Forest of Chaux
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|Forest of Chaux
French: Forêt de Chaux
The defunct railroad station of Grand-Contour, situated within the forest
|Location||Jura, Franche-Comté, France|
|Area||204 square kilometres (79 sq mi)|
|Governing body||National Forests Office|
|Dominant tree species||Sessile oak|
Exploitation of the forest dates back to the thirteenth century, and there is an ancient tradition of raftsmen floating timber down the Loue to the Saône and the Rhone, and thence to the Mediterranean. Today, the "Confrérie Saint Nicolas" maintains the raftsman tradition on the Loue.
When Franche-Comté became part of France in 1678, the Crown took possession of the Forest because of its potential for supplying timber for the Royal navy. In 1779, Louis XIV ordered the construction of the Royal Saltworks at Arc-et-Senans near the forest so that the works could use its wood to produce salt by boiling brine.
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