2014 Formula One season

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2014
FIA Formula One World Championship season
Previous: 2013 Next: 2015
Lewis Hamilton, the current championship leader.
The Mercedes F1 W05 Hybrid, the car entered by World Constructors' Champions Mercedes.

The 2014 Formula One season is the 65th season of the Formula One World Championship, a motor racing championship for Formula One cars which is recognised by the sport's governing body, the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), as the highest class of competition for open-wheel racing cars. The season started in Australia on 16 March and will conclude in Abu Dhabi on 23 November. Eleven teams and twenty-two drivers will compete in nineteen Grands Prix for the World Drivers' and World Constructors' Championships.

In 2014, the championship saw the introduction of a revised engine formula, in which the 2.4 litre V8 engine configuration—previously used between 2006 and 2013—has been replaced with a new formula specifying a 1.6 litre turbocharged V6 engine that incorporates an energy recovery system into its build.[1] The 2014 calendar features substantial revisions from the 2013 season; the Russian Grand Prix will be held for the first time in a century at the Sochi Autodrom in Sochi,[2][3] and the Austrian Grand Prix was revived, with the race held at the Red Bull Ring in Spielberg.[4] The Indian Grand Prix will be put on hiatus,[5] whilst the Korean Grand Prix has been removed from the schedule entirely.[6]

Sebastian Vettel started the season as the defending Drivers' Champion after securing his fourth consecutive title at the 2013 Indian Grand Prix. His team, Red Bull Racing, began the season as the defending Constructors' Champions, having also won their fourth consecutive championship in India.[7]

Mercedes driver Lewis Hamilton leads the Drivers' Championship after sixteen rounds, ahead of his team-mate, Nico Rosberg, and Red Bull's Daniel Ricciardo. Mercedes secured their first Constructors' Championship in Russia, building up an unassailable lead of 223 points over Red Bull Racing.[8]

Teams and drivers[edit]

The following teams and drivers are taking part in the 2014 season.

Nat.                 Team                          Constructor Chassis Engine Tyre No. Nat.   Race drivers           Rounds No. Nat. Free Practice drivers 
Malaysia Caterham F1 Team Caterham-Renault CT05[9] Renault Energy F1-2014[10][11] P 9
10
45
Sweden
Japan
Germany
Marcus Ericsson[12]
Kamui Kobayashi[12][13]
André Lotterer[14][15]
1–16
1–11, 13–16
12
45
45
46
United States
Spain
Netherlands
Alexander Rossi[16]
Roberto Merhi[13]
Robin Frijns[17]
Italy Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari F14 T[18] Ferrari 059/3[19] P 7
14
Finland
Spain
Kimi Räikkönen[20]
Fernando Alonso[21]
1–16
1–16
N/A
India Sahara Force India F1 Team Force India-Mercedes VJM07[22] Mercedes PU106A Hybrid[23][24] P 11
27
Mexico
Germany
Sergio Pérez[25]
Nico Hülkenberg[26]
1–16
1–16
34 Spain Daniel Juncadella[27]
United Kingdom Lotus F1 Team Lotus-Renault E22[28] Renault Energy F1-2014[11][29] P 8
13
France
Venezuela
Romain Grosjean[30]
Pastor Maldonado[30]
1–16
1–16
30 France Charles Pic[31]
Russia Marussia F1 Team Marussia-Ferrari MR03[32] Ferrari 059/3[19][33] P 4
17
TBA
United Kingdom
France
Max Chilton[34]
Jules Bianchi[35]
TBA[citation needed]
1–16
1–15
TBA
42
TBA
United States
United Kingdom
Alexander Rossi[36][N 1]
Will Stevens[40]
United Kingdom McLaren Mercedes[41] McLaren-Mercedes MP4-29[42] Mercedes PU106A Hybrid[24][43] P 20
22
Denmark
United Kingdom
Kevin Magnussen[44]
Jenson Button[45]
1–16
1–16
N/A
Germany Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team Mercedes F1 W05 Hybrid[46][N 2] Mercedes PU106A Hybrid[24] P 6
44
Germany
United Kingdom
Nico Rosberg[48]
Lewis Hamilton[49]
1–16
1–16
N/A
Austria Infiniti Red Bull Racing Red Bull-Renault RB10[50] Renault Energy F1-2014[11][51] P 1
3
Germany
Australia
Sebastian Vettel[52]
Daniel Ricciardo[53]
1–16
1–16
N/A
Switzerland Sauber F1 Team Sauber-Ferrari C33[54] Ferrari 059/3[19][55] P 21
99
Mexico
Germany
Esteban Gutiérrez[56]
Adrian Sutil[57]
1–16
1–16
36
37
Netherlands
Russia
Giedo van der Garde[17]
Sergey Sirotkin[38][58]
Italy Scuderia Toro Rosso Toro Rosso-Renault STR9[59] Renault Energy F1-2014[11][51] P 25
26
France
Russia
Jean-Éric Vergne[60]
Daniil Kvyat[60]
1–16
1–16
38 Netherlands Max Verstappen[61]
United Kingdom Williams Martini Racing[62] Williams-Mercedes FW36[63] Mercedes PU106A Hybrid[24][64] P 19
77
Brazil
Finland
Felipe Massa[65]
Valtteri Bottas[65]
1–16
1–16
40
41
Brazil
United Kingdom
Felipe Nasr[17]
Susie Wolff[66]
Sources:[67][68][69]

Team changes[edit]

