||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (March 2013)|
|Intercommunality||Canton of Forges-les-Eaux|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Michel Lejeune|
|• Land1||5.22 km2 (2.02 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||730/km2 (1,900/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||76276 / 76440|
|Elevation||124–171 m (407–561 ft)
(avg. 161 m or 528 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
A farming and spa town, with considerable light industry, situated by the banks of the rivers Andelle and Epte, in the Pays de Bray, some 34 miles (55 km) southeast of Dieppe, at the junction of the D921, the D1314 and the D929 roads.
Known as "De Forgis" in 1186, the first part of the name, Forges, is derived from the fact that it was an important centre for the mining and manufacturing of iron in Roman times. The second part of its name comes from the therapeutic use of the thermal waters from the sixteenth century onwards.
A seigneur from Forges took part in the Battle of Hastings and another took part in the First Crusade.
During the Hundred Years War, a certain Philippe de Forges was killed in 1356 at the Battle of Poitiers. Years later, but in the same conflict, the English besieged the castle and took the town, in 1418.
Blanche d'Evreux, widow of Philippe VI of France, came here to take the waters in the fourteenth century, but it was the Chevalier de Varenne who really began the vogue in 1573. The spa became famous after the stay from 21 June to 13 July 1632 of Louis XIII, Anne of Austria and Cardinal Richelieu. Because of the royal visit, the parks, gardens and many water sources were developed, including three lakes that still exist today. Subsequently, many famous figures from French history have taken the waters.
A large pottery factory was active from 1797 to the end of the nineteenth century.
The casino was first built in the nineteenth century but destroyed by fire in 1896. It was rebuilt and reopened in 1902.
The arms of Forges-les-Eaux are blazoned :
|From the year 1962 on: No double counting—residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.|
Places of interest
- The nineteenth century church of St.Eloi.
- A seventeenth century Carmelite convent.
- A feudal motte.
- The casino.
- The château de la Minière.
- Three museums.
- A 45KM paved bicycle path along a dissued rail line to Dieppe
- Jean Le Chapelier, politician, lived here.
- Official Forges-les-Eaux website (French)
- Commerce website of Forges-les-Eaux (French)
- Site of the Office de Tourisme (French)
- Station Verte of Forges-les-Eaux (French)
- Forges-les-Eaux on the Quid website (French)