Forest Grove, Oregon

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Forest Grove, Oregon
City
Pacific Avenue in downtown
Pacific Avenue in downtown
Motto: "A place where families and businesses thrive."
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 45°31′11″N 123°6′38″W / 45.51972°N 123.11056°W / 45.51972; -123.11056Coordinates: 45°31′11″N 123°6′38″W / 45.51972°N 123.11056°W / 45.51972; -123.11056
Country United States
State Oregon
County Washington
Incorporated 1872
Government
 • Mayor Peter B. Truax
Area[1]
 • Total 5.88 sq mi (15.23 km2)
 • Land 5.74 sq mi (14.87 km2)
 • Water 0.14 sq mi (0.36 km2)
Elevation 210 ft (64.0 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 21,083
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 21,961
 • Density 3,673.0/sq mi (1,418.2/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97116
Area code(s) 503 and 971
FIPS code 41-26200
GNIS feature ID 1162990[4]
Website www.forestgrove-or.gov

Forest Grove is a city in Washington County, Oregon, United States, 25 miles (40 km) west of Portland. Originally a small farm town, it is now primarily a bedroom suburb of Portland. Settled in the 1840s, the town was platted in 1850 and then incorporated in 1872, making it the first city in Washington County. The population was 21,083 at the 2010 census, an increase of 19.1% from the 2000 census (17,708).[5]

Located in the Tualatin Valley, Oregon routes 8, and 47 pass through Forest Grove with 47 and 8 signed as the Tualatin Valley Highway south and east of the main part of the city, respectively, Oregon Route 8 signed as Gales Creek Road west of the city, and Oregon Route 47 signed as the Nehalem Highway north of the city. Pacific University has been the most distinctive aspect of the town throughout its history. Old College Hall on campus is listed on the National Register of Historic Places along with nine other structures in the city. Local employers include the university as well as Tuality Forest Grove Hospital and Viasystems.

History[edit]

Prior to the 1840s when Euro-Americans settled the area, the Atfalati band of the Kalapuya Native American tribe lived on the Tualatin Plains in what is now Forest Grove.[6] In 1841, Alvin T. and Abigail Smith were among the earliest to use the Oregon Trail and settled on what was first known as West Tualatin Plain.[7] They overwintered with Henry Harmon Spalding, arriving in what is now Forest Grove in the fall. Intending to be missionaries, they found little potential as most of the natives had succumbed to European diseases. Smith served as the community's first postmaster beginning on February 1, 1850, and his log cabin served as the post office.[7]

Pacific Avenue circa 1920

According to Oregon Geographic Names, the name Forest Grove was selected on January 10, 1851, at a meeting of the trustees of Tualatin Academy (later known as Pacific University). Resident and school trustee J. Quinn Thornton suggested the name, which he also had used for the name of his homestead.[7] The name referred to a grove of oak trees that still stand on what is now the campus of the university.[7] Previous post offices in the area were called Tuality Plains and Tualatin, with Forest Grove adopted on December 31, 1858.[7] The city was platted in 1850.

In 1860, the population reached 430, but declined to 396 in 1870.[6] Forest Grove was incorporated by the state in 1872, the first in the county.[8] In 1880, the now Chemawa Indian School opened in the city to train Native Americans, but moved to Salem in 1884. The population reached nearly 1,300 in 1900.[6]

In November 1908, the Oregon Electric Railway (OE) began serving the city,[9][10] and in January 1914, competitor Southern Pacific (SP) followed suit, opening its own line, separate from OE's.[9] Both railroads provided freight and passenger service, SP's passenger service being known as the Red Electric. A company called the Forest Grove Transportation Company operated local streetcar service, but this lasted only from 1906–11.[6][9][10] The Red Electric passenger service to Forest Grove ended in 1929 and Oregon Electric's ceased in 1932.[9]

There are ten buildings on the National Register of Historic Places and an entire 18 block district (Clark District) with homes dating as far back as 1854, and several dozen pre-1900.[11] These include the Alvin T. Smith House, First Church of Christ, Scientist, and Old College Hall.

