Fort Bonifacio

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Fort Bonifacio
Skyline of Bonifacio Global City
Skyline of Bonifacio Global City
Nickname(s): Bonifacio Global City
The Global City
The Fort
Coordinates: 14°33′11″N 121°3′8″E / 14.55306°N 121.05222°E / 14.55306; 121.05222
Country  Philippines
Region National Capital Region
Local Government disputeda[1] pref. Taguig City
Elevation 16.0 m (52.5 ft)
Population (2007)[2]
 • Total 20,741
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 2
Website www.fbdcorp.com
a Currently disputed between two cities: Makati and Taguig.

Fort Bonifacio (also known as Bonifacio Global City, BGC or The Fort) is a highly urbanized district in Metro Manila, Philippines. It is located 11 kilometers south-east of the center of Manila in an area disputed between the cities of Makati and Taguig[1][3] as well as the municipality of Pateros. In recent years, the district has experienced robust commercial growth through the sale of military land by the Bases Conversion and Development Authority (BCDA). The entire district used to be the part of the main Philippine Army camp.

In 1995, Bonifacio Land Development Corporation (BLDC) started planning a major urban development—Bonifacio Global City. BLDC made a successful bid to become BCDA's partner in the development of the district. The Ayala Corporation through Ayala Land, Inc., and Evergreen Holdings, Inc. of the Campos Group purchased a controlling stake in BLDC from Metro Pacific in 2003. BCDA and the two companies now control Fort Bonifacio Development Corporation, which oversees the master planning of Bonifacio Global City.

Fort Andres Bonifacio[edit]

Main article: Fort Andres Bonifacio
Fort Andres Bonifacio
Metro Manila, Philippines
FvfPArmy0240 06.JPG
Main Gate of the Philippine Army Headquarters
Type Military Base
Site information
Controlled by Republic of the Philippines, Armed Forces of the Philippines
Site history
Built 1930s
In use 1940s–present
Materials Concrete, Steel
Battles/wars Battle of Manila
Garrison information
Garrison Philippine Army, Philippine Marine Corps, Philippine Navy "Seabees", Southern Police District Headquarters

Fort Andres Bonifacio is the national headquarters of the Philippine Army (AFP), Southern Police District and the marine base of Philippine Navy and Philippine Marine Corps located in this district. It is close to Col. Jesus A. Villamor Airbase, the national headquarters of the Philippine Air Force (PAF). The camp is named after Andres Bonifacio, the revolutionary leader of Katipunan during the Philippine revolution against Spain.

Philippine Scouts at Fort McKinley (called today Fort Bonifacio) firing a 37-mm antitank gun in training

During the American colonial period, the US government acquired a 25.78 square kilometre property within what was then disputed area between Makati, Taguig and Pateros for military purposes. This area (TCT dated 1902) was turned into a camp then known as Fort William McKinley after the 25th US president, William McKinley. After the Philippines gained its political independence from the United States on July 4, 1946, the US bestowed to the Republic of the Philippines all rights of possession, jurisdiction, supervision and control over the Philippine territory except the use of their military bases. On May 14, 1949, Fort McKinley was turned over to the Philippine government by virtue of US Embassy Note No. 0570.

Under the AFP leadership of Gen. Alfonso Arellano, Fort McKinley was made the permanent headquarters of the Philippine Army in 1957 and was subsequently renamed Fort Andres Bonifacio,[4] after the Father of the Philippine Revolution against Spain, Andres Bonifacio, whose father, Santiago Bonifacio, was a native of Taguig, Rizal.

Fort Bonifacio, during the Spanish Era, Taguig was founded in the year 1587, while San Pedro de Macati in 1670 in what was part of Sta. Ana Manila and Pateros in 1770, a bario and part of Pasig during the Spanish era. On December 9, 1937 the Deed of Absolute sale executed by the owner, Don Anacleto Madrigal Acopiado in favor of the American Government covering the area of 100 hectares, portion of Bicutan, Taguig, annotated at the back of TCT No. 408. During the American Commonwealth, it was converted to a Military base, named Fort McKinley. It was during the presidency of the late President Ferdinand E. Marcos' administration when Fort Mckinley was renamed Fort Bonifacio and transferred to Makati. Taguig got the jurisdiction over Fort Bonifacio after winning the case against Makati in filed in the Pasig Regional Trial Court in 1993. Makati appealed the ruling, but the Pasig RTC in 2011 still sided with Taguig, saying that Fort Bonifacio including the -EMBO Baranggays are all part of Taguig. Makati then asked the Court of Appeals to review the case. The Court of Appeals overturned the Pasig Regional Trial Court's decision and reverted jurisdiction of the BGC in favor of Makati. As of date, Taguig has filed a Motion of Reconsideration at the Court of Appeals seeking to revert the decision. Status quo (meaning the latest ruling) remains with Makati. Taguig currently has de facto control over the area.

