|Cumberland / Hoke / Moore / Harnett counties,
near Fayetteville, North Carolina
|Shoulder sleeve insignia of units stationed at Fort Bragg|
|Controlled by||United States|
|In use||1918 – present|
|Garrison|| XVIII Airborne Corps
For tenant units, See below
Fort Bragg is a major United States Army installation, located in Cumberland, Hoke, Harnett and Moore counties, North Carolina, mostly in Fayetteville but also partly in the town of Spring Lake. It was also a census-designated place in the 2010 Census, during which a population of 39,457 was identified. The fort is named for Confederate general Braxton Bragg. It covers over 251 square miles (650 km2). It is the home of the US Army airborne forces and Special Forces, as well as U.S. Army Forces Command and U.S. Army Reserve Command.
|Fort Bragg, North Carolina|
|• Total||251.0 sq mi (650.2 km2)|
|• Land||249.7 sq mi (646.8 km2)|
|• Water||1.3 sq mi (3.4 km2)|
|• Density||1,540.0/sq mi (594.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||28307, 28310|
World War I
Camp Bragg was established in 1918, as an artillery training ground. The aim was for six artillery brigades to be stationed there and $6,000,000 was spent on the land and cantonments. There was an airfield on the camp used by aircraft and balloons for artillery spotters which was named Pope Field on April 1, 1919 in honor of First Lieutenant Harley H. Pope an airman who was killed while flying nearby. The work on the camp was finished on November 1, 1919. It was named to honor a native North Carolinian, Gen. Braxton Bragg, who commanded Confederate States Army forces in the Civil War.
The original plan for six brigades was abandoned after World War I ended and once demobilisation had started. The artillery men, their equipment and material from Camp McClellan, Alabama were moved over to Fort Bragg and testing began on long range weapons that were a product of the war. The six artillery brigades were reduced to two containments and a garrison was to be built for Army troops as well as a National Guard training center. In early 1921 two field artillery units the 13th and 17th Field Artillery Brigades began training at Camp Bragg.
Due to the post war cutbacks the camp was nearly closed for good when the War department issued orders to close the camp on August 7, 1921. General Albert J. Bowley was commander at the camp and after much campaigning, and getting the Secretary of War to visit the camp, the closing order was cancelled on September 16, 1921. The Field Artillery Board was transferred to Fort Bragg on February 1, 1922.
Camp Bragg was renamed Fort Bragg, to signify becoming a permanent Army post, on September 30, 1922. From 1923 to 1924, permanent structures were constructed on Fort Bragg, including four barracks, which still stand today.
World War II
By 1940, the population of Fort Bragg had reached 5,400; However, in the following year, that number ballooned to 67,000. Various units trained at Fort Bragg during World War II, including the 9th Infantry Division, 2nd Armored Division, 82nd Airborne Division, 100th Infantry Division, and various field artillery groups. The population reached a peak of 159,000 during the war years.
Following World War II, the 82nd Airborne Division was permanently stationed at Fort Bragg, the only large unit there for some time. In July 1951, the XVIII Airborne Corps was reactivated at Fort Bragg. Fort Bragg became a center for unconventional warfare, with the creation of the Psychological Warfare Center in April 1952, followed by the 10th Special Forces Group.
In 1961, the 5th Special Forces Group (Airborne) was activated at Fort Bragg, with the mission of training counter-insurgency forces in Southeast Asia. Also in 1961, the "Iron Mike" statue, a tribute to all Airborne soldiers, past, present and future, was dedicated. More than 200,000 young men underwent basic combat training here during the period 1966–70. At the peak of the Vietnam War in 1968, Fort Bragg's military population rose to 57,840. In June 1972, the 1st Corps Support Command arrived at Fort Bragg.
In the 1980s, there was a series of deployments of tenant units to the Caribbean, first to Grenada in 1983, Honduras in 1988, and to Panama in 1989. The 5th Special Forces Group departed Fort Bragg in the late 1980s.
Southwest Asia wars
In 1990, the XVIII Airborne Corps and the 82nd Airborne Division deployed to Saudi Arabia in support of Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm. In the mid and late 1990s, there was increased modernization of the facilities in Fort Bragg. The World War II wooden barracks were largely removed, a new main post exchange was built, and Devers Elementary School was opened, along with several other projects.