In the 1990s, filming for the television show, Nowhere Man, took place in Forest Grove numerous times.[12]

Geography[edit]

Forest Grove is located on the western edge of the Portland metropolitan area and the Willamette Valley.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.88 square miles (15.23 km2), of which, 5.74 square miles (14.87 km2) is land and 0.14 square miles (0.36 km2) is water.[1]

One of the largest giant sequoia trees of the state of Oregon can be found in Forest Grove.[13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 419
1930 362 −13.6%
1940 2,449 576.5%
1950 4,343 77.3%
1960 5,628 29.6%
1970 8,275 47.0%
1980 11,499 39.0%
1990 13,559 17.9%
2000 17,708 30.6%
2010 21,083 19.1%
Est. 2012 21,961 4.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
2012 Estimate[15]
The 120-foot (36-meter) flagpole on Pacific Avenue between Maple & Laurel Streets, looking west.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 21,083 people, 7,385 households, and 4,871 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,673.0 inhabitants per square mile (1,418.2 /km2). There were 7,845 housing units at an average density of 1,366.7 per square mile (527.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 78.8% White, 0.8% African American, 1.1% Native American, 2.6% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 12.5% from other races, and 3.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.1% of the population.

There were 7,385 households of which 37.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.0% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.31.

The median age in the city was 32.7 years. 26.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 13.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.6% were from 25 to 44; 22.2% were from 45 to 64; and 12.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 17,708 people, 6,336 households, and 4,131 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,850.5 people per square mile (1,486.3/km²). There were 6,702 housing units at an average density of 1,457.3 per square mile (562.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.46% White, 0.43% African American, 0.89% Native American, 2.11% Asian, 0.24% Pacific Islander, 11.39% from other races, and 3.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.31% of the population.

There are 6,336 households out of which 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.8% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.4% under the age of 18, 13.4% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 16.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,135, and the median income for a family was $47,733. Males had a median income of $36,139 versus $25,703 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,992. About 10.4% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Entrance to Pacific University

The principal landmark of Forest Grove is Pacific University, a private school of higher education. Its significant buildings include Old College Hall and Marsh Hall.[16]

Forest Grove, as well as Cornelius, Gales Creek, and Dilley, are all part of the Forest Grove School District.

Public transportation[edit]

Forest Grove is within the TriMet district, and public transit service is provided by TriMet's bus line 57-TV Highway/Forest Grove, which operates seven days a week.[17] Line 57 connects the city with Hillsboro and Beaverton, via the Tualatin Valley Highway, and links Forest Grove with the Portland region's light rail system (MAX) in Hillsboro. Yamhill County Transit Area (YCTA) bus line 33-Hillsboro/MAX also stops in Forest Grove weekdays, at the intersection of Pacific Avenue & Highway 47 (Quince Street), and runs from Hillsboro to Gaston, Cove Orchard, Yamhill, Carlton & McMinnville via Highway 47, where riders can transfer to other YCTA buses running throughout Yamhill County.[18]

Sister cities[edit]

Forest Grove has one sister city, located in Japan:[19]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Climate[edit]

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Forest Grove has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ a b c d Historic Landmarks Board: History. City of Forest Grove. Retrieved on December 5, 2008.
  7. ^ a b c d e Conway, Anne Kopel (July 20, 2000). "Then & Now Forest Grove". The Oregonian. 
  8. ^ "Incorporation dates". The Hillsboro Argus. October 19, 1976. pp. Communities, p. 21. 
  9. ^ a b c d Thompson, Richard (2008). Willamette Valley Railways, pp. 29, 32, 59 and 77. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-5601-7.
  10. ^ a b Thompson, Richard. "Forest Grove streetcar system". The Oregon Encyclopedia. Retrieved August 25, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Oregon National Register List". Oregon State Parks and Recreation Department. July 16, 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-10. 
  12. ^ IMDB.com
  13. ^ http://www.monumentaltrees.com/en/usa-giantsequoia/oregon/ Giant sequoias trees in Oregon. Retrieved May 19, 2010.
  14. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 25, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved September 25, 2013. 
  16. ^ [2]
  17. ^ TriMet line 57 map and schedule
  18. ^ [3]
  19. ^ Oregon Sister Relationships—Organized by Country. Oregon Economic & Community Development Department. Retrieved on September 27, 2007.
  20. ^ Climate Summary for Forest Grove, Oregon
  • Smith, Alvin T. Original diaries at Pacific University Archives
  • Drury, Clifford Merrill. 'Henry Harmon Spalding: Pioneer of Old Oregon." Caxton Printers, Caldwell, ID, 1936.

External links[edit]