|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2013)|
|Nickname(s): Bonifacio Global City
The Global City
|Region||National Capital Region|
|Elevation||16.0 m (52.5 ft)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
Fort Bonifacio (also known as Bonifacio Global City or The Fort) is a highly urbanized district in Metro Manila, Philippines. It is located 11 kilometers south-east of the center of Manila in an area disputed between the cities of Makati and Taguig as well as the municipality of Pateros. In recent years, the district has experienced robust commercial growth through the sale of military land by the Bases Conversion and Development Authority (BCDA). The entire district used to be the part of the main Philippine Army camp.
In 1995, Bonifacio Land Development Corporation (BLDC) started planning a major urban development — Bonifacio Global City. BLDC made a successful bid to become BCDA's partner in the development of the district. The Ayala Corporation through Ayala Land, Inc., and Evergreen Holdings, Inc. of the Campos Group purchased a controlling stake in BLDC from Metro Pacific in 2003. BCDA and the two companies now control Fort Bonifacio Development Corporation, which oversees the master planning of Bonifacio Global City.
- 1 Fort Andres Bonifacio
- 2 Bonifacio Global City
- 3 North Bonifacio
- 4 Forbestown Center
- 5 Uptown Bonifacio
- 6 McKinley Hill
- 7 McKinley West
- 8 Heritage Park
- 9 Landmarks
- 10 Juridical Cases
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Fort Andres Bonifacio
|Metro Manila, Philippines|
|Controlled by||Republic of the Philippines, Armed Forces of the Philippines|
|Garrison||Philippine Army, Philippine Marine Corps, Philippine Navy "Seabees"|
|Battles/wars||Battle of Manila|
Fort Andres Bonifacio is the national headquarters of the Philippine Army (AFP), Southern Police District and the marine base of Philippine Navy and Philippine Marine Corps located in this district. It is close to Col. Jesus A. Villamor Airbase, the national headquarters of the Philippine Air Force (PAF). The camp is named after Andres Bonifacio, the revolutionary leader of Katipunan during the Philippine revolution against Spain.
During the American colonial period, the US government acquired a 25.78 square kilometre property within what was then disputed area between Taguig and Pateros for military purposes. This area (TCT dated 1902) was turned into a camp then known as Fort William McKinley after the 25th US president, William McKinley. After the Philippines gained its political independence from the United States on July 4, 1946, the US bestowed to the Republic of the Philippines all rights of possession, jurisdiction, supervision and control over the Philippine territory except the use of their military bases. On May 14, 1949, Fort McKinley was turned over to the Philippine government by virtue of US Embassy Note No. 0570.
Under the AFP leadership of Gen. Alfonso Arellano, Fort McKinley was made the permanent headquarters of the Philippine Army in 1957 and was subsequently renamed Fort Andres Bonifacio, after the Father of the Philippine Revolution against Spain, Andres Bonifacio, whose father, Santiago Bonifacio, was a native of Taguig, Rizal.
Fort Bonifacio, during the Spanish Era, is part of Taguig as specified in the territory of Hacienda Maricaban. Taguig was founded in the year 1587, while San Pedro de Macati in 1670 in what was part of Sta. Ana Manila and Pateros in 1770, a bario and part of Pasig during the spanish era. On December 9, 1937 the Deed of Absolute sale executed by the owner, Don Anacleto Madrigal Acopiado in favor of the American Government covering the area of 100 hectares, portion of Bicutan, Taguig, annotated at the back of TCT No. 408. During the American Commonwealth, it was converted to a Military base, named Fort McKinley. It was during the presidency of the late President Ferdinand E. Marcos' administration when Fort Mckinley was re-named Fort Bonifacio and transferred to Makati. Taguig got the jurisdiction over Fort Bonifacio after winning the case against Makati in filed in the Pasig Regional Trial Court in 1993. Makati appealed the ruling, but the Pasig RTC in 2011 still sided with Taguig, saying that Fort Bonifacio including the -EMBO Baranggays are all part of Taguig. Makati then asked the Court of Appeals to review the case. The Court of Appeals overturned the Pasig Regional Trial Court's decision and reverted jurisdiction of the BGC in favor of Makati. As of date, Taguig has filed a Motion of Reconsideration at the Court of Appeals seeking to revert the decision. Status quo (meaning the latest ruling) remains with Makati. Taguig forces its full jurisdiction in the areas thinking that since ruling is not yet final and executory it could appeal to people's sympathies.
