Fort Branch, Indiana

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Town of Fort Branch, Indiana
Town
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 38°14′49″N 87°34′34″W / 38.24694°N 87.57611°W / 38.24694; -87.57611Coordinates: 38°14′49″N 87°34′34″W / 38.24694°N 87.57611°W / 38.24694; -87.57611
Country United States
State Indiana
County Gibson
Township Union
Area[1]
 • Total 1.11 sq mi (2.87 km2)
 • Land 1.10 sq mi (2.85 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 449 ft (137 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 2,771
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 2,779
 • Density 2,519.1/sq mi (972.6/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 47648
Area code(s) 812, 930
FIPS code 18-24250[4]
GNIS feature ID 0434683[5]

Fort Branch is the largest town and second largest community in Gibson County, Indiana, United States after Princeton. The population was 2,771 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Fort Branch had its start in the year 1852 by the building of the railroad through that territory.[6] The town was originally called LaGrange, for the original owner of the site, but as there was another post office of that same name in Indiana, the town was renamed in commemoration of an old fort.[7]

Geography[edit]

Fort Branch is located at 38°14′49″N 87°34′34″W / 38.24694°N 87.57611°W / 38.24694; -87.57611 (38.246872, -87.576003).[8]

According to the 2010 census, the town has a total area of 1.11 square miles (2.9 km2), of which 1.10 square miles (2.8 km2) (or 99.10%) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.026 km2) (or 0.90%) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 2,771 people, 1,162 households, and 774 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,519.1 inhabitants per square mile (972.6/km2). There were 1,244 housing units at an average density of 1,130.9 per square mile (436.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.8% White, 0.3% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population.

There were 1,162 households of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.4% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.93.

The median age in the town was 38 years. 24.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.2% were from 25 to 44; 26.9% were from 45 to 64; and 14.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.8% male and 50.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 2,320 people, 985 households, and 647 families residing in the town. The population density was 3,131.0 people per square mile (1,210.5/km²). There were 1,051 housing units at an average density of 1,418.4 per square mile (548.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.53% White, 0.26% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.30% from other races, and 0.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.69% of the population.

There were 985 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the town the population was spread out with 24.5% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $35,964, and the median income for a family was $46,397. Males had a median income of $34,125 versus $21,314 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,180. About 1.6% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.1% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.

Schools[edit]

South Gibson School Corporation

K-8: Fort Branch Community School

9-12: Gibson Southern High School

Former Schools[edit]

Fort Branch High School (merged into Gibson Southern High School in 1974)

Marlette School

Economy[edit]

Like Princeton, Fort Branch is also largely a blue-collar town although of somewhat smaller size. For a long time the town's largest employer was the Emge Foods processing and packing plant, still located along the southwest portion of the town. When the plant closed in May 1999, it had been in operation for nearly 90 years.

As the Emge plant was starting to close, Toyota announced that it would be building a manufacturing facility on a patch of farmland located halfway between Fort Branch and nearby Princeton. While most of the suppliers for the new Toyota plant are located closer to Princeton, most of the population gains from employees moving closer to work moved into either Fort Branch, or into Haubstadt or Owensville.

Recently, Vincennes University announced plans to build an advanced manufacturing education facility just south of Fort Branch along U.S. 41 to provide such education to an area becoming more diverse in manufacturing methods. This is expected to provide a major boost to lifestyle in the Fort Branch-Haubstadt Area. Ground Broke on the new facility on October 23, 2009.

On June 18, 2010 a fire started at the former Emge Foods plant. By June 22, the fire had destroyed the vacant meat processing plant portion of the complex but was put out. Fire departments from three counties battled to control the fire, dealing with the unstable structure of the 100+-year-old building and the 95+-degree temperatures that occurred during the five-day period the fire burned.[9]

Notable person[edit]

Sheriff Thomas Beloat, noted for his bravery in stopping a lynching in Gibson County, mentioned in an essay by Mark Twain, The United States of Lyncherdom.

Highways[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Places: Indiana". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-04-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Peattie, Elia Wilkinson (1897). History of Gibson County, Indiana. Cook & McDowell Publications. p. 13. 
  7. ^ Stormont, Gil R. (1914). History of Gibson County, Indiana: Her People, Industries and Institutions. B.F. Bowen. p. 353. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ Wilson, Mark. "Crews attempt to reach 'hot spots' at Emge plant fire » Evansville Courier & Press". Courierpress.com. Retrieved 2013-01-23.