  • Cosworth elected not to build an engine to fit the 2014 generation of regulations.[70] This decision prompted Marussia, the only team using Cosworth engines during the 2013 season, to seek out a new engine supplier.[71] They joined Ferrari's customer programme with Ferrari providing the team with both engine and powertrain for 2014 and beyond.[33]
  • Scuderia Toro Rosso secured an agreement with Renault for engines in 2014, ending their seven-year arrangement with Ferrari.[51]
  • Williams parted ways with Renault after two seasons, switching to Mercedes power in what the team described as a "long-term deal".[64] The deal came after Renault publicised their intentions to reduce their engine supply to three teams in 2014,[72] before the French manufacturer ultimately settled on supplying four.[29]
  • In 2011, former British American Racing team principal Craig Pollock announced the formation of Propulsion Universelle et Recuperation d'Energie—commonly known by its acronym, PURE—and signalled his intentions to enter the sport in 2014 as a customer engine supplier, with the full support of the FIA.[73] However, the engine programme was eventually suspended in July 2012 due to problems regarding funding,[74] and was ultimately unable to secure any clients for the 2014 season.[29]

Driver changes[edit]

Daniel Ricciardo was chosen to take fellow Australian Mark Webber's place at Red Bull Racing after Webber's retirement from Formula One.

Mid-season changes[edit]

Season calendar[edit]

Nations that have hosted or are scheduled to host a Grand Prix in 2014 are highlighted in green, with former host nations shown in pink.

The following nineteen Grands Prix are currently scheduled to take place in 2014.[6][86][87]

Round Grand Prix Nat.                          Circuit                      Date
1 Australian Grand Prix Australia Melbourne Grand Prix Circuit, Melbourne 16 March
2 Malaysian Grand Prix Malaysia Sepang International Circuit, Kuala Lumpur 30 March
3 Bahrain Grand Prix Bahrain Bahrain International Circuit, Sakhir 6 April
4 Chinese Grand Prix China Shanghai International Circuit, Shanghai 20 April
5 Spanish Grand Prix Spain Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya, Barcelona 11 May
6 Monaco Grand Prix Monaco Circuit de Monaco, Monte Carlo 25 May
7 Canadian Grand Prix Canada Circuit Gilles Villeneuve, Montreal 8 June
8 Austrian Grand Prix Austria Red Bull Ring, Spielberg 22 June
9 British Grand Prix United Kingdom Silverstone Circuit, Silverstone 6 July
10 German Grand Prix Germany Hockenheimring, Hockenheim 20 July
11 Hungarian Grand Prix Hungary Hungaroring, Budapest 27 July
12 Belgian Grand Prix Belgium Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, Stavelot 24 August
13 Italian Grand Prix Italy Autodromo Nazionale Monza, Monza 7 September
14 Singapore Grand Prix Singapore Marina Bay Street Circuit, Singapore 21 September
15 Japanese Grand Prix Japan Suzuka Circuit, Suzuka 5 October
16 Russian Grand Prix Russia Sochi Autodrom, Sochi[2] 12 October
17 United States Grand Prix United States Circuit of the Americas, Austin 2 November
18 Brazilian Grand Prix Brazil Autódromo José Carlos Pace, São Paulo 9 November
19 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix United Arab Emirates Yas Marina Circuit, Abu Dhabi 23 November
Sources:[6][86][88]

Calendar changes[edit]

In 2014 Formula One travelled to Russia for the first time, with the Russian Grand Prix at a street circuit in the Sochi Olympic Park.
  • Red Bull reached an agreement with Bernie Ecclestone to revive the Austrian Grand Prix after a ten-year absence from the calendar. The race will be held at the Red Bull Ring,[87][89] which previously hosted the Austrian Grand Prix in 2003, when the circuit was known as the A1-Ring.
  • The Bahrain Grand Prix was held as a night event under lights, similar to the Singapore Grand Prix.[90] The decision to hold the race under lights was taken as a means of marking the tenth anniversary of the event.[91]
  • The Hockenheimring is scheduled to return to the calendar to host the German Grand Prix, in keeping with the event-sharing agreement first established in 2008 with the Nürburgring for the two circuits to host the Grand Prix in alternating years. The Hockenheimring last hosted a Formula One Grand Prix in 2012.[92]
  • The Indian Grand Prix will not be held in 2014 following the devaluation of the Indian rupee and ongoing complications arising from Indian taxation laws,[93] which had dogged the event since its inaugural race in 2011, with authorities classifying the Grand Prix as "entertainment", which under Indian law would have entitled the authorities to claim a portion of the teams' revenue as tax for competing in India, something they would have been unable to do if the race had been classified as a "sport".[94] The race promoters initially came to an agreement with Bernie Ecclestone to skip the 2014 event and return to the calendar early in 2015;[95] however, in March 2014, Ecclestone stated that the race will likely be pushed back to 2016 while the sport tries to resolve the taxation issue.[5]
  • The Korean Grand Prix, Mexican Grand Prix, and the Grand Prix of America were included in the provisional calendar published in September 2013, but were later removed from the final calendar released in December.[6][96]
  • The calendar will see the addition of the Russian Grand Prix with the race to be held at the Sochi Autodrom at the end of the season.[2][97][98] The race will take place on a street circuit to be constructed around the Sochi Olympic Park. It will be the first Russian Grand Prix in a century, and the first time the country has ever hosted a round of the Formula One World Championship.[3] The International Olympic Committee had cautioned that it would use its power to delay the race until 2015 if it felt that construction of the circuit and facilities were disrupting preparations for the 2014 Winter Olympic Games,[99] This is no longer an issue as the 2014 Winter Olympics (and Paralympics) have been successfully completed.
  • The United States Grand Prix had been provisionally scheduled for 9 November. However, the date coincided with a University of Texas American football team home game, which would have strained Austin's tourism infrastructure. The final calendar rescheduled the race for 2 November to eliminate this conflict.[100]

Regulation changes[edit]

Technical regulations[edit]

