Fort Augustus Abbey

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St. Benedict's Abbey
Fort Augustus Abbey - geograph.org.uk - 1708052.jpg
Alternative names Fort Augustus Abbey
General information
Type Benedictine monastery
Town or city Fort Augustus, Inverness-shire
Country Scotland
Coordinates 57°08′42″N 4°40′34″W / 57.145°N 4.676°W / 57.145; -4.676Coordinates: 57°08′42″N 4°40′34″W / 57.145°N 4.676°W / 57.145; -4.676
Construction started 1876
Completed 1880 (1880)

Fort Augustus Abbey, properly St. Benedict's Abbey, at Fort Augustus, Inverness-shire, Scotland, was a Benedictine monastery, from late in the nineteenth century to 1998.

Inception[edit]

It owed its inception to the desire of John Crichton-Stuart, 3rd Marquess of Bute, for the restoration of monasticism in Scotland. The marquess brought the matter before the superiors of the Anglo-Benedictine Congregation in 1874, promising substantial pecuniary help in the establishment of a house in Scotland, with the understanding that when two other monasteries should have been founded they should all form a separate Scottish congregation. The suggestion was approved of, and the Anglo-Benedictine authorities resolved to incorporate with the Scottish monastery Lamspringe Abbey, in Hanover, which was manned by English monks from 1645 to 1803.

Inadequacy of funds had prevented any lasting restoration of this house, but with the help promised by Lord Bute, it seemed possible to revive it in Scotland. Dom Jerome Vaughan, a brother of Cardinal Vaughan, was appointed to superintend the work, and succeeded in collecting from rich and poor in England, Scotland, and Ireland, sufficient means for the erection of a fine monastery a cost of some £70,000.

The site at Fort Augustus was given by Simon Fraser, 13th Lord Lovat. It comprised the buildings of a dismantled fort, built in 1729 and originally erected for the suppression of Highland Jacobites. It had been purchased from the Government by the Lovat family, in 1867.

The monastic buildings begun in 1876 were completed in 1880, occupying the four sides of a quadrangle about one hundred feet square. In one wing a school for boys of the upper classes was conducted by the monks, with lay masters, for about sixteen years.

Tutelage of Scottish Benedictines[edit]

Clock tower

Up to the year 1882 St. Benedict's monastery remained under the jurisdiction of the Anglo-Benedictine Congregation, but in response to the wishes of the Scottish hierarchy, and of the leading Scottish nobility—notably Lords Lovat and Bute—Pope Leo XIII, by his Brief "Summâ cum animi lætitiâ", dated 12 December 1882, erected it into an independent abbey, immediately subject to the Holy See, thus separating it from English rule. When this step had been accomplished, Lord Lovat made over the property to the Scottish community, by signing the title deeds, which for a time had been held over.

In 1888 Dom Leo Linse of the Beuronese Benedictine Congregation, who had resided for more than ten years in England, part of that time as superior of Erdington Priory, near Birmingham, was nominated abbot by the Holy See and received the abbatial benediction at the hands of Archbishop Persico, who had been sent to the abbey as Apostolic Visitor. In 1889, special constitutions, based upon those of the Beuron Benedictine Congregation, were adopted, with the approval of the Holy See, for a term of ten years. These, after certain modifications suggested by experience, received definite approbation in 1901.

From 1893 the Solesmes version of the Gregorian melodies was used in all liturgical services. A church of large size, designed by Peter Paul Pugin, was commenced in 1890, replacing a temporary wooden one.

Closure[edit]

In 1993, owing to changing educational patterns in Scotland which caused a falling roll, Abbot Mark Dilworth took the decision to close the school. This left the monks with no form of outreach and a drastic drop in income. Inverness and Nairn Enterprise (part of Highlands and Islands Enterprise) introduced the monks to entrepreneur Tony Harmsworth,[1] who was commissioned to install a small Heritage exhibition to provide an immediate income for the monks while he devised a rescue package. It quickly became clear that a small business could never generate sufficient income to support the monks and the rambling Victorian buildings so a major project was begun.

The business comprised the largest private heritage exhibition in Scotland,[2] study bedrooms converted into tourist bedrooms (which could be used for retreats), a restaurant, gift shop and a number of franchised businesses including a boat operator and re-enactment centre.

The enterprises initially showed great promise, becoming a major tourism force in the Highlands, but it was discovered that the buildings needed far more spending upon them than had ever been envisaged. A larger project was being considered with finance from Historic Scotland and the Local Enterprise Company, but the business was closed down before this could be put into effect.

The heritage centre was closed in 1998 and when the monks left, the buildings, which had been leased to the monks at £5 per year, reverted to the Lovat Family and were later sold to a consortium including television presenter Terry Nutkins.[3] They, in turn, sold the abbey to the Santon Group who converted the buildings into apartments known as The Highland Club. The original abbey website from its time as one of Scotland's most prestigious visitor centres is still preserved here:.[4]

Allegations of abuse[edit]

In 2013, the Observer reported that Scottish police were investigating allegations that pupils had been subject to physical and sexual abuse while at the abbey school.[5] A BBC Scotland Investigates programme, entitled Sins of Our Fathers,[6] contained allegations that Fort Augustus Abbey was used as a "dumping ground" for clergy previously accused of abuse elsewhere, and the authorities were given inadequate notification.[7] The allegations included physical beating, verbal humiliation and sexual abuse. Since the programme was broadcast further allegations of abuse emerged.[8][9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Loch Ness Webmaster, Tony Harmsworth". Loch-ness.org. 2007-05-03. Retrieved 2013-07-30. 
  2. ^ http://www.LochNessNessieAndMe.com
  3. ^ "Historic abbey sold at auction". BBC News. 2003-06-04. Retrieved 2012-09-07. 
  4. ^ http://www.fortaugustusabbey.com
  5. ^ Deveney, Catherine (25 May 2013). "Police investigate allegations of sex abuse at Catholic boarding school". The Observer (London). Retrieved 25 May 2013. 
  6. ^ Daly, Mark (2013-07-26). "BBC News - Abuse claims at former Catholic boarding school". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-07-30. 
  7. ^ Severin Carrell, Scotland correspondent. "Ex-pupils allege they were raped and abused by monks at schools in Scotland | UK news". The Guardian. Retrieved 2013-07-30. 
  8. ^ "BBC News - Police probe Fort Augustus Abbey monk abuse claims". Bbc.co.uk. 2013-07-26. Retrieved 2013-07-30. 
  9. ^ "Police probe further abuse claims at Fort Augustus Abbey School". BBC News. 2013-08-05. 

Notes[edit]

  • Archives of Fort Augustus Abbey;
  • The Nineteenth Century (October, 1884);
  • The Catholic World (New York, September, 1895).

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Fort Augustus Abbey". Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.