Bonifacio Global City[edit]

Map of Bonifacio Global City.
The Burgos Circle at the Bonifacio Global City
The Bonifacio High Street
A fountain sculpture at the Bonifacio High Street
Description of the atmosphere at Bonifacio High Street in the evening
International School Manila

In 1995, Bonifacio Land Development Corporation, a consortium led by Metro Pacific, made a successful bid to become BCDA's partner in the development of Bonifacio Global City (BGC), the Home of Passionate Minds. Ayala Land, Inc. and Evergreen Holdings, Inc. of the Campos Group purchased a controlling stake in BLDC from Metro Pacific in 2003. BCDA and the two companies control Fort Bonifacio Development Corporation, which oversees the master planning of Bonifacio Global City. The Bonifacio Global City is a rich district with a high number of skyscrapers, even as the city is still rising. Many skyscrapers are under construction and will be built in future.[citation needed]

Bonifacio Global City is between EDSA and C-5 Road. There are seven major access points: access from the North and West through Kalayaan Avenue which connects it to the North Gate and the Kalayaan Flyover, access from Taguig in the West via EDSA through McKinley Road and to the McKinley Gate; the three main entrances (Upper East Gate, Sampaguita Gate, and Lower East Gate) from C-5 highway in the East; and from the airport through the Villamor Airbase to the South Gate by Fifth Avenue and Lawton Avenue. The trouble is McKinely Road, that has already reached its maximum traffic density, but due to the residential areas (and Manila Polo Club) cannot be expanded. BGC is home to upscale residential condominiums such as Essensa, Serendra, Pacific Plaza Towers, One McKinley Place, The Luxe Residences, Bonifacio Ridge Twin Towers, and Regent Parkway and corporate office buildings such as Net One and Bonifacio Technology Center. Most trendy restaurants, bars, clubs, and retail outlets are on Bonifacio's High Street, The Shops at Serendra (a.k.a. Piazza or Serendra Plaza), The Fort Square, and The Fort Strip. The Bonifacio Stop-over and the Car Plaza cater to motorists. BGC is currently anchored by a major shopping centre, Ayala Land's Market! Market! and, by 2013, SM Aura Premier is a shopping mall, owned by SM Prime Holdings (the largest mall developer in the Philippines), which will be part of the Bonifacio Civic Centre. The mall is located along C5 Road cor M.H. Del Pilar Drive (near Sampaguita Interchange). The Civic Center will also feature a Convention Centre / Trade Hall that will serve the community of the entire Taguig City and will include the SM Lifestyle Mall which will house the fourth IMAX Theatre in the country.

Many Filipino and multinational corporations have acquired properties and have committed to relocate their global, regional or national headquarters in the business district.

Opened in late 2009, St. Luke's Medical Center consists of a 16-storey hospital building with 600 patient beds and an 11-storey medical arts building with 374 doctor's clinics and 10 institutes. A coliseum and convention center which is to be built by Northshore Holdings, Inc. and the taguig city administration, will be on a 35,000 square metre site adjacent to Market! Market!. The Bonifacio Civic Center will include a hotel, office building, serviced apartments, a shopping center, and a food court.[citation needed]

The Shangri-La Hotel Group in 2008 undertook the groundbreaking of Shangri-La at the Fort. Scheduled to open in 2014, Shangri-La at the Fort will be a 60-storey mixed-used landmark with 577 hotel guestrooms, 97 hotel residences and 96 luxury condominiums. It is situated along Fifth Avenue and will be sharing the prime block with the new headquarters building and the unified bourse of the Philippine Stock Exchange which is expected to be completed in 2016.

Many foreign embassies moved from Ayala Avenue in Fort Bonifacio to its permanent location now near the Global City's center in 2008. The masterplan of Fort Bonifacio was recently updated to allow efficient traffic management and circulation.

Educational Institutions[edit]

Leaders International Christian School of Manila, British School Manila, International School Manila, Manila Japanese School, Korean International School Philippines, Treston International College, STI College, and MGC-New Life Christian Academy - Global City are all in the University Parkway of Bonifacio Global City. Other educational institutions in the area include the Global City Innovative College, and the Every Nation Leadership Institute.

Bonifacio Global City Center[edit]

Skyline of Fort Bonifacio Global City, viewed from the South of Market North Tower.