Car aesthetics proved controversial in 2014, with the demand for a low nose resulting in teams designing cars with a finger-like appendage—seen here in the nose of the Caterham CT05—dubbed the "alien" at the front of the chassis.[101]
  • The 2014 season saw the introduction of a new engine formula, with turbocharged engines returning to the sport for the first time since 1988. The new engines are a 1.6 litre V6 format with an 8-speed semi-automatic gearbox.[1] The rules dictate the use of a ninety-degree engine bank, with fixed crankshaft and mounting points for the chassis, while the engines are limited to 15,000 rpm. Individual engine units under the 2014 specifications must last for at least 4,000 km (2,500 mi) before being replaced, in comparison to the pre-2014 engines, which were required to last for just 2,000 km (1,200 mi).[102] The engines, now known as "power units", are divided into six separate components: the internal combustion engine (ICE); turbocharger (TC); Motor Generator Unit-Kinetic (MGU-K), which harvests energy that would normally be wasted under braking; Motor Generator Unit-Heat (MGU-H), which collects energy in the form of heat as it is expelled through the exhaust; Energy Store (ES), which function as batteries, holding the energy gathered by the Motor Generator Units; and Control Electronics (CE), which include the Electronic Control Unit and software used to manage the entire power unit.
    • Under the previous generation of engines, used from 2006 to 2013, engines were subject to a development "freeze", which prohibited manufacturers from upgrading their engines. Faced with the complexity of the 2014 engines, the engine freeze was replaced with a points-trading system to prevent manufacturers from being unable to develop or improve their engines. Under the system, the individual parts of the engine are classified as Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3, and are assigned a points value there within. Engine manufacturers are given a budget of sixty-six points, which they are free to spend on engine development, with points deducted from their budget depending on the parts developed.[103]
  • The kinetic energy recovery system—known from 2009 to 2013 as KERS, and renamed from 2014 as ERS-K[104]—is incorporated into the design of the engine and its usage increased; its function as a supplementary power source has been taken by the introduction of the heat-based energy recovery system (ERS).[105][106] The ERS unit captures waste heat as it is dispelled from the exhaust turbocharger, using an electrical device known as a heat motor generator unit. This waste heat is stored as an electrical charge until it is used by a complementary system called the kinetic motor generator unit. This device is connected directly to the drive train to deliver the additional power in the most direct and efficient way.[106][107] In combination with the ERS-K it gives drivers an additional 161 bhp (120 kW) for thirty-three seconds per lap, compared to the KERS units used prior to 2014, which gave drivers 80 bhp (60 kW) for six seconds per lap.[102] This energy is released into the powertrain by the electronic control unit (ECU) to promote the most efficient and effective application of the power, but the driver has the ability to manually override the ECU and use the remaining available power instantly.
  • Teams are permitted to use electronic braking devices to manage the braking of the rear wheels as the increased power output from the ERS-K units makes regulating the brake bias much harder than it had been previously.[104]
  • Teams may no longer change their gear ratios from race to race to suit the individual demands of a circuit. Instead, they must nominate eight gear ratios ahead of the first race of the season, and these eight ratios are used at every Grand Prix. They were given one opportunity to change their ratios once the season had started, but any subsequent changes will incur a grid penalty.[108]
  • The 2014 regulations require the use of lower noses than in previous years, in the interests of safety. The tip of the nose has to be no more than 185 mm (7.3 in) above the ground,[109] in comparison to the 550 mm (22 in) allowed in 2012.[110] These regulations were amended in June 2013 so as to completely outlaw the use of the "stepped noses" used in 2012 and 2013, thereby forcing teams to design a car with a genuinely lower nose rather than using the temporary solution.[111]
    • The original rules—first published in August 2011—also called for a variety of bodywork changes aimed at cutting downforce, most notably through the use of narrower front wings, and a shallower angle to the main plane of rear wings. These additional changes were formally abandoned in December 2012,[112] but the requirement that cars be built with a nose no more than 185mm above the ground was retained.[113] The planned reduction in front wing width from 1,800 mm (71 in) to 1,650 mm (65 in) was subsequently reintroduced.[114]
  • Teams are no longer able to use a beam wing at the rear of the car, a small carbon fibre wing mounted above the diffuser designed to generate low pressure as air passed over it, allowing them greater control over the air that was being deliberately directed over the diffuser.[115]
  • In order to promote fuel efficiency, fuel flow is restricted to 100 kg/h above 10,500 rpm;[106] below 10,500 rpm a formula for the maximum flow must be applied based on the rpm in use.[116]
    • Following Daniel Ricciardo's disqualification from the Australian Grand Prix for exceeding the fuel-flow limit, the FIA issued a Technical Directive preventing teams from making modifications to their fuel sensors after an investigation into the problem found that compounds in the bespoke fuel used by some teams were corroding a rubber seal in the sensor, leading to anomalous readings.[117]
  • The position of the exhaust outlet changed so that it is now angled upwards toward the rear wing instead of downwards to face the rear diffuser so as to make the practice of using exhaust blown diffusers—passing exhaust gasses over the rear diffuser to improve the car's downforce—extremely difficult to achieve.[102]
  • The minimum weight of the cars has been increased from 642 kg (1,415 lb) to 691 kg (1,523 lb) to account for the increased weight of the engine, energy recovery units, and 2014 specification of tyres.[118]
  • In the week following the British Grand Prix, the FIA announced a total ban on the Front-and-Rear Interconnected suspension system (commonly abbreviated as FRIC) starting with immediate effect on the grounds that it was a movable aerodynamic device under Article 3.15 of the technical regulations.[119] The FRIC system links the front and rear suspension arrays together, using inertia to transfer hydraulic fluid across the car to offset the effects of weight transfer on the car under braking, acceleration and cornering, thereby creating a static ride height and improving stability.
  • The use of false camera mountings has been banned. Teams had previously exploited a loophole in the regulations that allowed them to add additional pieces of bodywork to the car in the place of camera mountings and take advantage of the aerodynamic benefits. From 2014, this loophole is closed, with the regulations rewritten to only allow camera mountings to be used for cameras.[104] This rule was later updated to force the teams to mount the cameras on an external piece of bodywork after Red Bull Racing fit their cameras within the nose of the RB10 chassis.[120]