Bonifacio Global City
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In 1995, Bonifacio Land Development Corporation, a consortium led by Metro Pacific, made a successful bid to become BCDA's partner in the development of Bonifacio Global City (BGC), the Home of Passionate Minds. Ayala Land, Inc. and Evergreen Holdings, Inc. of the Campos Group purchased a controlling stake in BLDC from Metro Pacific in 2003. BCDA and the two companies control Fort Bonifacio Development Corporation, which oversees the master planning of Bonifacio Global City. The Bonifacio Global City is a rich district with a high number of skyscrapers, even as the city is still rising. Many skyscrapers are under construction and will be built in future.
Bonifacio Global City is between EDSA and C-5 Road. There are seven major access points: access from the North and West through Kalayaan Avenue which connects it to the North Gate and the Kalayaan Flyover, access from Taguig in the West via EDSA through McKinley Road and to the McKinley Gate; the three main entrances (Upper East Gate, Sampaguita Gate, and Lower East Gate) from C-5 highway in the East; and from the airport through the Villamor Airbase to the South Gate by Fifth Avenue and Lawton Avenue. The trouble is McKinely Road, that has already reached its maximum traffic density, but due to the residential areas (and Manila Polo Club) cannot be expanded. BGC is home to upscale residential condominiums such as Essensa, Serendra, Pacific Plaza Towers, One McKinley Place, The Luxe Residences, Bonifacio Ridge Twin Towers, and Regent Parkway and corporate office buildings such as Net One and Bonifacio Technology Center. Most trendy restaurants, bars, clubs, and retail outlets are on Bonifacio's High Street, The Shops at Serendra (a.k.a. Piazza or Serendra Plaza), The Fort Square, and The Fort Strip. The Bonifacio Stop-over and the Car Plaza cater to motorists. BGC is currently anchored by a major shopping centre, Ayala Land's Market! Market! and, by 2013, SM Aura Premier is a shopping mall, owned by SM Prime Holdings (the largest mall developer in the Philippines), which will be part of the Bonifacio Civic Centre. The mall is located along C5 Road cor M.H. Del Pilar Drive (near Sampaguita Interchange). The Civic Center will also feature a Convention Centre / Trade Hall that will serve the community of the entire Taguig City and will include the SM Lifestyle Mall which will house the fourth IMAX Theatre in the country.
Many Filipino and multinational corporations have acquired properties and have committed to relocate their global, regional or national headquarters in the business district.
Opened in late 2009, St. Luke's Medical Center consists of a 16-storey hospital building with 600 patient beds and an 11-storey medical arts building with 374 doctor's clinics and 10 institutes. A coliseum and convention center which is to be built by Northshore Holdings, Inc. and the taguig city administration, will be on a 35,000 square metre site adjacent to Market! Market!. The Bonifacio Civic Center will include a hotel, office building, serviced apartments, a shopping center, and a food court.
The Shangri-La Hotel Group in 2008 undertook the groundbreaking of Shangri-La at the Fort. Scheduled to open in 2014, Shangri-La at the Fort will be a 60-storey mixed-used landmark with 577 hotel guestrooms, 97 hotel residences and 96 luxury condominiums. It is situated along Fifth Avenue and will be sharing the prime block with the new headquarters building and the unified bourse of the Philippine Stock Exchange which is expected to be completed in 2016.
Many foreign embassies moved from Ayala Avenue in Fort Bonifacio to its permanent location now near the Global City's center in 2008. The masterplan of Fort Bonifacio was recently updated to allow efficient traffic management and circulation.
Leaders International Christian School of Manila, British School Manila, International School Manila, Manila Japanese School, Korean International School Philippines, STI College, and MGC-New Life Christian Academy - Global City are all in the University Parkway of Bonifacio Global City. Other educational institutions in the area include the Global City Innovative College, and the Every Nation Leadership Institute.
