List of former Philippine Presidents who ran again

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This is a complete list of former Presidents of the Philippines who ran again after the Presidency or was appointed in a government position after his/her term ended.

Since the adoption of the 1987 Constitution, a former president may not run for the office unless s/he has served more than 4 years; the previous 1973 constitution provided no limit while the 1935 constitution provided only one reelection. The term limit has prevented any incumbent president to run again for office; one exception was Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, who has served for 3 and a half years prior to her election in 2004.

Presidency[edit]

This list only includes former Presidents (those who are not in position anymore and seeking for a comeback) who ran again for President.

President Previous
term
Year of
attempted
comeback
Result
Emilio Aguinaldo 1899–1901 1935 Lost
José P. Laurel 1943–1945 1949 Lost
Joseph Estrada 1998–2001 2010 Lost

Senate[edit]

List of Presidents who run as a Lawmaker after the presidency:

President Term Year of election Result
José P. Laurel 1943–1945 1951 Won

House of Representatives[edit]

List of Presidents who run as a Lawmaker after the presidency:

President Term Year of Election Province (District) Result
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo 2001-2010 2010
2013
Pampanga - 2nd District Won
Won

Local Elections[edit]

List of Presidents who run in a local position

President Term Year of Election Position Area Result
Joseph Estrada 1998-2001 2013 Mayor Manila Won

Appointive office[edit]

President Previous
term
Year of
appointment
Office Appointee
Sergio Osmeña 1944–1946 1946 Council of State Roxas
Emilio Aguinaldo 1899–1901 1950 Council of State Quirino
José P. Laurel 1943–1945 1954 Head, Mission of Trade Negotiations
and other issues
with US officials
Magsaysay
Sergio Osmeña 1944–1946 1961 National Security Council Garcia
Carlos P. Garcia 1957–1961 1971 President, 1971-73
Constitutional Convention
Marcos
Diosdado Macapagal 1961–1965 1971 President, 1971-73
Constitutional Convention
Marcos