Sporting regulations[edit]

  • Mid-season testing returned in 2014. Three European venues will each host a two-day test in the week following the Grand Prix held at the circuit with one test being held in the week after the final round in Abu Dhabi.[121][122] In addition to this, teams must dedicate one of these days to aiding tyre supplier Pirelli in the development of their tyres.[123] These rules were later adjusted to allow teams to choose which venues they tested at during the season. Additionally, cars are also classified as "current", "previous" and "historic", with the FIA introducing limits on which cars may be used and the conditions under which they are tested.[124] The end-of-season Young Driver Tests, which were held to give teams the opportunity to assess rookie drivers, were discontinued.
  • The penalty system has been overhauled in 2014 so as to improve driving standards, with the introduction of a "penalty points" system for driving offences.[125] Under the system, driving offences carry a pre-determined points value based on their severity. These points are tallied up over the course of a season, with a driver receiving a race ban after accumulating twelve penalty points.[126] Any driver who receives a race ban would also receive an additional five penalty points upon their return, as a form of probation to discourage further driving offences. Penalty points remain on a driver's licence for twelve months, at which point they will be removed.[124]
    • Stewards have the power to hand out five-second penalties in addition to the existing range of penalties within their power. The five-second penalties were introduced for situations where a penalty was justified, but the existing penalties—such as a drive-through or a stop/go penalty—were considered too severe, or where such a penalty would radically alter the outcome of a race if applied retroactively, with penalised drivers facing the loss of championship points for otherwise minor violations of the rules.[124] Drivers are permitted to serve these penalties before a regular pit stop, with the driver stopping in their pit bay for five seconds before any work is carried out on the car.[118] The five-second penalty may also be added to a driver's total race time in the event that it is issued after they have made their final pit stop. Drivers serving drive-through or stop/go penalties are still not permitted to serve a penalty ahead of their pit stop, and are instead required to enter the pit lane separately to serve the penalty.
  • The rules regarding unsafe pit releases—when a car is released from its pit bay to the lane directly into the path of an oncoming car—have been rewritten, with the driver who is released in an unsafe fashion given a grid penalty for the next race.[124]
  • The pit lane speed limit has been reduced from 100 km/h (62 mph) to 80 km/h (50 mph).[127]
  • Drivers are only able to use five engines over the course of a season in 2014, down from eight in 2013. Drivers who use a sixth engine start the race from the pit lane, as opposed to the ten-place grid penalty handed down for going over the engine quota in previous season.[127] Drivers are only able to use five individual components of each power unit element over the course of the season. Should a driver go over this quota for any individual element, they incur a ten-place grid penalty.[128] They will receive a further five-place penalty for going over the five-unit allocation of any other element after the original ten-place penalty is applied in a bid to stop teams changing multiple elements of the engine unit after receiving a grid penalty.[124]
    • In the event that such a penalty relegates a driver past the back row of the grid, the remaining penalty will carry over to the next race. For example, if a driver qualifies in nineteenth position and receives a five-place grid penalty, they will drop to twenty-second and last place for that race, and then receive an additional two-place penalty in the next Grand Prix. These penalties can only be carried over to the next race, rather than accumulate,[124] and only apply to penalties issued for going over the component quota.[129]
  • The procedure for issuing penalties for speeding under yellow flag conditions in qualifying has been changed for 2014. Previously, drivers had been forced to slow down in the timing sector of the circuit where a yellow flag was being waved. However, after a series of penalties were issued to drivers for speeding in a sector with yellow flags when the incident that triggered the yellow flag took place behind them, the FIA introduced a change to the procedure. Starting in 2014, the circuits are divided into two hundred metre intervals. In the event of a yellow flag, drivers must demonstrate that they slowed down in the two hundred metres immediately before and after the yellow flags while they are being displayed, or else face a penalty.[130]
    • Following Jules Bianchi's accident at the Japanese Grand Prix, the FIA announced plans to introduce a mandatory speed limiter to cars that can be remotely activated from Race Control in the event of a yellow flag. The system, introduced at the United States Grand Prix, restricts a driver to a 100 km/h (62 mph) speed limit following reports that Bianchi had been travelling at 212 km/h (132 mph) when he left the circuit.[131]
  • Following a series of high-profile incidents involving tyres throughout the 2013 season that culminated in a string of explosive blow-outs at the 2013 British Grand Prix, the FIA passed a resolution granting them the power to change the specifications of the tyres used by competitors with immediate effect should the need arise.[104]
  • Drivers have been assigned permanent numbers for the duration of their careers, with the championship adopting a system similar to the one used in MotoGP. The number 1 will be the champion's right, with drivers free to choose any number from 2 to 99; the champion's "regular" number is reserved while they are using the number 1. The regulations further stipulate that a driver's number must be clearly visible, both on their car and on their helmet.[124] Previously, the numbering system had been partially based on the World Constructors' Championship finishing positions from the previous year.
  • Drivers who do not take part in a qualifying period are assigned grid positions based on the qualifying bracket they were in at the time and their Free Practice 3 lap times.[124] For example, if two drivers qualify for but do not take part in Q3, they start the race from ninth and tenth places, with the positions they take decided by their FP3 times. The rule was rewritten as grid positions for drivers who had not set lap times or left the pits had previously been decided by car numbers.
  • The FIA has introduced the "Pole Trophy", a non-championship award presented to the driver who qualifies on pole for the most races.[124]
  • The qualifying format has been adjusted to allow drivers more time to complete flying laps in Q3. The final qualifying period is extended to twelve minutes in length, with Q1 scaled back to eighteen minutes to keep the entire session within one hour.[132]
    • The 107% rule has been relaxed at the start of the season to account for teams dealing with the challenges arising from the new engine regulations. FIA Race Director Charlie Whiting was quoted as saying that the enforcement of the rule would be taken on a case-by-case basis, but that the stewards would consider a driver able to qualify provided they set consistent lap times in Free Practice.[133]
  • The FIA introduced a curfew system in 2011 that prohibited team personnel from accessing the circuit in the six hours before the first session of the day, with teams given four "jokers"—exceptions to the rule that allowed them to stay within the circuit boundaries past the curfew hours without penalty so as to complete work on cars—to use throughout the season. The rule has been revised for 2014, with teams given six exceptions over the course of the year as a response to the introduction of the new engine formula.[118]
  • Drivers must be able to return to the pits under their own power after the chequered flag has fallen in a bid to stop drivers from pulling over in order to preserve the mandatory one-litre fuel sample required to pass post-race scrutineering.[118]
  • Teams are now allowed to run up to four drivers during both Friday practice sessions,[N 3] though they are still limited to entering two cars during the sessions. If one of the team's nominated drivers is unable to take part, any replacement driver must use the engine, gearbox and tyres which were allocated to the original driver.[134][135]
  • The final race of the season offers double points to teams and drivers in a bid to keep the championship fight alive for longer.[136]
  • Starting as of the Singapore Grand Prix, the FIA will restrict pit-to-car communications, banning any radio transmissions between driver and team or pit boards displaying information that are deemed to be related to the performance of the driver or their car—such as discussing sector times relative to other cars—under Article 20.1 of the sporting regulations, which states that a competitor must drive the car unaided.[137]

