Fort Clinton (Central Park)

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Coordinates: 40°47′43″N 73°57′8″W / 40.79528°N 73.95222°W / 40.79528; -73.95222 Fort Clinton in New York City's Central Park was an 1814 stone-and-earthworks fortification on a rocky escarpment near the present line of 107th Street, slightly west of Fifth Avenue. According to maps of the time, Fort Clinton was the easternmost of a connected series of forts, connected to Nutter's Battery on the west by earthworks and a gatehouse over the Old Post Road at the bottom of McGowan's Pass.[1] Fort Clinton and Nutter's Battery were commanded from a third fort at the top of the Pass, Fort Fish, which had a sweeping view of Long Island Sound, northern Manhattan, and Westchester County. Fish was across the road from Clinton and connected to Nutter's Battery by another line of earthworks.[2][3]

According to the Central Park Conservancy's website, the fort was named after New York City's mayor, DeWitt Clinton.[4] During the American Revolution, the site was used by the British and Hessians during their occupation of New York City, 1776–1783.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Northern Forts" page at michaelminn.net has a detail of a contemporary map.
  2. ^ Edward Hagaman Hall, McGown's Pass and Its Vicinity, 1905.
  3. ^ I. N. Phelps Stokes, The Iconography of Manhattan Island, 1928.
  4. ^ CPC site here.