Forillon National Park

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Forillon National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Forillon National Park of Canada 2.jpg
Cap Gaspé at sunset
Map showing the location of Forillon National Park
Forillon National Park
Location of Forillon National Park
Location Gaspé, La Côte-de-Gaspé Regional County Municipality, Quebec, Canada
Nearest city Gaspé, Quebec
Coordinates 48°54′N 64°21′W / 48.900°N 64.350°W / 48.900; -64.350Coordinates: 48°54′N 64°21′W / 48.900°N 64.350°W / 48.900; -64.350
Area 244 km2 (94 sq mi)
Established 1970
Visitors 137,070 (in 2007[1])
Governing body Parks Canada

Forillon National Park, one of 42 national parks and park reserves across Canada, is located at the outer tip of the Gaspé Peninsula of Quebec and covers 244 km2 (94 sq mi).[2] Created in 1970, Forillon was the first national park in Quebec. The park includes forests, sea coast, salt marshes, sand dunes, cliffs, and the Eastern End of the Appalachians. The park includes nesting colonies of sea birds and whales, seals, black bears, moose, and other woodland animals. The word forillon is thought to have referred to a flowerpot island or sea stack which used to be a landmark in the area but has since collapsed into the ocean.

History of the area[edit]

The area was a traditional summer hunting and fishing ground for the Micmac and Iroquois.[3]

The creation of the park[edit]

The creation of the Park in 1970 was preceded by the removal through expropriation of approximately 100 families that had settled within the boundaries of the proposed area. Several of the foundations of the demolished houses remain today hidden in the underbrush of several sections of the park. Several families in the Gaspé Peninsula region were forced to re-settle in the surrounding areas and hold a vivid memory of the events that unfolded during those times. Forillon National Park does not mention these events anywhere within their exhibits and fails to acknowledge the existence of a community within the park. When preparing to create the new park, the Government of Canada requested that the Quebec government expropriate the homes of these families. The Quebec government sub-contracted the appropriation and negotiations to a private firm. This firm allegedly used various bullying tactics to scare the residents into agreeing to settlements of reduced value. This stratagem ensured a larger profit margin for the contractor.[4] On February 14, 2011 the House of Commons adopted a motion which issued an official apology to the people whose properties were expropriated to create Forillon Park.[5] The motion read:

That this House issue an official apology to the people whose properties were expropriated to create Forillon Park for the unconscionable manner in which they were treated, and that the Speaker of the House send the representatives of the people whose properties were expropriated and of their descendants an official copy of the Journals of the House of Commons indicating the adoption of this motion.

Activities and sights[edit]

Activities at interpretation sites bring visitors to learn more about human and natural life in the Forillon peninsula. The Grande-Grave National Heritage Site attests to the way of life of fishing families.[6] The Hyman Store features collections of articles that were sold at the time, and the store "owners" tell tales of thriving fisheries industry. Close by, the pedestrian walk "Une Tournée dans les Parages" brings visitors around houses, fields and agricultural and commercial installations from the beginning of the twentieth century.

Forillon encloses the site of Fort Péninsule, near the Penouille beach. This fortification was built during World War II to protect the Gaspé bay, as was Fort Prével on the other side of the bay; had Germany conquered all of Europe, these forts would have sheltered British warships seeking refuge from German submarines. Visitors today can enter an underground tunnel to see cannon in place since that time.

Gallery[edit]

The park as seen from the viewpoint atop Mt-St-Alban, looking southeast (at left) to northeast (at right).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]