haiti. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Haiti is handled by the Romanian embassy in Caracas, Venezuela.
  • The Republic of Haiti has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Haiti in Romania is unknown.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since May 9, 1980

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since May 9, 1980
 Jamaica 1974-08-21 See Foreign relations of Jamaica
  • Romania has no embassy in Jamaica, only an honorary consulate in Kingston. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Jamaica is handled by the Romanian embassy in Caracas, Venezuela.
  • Jamaica has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Jamaica in Romania is handled by the Jamaican embassy in Geneva, Switzerland.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since August 21, 1974

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since August 21, 1974
 Saint Kitts and Nevis|2009-06-25 See Foreign relations of Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Saint Kitts and Nevis is handled by the Romanian embassy in Caracas, Venezuela.
  • The Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Saint Kitts and Nevis in Romania is handled by the Kittitian embassy in Brussels, Belgium.
 Saint Lucia 1979-11-01 See Foreign relations of Saint Lucia
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in Saint Lucia. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Saint Lucia is handled by the Romanian embassy in Caracas, Venezuela.
  • Saint Lucia has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Saint Lucia in Romania is handled by the Saint Lucian embassy in Brussels, Belgium.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since November 1, 1979

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since November 1, 1979
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines|2003-05-22 See Foreign relations of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is handled by the Romanian embassy in Caracas, Venezuela.
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines have no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines in Romania is handled by the Vincentian embassy in Brussels, Belgium.
 Trinidad and Tobago 1972-11-25 See Foreign relations of Trinidad and Tobago
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Trinidad and Tobago is handled by the Romanian embassy in Caracas, in neighbouring Venezuela.
  • The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Trinidad and Tobago in Romania is handled by the Trinidadian embassy in Brussels, Belgium.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since November 25, 1972

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since November 25, 1972

Americas: South America, Andean Community of Nations (CAN)[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Bolivia 1969-10-18 See Foreign relations of Bolivia

The first contacts took place in 1905, when Bolivia opened its honorary consulate in Romania. In 1996, the honorary consulate was turned into an embassy. On July 27, 2000, Bolivia closed its embassy in Romania. Romania temporary closed its embassy in Bolivia on April 1, 2000. Bolivia

  • Romania has no embassy in the Plurinational State of Bolivia, only 2 honorary consulates (in Cochabamba and Santa Cruz de la Sierra). The diplomatic representation of Romania in Bolivia is handled by the Romanian embassy in Lima, in neighbouring Peru.
  • The Plurinational State of Bolivia has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Bolivia in Romania is handled by the Bolivian embassy in Berlin, Germany.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Honorary consulate: 1905 - October 18, 1969
  • Embassy: since October 18, 1969

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since October 18, 1969
 Colombia 1967-11-15 See Foreign relations of Colombia

Colombia closed its embassy in Bucharest in November 2002.

  • Romania has an embassy in Bogotá and 3 honorary consulates (in Barranquilla, Medellín and Santiago de Cali).
  • The Republic of Colombia has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Colombia in Romania is handled by the Colombian embassy in Warsaw, Poland.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since November 15, 1967

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since November 15, 1967
 Ecuador 1968-11-12 See Foreign relations of Ecuador

On April 8, 1880, the newly independent Romania notified Ecuador on its independence. Ecuador answered on July 8, 1881 and congratuled Romania. Until November 11, 1968 the two countries had no diplomatic relations. Romania opened its embassy in Ecuador in July 1973 and Ecuador opened its embassy in Romania in April 1974. On May 31, 1999, Ecuador temporary closed its embassy in Romania. A year later, in May 2000, Romania temporary closed its embassy in Ecuador.