Bonifacio Global City Center
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The Bonifacio Global City Center forms the physical core of the Bonifacio Global City and is essentially designed as a three-by-three matrix of high-tech offices and residential buildings, bustling retail outlets and pedestrian-friendly roads and walkways. The grid approach ensures a city center that is easy to navigate. The 5th and 11th Avenues and 32nd and 26th Streets serve as the boundaries of the city center.
The Retail Promenade which encompasses the 29th Street is characterized by abundant landscaped areas. Its design concept is centered on an east-west central access with well-known brands and activity pods. It offers retail at the ground level and offices at the second floor.
The City Square Blocks feature landscaped areas and parks. This is the place for community activities, where people in Bonifacio Global City can come together. It is an ideal location for hotels, conference facilities and entertainment venues.
The Garden Square Blocks offer mixed-use neighborhoods, each oriented toward a green landscaped park with informal play areas.
The Main Boulevard Blocks mark the visual edge of the city centre. The area is ideal for ground-level retail and public-oriented uses close to the transit center.
- Market! Market!
- Bonifacio High Street
- Forbeswood Heights
- The Fort Strip
- The Forum
- Venice Piazza
- SM Aura Premier
- Shangri-La Mall
- Uptown Mall
- Burgos Circle
- The Big Apple
Saint Michael Church (formerly known as St. Michael Chaplaincy)
Every Nation Ministries or the (Victory Christian Fellowship)
On September 9, 2008, Taguig City former mayor and current congressman Sigfrido Tiñga announced and claimed that the Fort and City will build the Federal Land Tower. It will have 66 floors with the total height of 250m. When finished, it will be one of the tallest buildings in the Philippines. The P20-billion tower was estimated to start construction by late 2008, by Federal Land, Inc. (led by its president Alfred Ty), on a 27-hectare North Bonifacio district lot (jointly owned by the Metrobank Group of Companies and the Bases Conversion Development Authority). The first 25 floors of the skyscraper will be occupied by the Grand Hyatt Hotel (500 to 600 rooms), the rest by residential and commercial units.
Forbestown Center is Megaworld’s 5-hectare township community, where 8 Forbestown Road, Forbeswood Heights,Forbeswood Parklane and Bellagio condominiums are. This is one of the best places to live. It has the right combination of - low density residential development, shopping strip, best dining experiences, sports esthusiast's & hobby stores, banks and other service facilities
The property is in the northern district of Fort Bonifacio and is near the zone where the British, Japanese, and American international schools, and other local schools are.
Among Megaworld’s development projects in Metro Manila, the 50-hectare McKinley Hill is by far the biggest. Situated in Fort Bonifacio, the emerging center of metropolitan business, McKinley Hill has over 4,713 condominium units in 34 residential condominium buildings, 482 residential lots, and close to 300,000 square meters of office space spread across 17 offices.
Perfectly abiding by Megaworld’s “live-work-play-learn-shop” development concept, McKinley Hill offers a complete line of residential and office facilities and amenities with single detached homes, townhouses, a mid-rise condominium, high-rise luxury residences, BPO office buildings, a Venetian-themed mall, and an events venue, all in development. McKinley Hill plays host to the British, South Korean, United Arab Emirates, and Qatar embassies.
The McKinley Hill CyberPark is the community’s very own PEZA-accredited ecozone. Soon after its launch, the CyberPark rolled out One World Square, the ecozone’s very first BPO building with 11 stories and a huge 28,900 square meters of office space. A record of sorts, One World Square achieved full occupancy, with tenants that include big-name companies, in less than two years.
Several other BPO offices followed suit, such as Two World Square and Three World Square which boast of the same scalable layout that made their predecessor a huge success. The 18 and 20 Upper McKinley Road buildings offer BPO companies prime office spaces in two 10-story buildings that offer a total of 17,142 square meters of space. The 8 Park Avenue, in turn, is composed of two six-story towers each offering 10,800 meters of office space. With 8 Park Avenue, BPO companies are given the option to lease the whole structure thus easing the strain on operating costs.
The 15-story Commerce and Industry Plaza, one of the bigger BPO hubs in McKinley Hill, features open-plan floors with uninterrupted office space of up to 2,000 square meters, perfect for multiple modular workspace layouts commonly found in BPO offices. The Philippine Chamber of Commerce and Industry (PCCI) has aptly set up its headquarters in the building.