Season report[edit]

Mercedes has secured their first World Constructors' Championship with a 1–2 finish in Russia.
Jules Bianchi—seen here in Bahrain—scored Marussia's first points in Formula One at the Monaco Grand Prix.

Mercedes has sealed their first World Constructors' Championship after taking another 1–2 finish in Russia; Lewis Hamilton currently leads the World Drivers' Championship, while his teammate Nico Rosberg sits second in the standings. Rosberg won the Australian and Monaco Grands Prix, and Hamilton the races in Malaysia, Bahrain, China and Spain after retiring in Australia. Mercedes team's run of victories ended in Canada where Rosberg and Hamilton were simultaneously hit with a power unit failure that put additional strain on their brakes. Hamilton was forced out of the race and while Rosberg was able to continue, his performance deteriorated and he ultimately finished second. Mercedes returned to the top of the podium in Austria, with Rosberg leading Hamilton across the finish line for his third victory of the season. Hamilton reclaimed ground in the championship standings in Britain winning after Rosberg was forced out with gearbox issues. Rosberg claimed the win in Germany, while Hamilton recovered to third after an accident in qualifying saw him start from twentieth place. Hamilton finished third in Hungary after starting from pit lane, ahead of Rosberg. Rosberg had to settle for second place in Belgium after contact with Hamilton early in the race, which ultimately prompted Mercedes to retire Hamilton's car. Hamilton went on to claim his sixth win of the season in the Italy, ahead of Rosberg. Hamilton reclaimed the championship lead with a win in Singapore, while Rosberg was retired with a broken wiring loom. Hamilton claimed the win in rain- and accident-shortened Japan, ahead of Rosberg. Hamilton wins the inaugural race in Russia, once again ahead of Rosberg. The result was enough for Mercedes to secure their first World Constructors' Championship.

Red Bull Racing is second overall, after suffering a difficult start to the season when Sebastian Vettel retired and Daniel Ricciardo was disqualified from the Australian Grand Prix.[138][139] Red Bull appealed the disqualification, but the result was upheld by the International Court of Appeal.[140] Vettel went on to finish third in Malaysia, while Ricciardo retired, and both drivers scored points in Bahrain and China. Ricciardo recorded his first podium finish with a third place in Spain, while Vettel recovered to fourth place after technical problems and a penalty for a gearbox change saw him start the race from the fifteenth position. Ricciardo finished in third place in Monaco, while Vettel retired due to an issue with his power unit. Ricciardo took advantage of Mercedes team's difficulties in Canada to claim his maiden Grand Prix victory—and Renault's first with a turbocharged engine since the 1986 Detroit Grand Prix—while Vettel finished third. The team struggled in their home race in Austria, with Vettel retiring early and Ricciardo finishing eighth. Ricciardo returned to the podium in Britain, while Vettel finished fifth after a protracted battle with Alonso. Vettel and Ricciardo were fourth and sixth respectively in Germany. Ricciardo scored his second career win in Hungary, while Vettel finished seventh. Ricciardo scored his third career victory in Belgium while Vettel took fifth. In Italy, Ricciardo took fifth place, ahead of Vettel. Both drivers recorded podium finishes in Singapore. Vettel took the podium in third place in Japan, ahead of Ricciardo. Ricciardo took seventh place in Russia, ahead of Vettel.

Williams is third, having started the season strongly when Valtteri Bottas scored more points in the opening race than the Williams team did during the 2013 season. Bottas and team-mate Felipe Massa went on to record points finishes in Malaysia and Bahrain. The team recorded another minor points finish in China, before Bottas showed enough pace to challenge Ricciardo for a podium position early in the Spanish Grand Prix, but eventually settled for fourth before being overtaken by Vettel late in the race. Massa finished seventh in Monaco, while Bottas retired. In Canada, Massa showed good enough pace to challenge for the lead in the late stages of the race until he collided with Sergio Pérez on the final lap. Massa qualified on pole in Austria, his first since the 2008 Brazilian Grand Prix, and he went on to finish in fourth while Bottas scored his first podium of his career, crossing the finish line in third place. Bottas secured his first back-to-back podium finishes scoring second place in Britain and soon after claimed his third consecutive podium finish after finishing in second place in Germany, while Massa retired on the opening lap in both Britain and Germany. In Hungary, Massa and Bottas were fifth and eighth, respectively. Bottas returned to the podium in Belgium, while Massa was outside the points. Massa took his first podium since the 2013 Spanish Grand Prix in Italy, ahead of Bottas. Massa took fifth place in Singapore, while Bottas narrowly gets the points finish, only to his tyres completely loss of grip in late stages. In Japan, Bottas and Massa are sixth and seventh, respectively. Bottas took his fifth podium of his career with a third place in Russia, while Massa finished outside the points.