  • Romania has no embassy in the Republic of Ecuador, only 2 honorary consulates (in Guayaquil and Quito). The diplomatic representation of Romania in Ecuador is handled by the Romanian embassy in Lima, in neighbouring Peru.
  • The Republic of Ecuador has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Ecuador in Romania is handled by the Ecuadorian embassy in Budapest, in neighbouring Hungary.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since November 12, 1968

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since November 12, 1968
 Peru 1939-10-10 See Foreign relations of Peru
  • Romania has an embassy in Lima and an honorary consulate in Arequipa.
  • The Republic of Peru has an embassy and an honorary consulate, both in Bucharest.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: October 10, 1939 - March 5, 1942
  • Embassy: since November 9, 1968

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • October 10, 1939 - March 5, 1942
  • since November 9, 1968

Americas: South America, Mercosur[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Argentina 1931-04-24 See Foreign relations of Argentina

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: April 24, 1931 - February 4, 1944; October 1, 1946 - March 29, 1964
  • Embassy: since March 29, 1964

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • April 24, 1931 - February 4, 1944
  • since October 1, 1946
 Brazil 1928-01-07 See Foreign relations of Brazil

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: January 7, 1928 - March 5, 1942; March 22, 1961 - May 9, 1974
  • Embassy: since May 9, 1974

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • January 7, 1928 - March 5, 1942
  • since March 22, 1961
 Paraguay 1992-05-28 See Foreign relations of Paraguay
  • Romania has no embassy in the Republic of Paraguay, only an honorary consulate in Asunción. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Paraguay is handled by the Romanian embassy in Buenos Aires, in neighbouring Argentina.
  • The Republic of Paraguay has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Paraguay in Romania is handled by the Paraguayan embassy in Athens, Greece.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since May 28, 1992

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since May 28, 1992
 Uruguay 1925-07-24 See Foreign relations of Uruguay
  • Romania has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • The Oriental Republic of Uruguay has an embassy in Bucharest.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: July 24, 1925 - October 10, 1964
  • Embassy: since October 10, 1964

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since July 24, 1925

Americas: Rest of South America[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Chile 1925-02-05 See Chile–Romania relations[30]
 Guyana 1973-06-20 See Foreign relations of Guyana
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Co-operative Republic of Guyana. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Guyana is handled by the Romanian embassy in Caracas, in neighbouring Venezuela.
  • The Co-operative Republic of Guyana has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Guyana in Romania is handled by the Guyanese embassy in London, United Kingdom.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since June 20, 1973

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since June 20, 1973
 Suriname 1975-11-25 See Foreign relations of Suriname
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Republic of Suriname. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Suriname is handled by the Romanian embassy in Caracas, Venezuela.
  • The Republic of Suriname has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Suriname in Romania is unknown.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since November 25, 1975

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since November 25, 1975
 Venezuela 1935-12-30 See Foreign relations of Venezuela
  • Romania has an embassy in Caracas and an honorary consulate in Valencia.
  • The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela has an embassy in Bucharest.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: December 30, 1935 - December 21, 1941
  • Embassy: since January 29, 1967

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • December 30, 1935 - December 21, 1941
  • since January 29, 1967

Oceania: Australasia[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Australia 1968-03-18 See Foreign relations of Australia

Romania and Australia have concluded an Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement, signed in 1994, a Trade and Economic Agreement (signed with full effect for Australia in July 2002 and for Romania in January 2003) and an Agreement for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion, signed in 2001.[31]

  • Romania has an embassy in Canberra,[32] a general consulate in Sydney and an honorary consulate in Melbourne.
  • The Commonwealth of Australia has no embassy in Romania, only a general consulate in Bucharest. The diplomatic representation of Australia in Romania is handled by the Australian embassy in Belgrade, in neighbouring Serbia.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since March 18, 1968

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • since March 18, 1968
 New Zealand 1969-10-13 See Foreign relations of New Zealand

In 1970, Romania opened a general consulate in Wellington, turned into an embassy in 1981. The Romanian embassy in New Zealand was closed in February 1989. The immigration issues of Romanian citizens to the New Zealand are handled by the New Zealander embassy in London, in the United Kingdom.

