Formation dance

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Formation dance is a style of ballroom dancing. It is pattern or shadow team dancing by couples in a formation team. The choreography may be based on a particular dance or a medley of dances. Formation dancing may be done for exhibition or for competition between teams.[1]There is also a type of formation in Bhangra.

International Style Ballroom: Dance sport[edit]

Latin Formation Team TSC Blau-Silber Aachen

History[edit]

Formation dancing originated in 1932 in London's Astoria Ballroom. It was Olive Ripman who introduced it under the name "pattern dancing".[2] Soon it became a competitive dance form.[3]

Formation team contests began in the 1930s in England, and spread to many other countries. International matches have taken place. Formation dances were an important part of the BBC TV program Come Dancing when Frank and Peggy Spencer's formation teams competed against Constance Millington's team.[4][5] The peak of popularity was in the 1960s, and is now growing from strength to strength with formation teams from all over the world competing against each other.[6]

Choreography[edit]

The choreography of a formation team includes both choreography of a dancesport routine of an individual couple and the overall pattern of movements of the couples on the floor. All couples are expected to follow the beat of the music and movements should be executed simultaneously. Teams are marked on their synchronicity

Latin Dancesport formation is a medley of dances that include the 5 International Latin dances: Cha Cha, Rumba, Jive, Paso Doble and Samba.

Standard or Ballroom formation is a medley of the 5 international ballroom dances Waltz, Quickstep, Tango, Viennese Waltz and Foxtrot.

The routines generally feature at least some free-form choreography in the walk on and walk off, which may include movements from jazz dance, ballet, or any other type of dance. This is clearly marked by a gong. A complete routine usually lasts a total of 6 minutes.

Formation routines allow dancers to show off their own technique in addition to their ability to move as a team. Unlike individual competitions tricks such as "round abouts", "chain reactions" form a large section of the choreography.

Shapes (also known as patterns or images) that are an accepted part of choreography are diamonds, squares, diagonals, circles and lines. The routine is judged by the distribution of competitors across the floor, how "readable" the patterns are and the transitions between these patterns.

Specialist formation choreographers include Ona Skaistutė Idzelevičienė,[7] Roberto Albanese,[8] Horst Beer,[9] David Mallabone and Rachael Holland.

Competitions[edit]

The international governing body is the International DanceSport Federation (IDSF) (which has Olympic recognition[10]). Competing teams must be a member of one of its member organisations such as the English amateur dancesport association ltd (EADA)

The following is a summary of the IDSF rules for European and World Formation competitions.

  • Each member country may send 2 formation teams to compete in each of the 2 international styles (Latin and Standard).
  • These are selected by national competitions, such as the British National Championships at the Blackpool Dance Festival.
  • International competitions have a minimum of 4 countries
  • The usual sporting anti-doping rules apply.
  • All competitors must be amateurs.
  • Each team must contain between 6 and 8 couples.
  • In the standard section Men's dress must be black or midnight blue.
  • In Latin men may wear coloured shirts but all men must dress the same.
  • In standard formation, solo work is restricted to 8 bars. This does not apply in Latin where solo work usually plays a part.
  • Lifts are not allowed in the main "judged" part of the routine, but are usually allowed in the walk on and walk off, which is clearly marked by a gong.
  • A routine is a maximum of 6 minutes long including entry to and from the floor (a walk on and walk off). Only 4 and a half minutes of this is judged so a gong is used to clearly signify which sections are to be judged.
  • Competing teams are judged by those experienced in formation.

In early rounds, judges mark if they believe teams should go through to the next round. In final rounds teams are ranked and the skating system applies.

Other competitions of note are the Blackpool Dance Festival and the Donaupokal Invitational Competition Vienna. Germany is notable in having several leagues of formation teams, and holds several competitions each year.

Current formation teams[edit]

This is a list of Adult Formation Teams currently competing in the IDSF World Ranking Competition.[11] There are currently 22 Latin Teams and 18 Standard teams that compete annually in the World Cup

Country Latin Formation Team Standard Formation Team
Austria HSV Zwölfaxing, TSC Schwarz Gold
Belarus DC Mara, Minsk Univers Formation-team, Minsk
Bulgaria Ogosta Dance
Czech Republic TK 1976 Most, TKG Hlinsko TK Chvaletice
England XS Latin Fever Latin Team Preston
Germany Grün-Gold-Club Bremen, FG TSZ Aachen/TD TSC Düsseldorf Rot-Weiß TC Ludwigsburg, Braunschweiger TSC
Hungary Gála TE, Botafogo Dance Ensemble Szilver TSE, Ködmön TSE
Lithuania Klaipėda University DSC "Žuvėdra" (A and B)
Moldova Codreanca
Mongolia Star formation Mongolia IFE Ulaan Sarnai (Red Rose)
Netherlands Double-V (A and B), Dance Explosion Step in Time, Dance Impression, Old-Forest
Poland KS Kamion Dance Warsaw, Dance Formation A-z Przemysl, Dance Formation SPIN Wodzislaw Slaski, Dance Formation Takt-Chelm, LA CMG Radom LOTOS-Jantar, Kadry
Romania Floris Dance Team Floris Dance Team
Russia Vera Tjumen, DSC Tsveta Radugi Impulse
Serbia Vracar Formation Team
Slovakia KTS Interklub Madit, TC Košice
Wales Ystrad Fawr Latin Team

