Forest Hills (MBTA station)

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For other places with the same name, see Forest Hill station (disambiguation).
FOREST HILLS
FOREST HILLS
Forest Hills Station.jpg
Forest Hills Station, looking south from the Casey Overpass
Station statistics
Address Washington Street and Hyde Park Avenue, Jamaica Plain
Coordinates 42°17′56″N 71°06′54″W / 42.2988°N 71.1149°W / 42.2988; -71.1149Coordinates: 42°17′56″N 71°06′54″W / 42.2988°N 71.1149°W / 42.2988; -71.1149
Line(s)
Connections Bus transport MBTA Bus: 16, 21, 30, 31, 32, 34, 34E, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 42, 50, 51, 192
Platforms 2 island platforms (1 for each service)
Tracks 2 (Orange Line)
4 (commuter rail)
Parking 206 spaces ($6.00 fee)
5 accessible spaces
Bicycle facilities 31 spaces
Other information
Opened November 22, 1909 (elevated rapid transit station)
Rebuilt May 4, 1987 (modern combined station)
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Owned by Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority
Formerly Tollgate
Traffic
Passengers (2013) 15,150 (Orange Line weekday average)[1]
112 (Needham Line inbound average)[1]
Services
Preceding station   MBTA.svg MBTA   Following station
Needham Line
Terminus Orange Line
toward Oak Grove

Forest Hills Station is an intermodal transfer station located in Forest Hills in the southern part of the Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. It is the southern terminus of the rapid transit MBTA Orange Line, a stop on the MBTA Commuter Rail Needham Line, and a major terminus for MBTA Bus routes. The Providence/Stoughton Line and Franklin Line, as well as Amtrak Acela Express and Northeast Regional trains, pass the station without stopping.

The station is surrounded by large parks, to the west of the station is Harvard University's Arnold Arboretum, part of Boston's Emerald Necklace. To the east is the Forest Hills Cemetery and Franklin Park, another part of Boston's Emerald Necklace. The station also marks the southern end of the linear Southwest Corridor Park, built over and around the Southwest Corridor which carries Amtrak, commuter rail, and Orange Line trains into the center of Boston.

Several small retailers are located in the station, including a donut/coffee shop, newspaper stand and florist. During warmer months a farmer's stand is set up. In addition the station features an MBTA Police substation. Park and ride parking spaces for 206 cars are available on the station grounds. Overnight parking is not allowed.

Forest Hills station is fully handicapped accessible on all modes.

History[edit]

Forest Hills Viaduct and station shortly after construction
1909-built elevated station in 1967
The 1987-built clock tower, styled after former depots in downtown Boston, has become a local landmark.

The Boston and Providence Railroad opened through the site in 1835; a branch to Dedham via West Roxbury opened in 1850. The station at Forest Hills was originally known as Tollgate as it was located at the crossing of the Norfolk and Bristol Turnpike (today's Washington Street). The West Roxbury Railroad opened a streetcar line from downtown and along Centre and South Streets to Jamaica Plain in 1857, followed immediately by the Metropolitan Railway's line along Washington Street to Forest Hills. The former route was electrified in 1891 and extended to Arborway Carhouse in Arborway Yard in 1902; by 1906 the whole route was running into the Tremont Street Subway as the Arborway Line.

Between 1891 and 1897, the New Haven Railroad raised its main line from just south of Back Bay to Forest Hills onto a 4-track stone embankment to eliminate dangerous grade crossings. The Forest Hills viaduct was designed by Frederick Law Olmsted as an important element of the Emerald Necklace. Five new local stations in Dorchester and Jamaica, including Forest Hills, opened on June 1, 1897.[2]

On November 22, 1909, the Washington Street Elevated was extended from Dudley to Forest Hills, with a grand elevated station and a maintenance facility located between Hyde Park Avenue and the mainline tracks.[3] As with most Boston Elevated Railway stations, Forest Hills was designed for efficient streetcar-to-elevated transfers; Forest Hills and nearby Arborway became major streetcar hubs.

The New Haven Railroad briefly operated high-frequency local service from Forest Hills to South Station, but it failed to compete with the El and was cut back. The five local stops were abandoned on September 29, 1940.[2] The Forest Hills stop alone was revived in June 1973 for Needham Line service.[3]

From 1979 to 1987, Forest Hills was completely rebuilt as an intermodal transfer station as part of the Southwest Corridor project. The project involved removing the century-old viaduct and moving the tracks into a trench with three mainline tracks plus two Orange Line tracks to replace the aging Washington Street Elevated. The new rapid transit stations mirror the locations of the former mainline stations between Forest Hills and Back Bay. Needham Line service was suspended on October 13, 1979; Providence/Stoughton Line and Franklin Line service (which do not stop) were rerouted over the Fairmount Line on November 3, 1979.[3] The Forest Hills viaduct was destroyed with a controlled explosion on November 12, 1983; work on the new station began on June 1, 1984.[4]