  • Romania has no embassy in New Zealand, only an honorary consulate in Wellington. The diplomatic representation of Romania in New Zealand is handled by the Romanian embassy in Canberra, in neighbouring Australia.
  • New Zealand has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of New Zealand in Romania is handled by the New Zealander embassy in Brussels, in Belgium.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • General consulate: October 13, 1969 – 1981
  • Embassy: since 1981

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • since October 13, 1969

Oceania: Micronesia[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Marshall Islands|1996-01-29 See Foreign relations of Marshall Islands
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Republic of the Marshall Islands. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Marshall Islands is handled by the Romanian embassy in Manila, Philippines.
  • The Republic of the Marshall Islands has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Marshall Islands in Romania is handled by the Marshallese embassy in Washington, in the United States of America.
 Federated States of Micronesia|No relations See Foreign relations of Federated States of Micronesia
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Federated States of Micronesia. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Micronesia is handled by the Romanian embassy in Manila, Philippines.
  • The Federated States of Micronesia have no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Micronesia in Romania is handled by the Micronesian embassy in Washington, in the United States of America.
 Kiribati No relations|listed in Oceania: Polynesia due to political reasons
 Nauru 2011-03-02|listed in Oceania: Polynesia due to political reasons
 Palau No relations|See Foreign relations of Palau
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Republic of Palau. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Palau is handled by the Romanian embassy in Manila, in neighbouring Philippines.
  • The Republic of Palau has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Palau in Romania is handled by the Palauan embassy in Washington, in the United States of America.

Oceania: Melanesia[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Fiji 1975-08-15 See Foreign relations of Fiji
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Republic of the Fiji Islands. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Fiji is handled by the Romanian embassy in Canberra, Australia.
  • The Republic of the Fiji Islands has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Fiji in Romania is handled by the Fijian embassy in Brussels, Belgium.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since August 15, 1975

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • since August 15, 1975
 Papua New Guinea 1976-05-19 See Foreign relations of Papua New Guinea
  • Romania has no embassy in the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, only an honorary consulate in Port Moresby. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Papua New Guinea is handled by the Romanian embassy in Jakarta, in neighbouring Indonesia.
  • The Independent State of Papua New Guinea has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Papua New Guinea in Romania is handled by the Papua New Guinean embassy in Brussels, Belgium.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Embassy: since May 19, 1976

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • since May 19, 1976
 Vanuatu No relations|See Foreign relations of Vanuatu
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Republic of Vanuatu. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Vanuatu is handled by the Romanian embassy in Canberra, Australia.
  • The Republic of Vanuatu has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Vanuatu in Romania is handled by the Ni-Vanuatu embassy in Brussels, Belgium.

Oceania: Polynesia[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Kiribati No relations|See Foreign relations of Kiribati
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Republic of Kiribati. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Kiribati is handled by the Romanian embassy in Canberra, Australia.
  • The Republic of Kiribati has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Kiribati in Romania is handled by the I-Kiribati High Commission in Suva, Fiji.
 Nauru 2011-03-02|See Foreign relations of Nauru
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Republic of Nauru. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Nauru is handled by the Romanian embassy in Canberra, Australia.
  • The Republic of Nauru has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Nauru in Romania is handled by the Nauruan High Commission in Suva, Fiji.
 Samoa 2006-03-02|See Foreign relations of Samoa
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Independent State of Samoa. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Samoa is handled by the Romanian embassy in Canberra, Australia.
  • The Independent State of Samoa has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Samoa in Romania is handled by the Samoan embassy in Brussels, Belgium.
 Tonga No relations|See Foreign relations of Tonga
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in the Kingdom of Tonga. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Tonga is handled by the Romanian embassy in Canberra, Australia.
  • The Kingdom of Tonga has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Tonga in Romania is handled by the Tongan High Commission in London, United Kingdom.
 Tuvalu 2006-05-12|See Foreign relations of Tuvalu
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in Tuvalu. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Tuvalu is handled by the Romanian embassy in Canberra, Australia.
  • Tuvalu has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Tuvalu in Romania is handled by the Tuvaluan High Commission in Suva, Fiji.

