Formerly Used Defense Sites
Formerly Used Defense Sites (FUDS) is a U.S. military program which is responsible for environmental restoration of all properties that were owned by, leased to, or otherwise possessed by the United States and under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Defense. There are over 9,800 sites in the United States that have been reviewed by the U.S. military for evidence of contamination by the Department of Defense; over 2,650 of these properties were determined to be in need of environmental cleanup and restoration, at an estimated cost of $18 billion.
- "Formerly Used Defense Sites (FUDS) Program", U.S. Army Corps of Engineers - Sacramento District
- "Formerly Used Defense Sites (FUDS)", U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Environmental CoP
- Poirier, David R. (2001). Dangerous Places: Health, Safety, and Archaeology. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 170–171. ISBN 978-0-89789-801-0.
- Albright, Richard D. (2008). Cleanup of chemical and explosive munitions: locating, identifying contaminants, and planning for environmental remediation of land and sea military ranges and ordnance dumpsites. William Andrew. p. xix. ISBN 978-0-8155-1540-1.
- Mauroni, Albert J. (2003). Chemical demilitarization: public policy aspects. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 136. ISBN 978-0-275-97796-2.
- Camp Matthews: Formerly Used Defense Site at UCSD, Blink (University of California, San Diego), June 2010
- Stephenson, John B. (2010). Formerly Used Defense Sites: The U. S. Army Corps of Eng. Needs to Improve Its Process for Reviewing Completed Cleanup Remedies to Ensure Continued Protection. DIANE Publishing (GAO). ISBN 978-1-4379-2494-7.