Forrest City, Arkansas
|Forrest City, Arkansas|
|Motto: One Forrest City, moving forward, one step at a time|
Location in St. Francis County and the state of Arkansas
|• Mayor||Larry S. Bryant|
|• Total||16.4 sq mi (42.2 km2)|
|• Land||16.3 sq mi (42.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||253 ft (77 m)|
|• Density||900.9/sq mi (350.1/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0083152|
Forrest City is a city in St. Francis County, Arkansas, United States, and the county seat. It was named for General Nathan Bedford Forrest, who used the location as a campsite for a construction crew completing a railroad between Memphis and Little Rock, shortly after the Civil War. The population was 14,774 at the 2000 census, with an estimated population of 14,078 in 2006. The city refers to itself as the "Jewel of the Delta".
On October 13, 1827, St. Francis County, located in the east central part of Arkansas, was officially organized by the Arkansas Territorial Legislature in Little Rock. Confederate general Nathan Bedford Forrest became interested in the area around Crowley's Ridge during the Civil War. In 1866 General Forrest and C. C. McCreanor contracted to finished the Memphis & Little Rock Railroad from Madison located on the St. Francis River to DeValls Bluff on the west bank of the White River. The route traversed the challenging Crowley's Ridge and L'Anguille River bottoms. The first trains came through in 1868.
General Forrest later built a commissary on Front Street. Colonel V.B. Izard began the task of designing the town at the same time. Most residents were calling the area "Forrest's Town," later to be known as Forrest City, incorporated May 11, 1870. The county seat was initially located in the now defunct town of Franklin until 1840 when it was moved to Madison. In 1855 it was moved to Mount Vernon where the court house burned in 1856 destroying county records prompting a move back to Madison. The county seat was moved to a wooden structure in Forrest City in 1874, which burned shortly thereafter, again destroying county records.
Evidence that giant mastodons roamed the slope was revealed in 1949 when workmen excavating for sewer improvements found fossils of the massive beasts within the city limits.
An incident in 1957 at Wildwood Lodge, about 10 miles northeast of Forrest City, attracted widespread publicity when it was discovered that Gordon Satterfield was operating a nudist camp. Satterfield was arrested but could not be charged because the nudism occurred in an enclosed area on private property. This led Arkansas legislators to draft a law which made it a crime to have "private parts exposed in the presence of one (1) or more persons of the opposite sex as a form of social practice" (Article 5-68-204). It is noteworthy that same-sex nudity was exempt. The law was challenged by the American Civil Liberties Union.
Forrest City High School held its first integrated prom in 1988. After school integration was ordered in the mid-1960s, Forrest City eliminated school-sponsored dances and social activities. For 23 years, social clubs and individual families had organized a racially segregated prom.
Forrest City is located at  Technically Forrest City is in northeast Arkansas using standard navigational methods.. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.3 square miles (42 km2), of which, 16.2 square miles (42 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.37%) is water.(35.010131, -90.788716).
Forrest City is located on Crowley's Ridge, a geological phenomenon that rises above the flat Mississippi Delta terrain that surrounds it. This north-south running highland is some three miles wide and 300 feet above sea level. Several species of trees not indigenous to Arkansas are found here, including beech, butternut, sugar maple, and cucumber trees.
As of the census of 2000, there were 14,774 people, 4,581 households, and 3,165 families residing in the city. The population density was 908.7 people per square mile (350.8/km²). There were 5,164 housing units at an average density of 317.6 per square mile (122.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 35.52% White, 60.93% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.74% Asian, 0.30% from other races, and 2.31% from two or more races. 8.26% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 4,581 households out of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.2% were married couples living together, 28.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.9% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the city the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 116.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 121.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $23,111, and the median income for a family was $27,432. Males had a median income of $29,313 versus $21,295 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,716. About 29.0% of families and 33.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.9% of those under age 18 and 22.3% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
Woodruff Electric Cooperative, a non-profit rural electric utility cooperative, is headquartered in Forrest City.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (May 2011)|
The Forrest City Chamber of Commerce is located in the 100-year-old Becker House. This house has served a variety of functions since being sold by the Becker family. It was an antique store and later a home furnishings boutique before being occupied by the Chamber.
Forrest City had five sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places including:
- Campbell House
- First United Methodist
- Forrest City High School (aka, "Old Central")
- Mann House
- Stuart Springs
- Little Buddy Doyle, blues guitarist, singer and songwriter.
- Lewis P. Featherstone, Labor Party U.S. Representative from Arkansas.
- Al Green, singer and minister.
- Willie Hale, Rhythm and Blues guitarist, singer and songwriter.
- Sara Harris, 2000 Miss Arkansas.
- John W. Henry, principal owner of the Boston Red Sox.
- Mark W. Izard, 3rd Governor of the Nebraska Territory; moved to Forrest City.
- Jason Jones, professional football player.
- Don Kessinger, born in Forrest City, professional baseball player
- Albert King, blues artist who spent much of childhood and early professional career in Forrest City.
- Henry Loeb, mayor of Memphis, Tennessee; moved to Forrest City.
- Gilbert Morris, award-winning Christian author.
- King Perry, jazz saxophonist, clarinetist, arranger, and bandleader.
- Cal Slayton, comic book artist; grew up in Forrest City.
- Vernon Sykes, member of the Ohio House of Representatives.
- Winston P. Wilson, U.S. Air Force Major General and Chief of the National Guard Bureau; moved to Forrest City.
- Dennis Winston, NFL player.
- G. Wood, one of four actors to appear in both the 1970 film M*A*S*H and the television series M*A*S*H.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Annual Estimates of the Population for All Incorporated Places in Arkansas" (CSV). 2005 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. June 21, 2006. Retrieved November 16, 2006.
- "Office of the Mayor".
- "2010 Arkansas Code: Title 5 - Criminal Offenses". Justia.com.
- "Civil Liberties Docket". National Lawyers Guild. November 1958.
- "Man Arrested in Possible Nudist Colony Operation". The Florence Times. Jan 27, 1957.
- McIntosh, Barbara (May 2, 1988). "The Class That Crossed the Great Divide; In Arkansas, a High School's First Integrated Prom". The Washington Post.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Forrest City city, Arkansas." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 1, 2011.
- "FCI Forrest City Medium Contact Information." Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on May 1, 2011. "FCI FORREST CITY MEDIUM FEDERAL CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION 1400 DALE BUMPERS ROAD FORREST CITY, AR 72335"
- "Post Office™ Location - FORREST CITY." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 1, 2011.
- Welch, Melanie (2012). "Lewis Porter Featherstone (1851–1922)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture.
- Reichler, Joseph L., ed. (1979) . The Baseball Encyclopedia (4th edition ed.). New York: Macmillan Publishing. ISBN 0-02-578970-8..
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Forrest City, Arkansas.|
- Forest City website
- Forrest City Chamber of Commerce
- History of Forrest City's Jewish community (from the Institute of Southern Jewish Life)
- Times Herald News