Countries which Romania has no diplomatic relations with[edit]

Europe[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Northern Cyprus See Foreign relations of Northern Cyprus

Romania does not recognizes the independence of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and considers its territory part of Republic of Cyprus as the Kyrenia District and parts of Famagusta District, Larnaca District and Nicosia District. As a member of the European Union, Romania considers the inhabitants of Northern Cyprus as "the community of Turkish Cypriots".

 Kosovo See Foreign relations of Kosovo

Romania does not recognizes the independence of Republic of Kosovo and considers its territory part of Serbia as the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija.[citation needed] As a member of the European Union, Romania considers Kosovo an United Nations protectorate, administered by United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo as established by United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244 UN mission assisted by European Union Rule of Law Mission in Kosovo. Even if Romania does not considers Kosovo a state, Romanian authorities recognize Kosovo passport and ID as identification documents, but not as travel documents. To travel into Romania, Kosovar citizens holding a Kosovar passport will get from the Romanian authorities a special visa on a separate document that must be shown, when entering Romania, as attached to the Kosovar passport. Therefore, Romanian authorities admit Kosovar citizens on visit without recognizing the legal status of their documents.

 Transnistria See Foreign relations of Transnistria

Romania does not recognizes the independence of Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic and considers its territory part of Republic of Moldova as the Autonomous Territorial Unit of Dniester River's Left Bank.

  • (between June 9, 1934 - August 2, 1940, Romania had diplomatic relations with the USSR, the USSR was responsible for Ukrainian SSR's foreign affairs who encompassed Moldavian ASSR)
  • (between August 19, 1941 - January 29, 1944, Transnistria was administered by Romania itself, as the Transnistria Governorate)

Caucasus[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Abkhazia See Foreign relations of Abkhazia

Romania does not recognizes the independence of Republic of Abkhazia and considers its territory part of Georgia as the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia.

 Chechnya

Romania does not recognizes the independence of Chechen Republic of Ichkeria and considers its territory part of Russia as the Chechen Republic.

 Nagorno-Karabakh See Foreign relations of Nagorno-Karabakh

Romania does not recognizes the independence of Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and considers its territory part of Azerbaidjan as Jabrayil Rayon, Kalbajar Rayon, Khankendi Şəhər, Khojali Rayon, Lachin Rayon, Qubadli Rayon, Shusha Rayon, Shusha Şəhər, Zangilan Rayon and parts of Agdam Rayon, Goranboy Rayon, Fuzuli Rayon, Khojavend Rayon, Tartar Rayon.

 South Ossetia See Foreign relations of South Ossetia

Romania does not recognizes the independence of Republic of South Ossetia and considers its territory part of Georgia, as part of the Georgian region Shida Kartli.

Asia[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Bhutan See Foreign relations of Bhutan

Bhutan's foreign policy is "guided" by neighbouring India, since 1949. Until then, Bhutan's foreign policy was handled by Tibet (until 1860) and by the United Kingdom (between 1865–1947).[33] Nevertheless, Bhutan suffers of a shortage of diplomatic personnel.

Romania and Bhutan recognize each other as independent states, but no diplomatic relations have been established yet.

  • The diplomatic representation of Romania in Bhutan is handled by the Romanian embassy in New Delhi, India. Concerning European matters, the diplomatic representation of Romania in Bhutan is handled by the ambassador of the Delegation of the European Commission in New Delhi, India.
  • Concerning European matters, the diplomatic representation of Bhutan in Romania is handled by the ambassador of the Embassy of Bhutan to Belgium in Brussels, which is accredited to the EU and the European Commission.
 Republic of China (Taiwan) 1939-07-05 See Foreign relations of the Republic of China

On October 5, 1949 Communist Romania switched international recognition from the Republic of China to the People's Republic of China (also a Communist state). Now, Romania officially does not recognizes Republic of China as a state and officially considers its territory part of the People's Republic of China as the province of Taiwan. Even so, after the downfall of communism in Romania (in December 1989), relations between Romania and the Republic of China are unofficial, but cordial and warm.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: July 5, 1939 - July 21, 1941