The Bonifacio Global City Center forms the physical core of the Bonifacio Global City and is essentially designed as a three-by-three matrix of high-tech offices and residential buildings, bustling retail outlets and pedestrian-friendly roads and walkways. The grid approach ensures a city center that is easy to navigate. The 5th and 11th Avenues and 32nd and 26th Streets serve as the boundaries of the city center.[citation needed]

The Retail Promenade which encompasses the 29th Street is characterized by abundant landscaped areas. Its design concept is centered on an east-west central access with well-known brands and activity pods. It offers retail at the ground level and offices at the second floor.[citation needed]

The City Square Blocks feature landscaped areas and parks. This is the place for community activities, where people in Bonifacio Global City can come together. It is an ideal location for hotels, conference facilities and entertainment venues.[citation needed]

View of the north part of the Two Serendra quarters, with the Encino buildings in front.

Shopping areas[edit]

Church[edit]

Saint Michael Church (formerly known as St. Michael Chaplaincy)

Every Nation Ministries or the (Victory Christian Fellowship)

New Life Christian Center Taguig (located inside the Market! Market! Mall)

St. Pedro Calungsod Chapel (Diocese of Pasig) (located inside SM Aura Premier)

North Bonifacio[edit]

Manila Golf Club course

The P20-billion tower was estimated to start construction by late 2008, by Federal Land, Inc. (led by its president Alfred Ty), on a 27-hectare North Bonifacio district lot (jointly owned by the Metrobank Group of Companies and the Bases Conversion Development Authority). The first 25 floors of the skyscraper will be occupied by the Grand Hyatt Hotel (500 to 600 rooms), the rest by residential and commercial units.[5][6]

Forbes Town Center[edit]

Forbes Town Center is Megaworld's 5-hectare township community, where 8 Forbestown Road, Forbeswood Heights, Forbeswood Parklane and Bellagio condominiums are. It has a combination of low density residential development, shopping strip, dining experiences, sports enthusiast's and hobby stores, banks and other service facilities.[citation needed]

Uptown Bonifacio[edit]

Uptown Bonifacio is a new 15-hectare property located in the northern district of Fort Bonifacio. Megaworld Corporation plans to build new luxury residential condominiums and mixed-use business and commercial developments in the area that cater to upper to middle class markets. The area is near the zone where the British, Japanese, and American international schools, and other local schools are located. Aside from schools, Uptown Bonifacio is also located near some of the most popular landmarks in Bonifacio Global City—the entertainment hubs of Forbes Town Center, Bonifacio High Street, and the Fort Strip. It is also located near the popular Mind Museum.[citation needed]

McKinley Hill[edit]

Upper McKinley Road at McKinley Hill
Manila American Cemetery and Memorial
Libingan ng mga Bayani

Among Megaworld's development projects in Metro Manila, the 50-hectare McKinley Hill is by far the biggest. Situated in Fort Bonifacio, the emerging center of metropolitan business, McKinley Hill has over 4,713 condominium units in 34 residential condominium buildings, 482 residential lots, and close to 300,000 square meters of office space spread across 17 offices.[citation needed]

Perfectly abiding by Megaworld's "live-work-play-learn-shop" development concept, McKinley Hill offers a complete line of residential and office facilities and amenities with single detached homes, townhouses, a mid-rise condominium, high-rise luxury residences, BPO office buildings, a Venetian-themed mall, and an events venue, all in development.[citation needed] McKinley Hill plays host to the British, South Korean, United Arab Emirates, and Qatar embassies.

There are three international schools, which are the Chinese International School Manila, the first English-Mandarin bilingual school in the country; the hospitality management school of Enderun Colleges, which is supported by the world-renowned Les Roches Swiss Hotel Management; and the Korean International School Philippines, the first in the country.

McKinley West[edit]

The property, at the back of Forbes Park, will be developed over the next 20 years and will bring to more than 100 hectares the total development portfolio of Megaworld at the Bonifacio Global City.

Heritage Park[edit]

Heritage Park was developed by BCDA. It is a 76-hectare high-value, multi-use memorial park designed with landmarks and equipped with modern interment services, crematory and other facilities. The park opened in the first quarter of 2001. Heritage Park is located on Bayani Road in Fort Bonifacio. It is between Libingan ng mga Bayani and The Manila American Cemetery and Memorial.

Landmarks[edit]

The Libingan ng mga Bayani (Heroes' Cemetery) is a memorial ground housing 33,520 Filipino soldiers killed in Bataan, Corregidor and other battlefields in World War II. Presidents of the Philippines, national artists and other honorable Filipinos are also buried here. The Vietnam War Memorial and Korean War Memorial are located in the Libingan ng mga Bayani.

The Manila American Cemetery and Memorial is on a prominent plateau in the limits of Fort Bonifacio. It contains the largest number of graves (17,206) of American soldiers who fought in World War II. Most of the soldiers buried at the American Cemetery lost their lives in operations in New Guinea and the Philippines.

