Fort Apache Indian Reservation
Seal of the White Mountain Apache tribe
|Regions with significant populations|
|United States ( Arizona)|
|Christianity, Native American Church, traditional tribal religion|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Western Apache, San Carlos Apache|
The Fort Apache Indian Reservation is an Indian reservation in Arizona, United States, encompassing parts of Navajo, Gila, and Apache counties. It is home to the federally recognized White Mountain Apache Tribe of the Fort Apache Reservation, a Western Apache tribe. It has a land area of 2,627.608 sq mi (6,805.474 km²) and a population of 12,429 people as of the 2000 census. The largest community is Whiteriver.
White Mountain Apache, photographed prior to 1903 by Edward S. Curtis.
The Fort Apache Indian Reservation is covered mostly by pine forests and is habitat to a variety of forest wildlife. It is located directly south of the Mogollon Rim. The highest point in the reservation is Baldy Peak, with an elevation of 11,403 ft (3,476 m).
Other attractions within the reservation include the Fort Apache Historic Park, which has 27 buildings from the historic fort and a 288-acre National Historic District; and other historic sites. Kinishba Ruins, an ancient archeological site (AD 1150–1350) of the western Pueblo culture, is a National Historic Landmark and is located on nearby associated tribal trust lands. Appointments may be made to visit the site.
The demographics of the White Mountain Apache are similar to those of the people at the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation, which is directly to the south. As at San Carlos, the median household income is around $14,000, and more than half the population lives under the poverty line.
- Art of the American Southwest
- Battle of Cibecue Creek
- Battle of Fort Apache
- Sunrise Park Resort
- Fort Apache Reservation, Arizona United States Census Bureau
- Goddard, Pliny Earle (1920). White Mountain Apache texts. The Trustees. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- White Mountain Apache Tribe – Official website
- "Fort Apache Historic Park and Kinishba Ruins", Nohwike’ Bágowa (House of Our Footprints), White Mountain Apache Culture Center & Museum
- Fort Apache Heritage Foundation
- White Mountain Apache Tribe, Arizona Intertribal Council