Fort Assiniboine

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This article is about the hamlet in Alberta, Canada. For the similarly named place in the United States, see Fort Assinniboine. For the former Fort Assiniboine in Manitoba, see Brandon House.
Fort Assiniboine
Hamlet
Fort Assiniboine is located in Alberta
Fort Assiniboine
Fort Assiniboine
Location of Fort Assiniboine in Alberta
Coordinates: 54°20′03″N 114°46′29″W / 54.3342°N 114.7747°W / 54.3342; -114.7747Coordinates: 54°20′03″N 114°46′29″W / 54.3342°N 114.7747°W / 54.3342; -114.7747
Country  Canada
Province  Alberta
Census division No. 13
Municipal district Woodlands County
Government
 • Type Unincorporated
 • Governing body Woodlands County Council
Time zone MST (UTC−7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC−6)
Fort Assiniboine
National Historic Site of Canada
Province Alberta
Municipality Woodlands County
Elevation 604 m (1,982 ft)

Fort Assiniboine is a hamlet in northwest Alberta, Canada, within Woodlands County.[1] It is located along the north shore of the Athabasca River at the junction of Highway 33 and Highway 661. It is approximately 39 kilometres (24 mi) northwest of Barrhead, 62 kilometres (39 mi) southeast of Swan Hills and 91 kilometres (57 mi) northeast of Whitecourt.

Fort Assiniboine was founded as a trading post by the Hudson's Bay Company and became a stopping point along the Klondike Trail. It gets its name from the Assiniboine people.

The first post office opened in 1910.[2] The community named after the former trading post incorporated as a village on June 6, 1958. The Village of Fort Assiniboine dissolved and reverted to hamlet status on December 31, 1991. It is now administered by Woodlands County, which has offices in the hamlet and in the Town of Whitecourt.

The hamlet's last officially recorded population was 179 people from the 1991 Census of Canada, conducted when it was still a village. Statistics Canada or Woodlands County has not published an official population for Fort Assiniboine from a federal or municipal census respectively since it dissolved to hamlet status at the end of 1991.

Fur trade fort[edit]

By the early 1820s, Hudson’s Bay Company (HBC) trade on Lesser Slave Lake was in decline. The council adopted a resolution in 1823 calling for a fort further up the Athabasca River to reduce transport times. This was part of a much larger effort by the HBC to reorganize its transportation routes, seeking out advantages and efficiencies in its operations after the merger with the North West Company. Under the new plan, Fort Assiniboine on the Athabasca River (the fort was originally named "Athabaska River House"[3] ) became the northwest end of an overland 80 miles (129 km) horse track to Edmonton House/Fort Edmonton on the North Saskatchewan River, thus providing a straighter route from Athabasca Pass within the Rocky Mountains to York Factory on Hudson Bay. A party on horseback could make the trip in about two days. The new route was used by the York Factory Express. The old canoe route involved going far north-northeast up the Athabasca to Fort Chipewyan and then southeast through Methye Portage to Lake Winnipeg. Though the fort never grew as large as some other Alberta forts, its role as a transportation hub and provision centre ensured its survival between the 1820s and 1880s.[4]

Attractions[edit]

Fort Assiniboine is home to a Hudson Bay style historical museum, known as the Fort Assiniboine Museum and Friendship Club Drop-In Centre, and the World's Largest Wagon Wheel and Pick Axe.[5]

Services[edit]

The Fort Assiniboine School, which offers Kindergarten through Grade 12 classes, is located within the hamlet.[6] It is administered by Pembina Hills Regional Division No. 7 (PHRD) and had a preliminary 2009/2010 enrollment of 139 students.[7] Due to low enrollment, the PHRD is currently considering grade reconfiguration to make the school more viable.[8]

Fort Assiniboine is also served by a post office and a public library and has numerous businesses including a general store, a motel, a gas station, a liquor store and a shop that repairs and sells all-terrain and other vehicles.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Fort Assiniboine
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13
(55)
17
(63)
17
(63)
29.5
(85.1)
34
(93)
33.3
(91.9)
32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(91)
29
(84)
18.5
(65.3)
13.3
(55.9)
34
(93)
Average high °C (°F) −8.2
(17.2)
−3.3
(26.1)
2.9
(37.2)
11.3
(52.3)
17.5
(63.5)
20.7
(69.3)
22.5
(72.5)
21.4
(70.5)
16.1
(61)
10.4
(50.7)
−1.1
(30)
−7.7
(18.1)
8.5
(47.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −14.8
(5.4)
−10.8
(12.6)
−4.2
(24.4)
3.7
(38.7)
9.7
(49.5)
13.5
(56.3)
15.6
(60.1)
14.4
(57.9)
9.1
(48.4)
3.4
(38.1)
−6.7
(19.9)
−13.9
(7)
1.6
(34.9)
Average low °C (°F) −21.4
(−6.5)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−11.3
(11.7)
−3.9
(25)
1.9
(35.4)
6.3
(43.3)
8.6
(47.5)
7.4
(45.3)
2.1
(35.8)
−3.5
(25.7)
−12.3
(9.9)
−20
(−4)
−5.4
(22.3)
Record low °C (°F) −48
(−54)
−47
(−53)
−38.9
(−38)
−30
(−22)
−8.5
(16.7)
−2.8
(27)
1.7
(35.1)
−4
(25)
−11
(12)
−30
(−22)
−38.3
(−36.9)
−46
(−51)
−48
(−54)
Precipitation mm (inches) 18.6
(0.732)
15.5
(0.61)
16.1
(0.634)
24
(0.94)
48.9
(1.925)
105.3
(4.146)
118.7
(4.673)
83.2
(3.276)
44
(1.73)
16.9
(0.665)
18.6
(0.732)
23.4
(0.921)
533.1
(20.988)
Source: Environment Canada[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alberta Municipal Affairs (2010-04-01). "Specialized and Rural Municipalities and Their Communities". Retrieved 2010-07-10. 
  2. ^ Fort Assiniboine Friendship Club Book Committee (1982). Echoes of Fort Assiniboine and Districts. Fort Assiniboine, Alberta. p. 4. ISBN 0-88925-248-3. 
  3. ^ McCarty, Richard Frances (1976). Fort Assiniboine, Alberta, 1823-1914 : fur trade post to settled district. Edmonton, Alberta: University of Alberta. p. 13. 
  4. ^ Losey, Elizabeth Browne (1999). Let them be remembered: the story of the fur trade forts. New York: Vantage Press. pp. 481–486. ISBN 978-0-533-12572-2. OCLC 44722618. 
  5. ^ Woodlands County. "About Fort Assiniboine". Retrieved 2010-03-27. 
  6. ^ Pembina Hills Regional Division No. 7. "Fort Assiniboine School". Retrieved 2010-03-27. 
  7. ^ Alberta Education (March 2010). "Student Population by Grade, School, and Authority, Alberta (2009/2010P School Year)". Retrieved 2010-03-27. 
  8. ^ Sébastien Perth, Whitecourt Star (2010-01-12). "Councillors talk tough on keeping communities from closing down". Retrieved 2010-03-27. 
  9. ^ Environment CanadaCanadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed 3 April 2010