As a result of campaigns in Afghanistan and Iraq, the units on Fort Bragg have seen a sizeable increase to their operations tempo (OPTEMPO), with units conducting two, three, or even four or more deployments to combat zones. As directed by law, and in accordance with the recommendations of the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure Commission, Fort McPherson, Ga., closed and U.S. Army Forces Command and U.S. Army Reserve Command relocated to Fort Bragg, N.C. A new FORSCOM/U.S. Army Reserve Command Headquarters facility completed construction at Fort Bragg, N.C., in June 2011. Forces Command hosted June 24, 2011 an Army "casing of colors ceremony" on Fort McPherson, Ga., and an "uncasing of colors ceremony" Aug 1, 2011 on Fort Bragg, N.C. On March 1, 2011, Pope Field, the former Pope Air Force Base was absorbed into Fort Bragg.
Other units stationed at Fort Bragg include the:
- 1st Theater Sustainment Command
- 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment-Delta aka Delta Force
- 1st Battalion, 313th Regiment (Logistics Support Battalion)
- 3rd Expeditionary Sustainment Command
- 3rd Special Forces Group (Airborne)
- 4th Military Information Support Group (Airborne)
- 8th Military Information Support Group (Airborne)
- 10th Press Camp Headquarters
- 16th Military Police Brigade
- 18th Fires Brigade
- 20th Engineer Brigade
- 43rd Airlift Group
- 50th Expeditionary Signal Battalion
- 24th Special Tactics Squadron
- 11th Intelligence Squadron
- 44th Medical Brigade
- 82nd Sustainment Brigade
- 95th Civil Affairs Brigade (Airborne)
- 108th Air Defense Artillery Brigade
- 189th Infantry Brigade
- B Company, 249th Engineer Battalion (Prime Power)
- 525th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
- 528th Sustainment Brigade (former SOSCOM)
- 73rd Cavalry Regiment
- 17th Cavalry Regiment (Attack Reconnaissance)
- 122nd Aviation Support Battalion
- 325th Airborne Infantry Regiment
- 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment
- 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment
- 503rd Military Police Battalion
- 307th Brigade Support Battalion
- 508th Parachute Infantry Regiment
- 319th Field Artillery Regiment
- 37th Brigade Engineer Battalion
- 127th Brigade Engineer Battalion
- 274th Forward Surgical Team (Airborne)
- 407th Brigade Support Battalion
- 82nd Aviation Regiment
- John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School
- Joint Communications Unit
- Joint Special Operations Command
- United States Army Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations Command
- United States Army Parachute Team aka the Golden Knights
- United States Army Forces Command
- United States Army Reserve Command
- Womack Army Medical Center
Geography and ecology
Fort Bragg is at 35°8'21" North, 78°59'57" West (35.139064, −78.999143).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the post has a total area of 19.0 square miles (49.2 km²), of which, 19.0 square miles (49.1 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it is water. The total area is 0.32% water.
International security website Globalsecurity.org reports that Fort Bragg occupies approximately 160,700 acres (650 km2) 
Ft. Bragg is the only locality where the endangered Saint Francis' Satyr butterfly (Neonympha mitchellii francisci) is known to occur. St. Francis’ satyr is found in wetland habitat dominated by graminoids and sedges such as abandoned beaver dams or along streams with active beaver complexes.
Fort Bragg fever, a bacterial zoonotic disease, has been named after it.
As of the census of 2000, there are 29,183 people, 4,315 households, and 4,215 families residing on the base. The population density is 1,540.0 people per square mile (594.6/km²). There are 4,420 housing units at an average density of 233.3/sq mi (90.1/km²).
The racial makeup of the base is 58.1% Caucasian, 25.3% African-American, 1.2% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 0.9% Pacific Islander, 8.3% from other races, and 4.6% from two or more races. 15.8% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 4,315 households out of which 85.3% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 88.9% are married couples living together, 7.2% have a female householder with no husband present, and 2.3% are non-families. 2.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 0.0% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.72 and the average family size is 3.74.