Juridical Cases[edit]

Contested territory of Bonifacio Global City between Makati and Taguig

Makati City and Taguig City have recently fought over the jurisdiction of Fort Bonifacio because of the area's growth potential. A portion of the base, including the Libingan ng mga Bayani and the American Cemetery, lies within Taguig City, while the northern portion where the Global City development is centered was considered part of Taguig. A 2003 ruling by a judge in the Pasig Regional Trial Court has upheld the jurisdiction of Taguig over the entirety of Fort Bonifacio, including the Bonifacio Global City.[7]

Ruling[edit]

The Supreme Court on June 27, 2008 per Leonardo Quisumbing, dismissed the suit of the Makati City, seeking to nullify Special Patents 3595 and 3596 signed by Fidel Ramos conveying to the Bases Conversion and Development Authority public land in Fort Bonifacio, Taguig City. Because of a pending civil case filed by the Taguig City government asking the court to define its territorial boundaries, Makati therefore cannot stop Taguig from collecting taxes on land located in Fort Bonifacio because it does not have any other sufficient source of sufficient income.[8][9][10]

Pateros Fort Bonifacio Reclaim[edit]

The municipality of Pateros, the smallest town in Metro Manila and located near Fort Bonifacio, claims that its original land area was not its present land area of 2.10 km2 but 1,040 hectares (10.4 km2) including Fort Bonifacio, particularly Barangays Comembo, Pembo, East Rembo, West Rembo, Cembo, South Cembo and Pitogo which are now part of Makati City and Bonifacio Global City which was made part of Taguig, based on documents and official maps obtained from some libraries and offices including USA Library of Congress and USA Archives. ("Susi ng Pateros Newsletter", 2000)

Pateros' decrease in territory was accounted to a cadastral mapping in Metro Manila conducted in 1978. The late Pateros Mayor Nestor Ponce challenged the map through an objection letter dated June 23, 1978. In January 1986, former President Ferdinand Marcos issued Proclamation No. 2475 which stated that Fort Bonifacio is in Makati and it's open for disposition. Because of that, a boundary dispute arose which moved Pateros to request a dialogue about that with then Municipal Council of Makati in 1990. Pateros also filed a complaint against Taguig at the Makati RTC in 1996 but the trial court dismissed the case for lack of jurisdiction. The case was moved to the Court of Appeals in 2003 but was denied. The same case was moved to the Supreme Court in 2009, and it was denied again.[11]

Supreme Court Decision[edit]

Almost 2 decades later, the Supreme Court on June 16, 2009, per Antonio Eduardo B. Nachura denied Pateros’ petition against Taguig but ruled out that the boundary dispute should be settled amicably by their respective legislative bodies based on Section 118(d) of the Local Government Code.[12] Pursuant to the decision, Pateros invited Taguig to a council-to-council dialogue. This happened on October 8, 2009. Four meetings were held and at the fourth dialogue on November 23, 2009, a joint resolution was made stating that Taguig is requesting a tripartite conference between Pateros, Taguig and Makati.

Court of Appeals Decision[edit]

On August 5, 2013, after just a year and a half, the 20-year long battle was decided in a 37-page decision that was written by Justice Marlene Gonzales-Sison of the Court of Appeals. It says that jurisdiction over Fort Bonifacio has reverted to Makati City from Taguig. The Court upheld the constitutionality of Presidential Proclamations 2475 and 518, both of which confirmed that portions of the aforementioned military camps are under the jurisdiction of Makati City. The decision also cited the fact that voters from the barangays that are subject of the dispute between Makati City and Taguig have long been registered as voters of Makati City, thus bolstering the former's jurisdiction over Fort Bonifacio. However, Taguig Mayor Lani Cayetano maintained that this decision is not yet final and executory, and has asked Justice Gonzales-Sison to inhibit from the case as it was discovered that her family has close ties with the Binays of Makati.

Status Quo Prevails[edit]

On August 22, 2013, Taguig City filed a Motion for Reconsideration before the Court of Appeal's Sixth Division affirming its claim on Fort Bonifacio.[13]

"Taguig's claim has the backing of history—it precedes Makati as a political and corporate entity by decades. Taguig's claim has the weight of official authority behind it—in statutes, in proclamations, in public documents—while Makati can only rely on private writings and proclamations that expand the original terms of that which it sought to amend," part of the motion read.

"Taguig's claim has been established by the numerous documentary and official documents, while Makati's has been one characterized by numerous legal maneuvers and overreliance on technicalities," the motion added.

With the filing of the said Motion for Reconsideration, Taguig's jurisdiction forces itself over Fort Bonifacio.

According to Taguig's legal department, jurisprudence and the rules of procedure in the country's justice system all say that the filing of a motion for reconsideration suspends the execution of a decision and puts it in limbo.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]