Fort Albert

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Fort Albert
Freshwater, Isle of Wight, England
Fort Albert IW1.jpg
Fort Albert, with Hurst Castle in the background
Fort Albert is located in Isle of Wight
Fort Albert
Fort Albert
Coordinates 50°41′58″N 1°31′55″W / 50.699576°N 1.531968°W / 50.699576; -1.531968
Site information
Owner Private flats
Open to
the public
No, converted into private flats.
Site history
Built 1856
In use 1856 - 1858, 1886 - 1906, 1939 - 1945
Materials Brick and concrete

Fort Albert (map reference SZ330890) is a tower fort nestling under the cliffs west of Fort Victoria on the Isle of Wight, England. It was also known as Cliff End Fort, named after the Northern extremity of Colwell Bay (Cliff's End).

History[edit]

Fort Albert was one of the Royal Commission forts built in the 19th Century as part of Lord Palmerston's defences against the possibility of a French attack from Napoleon III. Designed to defend the Needles Passage, it was completed in 1856, after 4 years of construction, but like the American Third System forts it resembles in miniature, it would have suffered badly from rifled gunfire, so the Royal Commission enhanced it with batteries on the cliffs above. Even so, with the introduction of armoured ships, the fort became obsolete by 1858. In 1886 it was selected as one of the UK locations for the Brennan torpedo.[1] After this, only small guns were mounted on the fort. It was closed to military use in 1957.[1]

The Fort Today[edit]

The fort is in private ownership of harbour developments and has been converted into private flats.[2] There is no public access, not even to the cliff tops which overlook it. It is most easily viewed from the sea, or from Hurst Castle. The battery above is part of a chalet estate at Brambles Chine, another location to view the fort which is passed through by runners on The Needles annual Half Marathon.

It has been a Grade II* Listed Building since 1994.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "PastScape - Fort Albert". www.pastscape.english-heritage.org.uk. Retrieved 2008-12-11. 
  2. ^ "Castles and Fortifications of England and Wales - Fort Albert". www.ecastles.co.uk. Retrieved 2008-12-11. 
  3. ^ http://list.english-heritage.org.uk/resultsingle.aspx?uid=1291552

External links[edit]