Results[edit]

Below are the First and Second Place results for the IDSF World Championships

Year Venue Standard Result Venue Latin Result
1995 Stuttgart Braunschweiger TSC
TC Ludwigsburg
Berlin TSG Bremerhaven, Germany
TSC Schwarz-Gelb Aachen, Germany
1996 Berlin TC Ludwigsburg, Germany
Braunschweiger TSC
Vilnius TSC Schwarz-Gelb Aachen, Germany
Klaipėda University Žuvėdra team, Lithuania
1997 Kishinev DSC Kodryanka Kishinev, Moldova
Ludwigsburg, Germany
Munich TSC Schwarz-Gelb Aachen, Germany
TSG Bremerhaven, Germany Deutschland Germany
1998 Berlin TC Allround Berlin, Germany
DSC Kodryanka Kishinev, Moldova
Gothenburg TSC Schwarz-Gelb Aachen, Germany
TD TSC Düsseldorf Rot-Weiß, Germany
1999 Elbląg Jantar Elblag Jantar Elblag Poland
TC Allround Berlin, Germany
Vilnius Klaipėda University Žuvėdra team, Lithuania
TSG Bremerhaven, Germany
2000 Brunswick Braunschweiger TSC, Germany
DSC Kodryanka Kishinev, Moldova
Wels (Stadt) TSG Bremerhaven, Germany
Klaipėda University Žuvėdra team, Lithuania
2001 Berlin DSC Kodryanka Kishinev, Moldova
Braunschweiger TSC, Germany
Bremerhaven TSG Bremerhaven, Germany
Klaipėda University Žuvėdra team, Lithuania
2002 Kishinev DSC Kodryanka Kishinev, Moldova
Vera Tyumen, Russia
Vilnius Klaipėda University Žuvėdra team, Lithuania
TD TSC Düsseldorf Rot-Weiß, Germany
2003 Stuttgart DSC Kodryanka Kishinev, Moldova
Braunschweiger TSC, Germany
Essen Klaipėda University Žuvėdra team, Lithuania
TSZ Aachen, Germany
2004 Brunswick Braunschweiger TSC, Germany
DSC Kodryanka Kishinev, Moldova
Minsk Klaipėda University Team Žuvėdra, Lithuania
Grün-Gold-Club Bremen Germany
2005 Elblag Braunschweiger TSC, Germany
DSC Kodryanka Kishinev, Moldova
Munich Klaipėda University Žuvėdra team, Lithuania
Grün-Gold-Club Bremen Germany
2006 Moscow Vera Tyumen, Russia
DSC Kodryanka Kishinev, Moldova
Bremen Grün-Gold-Club Bremen Germany
Klaipėda University Žuvėdra team, Lithuania
2007 Stuttgart TC Ludwigsburg, Germany
Vera Tyumen, Russia
Bremerhaven TSG Bremerhaven, Germany, Grün-Gold-Club Bremen, Germany (joined first)
Klaipėda University Žuvėdra team, Lithuania
2008 Kishinev DSC Kodryanka Kishinev, Moldova
TC Ludwigsburg, Germany
Wiener Neustadt, Austria Žuvėdra Klaipėda University, Lithuania
Green-Gold-Club Bremen, Germany
2009 Ludwigsburg Germany [12] TC Ludwigsburg, Germany
Vera Tyumen, Russia
Bremen, Germany [13] Grün-Gold-Club Bremen, Germany
Žuvėdra Klaipėda University, Lithuania
2010 Elblag, Poland [14] FS LOTOS-Jantar, Poland
Braunschweiger TSC, Germany
Moscow, Russia [15] Vera Tyumen, Russia
Žuvėdra Klaipėda University, Lithuania,
2011 Braunschweig, Germany Braunschweiger TSC, Germany Vilnius, Lithuania Žuvėdra Klaipėda University, Lithuania
Vera Tyumen, Russia
2012 Ludwigsburg, Germany Braunschweiger TSC, Germany
TC Ludwigsburg, Germany
Bremen, Germany Grün-Gold-Club Bremen, Germany
Žuvėdra Klaipėda University, Lithuania
2013 Tyumen, Russia Vera Tyumen, Russia
Braunschweiger TSC, Germany
Bremen, Germany Grün-Gold-Club Bremen, Germany
Vera Tyumen, Russia
2014 Braunschweig, Germany Braunschweiger TSC, Germany
Vera Tyumen, Russia
Bremen, Germany Grün-Gold-Club Bremen, Germany
DUET Perm, Russia

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]