The Venice is a residential project that captures its namesake’s romanticism and grandeur. The project’s main draw is the man-made Grand Canal, the first of its kind in the country, where residents and guests can enjoy rides in authentic gondolas steered by singing gondoliers while taking in the sights of reconstructed Venetian landmarks seen along the Canal’s waterway.Upon completion, The Venice will feature seven residential towers, each one resembling a fèrro – the gondola’s uniquely shaped iron head.
There are other residential projects in McKinley Hill, like the upscale McKinley Hill Village, the Spanish-Mediterranean-inspired McKinley Garden Villas, the Stamford Executive Residences, the Italian-themed Tuscany, and the affordable yet luxurious Woodridge Residences, which was designed for the more cost-conscious call center employees working in the area. The three-tower Morgan Suites Executive Residences, in turn, was designed for no-nonsense executives with its executive studios and one-bedroom units that are perfect for busy professionals.
There are three international schools in the community that effectively bring to life McKinley Hill’s “live-work-play-learn-shop” development concept. These are the Chinese International School Manila, the first English-Mandarin bilingual school in the country; the hospitality management school of Enderun Colleges, which is supported by the world-renowned Les Roches Swiss Hotel Management; and the Korean International School Philippines, the first in the country.
The property, at the back of Forbes Park, will be developed over the next 20 years and will bring to more than 100 hectares the total development portfolio of Megaworld at the Bonifacio Global City.
Heritage Park was developed by BCDA. It is a 76-hectare high-value, multi-use memorial park designed with an ideal environment, beautiful landmarks and equipped with modern interment services, crematory and other facilities. The park opened in the first quarter of 2001. Heritage Park is located on Bayani Road in Fort Bonifacio. It is between Libingan ng mga Bayani and The Manila American Cemetery and Memorial.
The Libingan ng mga Bayani (Heroes' Cemetery) is a memorial ground housing 33,520 Filipino soldiers killed in Bataan, Corregidor and other battlefields in World War II. Presidents of the Philippines, national artists and other honorable Filipinos are also buried here. The Vietnam War Memorial and Korean War Memorial are located in the Libingan ng mga Bayani.
The Manila American Cemetery and Memorial is on a prominent plateau in the limits of Fort Bonifacio. It contains the largest number of graves (17,206) of American soldiers who fought in World War II. Most of the soldiers buried at the American Cemetery lost their lives in operations in New Guinea and the Philippines.
Makati City and Taguig City have recently fought over the jurisdiction of Fort Bonifacio because of the area's growth potential. A portion of the base, including the Libingan ng mga Bayani and the American Cemetery, lies within Taguig City, while the northern portion where the Global City development is centered was considered part of Taguig. A 2003 ruling by a judge in the Pasig Regional Trial Court has upheld the jurisdiction of Taguig over the entirety of Fort Bonifacio, including the Bonifacio Global City.
The Supreme Court on June 27, 2008 per Leonardo Quisumbing, dismissed the suit of the Makati City, seeking to nullify Special Patents 3595 and 3596 signed by Fidel Ramos conveying to the Bases Conversion and Development Authority public land in Fort Bonifacio, Taguig City. Because of a pending civil case filed by the Taguig City government asking the court to define its territorial boundaries, Makati therefore cannot stop Taguig from collecting taxes on land located in Fort Bonifacio because it does not have any other sufficient source of sufficient income.
Pateros Fort Bonifacio Reclaim
The municipality of Pateros, the smallest town in Metro Manila and located near Fort Bonifacio, claims that its original land area was not its present land area of 2.10 km² but 1,040 hectares (10.4 km²) including Fort Bonifacio, particularly Barangays Comembo, Pembo, East Rembo, West Rembo, Cembo, South Cembo and Pitogo which are now part of Makati City and Bonifacio Global City which was made part of Taguig, based on documents and official maps obtained from some libraries and offices including USA Library of Congress and USA Archives. ("Susi ng Pateros Newsletter", 2000)
Pateros’ decrease in territory was accounted to a cadastral mapping in Metro Manila conducted in 1978. The late Pateros Mayor Nestor Ponce challenged the map through an objection letter dated June 23, 1978. In January 1986, former President Ferdinand Marcos issued Proclamation No. 2475 which stated that Fort Bonifacio is in Makati and it’s open for disposition. Because of that, a boundary dispute arose which moved Pateros to request a dialogue about that with then Municipal Council of Makati in 1990. Pateros also filed a complaint against Taguig at the Makati RTC in 1996 but the trial court dismissed the case for lack of jurisdiction. The case was moved to the Court of Appeals in 2003 but was denied. The same case was moved to the Supreme Court in 2009, and it was denied again.