Ferrari is fourth, with Fernando Alonso and Kimi Räikkönen scoring a mixed run of results in the opening races. Alonso took his first podium of the season with his third place finish in China, while Räikkönen had a string of relatively low-placed results, best of which so far was fourth place in Belgium. Both drivers recorded minor points in Canada and again in Austria. Alonso had to be content in sixth place in Britain after a rain-affected qualifying saw him start from sixteenth place, while Räikkönen crashed heavily on the opening lap, forcing the temporary stoppage of the race. Alonso finished in fifth place in Germany, while Räikkönen was outside the points. Alonso managed to get the team's best result with second place in Hungary, while Räikkönen returned to the points in sixth place. Räikkönen took fourth place in Belgium, while Alonso finished eighth but was promoted to seventh after Magnussen's penalty. In Italy, Alonso was retired with ERS failure, while Räikkönen finished in tenth, but were promoted to ninth after Magnussen's penalty. Alonso took fourth place in Singapore, while Räikkönen took eighth. In Japan, neither Alonso nor Räikkönen took the points finish, as Alonso retired when his power unit suddenly lost its power due to electrical problem, while Räikkönen ended up in twelfth, bringing about an end to Ferrari's run of eighty-one consecutive points finishes—the longest run in Formula One history. Alonso took sixth place in Russia, while Räikkönen came home in ninth.

McLaren holds fifth place. Following their first season without a podium finish in 2013, the team saw Kevin Magnussen and Jenson Button finish second and third in Australia. Both drivers recorded points finishes in Malaysia, but were forced out of the Bahrain Grand Prix with clutch issues, and failed to score points in China and again in Spain. The team managed to recover in Monaco, with Button finishing sixth and Magnussen tenth after contact with Räikkönen. Button finished fourth in Canada after a string of late-race retirements helped him move up the order. Magnussen used his recent knowledge of the circuit to finish seventh in Austria, while Button's attempt at a different strategy failed, leaving him in eleventh. Button and Magnussen were fourth and seventh respectively in Britain. Button finished eighth in Germany, ahead of Magnussen, who was involved in a first-lap altercation with Massa. Button finished tenth in Hungary, while Magnussen was outside the points. In Belgium, Magnussen finished sixth ahead of Button, but was given a twenty-second time penalty after the race, demoting him to twelfth. In Italy, Magnussen and Button originally finished seventh and ninth respectively, but Magnussen received another time penalty— this time for five seconds—demoting him to tenth, while Button promoted to eighth. Magnussen took the final points in Singapore, while Button was forced out when his engine shut down. Button finished fifth in Japan, while Magnussen was outside the points. The team took fourth and fifth place in Russia, with Button finishing in front of Magnussen.

Force India holds sixth place. In Bahrain, the team scored their first podium finish since the 2009 Belgian Grand Prix; Sergio Pérez, who finished third for the team in Bahrain, was on target to score another podium in Canada, but was rear-ended by Felipe Massa late in the race and both retired. Pérez briefly held the lead in Austria, but gradually fell back to sixth, and recorded the fastest lap, whilst Nico Hülkenberg battled Räikkönen for ninth. Hülkenberg finished eighth in Britain, while Pérez was outside the points. Both drivers scored minor points in Germany. Force India suffered their first double retirement of the season in Hungary as both drivers crashed out of the race. Pérez finished ninth in Belgium, while Hülkenberg was outside the points. Both drivers however were later promoted to eighth and tenth respectively after Kevin Magnussen was issued a time penalty shortly after the race. Pérez originally finished eighth in Italy, but were promoted to seventh after Magnussen's penalty, while Hülkenberg was outside the points. Hülkenberg finished ninth in Singapore, while Pérez recovered to seventh place after being forced to make an unscheduled pit stop following contact with Adrian Sutil. Hülkenberg and Pérez were eighth and tenth respectively in Japan. Pérez took the final points-scoring position in Russia, while Hülkenberg was outside the points.

Scuderia Toro Rosso is in seventh place overall, with Russian rookie Daniil Kvyat becoming the youngest driver to score points in Formula One, having finished ninth in Australia. Jean-Eric Vergne finished eighth in Canada, while Kvyat retired with a mechanical failure. Both drivers retired in Austria: Kvyat after suffering a rear suspension failure, and Vergne with brake issues. Both drivers recorded points in Britain. Vergne finished ninth in Hungary, while Kvyat missed the points. Kvyat finished ninth in Belgium, while Vergne was outside the points. Vergne recorded the team's best result of the season with sixth place in Singapore. Vergne took ninth in Japan, while Kvyat qualified a career-best fifth in Russia, but fell down the order with fuel consumption problems. After missing the first test of pre-season, Lotus is in the eighth position, with Romain Grosjean finishing eighth in both Spain and Monaco, while Pastor Maldonado remains without points so far.

Marussia is ninth, owing to Jules Bianchi scoring points in Monaco as he finished the race in ninth place, but both drivers collided on the opening lap of the Canadian Grand Prix, bringing about an end to Max Chilton's run of twenty-five consecutive classified race finishes. Bianchi managed to score the team's best ever qualifying result with twelfth in Britain. He was later critically injured in an accident in the closing stages of the Japanese Grand Prix.

