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Formica pratensis var. nigricans Bondroit, 1912
Formica pratensis is a species of European red wood ant in the family Formicidae. It is found in Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the Ukraine. The species is extinct in the UK since 1988.
In forests weakened by pollution and acid rain in central Europe, red wood ant populations are often endangered for little known reasons which in turn causes further imbalances in predator-prey dynamics and the ecosystem.
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- Social Insects Specialist Group 1996. Formica pratensis. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 31 July 2007.
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