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This article is about the type of bird. For other uses, see Forktail (disambiguation).
Little Forktail.jpg
Little forktail
Enicurus scouleri
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Muscicapidae
Genus: Enicurus
Temminck, 1822

See text.

The forktails are small insectivorous birds in the genus Enicurus. They were formerly in the thrush family Turdidae, but are more often now treated as part of the Old World flycatcher family Muscicapidae. Their name derives from their long forked tail.[1]

These are southeast Asian forest species principally associated with mountain forests and streams. Most nest in rock crevices, laying 2–4 eggs.



  1. ^ Collar, Nigel (2005), "Family Turdidae (Thrushes)", in del Hoyo, Josep; Elliott, Andrew; Christie, David, Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 10, Cuckoo-shrikes to Thrushes, Barcelona: Lynx Edicions, pp. 805–807, ISBN 84-87334-72-5 
  2. ^ Moyle, Robert; Menno Schilthuizen, Mustafa A. Rahman and Frederick H. Sheldon, (2005). "Molecular phylogenetic analysis of the white-crowned forktail Enicurus leschenaulti in Borneo". Journal of Avian Biology 36 (2): 96–101. doi:10.1111/j.0908-8857.2005.03510.x.