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • July 5, 1939 - July 10, 1941 (between July 10, 1941 - 1944 or 1945 Romania had diplomatic relations with Republic of China state based in Nanjing and ruled by Reorganized National Government of China; between December 1, 1940 - 1944/1945 Romania had diplomatic relations with Manchukuo; since October 5, 1949 Romania has diplomatic relations with People's Republic of China)
  • (between July 10, 1941 - June 2, 1942 Romania had diplomatic relations with the United States who represented the diplomatic interests of Republic of China in Romania)
Khalistan

Romania does not recognize the independence of the State of Khalistan and considers its territory part of India and Pakistan as state of Punjab (India) and province of Punjab (Pakistan).

 South Moluccas

Romania does not recognize the independence of Republic of South Maluku and considers its territory part of Indonesia as part of the province of Maluku.

Tibet Tibet

Romania does not recognize the independence of Tibet and considers its territory as part of People's Republic of China as Tibet Autonomous Region, the province of Qinghai and parts of the provinces of Gansu, Sichuan and Yunnan.

Further reading: Tibet, Tibet (1912–1951), History of Tibet (1950–present), Central Tibetan Administration, Ü-Tsang, Kham, Amdo.

Africa[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
Ambazonia

Romania does not recognizes the independence of Federal Republic of Southern Cameroon (Ambazonia) and considers its territory part of Cameroon as the regions of Northwest, Southwest and parts of the regions of Littoral and West.

Further reading: Southern Cameroons

 Anjouan

Romania does not recognize the independence of the State of Anjouan and considers its territory part of Comoros as the Autonomous Island of Anjouan.

 Biafra

Romania does not recognize the independence of the Republic of Biafra and considers its territory part of Nigeria as the states of Abia, Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Bayelsa, Cross River, Ebonyi, Enugu, Imo and Rivers.

Cabinda

Romania does not recognizes the independence of the Republic of Cabinda and considers its territory part of Angola as the province of Cabinda.

 Western Sahara See Foreign relations of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic

Romania claims neutrality[34] in the Western Sahara issue. So far, Romania did not recognize neither the independence of Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, neither the Moroccan sovereignty over Western Sahara.

Further reading: Free Zone of Western Sahara, Moroccan Wall, Western Sahara War, History of Western Sahara.

  • (between December 26, 1884 - April 4, 1946, Romania had diplomatic relations with Spain, who was responsible for Spanish Sahara's foreign relations)
 Somaliland See Foreign relations of Somaliland

Romania does not recognize the independence of Republic of Somaliland and considers its territory part of Somalia as the regions of Awdal, Sanaag, Sool, Togdheer and Woqooyi Galbeed.

  • (between 1884 - August 1940 and February 7, 1946 - June 26, 1960, Romania had diplomatic relations with the United Kingdom who was responsible for British Somaliland's foreign affairs)

Oceania[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Solomon Islands 2011-02-01|See Foreign relations of Solomon Islands

Romania and Solomon Islands recognize each other as independent states, but no diplomatic relations have been established yet.

 West Papua

Romania does not recognizes the independence of the Republic of West Papua and considers its territory part of Indonesia as the provinces of Papua and West Papua.

Various nations, territories, separatist movements and governments in exile[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
UNPO members

Romania has diplomatic relations with states that encompass nations and peoples gathered in UNPO.

micronations

Romania does not recognize the independence of any micronation and does not have diplomatic relations with any of these.

separatist movements

Romania does not recognize any separatist movement and does not have diplomatic relations with any of these organisations.

governments in exile

Romania does not recognize any governments in exile and does not have diplomatic relations with any of these organisations.

