Forfar (UK Parliament constituency)

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Forfarshire
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Subdivisions of Scotland Forfarshire
17081950
Number of members One
Replaced by North Angus & Mearns
South Angus
Created from Forfarshire

Forfarshire was a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of Great Britain of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1708 until 1800, and then in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom until 1950.

It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) using the first-past-the-post voting system.

Boundaries[edit]

The Representation of the People Act 1918 defined the constituency as consisting of the county of Forfar, except the county of the city of Dundee and the burghs of Montrose, Arbroath, Brechin, and Forfar. The four excepted burghs formed part of the Montrose District of Burghs.[1]

The county of Forfarshire was renamed Angus in 1928.[2] However, no change was made in the name of the constituency prior to its abolition.

Redistribution[edit]

The constituency was abolished under the Representation of the People Act 1948, which reorganised parliamentary boundaries throughout the United Kingdom. The seat was divided between North Angus and Mearns (which also included Kincardineshire) and South Angus.[3] The new constituencies were first contested in the 1950 general election.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member [4] Party
1707 Sir John Malcolm, Bt
1708 John Carnegie (expelled)
1716 by-election James Scott
1733 by-election Robert Scott
1734 Thomas Lyon, later Earl of Strathmore
1735 by-election William Maule, Earl Panmure (from 1743)
1782 by-election Archibald Douglas Tory
1790 David Scott
1796 by-election William Maule, later Baron Panmure
1796 Sir David Carnegie
1805 by-election William Maule, later Baron Panmure
1831 by-election Donald Ogilvy (Unseated on petition Jan 1832)
January 1832 Lord Douglas Gordon Hallyburton
1841 Lord John Frederick Gordon-Hallyburton
1852 Lauderdale Maule
1854 by-election Adam Duncan, Viscount Duncan, later Earl of Camperdown
1860 by-election Charles Carnegie Liberal
1872 by-election James William Barclay Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1892 Sir John Rigby, QC Liberal
1894 Charles Maule Ramsay Conservative Liberal Unionist
1895 J. Martin White Liberal
1897 by-election John Sinclair, later Baron Pentland Liberal
1909 by-election James Falconer Liberal
1918 William Thomas Shaw Unionist
1922 James Falconer Liberal
1924 Sir Harry Hope Unionist
1931 William Thomas Shaw Unionist
1945 Simon Ramsay, later Earl of Dalhousie Unionist
1950 constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945

Electorate 38,286

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Hon. Simon Ramsay 13,615 51.6
Labour E Douglas 8,199
Liberal Charles Philip Fothergill 4,575
Majority
Turnout 68.9
Unionist hold Swing

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected; Unionist: William Thomas Shaw, Liberal:

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935

Electorate 31,381 [5]

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist William Thomas Shaw 13,505 60.2
Liberal William Scott 8,922 39.8
Majority 4,583 20.4
Turnout 71.5
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1931

Electorate 30,114 [6]

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist William Thomas Shaw 13,912 61.4
Liberal William Scott 8,731 38.6
Majority 5,181 22.8
Turnout 75.2
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929

Electorate 29,737 [7]

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Harry Hope 8,852 42.2
Liberal William Scott 6,901 32.8
Labour C.N. Gallie 5,257
Majority 70.7
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924

Electorate 23,916 [8]

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Harry Hope 8,022 49.1
Liberal James Falconer 4,581 28.0
Labour C.N. Gallie 3,736 22.9
Majority 3,441 21.1
Turnout 68.3
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1923

Electorate 23,828 [9]

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Falconer 7,605 52.9
Unionist William Thomas Shaw 6,758 47.1
Majority 847 5.8
Turnout 60.3
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1922

Electorate 24,040 [10]

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Falconer 8,567 54.8
Unionist William Thomas Shaw 7,071 45.2
Majority 1,396
Turnout 65.0
Liberal gain from Unionist

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918

Electorate 24,611 [11]

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Capt. William Thomas Shaw 5,697 52.4 +11.7
Liberal James Falconer 5,179 47.6 -11.7
Majority 518 18.7
Unionist gain from Liberal
General Election December 1910: Forfarshire [12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Falconer 6,419 59.3 -2.0
Conservative James Duncan 4,397 40.7 +2.0
Majority 2,022 18.7 -2.7
Liberal hold
General Election January 1910: Forfarshire [12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Falconer 6,789 61.3
Conservative Robert Francis Leslie Blackburn KC 4,284 38.7
Majority 2,505 21.4
Liberal hold
Forfarshire by-election, 1909: Forfarshire [13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Falconer 6,422
Conservative Robert Leslie Blackburn KC 3,970
Majority 2,452
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1906: Forfarshire [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Capt Rt Hon John Sinclair 6,796
Conservative J. Mackay Bernard 3,277
General Election 1900: Forfarshire [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Capt John Sinclair 4,962
Conservative Col Henry Richard Lloyd Howard 3,922
By-election 30 Jan 1897: Forfarshire [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Capt John Sinclair 5,423
Conservative Hon. Charles Maule Ramsay 4,965
General Election 1895: Forfarshire [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal J. Martin White 5,159
Conservative Hon. Charles Maule Ramsay 4,718
Forfarshire by-election, 1894[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Hon. Charles Maule Ramsay 5,145 51.4 +6.2
Liberal Henry Robson 4,857 48.6 -6.2
Majority 288 2.9
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal
General Election 1892: Forfarshire [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir John Rigby QC 4,943
Liberal Unionist James William Barclay 4,077
General Election 1886: Forfarshire [18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist James William Barclay 3,839
Liberal David Charles Guthrie 3,432
General Election 1885: Forfarshire [18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James William Barclay 6,157
Conservative William Alexander Lindsay 1,851

References[edit]

  1. ^ Representation of the People Act 1918, Ninth Schedule, Part II, Parliamentary Counties in Scotland
  2. ^ "Angus - What's in a name". Angus Council. Retrieved 2008-03-19. 
  3. ^ Representation of the People Act 1948, First Schedule, Parliamentary Constituencies, Part III: Scotland
  4. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "F" [self-published source][better source needed]
  5. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1939
  6. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1934
  7. ^ The Times, 1 June 1929
  8. ^ Oliver & Boyd's Edinburgh Almanac, 1927
  9. ^ The Times, 8 December 1923
  10. ^ The Times, 17 November 1922
  11. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1920
  12. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench illustrated with 500 armorial engravings. London: Dean & Son. 1918. p. 221. Retrieved 12 May 2009. 
  13. ^ The Times, 2 March 1909 p8
  14. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
  15. ^ a b c Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench
  16. ^ "Election Intelligence: Forfarshire". The Times. 20 November 1894. p. 6. 
  17. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
  18. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1889