The age distribution is 25.8% under the age of 18, 40.9% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 1.1% from 45 to 64, and 0.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 22 years. For every 100 females there are 217.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 293.5 males. All of these statistics are typical for military bases.
The median income for a household on the base is $30,106, and the median income for a family is $29,836. 10.0% of the population and 9.6% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 11.4% of those under the age of 18 and 0.0% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Events of note
- In 1967, Manuel Noriega, who would later go on to become the dictator of Panama, received Psyop training at this location.
- On February 17, 1970, the pregnant wife and two daughters of Jeffrey R. MacDonald were murdered. The events surrounding the murders were retold in the book Fatal Vision, itself made into a television miniseries of the same name.
- On October 27, 1995, William Kreutzer, Jr. opened fire at Fort Bragg, killing an officer and wounding 18 other soldiers.
- On June 28, 2005, President George W. Bush gave a nationally televised speech at Fort Bragg to reaffirm the United States' mission in Iraq.
- On December 13, 2011, WWE hosted its annual Tribute to the Troops at Fort Bragg with special guest stars including Robin Williams, Nickelback, and Mary J. Blige
- On December 14, 2011, President Barack Obama gave a nationally televised speech thanking soldiers for their service in Operation Iraqi Freedom.
- In 2012 one of the base's green berets Trey Scott Atwater was arrested and charged for attempting to board a flight with C4 in his luggage at Midland International Airport.
- On June 28, 2012, Specialist Ricky G. Elder shot and killed Lieutenant Colonel Roy L. Tisdale of the 525th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade during a safety brief. The soldier also shot himself and injured two other fellow soldiers. He later died of his injuries.
- On January 20, 2013, Army Times highlights the experience of a married same-sex couple at Fort Bragg, both servicemembers, who are denied the housing allowance and other benefits that are available to different-sex married servicemembers.
- Jason Miller (born 1980), retired mixed martial arts fighter, grew up on Fort Bragg
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fort Bragg.|
- The Special Warfare Memorial Statue (Bronze Bruce)
- Pope Air Force Base
- Simmons Army Airfield
- 82nd Airborne Division War Memorial Museum
- Camp Mackall
- United Service Organization of North Carolina
- Exercise Swarmer
- United States Army Forces Command
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "1919–1939". XVIII Airborne. Retrieved July 13, 2010.
- "History of Fort Bragg, 1940s". http://www.bragg.army.mil/ Fort Bragg’s online website. Retrieved January 25, 2007.
- "History of Fort Bragg, 1950s". http://www.bragg.army.mil/ Fort Bragg’s online website. Retrieved January 25, 2007.
- "History of Fort Bragg, 1960s". http://www.bragg.army.mil/ Fort Bragg’s online website. Retrieved January 25, 2007.
- "History of Fort Bragg, 1970s". http://www.bragg.army.mil/ Fort Bragg’s online website. Retrieved January 25, 2007.
- "History of Fort Bragg". http://www.bragg.army.mil/ Fort Bragg’s online website. Retrieved January 25, 2007.
- "History of Fort Bragg, 1990s". http://www.bragg.army.mil/ Fort Bragg’s online website. Retrieved January 25, 2007.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790–2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2010.
- Nicholas, Peter (December 14, 2011). "At Ft. Bragg, Obama welcomes troops home from Iraq". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 26, 2013.
- U.S. Attorney’s Office. "Statement Regarding United States vs. Trey Scott Atwater". FBI. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
- "Official: Battalion commander dead in Fort Bragg shooting". MSNBC. Retrieved 28 June 2012.
- Santora, Marc (July 1, 2012). "Gunman in Fort Bragg Shooting Dies". The New York Times.
- Crary, David; Miesecker, Michaeltitle=DOMA a roadblock for same-sex military couples (January 20, 2013). Army Times http://www.armytimes.com/news/2013/01/ap-doma-roadblock-same-sex-military-couples-012013/
|url=missing title (help). Retrieved January 22, 2013.
- "Martha Raye Buried at Fort Bragg". Gadsden Times. Associated Press. October 23, 1994. Retrieved October 6, 2012.
- Fort Bragg Homepage
- Military and Democracy – Segment from C-SPAN's Alexis de Tocqueville Tour, featuring interview with Lt. Gen. John M. Keane filmed at Fort Bragg.