Formula 3 Sudamericana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Formula 3 Sudamericana
F3 Sudamericana logo.jpg
Category Single seaters
Country Brazil
Inaugural season 1987
Folded 2013
Constructors Dallara
Engine suppliers Berta
Tyre suppliers Pirelli
Last Drivers' champion Brazil Felipe Guimarães
Last Teams' champion United Kingdom Hitech Racing
Official website www.f3sudam.com.br
A Berta engine

Formula 3 Sudamericana is the official name for the South American Formula Three championship. It was inaugurated in 1987 and currently holds events in Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay. Its most notable graduates include former Formula One drivers Nelson Piquet, Jr., Ricardo Zonta and Christian Fittipaldi, three-time Indianapolis 500 winner Hélio Castroneves, and Champ Car champion and former F1 driver Cristiano da Matta.

Background[edit]

Prior to the creation in 1987 of a regional Formula Three championship in South America, the Codasur championship was held annually between 1983 and 1986.[1] This series utilised local chassis or Formula Three chassis with Renault or Volkswagen 1500-1600cc engines. Each of the four drivers' championship titles went to Guillermo Maldonado of Argentina. Maldonado, like many of his contemporaries, also functioned as a team owner.[2]

The Codasur Championship's team owners and the governing bodies of national motorsport in the region began collectively to discuss its replacement with a current European or worldwide formula. They wanted a formula that would provide young South American drivers with experience that would be relevant when, or if, they had the opportunity to further their career internationally. The long-established Formula Three was the obvious choice.

The Petrobras was announced as the official sponsor of the 2010 season of Formula 3 South America. The agreement, made possible through the Law for Encouragement of Sport - Sports Ministry - is worth $3 million and valid for a period of 12 months.[citation needed]

The project also includes the acquisition of naming rights category, which from this year has been renamed Formula 3 Sudamericana Petrobras. The Brazilian oil company is also the official supplier of fuel and lubricant for all cars in Formula 3. Even under the contract are the development and implementation of events, promotions, and marketing.

Equipment[edit]

However, despite the ready availability of second-hand F3 chassis and engines, the organisers of the new championship commissioned their own chassis to F3 specification, which was built in Argentina by veteran TC 2000 Championship driver and engineer Oreste Berta's eponymous company. The Berta Mk3 was used exclusively during 1987, until the championship was opened up to other suppliers in the following year. From 1988 until the mid-1990s, chassis from Reynard, Ralt, TOM's and Dallara were in common use, but at that point, Dallara's increasing performance advantage had the same effect in South America as it had in Europe, and it became the de facto choice.

Since 2005, the series organisers have sought to keep budget requirements under stricter control by using a "control specification" engine, which is produced by Berta. It has considerably reduced running budgets since its introduction, not least because the teams are permitted to service the engines themselves. The Berta engine is used by all Class A entrants, but competitors in Class B, or Light, are still using other customer engines such as Mugen-Honda in a significantly older chassis. Class A entrants used the five-year-old Dallara F301 in 2006, while Light entrants used the F394 from 1994. F3 chassis are designed to a three-year lifecycle, with only minor annual updates.

Venues[edit]

During this early era, the championship very much lived up to its title, with events in Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Uruguay. Between 2002 and 2008, the series has limited itself to events in Brazil and Argentina. The Grand Prix of Piriápolis returned to the series in 2009. Local economic issues have tended to limit the potential for the maintenance and development of motor racing venues, which means that only the most popular circuits can afford to support the championship.

Scoring system[edit]

  • The scoring system for 2010 replicates the new system introduced into Formula One:
Position 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th
Points 25 18 15 12 10 8 6 4 2 1

Teams and drivers[edit]

Economics also plays a part in the demography of the competitors. Since its inception, F3 Sudamericana has been primarily the domain of Brazilian and Argentine drivers and teams, but that imbalance has worsened in this decade, with very few drivers from countries other than Brazil. Since 2001, the has been only one race that was not won by a Brazilian driver. Last year, just a small number of Argentine drivers competed in the series, and only in events on home soil.