The $38 million station, designed by Cambridge Seven Associates, was constructed of brick, steel and glass; it was meant to resemble a greenhouse to fit in with the surrounding parks. The station's $120,000 clock tower has become a local landmark; it is mirrored by four interior clocks.[4][5] Orange Line service on the El ended on May 4, 1987, and began on the Southwest Corridor on May 7. The corridor reopened to commuter rail and Amtrak on October 5, 1987, though Needham Line service did not resume until October 19th.[3]

The new station included streetcar loops on the north end of the station, also signed as "Forest Hills", to allow closer connections than were available at Arborway. On December 28, 1985, Arborway Line (Green Line "E" Branch) service was "temporarily" cut while construction work was performed in the Huntington Avenue Subway. Service was restored to Brigham Circle on July 26, 1986 and Heath Street on November 4, 1989.[3] However, service was never restored to Forest Hills due to the MBTA's objection to running streetcars in mixed traffic. Restoration of Green Line trolley service to Arborway was part of air pollution remediation promised for the Big Dig, but a lawsuit mandating the return of service was defeated in court in January 2011, nullifying plans to restore service.[6] Green Line signage is still present on the loops and elsewhere in the station.

Station layout[edit]

An inbound Providence/Stoughton Line train passes Forest Hills on Track 3

Orange Line trains use both tracks; a crossover north of the platforms allows trains to switch tracks for regular right-hand handing on the rest of the line. Needham Line trains primarily use Track 5 which leads directly to the branch, but may also use Track 3. Passing commuter rail trains use tracks 3, 1, and 2; Amtrak trains generally use tracks 1 and 2 because Track 3 was not originally electrified.

G Street Level Exit/Entrance
M Mezzanine To entrances/exits
L2
Platforms
Northbound Orange Line toward Oak Grove (Green Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
Northbound Orange Line toward Oak Grove (Green Street)
Track 5 Needham Line (stopping) →
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
Track 3 Needham Line (stopping) →
← Amtrak, Providence/Stoughton Line, and Franklin Line do not stop here →
Track 1 ← Amtrak, Providence/Stoughton Line and Franklin Line do not stop here →
Track 2 ← Amtrak, Providence/Stoughton Line and Franklin Line do not stop here →

Bus Connections[edit]

A #50 Bus leaving the busway bound for Hyde Park via Roslindale
#39 buses load using the former Green Line streetcar loops in 2006

Forest Hills serves as a major bus transfer station; 16 MBTA Bus routes terminate at the station. The 16, 21, 31, 32, and 42 routes which run on Hyde Park Avenue, Washington Street (north of the station), and the Arborway use the lower busway located off Hyde Park Avenue east of the station. The remaining nine routes run on South Street and Washington Street; they use the upper busway west of the station.

The 39 route formerly used loops off New Washington Street built for Green Line "E" Branch trolley service in the 1980s but never used as such; however, it was switched to the upper busway when it was determined that the streetcar loops will be removed during removal of the Casey Overpass.

  • 16 Forest Hills Station - UMass Boston or Andrew Station
  • 21 Ashmont Station - Forest Hills Station via Morton Street
  • 30 Mattapan Station - Forest Hills Station via Cummings Hwy
  • 31 Mattapan Station - Forest Hills Station via Morton Street
  • 32 Wolcott Square or Cleary Square - Forest Hills Station via Hyde Park Ave
  • 34 Walpole Center or Dedham Line - Forest Hills Station via Washington Street
  • 34E Walpole Center or Dedham Line - Forest Hills Station via Washington Street & Dedham Mall
  • 35 Dedham Mall - Forest Hills Station via Centre Street
  • 36 Charles River Loop or V.A. Hospital - Forest Hills Station via Centre Street
  • 37 Baker & Vermont Streets - Forest Hills Station via Centre Street
  • 38 Wren Street - Forest Hills Station via Centre & South Streets
  • 39 Forest Hills Station - Back Bay Station via Huntington Ave
  • 40 Georgetowne - Forest Hills Station via Washington Street
  • 42 Forest Hills Station - Dudley Station or Ruggles Station via Washington Street
  • 50 Forest Hills Station - Cleary Square via Roslindale Square
  • 51 Cleveland Circle - Forest Hills Station via Hancock Village

The 192 Cleary Square - Haymarket via Forest Hills and Copley Square route, a single early-morning trip intended for fare collectors but open to the general public, also stops at Forest Hills.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Ridership and Service Statistics" (14 ed.). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Rocheleau, Matt (26 November 2012). "Raising the railroad in Forest Hills". Boston Globe. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Belcher, Jonathan (22 March 2014). "Changes to Transit Service in the MBTA district" (PDF). NETransit. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Rocheleau, Matt (3 December 2012). "History time: Southwest Corridor Park". Boston Globe. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  5. ^ "MBTA Forest Hills Station". Cambridge Seven Associates. December 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  6. ^ Ruch, John (26 August 2011). "Trolley comeback killed by court". Jamaica Plain Gazette. Retrieved 19 February 2013. 

External links[edit]