Sauber and Caterham sit tenth and eleventh overall, with both teams having failed to score a point so far this season. Sauber suffered a string of retirements for both drivers while struggling with a car that was too heavy. Caterham spent the early races trading places with Marussia, but fell behind once Bianchi scored points for the Russian team in Monaco, despite an eleventh-place finish for Marcus Ericsson in the same race. In Belgium, Caterham opted to replace current driver Kobayashi with three time Le Mans winner and current FIA World Endurance Championship champion André Lotterer; however after out-qualifying Ericsson, he was forced to retire after a single lap when his power unit cut out.

Results and standings[edit]

Grands Prix[edit]

Round Nat. Grand Prix Nat. Pole position Nat. Fastest lap Nat. Winning driver Nat. Winning constructor Report
1 Australia Australian Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Nico Rosberg Germany Nico Rosberg Germany Mercedes Report
2 Malaysia Malaysian Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
3 Bahrain Bahrain Grand Prix Germany Nico Rosberg Germany Nico Rosberg United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
4 China Chinese Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Nico Rosberg United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
5 Spain Spanish Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Sebastian Vettel United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
6 Monaco Monaco Grand Prix Germany Nico Rosberg Finland Kimi Räikkönen Germany Nico Rosberg Germany Mercedes Report
7 Canada Canadian Grand Prix Germany Nico Rosberg Brazil Felipe Massa Australia Daniel Ricciardo Austria Red Bull-Renault Report
8 Austria Austrian Grand Prix Brazil Felipe Massa Mexico Sergio Pérez Germany Nico Rosberg Germany Mercedes Report
9 United Kingdom British Grand Prix Germany Nico Rosberg United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
10 Germany German Grand Prix Germany Nico Rosberg United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Nico Rosberg Germany Mercedes Report
11 Hungary Hungarian Grand Prix Germany Nico Rosberg Germany Nico Rosberg Australia Daniel Ricciardo Austria Red Bull-Renault Report
12 Belgium Belgian Grand Prix Germany Nico Rosberg Germany Nico Rosberg Australia Daniel Ricciardo Austria Red Bull-Renault Report
13 Italy Italian Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
14 Singapore Singapore Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
15 Japan Japanese Grand Prix Germany Nico Rosberg United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
16 Russia Russian Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Finland Valtteri Bottas United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
17 United States United States Grand Prix Report
18 Brazil Brazilian Grand Prix Report
19 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Grand Prix Report

Drivers' standings[edit]

Points are awarded to the top ten classified finishers using the following structure:

Position  1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th   7th   8th   9th   10th 
Points 25 18 15 12 10 8 6 4 2 1

In the event of a tie, a count-back system is used as a tie-breaker, with a driver's best result used to decide the standings.[N 4]

Pos. Nat. Driver No. Grands Prix Points
AUS
Australia
MAL
Malaysia
BHR
Bahrain
CHN
China
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
CAN
Canada
AUT
Austria
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
SIN
Singapore
JPN
Japan
RUS
Russia
USA
United States
BRA
Brazil
ABU
United Arab Emirates
1 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton 44 Ret 1 1 1 1 2 Ret 2 1 3 3 Ret 1 1 1 1 291
2 Germany Nico Rosberg 6 1 2 2 2 2 1 2 1 Ret 1 4 2 2 Ret 2 2 274
3 Australia Daniel Ricciardo 3 DSQ Ret 4 4 3 3 1 8 3 6 1 1 5 3 4 7 199
4 Finland Valtteri Bottas 77 5 8 8 7 5 Ret 7 3 2 2 8 3 4 11 6 3 145
5 Germany Sebastian Vettel 1 Ret 3 6 5 4 Ret 3 Ret 5 4 7 5 6 2 3 8 143
6 Spain Fernando Alonso 14 4 4 9 3 6 4 6 5 6 5 2 7 Ret 4 Ret 6 141
7 United Kingdom Jenson Button 22 3 6 17† 11 11 6 4 11 4 8 10 6 8 Ret 5 4 94
8 Germany Nico Hülkenberg 27 6 5 5 6 10 5 5 9 8 7 Ret 10 12 9 8 12 76
9 Brazil Felipe Massa 19 Ret 7 7 15 13 7 12 4 Ret Ret 5 13 3 5 7 11 71
10 Denmark Kevin Magnussen 20 2 9 Ret 13 12 10 9 7 7 9 12 12 10 10 14 5 49
11 Mexico Sergio Pérez 11 10 DNS 3 9 9 Ret 11† 6 11 10 Ret 8 7 7 10 10 47
12 Finland Kimi Räikkönen 7 7 12 10 8 7 12 10 10 Ret 11 6 4 9 8 12 9 47
13 France Jean-Éric Vergne 25 8 Ret Ret 12 Ret Ret 8 Ret 10 13 9 11 13 6 9 13 21
14 France Romain Grosjean 8 Ret 11 12 Ret 8 8 Ret 14 12 Ret Ret Ret 16 13 15 17 8
15 Russia Daniil Kvyat 26 9 10 11 10 14 Ret Ret Ret 9 Ret 14 9 11 14 11 14 8
16 France Jules Bianchi 17 NC Ret 16 17 18 9 Ret 15 14 15 15 18† 18 16 20† 2
17 Germany Adrian Sutil 99 11 Ret Ret Ret 17 Ret 13 13 13 Ret 11 14 15 Ret 21† 16 0
18 Sweden Marcus Ericsson 9 Ret 14 Ret 20 20 11 Ret 18 Ret 18 Ret 17 19 15 17 19 0
19 Venezuela Pastor Maldonado 13 Ret Ret 14 14 15 DNS Ret 12 17† 12 13 Ret 14 12 16 18 0
20 Mexico Esteban Gutiérrez 21 12 Ret Ret 16 16 Ret 14† 19 Ret 14 Ret 15 20 Ret 13 15 0
21 United Kingdom Max Chilton 4 13 15 13 19 19 14 Ret 17 16 17 16 16 Ret 17 18 Ret 0
22 Japan Kamui Kobayashi 10 Ret 13 15 18 Ret 13 Ret 16 15 16 Ret 17 DNS 19 Ret 0
 – Germany André Lotterer 45 Ret 0
Pos. Nat. Driver No. AUS
Australia
MAL
Malaysia
BHR
Bahrain
CHN
China
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
CAN
Canada
AUT
Austria
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
SIN
Singapore
JPN
Japan
RUS
Russia
USA
United States
BRA
Brazil
ABU
United Arab Emirates
Points
Grands Prix
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Light blue Practiced only (PO)
Friday test driver (TD)
(from 2003 onwards)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)