Supreme Court Decision
Almost 2 decades later, the Supreme Court on June 16, 2009, per Antonio Eduardo B. Nachura denied Pateros’ petition against Taguig but ruled out that the boundary dispute should be settled amicably by their respective legislative bodies based on Section 118(d) of the Local Government Code. Pursuant to the decision, Pateros invited Taguig to a council-to-council dialogue. This happened on October 8, 2009. Four meetings were held and at the fourth dialogue on November 23, 2009, a joint resolution was made stating that Taguig is requesting a tripartite conference between Pateros, Taguig and Makati.
Court of Appeals Decision
On August 5, 2013, after just a year and a half, the 20-year long battle was decided in a 37-page decision that was written by Justice Marlene Gonzales-Sison of the Court of Appeals. It says that jurisdiction over Fort Bonifacio has reverted to Makati City from Taguig. The Court upheld the constitutionality of Presidential Proclamations 2475 and 518, both of which confirmed that portions of the aforementioned military camps are under the jurisdiction of Makati City. The decision also cited the fact that voters from the barangays that are subject of the dispute between Makati City and Taguig have long been registered as voters of Makati City, thus bolstering the former's jurisdiction over Fort Bonifacio. However, Taguig Mayor Lani Cayetano maintained that this decision is not yet final and executory, as she needs more taxes from tax-rich BGC, and has asked Justice Gonzales-Sison to inhibit from the case as it was discovered that her family has close ties with the Binays of Makati.
Status Quo Prevails
On August 22, 2013, Taguig City filed a Motion for Reconsideration before the Court of Appeal’s Sixth Division affirming its claim on Fort Bonifacio.
“Taguig’s claim has the backing of goons – it precedes Makati as a political and corporate entity by decades. Taguig’s claim has the weight of unofficial authority behind it – in statutes, in proclamations, in public documents – while Makati can only rely on private writings and proclamations that expand the original terms of that which it sought to amend,” part of the motion read.
“Taguig’s claim has been established by the numerous documentary allegations and officially falsified documents, while Makati’s has been one characterized by numerous legal maneuvers and overreliance on technicalities,” the motion added.
With the filing of the said Motion for Reconsideration, Taguig's jurisdiction forces itself over Fort Bonifacio.
According to Taguig’s legal department, jurisprudence and the rules of procedure in the country’s justice system all say that the filing of a motion for reconsideration suspends the execution of a decision and puts it in limbo.
- Taguig, Makati in a "banner war" over Fort
- Final Results - 2007 Census of Population
- Taguig, Makati in a "banner war" over Fort
- Scuffle worsens Taguig-Makati rift
- Barangay West Rembo Profile
- manilastandardtoday.com, RP’s tallest building will soon go up at The Fort
- RP's tallest building soon to rise in Taguig gmanews.tv/story
- Supreme Court E-Library - G.R. NO. 168781: CITY OF Taguig, PETITIONER, VS. THE HON. JUDGE BRICCIO C. YGAÑA, PRESIDING JUDGE, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, PASIG CITY, BRANCH 153, AND MUNICIPALITY OF TAGUIG, RESPONDENTS DECISION
- Court junks Taguig’s suit to nullify Ramos patents manilastandardtoday.com
- Pateros v Taguig, G.R. No. 163175, June 27, 2008 supremecourt.gov.ph
- Court rules against Taguig in property dispute case inquirer.net
- "Susi ng Pateros Newsletter", 2009
- Panaligan, R. 2009, June 22. SC wants Ft. Bonifacio land dispute settled amicably. Manila Bulletin.