In recognition of this shortcoming, the series' organisers and race promoters are working harder to make it an attractive and suitable proposition for drivers from the smaller South American nations. In addition to the cost reductions, steps have been taken to improve its public popularity, and hence, the marketing potential. This year,[when?] F3 Sudamericana will share its Brazilian venues with that country's Trofeo Maserati championship.

In spite of its economic limitations, and its relative geographical remoteness from the major centres of motorsport, F3 Sudamericana has nonetheless produced a number of recognised and notable drivers who have since established themselves in Europe and the United States. In addition to Castroneves and da Matta, the series' alumni include other Champ Car drivers past and present, such as Christian Fittipaldi (the nephew of Emerson) and Bruno Junqueira. Competing in the GP2 championship are 2003 runner-up Lucas di Grassi and 2004 champion Alexandre Sarnes Negrão.

Champions[edit]

Season Driver Team Chassis/engine Light class
1987 Brazil Leonel Friedrich Argentina INI Competición Berta-Volkswagen
1988 Argentina Juan Carlos Giacchino Argentina Sommi - Zanón Dallara-Alfa Romeo
1989 Argentina Gabriel Furlán Argentina Sommi - Zanón Dallara-Alfa Romeo
1990 Brazil Christian Fittipaldi Brazil Fittipaldi Competicion Reynard-Alfa Romeo
1991 Brazil Affonso Giaffone Argentina INI Competición Ralt-Alfa Romeo
1992 Brazil Marcos Gueiros Brazil Cesário Fórmula Ralt-Mugen-Honda Brazil Suzane Carvalho
1993 Argentina Fernando Croceri Brazil Cesário Fórmula Ralt-Mugen-Honda Brazil Milton Sperafico
1994 Argentina Gabriel Furlán Argentina GF Motorsport Dallara-Fiat
1995 Brazil Ricardo Zonta Brazil Cesário Fórmula Dallara-Mugen-Honda Argentina Emiliano Spataro
1996 Argentina Gabriel Furlán Argentina GF Motorsport Dallara-Fiat Argentina Anibal Zaniratto
1997 Brazil Bruno Junqueira Brazil Prop Car Dallara-Opel Argentina Diego Chiozzi
1998 Argentina Gabriel Furlán Argentina GF Motorsport Dallara-Mitsubishi Chile Ramón Ibarra
1999 Brazil Hoover Orsi Brazil Césario Fórmula Dallara-Mugen-Honda Brazil João Paulo de Oliveira
2000 Brazil Vitor Meira Brazil Amir Nasr Racing Dallara-Mugen-Honda Uruguay Martín Cánepa
2001 Brazil Juliano Moro Brazil Amir Nasr Racing Dallara-Mugen-Honda Brazil Daniel Scandian
2002 Brazil Nelson Piquet, Jr. Brazil Piquet Sports Dallara-Mugen-Honda Brazil Eduardo Azevedo
2003 Brazil Danilo Dirani Brazil Cesário F3 Dallara-Mugen-Honda Brazil Rodrigo Ribeiro
2004 Brazil Alexandre Sarnes Negrão Brazil Piquet Sports Dallara-Mugen-Honda/Berta Brazil Marcos Guerra
2005 Brazil Alberto Valerio Brazil Cesário F3 Dallara-Berta Brazil Paulo José Meyer
2006 Brazil Luiz Razia Brazil Razia Sports Dallara-Berta Brazil Caio Costa
2007 Brazil Clemente de Faria, Jr. Brazil Cesário F3 Dallara-Berta
2008 Brazil Nelson Merlo Brazil Bassani Racing Dallara-Berta
2009 Brazil Leonardo Cordeiro Brazil Cesário Fórmula Dallara-Berta Brazil Henrique Martins
2010 Brazil Bruno Andrade Brazil Cesário Fórmula Dallara-Berta Brazil Fernando Resende
2011 Brazil Fabiano Machado Brazil Cesário Fórmula Dallara-Berta Brazil Bruno Bonifácio
2012 Brazil Fernando Resende Brazil Cesário Fórmula Dallara-Berta Brazil Higor Hoffman
2013 Brazil Felipe Guimarães United Kingdom Hitech Racing Dallara-Berta Argentina Bruno Etman

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]