Bold - Pole position
Italics - Fastest lap

Notes:

  • † — Drivers did not finish the Grand Prix, but were classified as they completed more than 90% of the race distance.
  • ‡ — Double points will be awarded at the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix.


Constructors' standings[edit]

Pos. Nat. Constructor No. Grands Prix Points
AUS
Australia
MAL
Malaysia
BHR
Bahrain
CHN
China
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
CAN
Canada
AUT
Austria
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
SIN
Singapore
JPN
Japan
RUS
Russia
USA
United States
BRA
Brazil
ABU
United Arab Emirates
1 Germany Mercedes 6 1 2 2 2 2 1 2 1 Ret 1 4 2 2 Ret 2 2 565
44 Ret 1 1 1 1 2 Ret 2 1 3 3 Ret 1 1 1 1
2 Austria Red Bull-Renault 1 Ret 3 6 5 4 Ret 3 Ret 5 4 7 5 6 2 3 8 342
3 DSQ Ret 4 4 3 3 1 8 3 6 1 1 5 3 4 7
3 United Kingdom Williams-Mercedes 19 Ret 7 7 15 13 7 12 4 Ret Ret 5 13 3 5 7 11 216
77 5 8 8 7 5 Ret 7 3 2 2 8 3 4 11 6 3
4 Italy Ferrari 7 7 12 10 8 7 12 10 10 Ret 11 6 4 9 8 12 9 188
14 4 4 9 3 6 4 6 5 6 5 2 7 Ret 4 Ret 6
5 United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes 20 2 9 Ret 13 12 10 9 7 7 9 12 12 10 10 14 5 143
22 3 6 17† 11 11 6 4 11 4 8 10 6 8 Ret 5 4
6 India Force India-Mercedes 11 10 DNS 3 9 9 Ret 11† 6 11 10 Ret 8 7 7 10 10 123
27 6 5 5 6 10 5 5 9 8 7 Ret 10 12 9 8 12
7 Italy Toro Rosso-Renault 25 8 Ret Ret 12 Ret Ret 8 Ret 10 13 9 11 13 6 9 13 29
26 9 10 11 10 14 Ret Ret Ret 9 Ret 14 9 11 14 11 14
8 United Kingdom Lotus-Renault 8 Ret 11 12 Ret 8 8 Ret 14 12 Ret Ret Ret 16 13 15 17 8
13 Ret Ret 14 14 15 DNS Ret 12 17† 12 13 Ret 14 12 16 18
9 Russia Marussia-Ferrari 4 13 15 13 19 19 14 Ret 17 16 17 16 16 Ret 17 18 Ret 2
17 NC Ret 16 17 18 9 Ret 15 14 15 15 18† 18 16 20†
10 Switzerland Sauber-Ferrari 21 12 Ret Ret 16 16 Ret 14† 19 Ret 14 Ret 15 20 Ret 13 15 0
99 11 Ret Ret Ret 17 Ret 13 13 13 Ret 11 14 15 Ret 21† 16
11 Malaysia Caterham-Renault 9 Ret 14 Ret 20 20 11 Ret 18 Ret 18 Ret 17 19 15 17 19 0
10 Ret 13 15 18 Ret 13 Ret 16 15 16 Ret 17 DNS 19 Ret
45 Ret
Pos. Nat. Constructor No. AUS
Australia
MAL
Malaysia
BHR
Bahrain
CHN
China
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
CAN
Canada
AUT
Austria
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
SIN
Singapore
JPN
Japan
RUS
Russia
USA
United States
BRA
Brazil
ABU
United Arab Emirates
Points
Grands Prix
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Light blue Practiced only (PO)
Friday test driver (TD)
(from 2003 onwards)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)

Bold - Pole position
Italics - Fastest lap

Notes:

  • † — Drivers did not finish the Grand Prix, but were classified as they completed more than 90% of the race distance.
  • ‡ — Double points will be awarded at the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix.


FIA Pole Trophy[edit]

The FIA Pole Trophy will be awarded to the driver who qualified on pole position most often throughout the season. In the event of a tie-breaker, with two drivers qualifying on pole an equal number of times, the number of times they qualified in second will be used to settle the result. No additional championship points are awarded for starting a race from pole. Nico Rosberg leads the tally with eight pole positions.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Alexander Rossi was entered into the Belgian Grand Prix by Marussia as a replacement for Max Chilton.[37] However, following the first practice session, Chilton was reinstated as the team's racing driver, and Rossi only participated in the practice session.[36] Rossi was later nominated as Jules Bianchi's replacement for the Russian Grand Prix,[38] but the entry was ultimately withdrawn out of respect for the critically injured Bianchi.[39]
  2. ^ Mercedes renamed the F1 W05 chassis mid-season. Starting from the Spanish Grand Prix, the car became known as the "Mercedes F1 W05 Hybrid".[47]
  3. ^ The first two Free Practice sessions of the Monaco Grand Prix are traditionally held on the Thursday before the race.
  4. ^ In the event that two or more drivers achieve the same result an equal number of times, their next-best result is used. Should two or more drivers achieve equal results an equal number of times, the standings are settled in favour of the driver who was the first to achieve their best result.

References[edit]

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