uncontacted peoples

Romania does not have relations with any uncontacted people.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hungarian minority in Romania: Hungary supporting Romania EU bid". Janyary 18, 2005. Retrieved June 17, 2012. 
  2. ^ http://www.mfa.gov.cy/mfa/mfa2006.nsf/All/9C7139024C6BFFBDC22571E1003AC10E/$file/Romania.pdf?OpenElement Cyprus Foreign Ministry: list of bilateral treaties between Cyprus and Romania
  3. ^ http://www.mae.ro/index.php?unde=doc&id=11857&idlnk=1&cat=3 Romanian Foreign Ministry about relations with Cyprus
  4. ^ Romanian embassy in Nicosia
  5. ^ "Political and Diplomatic Relations". Romania. Retrieved 2009-07-09. 
  6. ^ "Bilateral Relations". Lithuania. Retrieved 2009-07-09. 
  7. ^ http://www.minbuza.nl/binaries/pdf/reizen-en-landen/betrekkingen-met-nederland/roemeni-.pdf Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Romania (in Dutch only)
  8. ^ http://www.mae.ro/index.php?unde=doc&id=5716&idlnk=1&cat=3 Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Slovakia
  9. ^ http://www.fco.gov.uk/servlet/Front?pagename=OpenMarket/Xcelerate/ShowPage&c=Page&cid=1007029394365&a=KCountryProfile&aid=1019744931956 British Foreign and Commonwealth Office about relations with Romania
  10. ^ http://www.mae.ro/index.php?unde=doc&id=11541&idlnk=1&cat=3 Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Switzerland
  11. ^ http://www.eda.admin.ch/eda/en/home/reps/eur/vrou/aforum.html Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs about relations with Romania
  12. ^ Montenegro Foreign Affaires Ministry: Establishment of diplomatic relations between both countries (in Montenegrin)
  13. ^ Sovereign Military Order of Malta has no sovereign territory. It is listed in Europe: Mediterranean microstates due to its extraterritorial headquarters in Rome, Italy and few properties in Italy with extraterritoriality status.
  14. ^ http://www.mfa.gov.tr/turkey_s-political-relations-with-romania.en.mfa Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Romania
  15. ^ http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/eng/wjb/zzjg/xos/gjlb/3215/ Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Romania
  16. ^ a b "Romanian president arrives in Singapore, 20 February". Rompres. February 20, 2002. Retrieved 2009-07-17. 
  17. ^ "Romanian president arrives in Singapore, 20 February". Rompres. February 20, 2002. Retrieved 2009-07-15. 
  18. ^ "Romania to sign tax agreement with Singapore". AP Worldstream. Retrieved 2009-07-15. 
  19. ^ "osa signed between romania and singapore". Property-Abroad.com. 2008-11-28. Retrieved 2009-07-16. 
  20. ^ "ROMANIA COUNTRY COMMERCIAL GUIDE FY2002 - NETWORKS MARKET". U. S. Department of Commerce. Retrieved 2009-07-16. 
  21. ^ "FORTE BUSINESS SERVICES S.R.L.". Siemens. Retrieved 2009-07-16. 
  22. ^ Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: direction of the Romanian embassy in Singapore
  23. ^ Direction of the Romanian embassy in Bangkok
  24. ^ Thai embassy in Bucharest
  25. ^ http://www.diplomatie.gov.tn/site/index.php?a=article&id=2751 Tunisian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Romania (in French only)
  26. ^ Embassy of the Republic of Sudan.
  27. ^ Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: direction of the Romenian embassy in Nairobi
  28. ^ http://www.dfa.gov.za/foreign/bilateral/romania.html South African Department of Foreign Affairs about relations with Romania
  29. ^ http://portal.sre.gob.mx/rumania/ Mexican Secretary of Exterior about relations with Romania (in Spanish)
  30. ^ http://www.minrel.gov.cl/prc/n-430-Rumania_Febrero_2008.pdf Chilean Foreign Ministry about relations with Romania (in Spanish)
  31. ^ Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade about relations with Romania
  32. ^ Romanian embassy in Canberra
  33. ^ http://countrystudies.us/bhutan/49.htm
  34. ^ http://www.lematin.ma/Actualite/Journal/Article.asp?idr=110&id=79716