Forest Hill, London

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For other places with similar name, see Forest Hill (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 51°26′45″N 0°03′11″W / 51.4457°N 0.053°W / 51.4457; -0.053

Forest Hill
P2171993 (8482846074).jpg
Forest Hill library
Forest Hill is located in Greater London
Forest Hill
Forest Hill
 Forest Hill shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ354736
London borough Lewisham
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district SE23
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Lewisham West and Penge
London Assembly Greenwich and Lewisham
List of places
UK
England
London
The electoral ward of Forest Hill (red) within the London Borough of Lewisham (orange)

Forest Hill is a suburb and ward of South East London, England, located in the London Borough of Lewisham.

History[edit]

Like much of London, Forest Hill was only sparsely populated until the mid-19th century. The name Forest Hill came from 'the forest with a big hill', which was coined by a developer in 1865, and referred to the remaining area of forest on Sydenham Hill which was originally part of the Great North Wood.

A canal, the Croydon Canal, was constructed through the area in 1769 but the large number of locks (28) meant it was not a commercial success, and it was bought by the London & Croydon Railway Company who constructed their railway along the same route, opening it in 1839. The ponds in the Dacres Wood Nature Reserve[1] (Dacres Road) and the retaining wall of the footpath opposite the station outside the pub are about the only physical evidence of the canal which still exist.

When the Crystal Palace was moved from Hyde Park to Sydenham, large homes were built on the western end of Forest Hill.

In 1884, what would become London's oldest swimming pool was constructed on Dartmouth Road.

The tea merchant Frederick Horniman built a museum to house his impressive collection of natural history artifacts. He donated the building and its gardens to the public in 1901 and this became the Horniman Museum.

As its population grew, two large secondary schools were built in the area - Forest Hill Boys and Sydenham Girls on the brink of Forest Hill.

View from the top of Forest Hill. The skyscrapers of the City of London can be seen in the distance.
Looking south.
View of the London skyline from the Horniman Museum garden.

Amenities and entertainment[edit]

Forest Hill is home to the celebrated Horniman Museum. Despite a leaning toward anthropological and cultural collections, the museum is also home to a newly opened (July 2006) aquarium and one of the most varied collections of taxidermy in the northern hemisphere. It also houses one of the finest collection of musical instruments in the British Isles. Contained within its accompanying gardens is an animal enclosure, flower gardens, and a Grade II listed early 20th century conservatory. Views from the gardens stretch out over central and north London.

Following a successful and widely supported campaign from local group 'Save The Face Of Forest Hill', Louise House was designated a Grade II listed building by English Heritage,[2] and this will have to be allowed for in any plans for redevelopment. Mayor of Lewisham Steve Bullock continues to support the project.

Forest Hill Library was built in 1901 to an Arts and Crafts design by local architect Alexander Hennell.[3] It is one of over 500 Grade II listed buildings in Lewisham Borough.[4][5] It was refurbished in 2008.[6]

There are two nature reserves in Forest Hill, the Dacres Wood Nature Reserve[7] and the Devonshire Road Nature Reserve. Both nature reserves have regular open days. Dacres Wood Nature Reserve is open on the last Saturday of each month and Devonshire Road Nature Reserve is open on the last Sunday of the month.

Architecture[edit]

With a range of architectural styles spanning the late 19th and 20th centuries, Forest Hill was described by Sir Norman Foster as "a delightful pocket of South London". Of particular note are The Capitol Cinema, the Horniman Museum, and classic art deco mansion blocks Forest Croft and Taymount Grange.

Transport[edit]

Forest Hill railway station is located on the South Circular Road (A205), and is served by frequent London Overground and Southern trains to London Bridge, London Victoria, Croydon, Caterham, Dalston Junction and Highbury & Islington. Forest Hill is also served by a number of bus routes: 122, 176, 185, 197, 356 and P4.

Notable residents[edit]

(in alphabetical order)

Nearest places[edit]

Primary schools[edit]

Secondary schools[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.dacreswood.org.uk
  2. ^ "Lewisham Council: News". www.lewisham.gov.uk. Retrieved 20 July 2014. 
  3. ^ "Forest Hill, London SE23 - Forest Hill Library". www.foresthill.org.uk. Retrieved 30 December 2009. 
  4. ^ Option Study lewisham.gov.uk
  5. ^ "Lewisham Council - Statutory register - listed buildings". www.lewisham.gov.uk. Retrieved 30 December 2009. 
  6. ^ "Lewisham Council - Forest Hill library project". www.lewisham.gov.uk. Retrieved 30 December 2009. 
  7. ^ http://www.dacreswood.org.uk
  8. ^ Hughes, Mark (8 July 2011). "News of the World to close: Andy Coulson's house searched after arrest". The Daily Telegraph (London). 

External links[edit]